Click the film spool to watch a trailer for An Inspector Calls
Why is the lady at the head of the table?
Take a look at: http://www.jbpriestley.co.uk/ http://www.aninspectorcalls.com/
Click on the link above to watch an episode from Andrew Marr’s The Making of Modern Britain to gain an insight into life in early C20th Britain.
Cut this out and students to work out which box they go in.
An Inspector Calls GCSE
Cameron’s Great BritainListen to David Cameron’s speech. What is meant by ‘Big Society’?
Look at the front and back cover of ‘An Inspector Calls’, what clues do they offer about the story? Read the blurb. How does the blurb try to make the playClick the film spoolto watch a trailer sound intriguing?for An Inspector To learn about the values of the Birlings’.Calls To learn what the play is about.
To learn about the values of the Birlings’.To learn what the play is about. Let’s Meet The Birling’s
Learner’s list: • To read the opening. • Perform it • Question it.To learn about the values of the Birlings’.To learn what the play is about.
Final Act:• Write down what you think David Cameron would say to Mr Birling?
• We are all connected to one another and our actions affect other peoples lives.
• To learn about the key themes and the writer.
Time to infer in learning groups…• Read stage directions and character notes.• Make notes on what we learn about the furniture, props, costume, lighting and each of characters. In learning groups.Learning to formassumptions about theBirling family
Copy the two terms and write down what you think the images indicate about the terms, Socialism and Capitalism?
Key ThemesAn Inspector Calls is a very political play. To understand it fullyyou will need to discover what is meant by the following words: Socialism Capitalism
Key Themes Socialism a political theory or system in which the means of production and distribution are controlled by the people and operated according to equity and fairness rather than market principlesCapitalism an economic system based on the private ownership of the means of production and distribution of goods, characterized by a free competitive market motivated by profit
J.B. PriestleyJ B Priestley was born in Bradfordin1894 and died in 1984. He leftschool at 16 in 1910 and began work asa junior clerk at a wool firm. Priestleysaid that the period just before thefirst world war (1911 to 1914) ‘settheir stamp upon me’ and it is thisperiod of history that Priestly chose toset his play An Inspector Calls.Priestly was a committed socialist anda great deal of his writing conveyed hispolitical beliefs. Priestley was verycritical of the social inequality of lifein Britain in the first half of thetwentieth century and he wasinfluential in developing the idea ofthe Welfare State which the LabourParty established in the yearsfollowing World War II.
The HistoricalAnContext Inspector Calls was written in 1945just after the second world war, a timeof great change and opportunity.Through the play J B Priestly encouragedhis audiences to take the opportunitiesfor progress available to them. Hewanted the public to reject the values ofearly twentieth century Britain and builda new, more equal society out of theruins of the second world war.Priestley sets his play 33 years earlier in1912, the era of the Titanic and WorldWar One. This was before the days ofthe welfare state, Britain was a country Click here to watch anof great social inequality and deeply episode of Andrew Marrsdivided by class. The Making of Modern Britain - A New Dawn
Checking the learning.1.When was An Inspector Calls written?2.What was happening in Britain at this time?3.When is An Inspector Calls set?4.Why did Priestly setTo readplay in this era? his to p10 What impression is formed of each of the characters and why?5.What were Priestley’s political beliefs?6.Explain the difference between socialism and capitalism.7.Why do you think Priestly chose the detective thriller/’whodunnit’ genre for his play?
To learn aboutthe characters First Impressions • To read to p10 • What impression is formed of each of the characters and why? Character Impression Why? Eric immature Mocks Sheila ‘Terrible temper’ Mrs Birling Mr Birling ….
Learner’s Activity• Go through the chunks of Birling’s Speech and assign each part a headline.• Cut it out stick onto a plain sheet and annotate it.Learn about Mr Birlingthrough analysis of hisopening speeches
Arthur and Sheila Objective:• To learn how Priestley introduces the character of Sheila Birling• To learn how Priestley again uses contrast to present the character of Sheila Birling
"But these girls arent cheap labour - theyre people." This quote shows her compassion towards the workers.
"I dont understand about you."• As she is the first to wonder who the Inspector really is, she asks him the previously mentioned quote. This quote shows her inquisitive nature.
"(half serious, half playful) Yes - except for all last summer when you never came near me, and I wondered what had happened to you."• The stage directions of this quote suggest that the actress say this line seriously and playfully. This suggests that Sheilas character although appearing cheerful is actually sensible however, this could be betrayed as bitterness. The quote also suggests that she holds grudges as she still holds this knowledge from last summer against her soon to be husband.
Sheila BirlingWhat have you learned about Sheila Birling so far? Jot down words or phrases to describe her.
Father and daughter Arthur and Sheila Birling are very different characters.What contrasts are there between Birling and his daughter?
Arthur and SheilaThe characters ofMr. Birling and his Arthur Birling Sheila Birlingdaughter are verydifferent. ‘about fifty’Now you have readthe opening scenesthink about the Unaffected by thecontrast between news of Eva’s deaththese twocharacters. Pompous and self centredDraw a table likethis one in yourbooks then, afterdiscussion with apartner, completethe necessarydetails.
