2. You’ve got everything you need in the booklet• You’ll get a clean copy of the booklet in the exam• You must use it!
3. Big picture synoptic theme 1• Climate change – Global warming is the reason behind these difficult choices. – If it wasn’t for the scientific knowledge about climate change and the influence of greenhouse gas emissions we’d be burning coal (lots of it and cheap) – We’ve ratified the Kyoto Protocol so we are legally bound to reduce emissions – It’s different for the Americans, who haven’t ratified Kyoto, they don’t worry about CO2 emissions!
4. Big picture synoptic theme 2• Economic crisis – European countries are concerned about their economic future – energy is vital to growth – They need to keep costs down
5. Big picture synoptic theme 3• Sustainable development – Don’t forget to get a definition of sustainable development in if relevant! “meets the needs of today without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”. – Whatever solutions are used they have to be sustainable economically, socially and environmentally.
6. A solution which isn’t mentioned (you should)• Cutting demand: – Insulation (Green Deal in UK is supporting householders improve insulation) – Improving efficiency - modern engines and boilers are continually improving efficiency (Government has encouraged efficiency through road tax reductions for lower emissions cars) – Switch to renewables (Green Deal supporting householders to install solar, Government subsidising offshore wind)
7. Don’t forget - There is no magic bullet!• No one solution is likely to resolve the problems – They’re not all equally useful/available in different parts of Europe – Being reliant on any one form makes countries vulnerable to market changes/competition for resources – All the “solutions” have pros and cons