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  • 1. CHAPTER 4.1 How Miners and Ranchers helped build the American West
  • 2. Reconstruction Ends… Compromise of 1877 • The Presidential election of 1876 was Rutherford B. Hayes (R) from Ohio vs. Samuel Tilden (D) from New York. • On election day, 20 electoral votes were being disputed. • An agreement was worked out in Congress that allowed Hayes to become President. • The agreement was that federal troops had to be removed from the southern states ending Reconstruction. • Who was going to protect the 13th (slavery), 14th (citizenship), and 15th (voting) amendements for African Americans in the South? Troops had done this before.
  • 3. “Rutherfraud”
  • 4. Growth of the Mining Industry… • Remember the Gold Rush? 49ers? • Large numbers of people were heading west into unnamed territories in search of…. • Dolla dolla billz yalll!
  • 5. The Comestock Lode • In 1859 Henry Comstock staked a claim in the Six-Mile Canyon in Nevada. • The sticky blue-gray mud was pure silver ore. • This discovery is referred to as the “Comstock Lode”. • By 1864 enough people moved into Nevada to make it our 36th state • Comstock Lode made more than $230 million and helped finance the Civil War.
  • 6. From Comstock….TO VIRGINIA CITY! • In just a few months more than 30,000 people arrived.
  • 7. Boomtowns • Boomtowns - cities that popped up in the west when gold, silver, or other minerals were found San Francisco, 1851
  • 8. Black Hills, South Dakota Spearfish Deadwood
  • 9. How Gold and Silver made the West • Several Colorado boomtowns became populated due to the growth of mining. 1. Leadville 2. Colorado Springs (Pikes Peak) • Tombstone was a silver town in Arizona made famous by Wyatt Earp.
  • 10. Tombstone, Arizona • Silver town made famous by Wyatt Earp and the “Showdown the OK Corrall”
  • 11. Boomtowns cont… • Prospecting….Men always came first… • Towns would pop up without police….vigilance committees • Next came women…laundarers, cooks, dancers, etc
  • 12. Wooden jail in Wyoming territory
  • 13. Eventually the minerals are gone… • 1930 --- Virginia City has only 500 people • “Ghost towns” begin to pop up in the west
  • 14. Miners: Main Idea • Miners Main Idea: Mining for gold and silver brought incredible numbers of Americans into the West.
  • 15. Ranching and Cattle Drives • Some Americans mined for gold and silver while others invested in cattle. • Cattle farming was a big business and so was cattle driving. • The cowboy was a professional cattle driver that would take large numbers of cows from one location to another. • Cattle farming was a huge money market during the Civil War due to the need to feed the soldiers from both sides.
  • 16. American Cowboy
  • 17. Longhorn – from Spanish cattle breed allowed to run wild and adapted to living on grass of Great Plains and very little water
  • 18. Cattle Drives • Cows were left open range until it was time for the drive – semi wild state • Cattle Trails would start in Texas with 2,000 to 5,000 cows. Each cowboy need 3-4 horses per day. • Balanced distance with food to sell cows for more. • Cowboys would move the cows north into Kansas and Nebraska. • The animals would then be loaded onto train cars and shipped east to be slaughtered. • The most famous cattle trail was the Chisholm Trail which started in San Antonio and ended in Abilene Kansas. • It is estimated that between 1867 and 1871 about 1.5 million longhorns took the Chisholm Trail to Abilene.
  • 19. The Chuck Wagon
  • 20. One more cowboy picture. You ready for my favorite?
  • 21. The Sultry Model Cowboy
  • 22. Abilene Sheriff—Wild Bill Hickock
  • 23. Train Station in Abilene
  • 24. Dodge City
  • 25. Witchita
  • 26. The End of the Cattle Drive?
  • 27. Joseph Glidden • Simple farmer wanting to isolate his land from being grazed on during the long drives • INVENTS BARBED WIRE…ENDS THE OPEN RANGE • Became EXTREMELY rich