Lecture Notes Critical Thinking Part 1 of 3

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Part 1 of 3 PowerPoint Lecture Notes on Critical Thinking (Dr. Matthew Stafford)
for the NMP at Air University, Air Command and Staff College

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  • 1. Battle of Jena-Auerstedt2. Murat at Jena3. Prussian wounded and stragglers leaving the double battle by Richard Knötel4. Napoleon in Berlin by Charles Meynier
  • 1. Battle of Jena-Auerstedt2. Murat at Jena3. Prussian wounded and stragglers leaving the double battle by Richard Knötel4. Napoleon in Berlin by Charles Meynier
  • 1. Battle of Jena-Auerstedt2. Murat at Jena3. Prussian wounded and stragglers leaving the double battle by Richard Knötel4. Napoleon in Berlin by Charles Meynier
  • 1. Battle of Jena-Auerstedt2. Murat at Jena3. Prussian wounded and stragglers leaving the double battle by Richard Knötel4. Napoleon in Berlin by Charles Meynier
  • 1. Battle of Jena-Auerstedt2. Murat at Jena3. Prussian wounded and stragglers leaving the double battle by Richard Knötel4. Napoleon in Berlin by Charles Meynier
  • Lecture Notes Critical Thinking Part 1 of 3

    1. 1. Critical Thinking … something to think about … SECTION I Dr Matthew Stafford Chief Academic OfficerWe Produce the Future Squadron Officer College
    2. 2. The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 2
    3. 3. The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 3
    4. 4. The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 4
    5. 5. The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 5
    6. 6. The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 6
    7. 7. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow Carl von ClausewitzThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 7
    8. 8. Lessons from Clausewitz Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow War Theory Leadership Insights War is the realm of physical exertion …in war these truths are better served and suffering. by a commander who has absorbed their meaning in his mind rather than …in war, all action takes place so to one who treats them as rigid externalspeak in a kind of twilight which like fog rules… or moonlight, often tends to makethings seem grotesque and larger than The commander must trust his they really are. judgment and stand like a rock on which the waves break in vain Political Theory Critical Analysis War is not merely a political act, but also a real political instrument, a We distinguish between the critical continuation of political commerce, a approach and the plain narrative of a carrying out of the same by other historical event, which merely means. arranges facts one after another, and at most touches on their immediate causal links The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 8
    9. 9. Overview• Clausewitizian Critical Analysis• Thinking about thinking – meta-cognition – Levels of thinking – Enhance efficiency and effectiveness – Seek opportunities to practice and improve• Comparative techniques for critical thinking – Many different approaches – Ultimately a single process we can employ• Putting thinking to practice The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 9
    10. 10. Clausewitzian Critical Analysis Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow1. The discovery and interpretation of equivocal facts. This is historical research proper, and has nothing in common with theory.2. The tracing of effects back to their causes. This is critical analysis proper. It is essential for theory; for whatever in theory is to be defined, supported, or simply described by reference to experience can only be dealt with in this manner.3. The investigation and evaluation of means employed. This last is criticism proper, involving praise and censure. Here theory serves history, or rather the lessons to be drawn from history. The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 10
    11. 11. Clausewitzian Critical Analysis Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow1. The discovery and interpretation of equivocal facts. This is historical researchinterpret factsnothing Discover and proper, and has in common with theory.2. The tracing of effects back to their causes. This is critical analysis proper. It is essential for theory; for whatever in theory is to be defined, supported, or simply described by reference to experience can only be dealt with in this manner.3. The investigation and evaluation of means employed. This last is criticism proper, involving praise and censure. Here theory serves history, or rather the lessons to be drawn from history. The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 11
    12. 12. Clausewitzian Critical Analysis Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow1. The discovery and interpretation of equivocal facts. This is historical researchinterpret factsnothing Discover and proper, and has in common with theory.2. The tracing of effects back to their causes. This is critical analysis proper. It is essential for theory; for whatever ineffects back defined, supported, Trace theory is to be to causes or simply described by reference to experience can only be dealt with in this manner.3. The investigation and evaluation of means employed. This last is criticism proper, involving praise and censure. Here theory serves history, or rather the lessons to be drawn from history. The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 12
    13. 13. Clausewitzian Critical Analysis Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow1. The discovery and interpretation of equivocal facts. This is historical researchinterpret factsnothing Discover and proper, and has in common with theory.2. The tracing of effects back to their causes. This is critical analysis proper. It is essential for theory; for whatever ineffects back defined, supported, Trace theory is to be to causes or simply described by reference to experience can only be dealt with in this manner. Investigate and evaluate –3. The investigation and evaluation of means employed. This last is criticism proper, involving consider alternatives. serves history, or praise and censure. Here theory Look for rather thebetter courses offrom history. lessons to be drawn action. The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 13
    14. 14. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 14
    15. 15. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 15
    16. 16. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 16
    17. 17. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 17
    18. 18. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 18
    19. 19. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 19
    20. 20. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 20
    21. 21. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 21
    22. 22. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 22
    23. 23. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 23
    24. 24. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 24
    25. 25. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 25
    26. 26. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 26
    27. 27. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 27
    28. 28. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 28
    29. 29. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 29
    30. 30. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 30
    31. 31. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 31
    32. 32. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 32
    33. 33. Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowThe Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 33
    34. 34. Custer’s Defeat Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for Tomorrow• Was it … ‒ Personalities? ‒ Weaponry? ‒ Sheer Numbers?• Supports Clausewitz’s approach ‒Exhaustive analysis ‒Link causes and effects ‒Consider alternatives The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 34
    35. 35. PLEASE VIEW Section II NEXTWe Produce the Future
    36. 36. The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Develop Americas Airmen Today ... for TomorrowWe Produce the Future… One Student at a Time One Faculty Member at a Time One Idea at a Time The Intellectual and Leadership Center of the Air Force Fly – Fight – Win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace 36 36

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