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A framework for understanding thecomplex interaction amongtechnological, pedagogical, andcontent knowledge that teachersneed for effectively integratingtechnology in the classroom.
Technological, Pedagogical And Content • Digital Equipment Knowledge • Internet / research • Applications (TPACK) Technological Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge Technological Knowledge (TPK) Knowledge (TCK) (TK) Content areas: • Math • Language Arts • Teaching • Science strategies • Social Sciences • Lesson planning s • Classroom management Pedagogical Content • Cognitive Knowledge Knowledge development (PK) (CK) Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK)From: TPACK.ORG
Effective integration of technology involves planning for the interaction of: technology, pedagogy, and content. Technology has to be appropriate for the content area (what is taught) as well as the pedagogical method (how it is taught). Professional development for teachers (and teacher-in- training) must address all three areas of knowledge development for effective technology integration in classrooms. TPACK provides a framework for teachers, teacher- trainers, and researchers to assess and evaluate the efficacy of technology integration.
1. Plan and implement supporting activities: e.g. having the teacher initially model the processes for using the technology and developing products together with students.2. Establish rules and procedures to facilitate smooth-running classroom activities with technology before instruction starts (e.g. telling the students entering the classroom that they would be working with a partner and where to sit to use the computer), during instruction (directing students to ask a peer for assistance with technology issues), and after instructional activities (giving a 5-minute warning before directing that computers be shut down).3. Provide teacher support through student helpers and technical aids, including training students to help other students who are experiencing difficulties and access to technical assistance for the teacher.
Traditional approaches to technology integration startswith selecting a technology analyzing the strengths andweakness and then determining the curriculum standardor learning goals.Judi Harris has developed a system for TPACK planningbased on identifying first what students must do – theseare called “Activity Types” and then selecting appropriatetechnology that has been matched with the activity typefor specific content areas. Harris and others aredeveloping Activity Types lists for each content area andgrade level.Visit: http://activitytypes.wmwikis.net/HOMEOr see link on TPACK page of Workshop Wiki
1. Identify the learning goals and learning activities for the theme or unit based on the content standards for your school system.2. Select and use appropriate digital tools or technologies (and other resources) for the selected learning activity to help meet the learning goals.3. Assess the efficacy of digital tools or technologies in helping students achieve learning goals and content objectives.
Visit the Activity Types Wiki at:http://activitytypes.wmwikis.net/HOME Review the K-6 Literacy Learning Activity Types in English or Spanish .PDF files are available on the Workshop Materials page of the Workshop Wiki, at: http://k3englishteachers.wikispaces.com/
Use these questions to reflect on the TPACK Planning withLearning Activities. Write your response for Question #3 onyour Reflection sheet.o Do you think TPACK Planning with Learning Activities is useful for you teaching? Why or why not?o What e-Learning sites look promising for your teaching?o What is a thematic unit that you would consider integrating one of these web sites or technologies?o What problems or limitations would you have trying to integrate technology or computer programs or sites?