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  • Power Distance Index (PDI) that is the extent to which the less powerful members of organizations and institutions (like the family) accept and expect that power is distributed unequally. This represents inequality (more versus less), but defined from below, not from above.Individualism (IDV) on the one side versus its opposite, collectivism, that is the degree to which individuals are inte-grated into groups.Masculinity (MAS) versus its opposite, femininity, refers to the distribution of roles between the genders which is another fundamental issue for any society to which a range of solutions are found.Uncertainty Avoidance Index (UAI) deals with a society's tolerance for uncertainty and ambiguity; it ultimately refers to man's search for Truth. Long-Term Orientation (LTO) versus short-term orientation: this fifth dimension was found in a study among students in 23 countries around the world, using a questionnaire designed by Chinese scholars It can be said to deal with Virtue regardless of Truth. Values associated with Long Term Orientation are thrift and perseverance; values associated with Short Term Orientation are respect for tradition, fulfilling social obligations, and protecting one's 'face'.
  • Power Distance Index (PDI),Individualism (IDV),Masculinity (MAS),Uncertainty Avoidance Index (UAI), Long-Term Orientation (LTO)
  • Transcript

    • 1. Impact of Cultural Variations On International Recruitment and Selection Methods (with prospective of financial organizations)
      Presenters and Task Assigned
      • Umair Bajwa (Cultural Variations)
      • 2. Salman Farooq (International Recruitment and Selection)
      • 3. Ene Onyinyechukwu (Key Challenges and Action Plan)
      • 4. Aleksandrs Golubev (Implementation and Strategic Planning)
    • Cultural Variations
      " Culture is more often a source of conflict than of synergy. Cultural differences are a nuisance at best and often a disaster."Prof. Geert Hofstede, Emeritus Professor, Maastricht University.
    • 5. Example for cultural variations
      • When negotiating in Western countries, the objective is to work toward a target of mutual understanding and agreement and 'shake-hands' when that agreement is reached - a cultural signal of the end of negotiations and the start of 'working together'.
      • 6. In Middle Eastern countries much negotiation takes place leading into the 'agreement', signified by shaking hands. However, the deal is not complete in the Middle Eastern culture. In fact, it is a cultural sign that 'serious' negotiations are just beginning.
    • Five Cultural Dimensions by Hofstede
    • 7. Statistical Data
    • 8. Recruitment and Selection Methods
      • The overall aim of the recruitment and selection process should be to obtain at minimum cost the number and quality of employees required to satisfy the human resource needs of the company. The three stages of recruitment and selection are:
      Defining requirements- preparing job description and specifications; deciding terms and conditions of employment;
      Attracting candidates- reviewing and evaluating alternative sources of applicants inside and outside the company, advertising, using agencies and consultants;
      Selecting candidates- shifting applications, interviewing, testing, assessing candidates, assessment centre's, offering employment, obtaining references; preparing contracts of employment.
    • 9. Comparative Study Of Recruitment and Selection Methods
      Western financial company prospective
      Job Analysis
      Job Description
      Leading towards Selection
      Personality Tests
      References and Relevant Experience
    • 10. Comparative Study Of Recruitment and Selection Methods
      Eastern financial company prospective
      Job Analysis
      Job Description
      Leading toward Selection
      Sources / Print Media
      Discriminatory Elements
      Assessment and Testing
    • 11. Comparative Study Of Recruitment and Selection Methods
      Example In Pakistan
    • 12. Comparative Study Of Recruitment and Selection Methods
      Example In United kingdom
    • 13. Key Challenges in Global Recruitment and selection
      Advertising cost
      External recruiting agencies
      Hiring cost
      Cost of labour turn over
      Time factor
      Improper job evaluation
      Incomplete job description
      Improper person specification
    • 14. Key Challenges in Global Recruitment and selection
      Ethnicity and Religion
    • 15. HRM Strategy & Implementation
      Recruitment and Selection process success depends on company ability to adjust to local conditions or particular region.
      HRM practices in Egypt: the influence of national context investigate problem of culture influence.
      Adoption of practices consistent with the traditions of
      the socio-cultural context should be implemented.(Leat, EL-Kot, 2008).
    • 16. HRM Strategy & Implementation
      External forces and pressures can influence selection & recruitment process
      Candidate Recruitment and Selection in Latin America (Siavelis, Morgetstern, 2008) demonstrates developing economies governments often have its stake of interest, therefore, may apply pressure by enforcing strict rules.
    • 17. HRM Strategy & Implementation
      Government rules may require foreign company to recruit and select from localcandidate pool which lacks relevant skills.
      On the other hand, recruiting and selecting from local labour assists in positioning foreign company as local and helps to build trust among community.
      Moreover, recruitment patterns in the republic of Korea indicate foreign businesses tend to recruit workers who possess local context knowledge. ( Lovell, Lee, Hui Sok, 2007).
    • 18. HRM Strategy & Implementation
      Recruitment approaches differ geographically
      E-recruitment, website recruitment is less effective in developing countries because people less experienced at dealing with technology.
      However e-recruitment, professional agencies and associations approaches tend to dominate within the developed economies.
    • 19. HRM Strategy & Implementation
      Techniques for Financial Organisation which assist in creating valid and reliable assessment
      Ability Test ( general IQ, computer knowledge)
      Valid and reliable assessment can be achieved through open interviews.
      Perform credit check, criminal record check if possible
    • 20. References
      Armstrong M. (2003) Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice. 9th Edition. Published by Kogan Page.
      Brantton J. & Gold J. (2003) Human Resource Management Theory and Practice. 3rd Edition. Published by Palgrave Macmillan.
      Leat M. & El-Kot G. (2007) HRM practices in Egypt: the influence of
      national context? International Journal of Human Resource Management 18:1 January 2007 147–158. Business Source Premier [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 14th November 2009).
      Lovell, John P.; MunHuiSok; Young Ho Lee.(2007) . Recruitment Patterns in republic of Korea. Journal of Comparative Administration, Feb70, Vol. 1 Issue 4, p428, 27p. Business Source Premier [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 14th November 2009).
      Siavelis, Peter M.; Morgenstern, Scott. (2008). Candidate Recruitment and Selection in Latin America: A Framework for Analysis. Latin American Politics & Society, Winter2008, Vol. 50 Issue 4, p27-58, 32p. Business Source Premier [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 14th November 2009).