Gerald CroftWhat are your first impressions of the Mr Gerald Croft? What words or phrases could you use to describe him?
Gerald Croft Investigate Act 1 of An Inspector Calls paying close attention to Gerald Croft. What Gerald says / does suggests What it shows about himSpent very little time showswith Sheila lastsummerAgrees with Birling’s showsdecision to sack EvaSmith shows
Don’t forget to explain yourself Use the information from your table to write about Gerald Croft. Do not forget to use the P.E.E structure in your writing.For example At the beginning of the play we can deduce that there is some tension between Gerald and his fiancée when Sheila remarks, ‘all last summer…you never came near me.’ This brief dialogue gives the audience an immediate insight into the relationship between Gerald and Sheila...
Got the plot?Objectives:• To consolidate knowledge and understanding of the plot of Act One
Sybil BirlingObjective:• To develop knowledge and understanding of the character of Sybil Birling• To consolidate understanding by writing a paragraph about Mrs Birling.
Sybil BirlingWhat have you deduced so far about Mrs Birling? What words or phrases could you use to describe her?
Sybil Birling Look at how Priestley uses stage directions, dialogue and actions to present the character of Mrs Birling. Quotation Stage What it suggests about her direction, dialogue or action‘a rather cold woman.’ Stage Sybil appears unfriendly and direction emotionally detached
How does this relate to Eva Smith? • ‘If At first you don’t succeed, lift yourself up and try again.’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6qOnInTJsos
Eva’s chain of eventsLearning Objectives:To recall the events leading to Eva’s death.
What’s Happened To Eva? Recap on the events leading to Eva’s suicide. Think, Pair, Share what you have learnt from the recall.Learning Objectives:To recall the events leading to Eva’s death.
Let’s Re-interpret The Events You will work in groups and present a dramatisation of Eva moments before committing suicide by using any of the techniques below.- Narration- Thought-tracking- Cross-cutting- Forum theatre- Conscience alley. Learning Objectives: To learn and apply a variety of new dramatic techniques.
Eva’s Diary Eva’s diary entry should contain the things that have happened to her from September 1910 (the last diary entry) to September 1911. To write an accurate account you will need to look closely at Act One and Act Two of An Inspector Calls. You could mention:• What happened at Milward’s with Sheila Birling• What life was like before you met Gerald• Your thoughts and feelings about Gerald• How your life changed when Gerald offered you a flat• How you felt when he asked you to move out• Your feelings for Gerald and plans for the future
In your learning groups . • RE-Read the ending of the play. Look closely at the characters actions. • Stage a scene considering how a director might ask for each character to be positioned before the curtain closes.Learning Objectives:To learn about choices made by directors.
Comprehend?1 Why does Mrs Birling say ‘Arthur you’re not supposed to say such things’. (p.2) What is wrong with what Mr Birling has said?2 What is it on P.3 that suggests that there is some underlying tension between Sheila and Gerald?3 On p.4 What is odd or inappropriate about Birling’s congratulatory speech?4 Looking at p. 5 what sort of character does Sheila seem to be?5 Read p.5-p.7 and make a list of comments that Birling makes that we as an audience Learningto be false. know Objectives: To develop a deeper understanding of the play.
Learning Objectives:To develop a deeper understanding of theplay. Comprehend? 6 What does Birling try to reassure Gerald about on p. 8 and what is it that Priestley is trying to make the audience aware of in this conversation? 7 Eric does a number of things on p.9 which highlight to the audience that he is not as innocent and naïve as his parents think he is. What does he do? 8 What is Birling talking about with the two young men when Edna announces the inspector’s arrival. Why might this be significant? 9 Why are the stage directions for the arrival of the inspector and his appearance on p.11 so important? 10 At the end of p.13 Birling tels Eric he has drunk enough. What might this reveal to the audience about Eric?
11 Why does Birling say he can’t accept any responsibilty for Eva Smith’s death? 12 On p.17 Birling calls the inspector ‘Officious’ Why might this be important? 13 Compare the way that Birling and Sheila react to the revelations of their involvement in the death of Eva Smith. 14 On p.22 Gerald tells the Inspector ‘we’re respectable citizens not criminal’s’ Write down what Priestly might be trying to imply to an audience. 15 Read p.5-p.7 and make a list of comments that Birling makes that we as an audience know to be false.Learning Objectives:To develop a deeper understanding of theplay.
• WHO IS RESPONSIBLE?We have on the show The Birling’s.
Take a good look you will be recreating this timeline 1945 2013 1912 WW1 Play is We read begins written the play 1914 Labour in office WW2 endsPlay is set in 1924 First woman1912 Prime minister Welfare Women Equal PayTitanic introduced can vote 1941 Law 1970sinks 1918 WW2 begins 1939 NHS set up 1948Learning Objectives:To learn about the context of the play.
Fill in the blanks 1945 2013 1912Learning Objectives:To learn and about the context of the play.
Have a go placing these correctly on the timeline. Play is set in 1912 WW2 begins 1939 First woman Play is Prime minister written WW1 WW2 Labour begins ends in office 1914 We read 1924 the play WelfareTitanic introducedsinks 1941 Women Equal Pay NHS set can vote Law 1970 up 1948 1918Learning Objectives:To learn about the context of the play.
