CHAPTER 4.1

How Miners and
Ranchers helped
build
the American West
Reconstruction Ends…

Compromise of 1877
• The Presidential election of 1876 was Rutherford B. Hayes
(R) from Ohio vs. Sam...
“Rutherfraud”
Growth of the Mining Industry…
• Remember the Gold Rush? 49ers?
• Large numbers of people were heading west
into unnamed t...
The Comestock Lode

• In 1859 Henry Comstock staked a
claim in the Six-Mile Canyon in
Nevada.
• The sticky blue-gray mud w...
From Comstock….TO VIRGINIA CITY!
• In just a few months more than 30,000 people
arrived.
Boomtowns
• Boomtowns - cities that popped up in the west
when gold, silver, or other minerals were found

San Francisco, ...
Black Hills, South Dakota
Spearfish
Deadwood
How Gold and Silver made the West
• Several Colorado boomtowns became populated
due to the growth of mining.
1. Leadville
...
Tombstone, Arizona

• Silver town made famous by Wyatt Earp and the
“Showdown the OK Corrall”
Boomtowns cont…
• Prospecting….Men always came first…
• Towns would pop up without police….vigilance
committees
• Next cam...
Wooden jail in Wyoming territory
Eventually the minerals are gone…
• 1930 --- Virginia City has only 500 people
• “Ghost towns” begin to pop up in the west
Miners: Main Idea
• Miners Main Idea: Mining for gold and silver
brought incredible numbers of Americans into the
West.
Ranching and Cattle Drives
• Some Americans mined for gold and silver while
others invested in cattle.
• Cattle farming wa...
American Cowboy
Longhorn – from Spanish cattle breed allowed to
run wild and adapted to living on grass of Great Plains
and very little wa...
Cattle Drives
• Cows were left open range until it was time for the
drive – semi wild state
• Cattle Trails would start in...
The Chuck Wagon
One more
cowboy picture.
You ready for my
favorite?
The Sultry Model Cowboy
Abilene
Sheriff—Wild Bill Hickock
Train Station in Abilene
Dodge City
Witchita
The End of the Cattle Drive?
Joseph Glidden
• Simple farmer wanting to isolate his land from
being grazed on during the long drives
• INVENTS BARBED WI...
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4 1minersandcowboysinthewest-110718072616-phpapp02

  1. 1. CHAPTER 4.1 How Miners and Ranchers helped build the American West
  2. 2. Reconstruction Ends… Compromise of 1877 • The Presidential election of 1876 was Rutherford B. Hayes (R) from Ohio vs. Samuel Tilden (D) from New York. • On election day, 20 electoral votes were being disputed. • An agreement was worked out in Congress that allowed Hayes to become President. • The agreement was that federal troops had to be removed from the southern states ending Reconstruction. • Who was going to protect the 13th (slavery), 14th (citizenship), and 15th (voting) amendements for African Americans in the South? Troops had done this before.
  3. 3. “Rutherfraud”
  4. 4. Growth of the Mining Industry… • Remember the Gold Rush? 49ers? • Large numbers of people were heading west into unnamed territories in search of…. • Dolla dolla billz yalll!
  5. 5. The Comestock Lode • In 1859 Henry Comstock staked a claim in the Six-Mile Canyon in Nevada. • The sticky blue-gray mud was pure silver ore. • This discovery is referred to as the “Comstock Lode”. • By 1864 enough people moved into Nevada to make it our 36th state • Comstock Lode made more than $230 million and helped finance the Civil War.
  6. 6. From Comstock….TO VIRGINIA CITY! • In just a few months more than 30,000 people arrived.
  7. 7. Boomtowns • Boomtowns - cities that popped up in the west when gold, silver, or other minerals were found San Francisco, 1851
  8. 8. Black Hills, South Dakota Spearfish Deadwood
  9. 9. How Gold and Silver made the West • Several Colorado boomtowns became populated due to the growth of mining. 1. Leadville 2. Colorado Springs (Pikes Peak) • Tombstone was a silver town in Arizona made famous by Wyatt Earp.
  10. 10. Tombstone, Arizona • Silver town made famous by Wyatt Earp and the “Showdown the OK Corrall”
  11. 11. Boomtowns cont… • Prospecting….Men always came first… • Towns would pop up without police….vigilance committees • Next came women…laundarers, cooks, dancers, etc
  12. 12. Wooden jail in Wyoming territory
  13. 13. Eventually the minerals are gone… • 1930 --- Virginia City has only 500 people • “Ghost towns” begin to pop up in the west
  14. 14. Miners: Main Idea • Miners Main Idea: Mining for gold and silver brought incredible numbers of Americans into the West.
  15. 15. Ranching and Cattle Drives • Some Americans mined for gold and silver while others invested in cattle. • Cattle farming was a big business and so was cattle driving. • The cowboy was a professional cattle driver that would take large numbers of cows from one location to another. • Cattle farming was a huge money market during the Civil War due to the need to feed the soldiers from both sides.
  16. 16. American Cowboy
  17. 17. Longhorn – from Spanish cattle breed allowed to run wild and adapted to living on grass of Great Plains and very little water
  18. 18. Cattle Drives • Cows were left open range until it was time for the drive – semi wild state • Cattle Trails would start in Texas with 2,000 to 5,000 cows. Each cowboy need 3-4 horses per day. • Balanced distance with food to sell cows for more. • Cowboys would move the cows north into Kansas and Nebraska. • The animals would then be loaded onto train cars and shipped east to be slaughtered. • The most famous cattle trail was the Chisholm Trail which started in San Antonio and ended in Abilene Kansas. • It is estimated that between 1867 and 1871 about 1.5 million longhorns took the Chisholm Trail to Abilene.
  19. 19. The Chuck Wagon
  20. 20. One more cowboy picture. You ready for my favorite?
  21. 21. The Sultry Model Cowboy
  22. 22. Abilene Sheriff—Wild Bill Hickock
  23. 23. Train Station in Abilene
  24. 24. Dodge City
  25. 25. Witchita
  26. 26. The End of the Cattle Drive?
  27. 27. Joseph Glidden • Simple farmer wanting to isolate his land from being grazed on during the long drives • INVENTS BARBED WIRE…ENDS THE OPEN RANGE • Became EXTREMELY rich

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