Objections which the writer expects his or her opponents to make.
Usually, these are included in arguments as opportunities for the writer to present her or his own reasons as refutations/rebuttals.
After stating the objections of opponents, most writers will refute or rebut the objections.
Good rebuttal usually requires evidence, so don't forget to look for support for the rebuttal position in that part of an argument. Like all evidence, rebuttal evidence should be sufficient, accurate, and credible.
If you are attempting to respond to that argument--whether in a formal response essay or in an arguing essay where you are using the argument as evidence or as opposing evidence-- you will need to shape results into a coherent, defensible, narrow claim of your own.
This is where your solution goes. You DO NOT summarize your paper like you’ve done previously.