Lecture Notes Critical Thinking Part 3 of 3

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Part 3 of 3 PowerPoint Lecture Notes on Critical Thinking (Dr. Matthew Stafford)
for the NMP at Air University, Air Command and Staff College

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Lecture Notes Critical Thinking Part 3 of 3

  1. 1. Critical Thinking … something to think about … SECTION III Dr Matthew Stafford Chief Academic OfficerWe Produce the Future Squadron Officer College
  2. 2. Section IIIWe Produce the Future
  3. 3. Four Issues Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow• Linearization ‒ Most models linear ‒ Most problems systemic or process-based• Cognitive Dissonance and Recidivism ‒ Cognitive Dissonance • Multiple potential solutions cause anxiety • Decision maker may switch paths repeatedly to avoid failure • Focus becomes decision-making process vs making decisions ‒ Recidivism – Behavior is repeated at each step• Problem-Solving Creep ‒ Problems expand to consume available resources ‒ Continued tinkering may ruin viable solutions• Avoidance – Fear of failure The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 3
  4. 4. Uses… Create Theory Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow History Theory Doctrine Strategy Execution The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 4
  5. 5. Uses… Create Theory Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow History Theory Doctrine Strategy Execution The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 5
  6. 6. Uses …. Interpret History Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 6
  7. 7. Uses …. Interpret History Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 7
  8. 8. Uses … Build toward the Future Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow Battlespace Awareness Near-Perfect BattlespaceMission Assignment ISR Knowledge Accurate, Precision, C4I Application Precision Nodal Targeting Force Near-Perfect and Mission Assignment Communication The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 8
  9. 9. Uses … Self-Reflection Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow How do you go about loving your enemies? I think the first thing is this: In order to love your enemies, you must begin by analyzing self. Martin Luther King, Jr If you know your enemies and know yourself, you will not be imperiled in a hundred battles; if you do not know your enemies but do know yourself, you will win one and lose one; if you do not know your enemies nor yourself, you will beHand with Reflecting Sphere imperiled in every single battle. M. C. Escher Sun Tzu The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 9
  10. 10. Uses … Solve Problems Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 10
  11. 11. Summary Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow• Critical thinking … nothing new ‒ Ancient Greeks ‒ Carl von Clausewitz ‒ Today’s Air Force• Important to “think about thinking” – meta-cognition ‒ Maximizes effectiveness and efficiency ‒ Leverages strengths ‒ Overcomes weaknesses• Multiple Approaches ‒ Many models ‒ Ultimately we must find what works best for ourselves• Many benefits The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 11
  12. 12. Thank you.We Produce the Future
  13. 13. The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowWe Produce the Future… One Student at a Time One Faculty Member at a Time One Idea at a Time The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 13 13

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