Then AND Now! • To help learn about the bigger picture make key notes on the learning sheets provided. • This type of focused learning will you to develop an understanding of the context.Learning Objectives:To learn and about the bigger picture.
The Big Picture THEN(1912) NOW(2013) Gender Gender Political Political Issues Issues Class ClassLearning Objectives:To learn and about the bigger picture.
And again…have a go placing these correctly on the timeline. WW2 begins Play is set in 1912 1939 First woman Play is Prime minister written WW1 WW2 Labour begins ends in office 1914 We read 1924 the play WelfareTitanic introducedsinks 1941 Women Equal Pay NHS set can vote Law 1970 up 1948 1918Learning Objectives:To learn about the context of the play.
Social Class 1912 1924 2013 Huge difference in Difference is Wealth is much wealth between smaller, due to more evenly upper and lower War and aftermath distributed, classes. of rationing although there still are some ‘rich’. Lower classes Most people Strong trade worked 11/ 12 worked to re-build unions for workers. hour days with few Britain. Working Working day much breaks. Many rich conditions were shorter. did not work at all. improved. The rich had all the Power more evenly Power is equal power, and the distributed. poor had little to none.Learning Objectives:To learn and about the bigger picture.
What theme does this relate to? Make notes about what the Titanic symbolises.
Gender Issues 1912 1945 2013 Women were Women can vote, Equality between second-best to men, although women the sexes. with no power to still ‘obey’ men. vote. Upper class women Many women were Most women work did not work. They housewives. at various levels had some power, However, many did and jobs. but still had to obey not want to give up their husband. their war jobs. Lower class women Still a difference in Equal Pay Law worked for less pay pay between men 1970. than lower class and women. men.Learning Objectives:To learn and about the bigger picture.
Sexual Issues 1912 1945 2013 Many poor women Benefits in place Similar to 1945. were forced into and so less prostitution, as prostitution. there was no benefits. Having a child out of Still heavily frowned Common to have a wedlock was heavily upon, although less child out of frowned upon. It disownment. wedlock. could result in disownment.Learning Objectives:To learn and about the bigger picture.
Political Issues 1912 1945 2013 Minimal health care Some benefits NHS and a variety and benefits. including of benefits unemployment available. benefit available. Some free health care. Political parties very Political parties Current Coalition much orientated to more concerned Government party benefiting the upper with the good of the (working class) classes. country after War. orientated?Learning Objectives:To learn and about the bigger picture.
Priestly set his play in 1912 because it was a time with big class and gender boundaries. At this time it seemed nothing would ever change. However, by 1945 most boundaries had been broken, mainly due to the war. Priestly wanted to make the most of these changes and so wrote this play to show people how much had been achieved in 33 years. He wanted to inspire the audience to break these boundaries further.Learning Objectives:To learn and about the bigger picture.
For each of the issues (e.g. Social class), choose one point from 1912 and show how it is relevant to ‘An Inspector Calls’.Learning Objectives:To learn and about the bigger picture.
Themes What themes is the play concerned with? Create a mind map to show how Priestley uses the ‘whodunnit’ genre to explore a number of themes in An Inspector Calls. Pride & Responsibility Status An Inspector Calls Love CapitalismLearning Objectives:To learn and about the bigger picture.
You talk the talk now … • Write a paragraph about how Priestley presents the theme you are working on in the play. • Checklist for success: • PEE • A paragraphLearning Objectives:To write a PEE response demonstrating anunderstanding of the theme studied.
• An Inspector Calls is a play with many social and political messages. J. B. Priestley believed a great deal in socialism and he used several of his plays to try and influence people to be Socialist as well. It was written in a time when Britain was ruled by a Labour government and socialist policies were seen as the way forward. It was a popular way of thinking at that time so Priestleys aim for the play was probably to teach the unconvinced.
Responsibility• The play was set in 1912. Priestly wrote this play to send out a message of responsibility to the people. Priestly believed that even in 1945 they were still the same as they were in 1912, which is why Priestly choose to set the play in 1912, along with various other reasons, such as he wanted the audience to have the benefit of dramatic irony....• An inspector calls The play is written by J.B Priestly in 1945, just after the Second World War but is set in 1912 in the dinning room of Mr Birling who is a manufacturer. The story is about the Birling family who are celebrating their daughters engagement until they are interrupted by an inspector who explains that a girl by the name of Eva Smith had died. The main subject of the story is responsibility to communities, to families and to each other. J.B Priestly highlights this throughout his book using his characters.... [
Themes What themes is the play concerned with? Create a mind map to show how Priestley uses the ‘whodunnit’ genre to explore a number of themes in An Inspector Calls. Pride & Responsibility Status An Inspector Calls Love Lies& DeceitLearning Objectives:To learn and about the bigger picture.
The Inspector andMrs BirlingObjective:• To develop knowledge and understanding of plot and the character of Sybil Birling• To write a paragraph about how Priestley uses dramatic devices in the scene between Mrs. Birling and the inspector.
Learning Objectives:To learn and about the bigger picture.