The Reading Acquisition Framework


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The Reading Acquisition Framework

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The Reading Acquisition Framework

  2. 2. THE READING ACQUISITION FRAMEWORK <ul><li>Reading skills acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>the process of acquiring the basic skills necessary for learning to read; that is, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ the ability to acquire meaning from print” </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Skills required for proficient reading <ul><li>Phonemic awareness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability to distinguish and manipulate the individual sounds of language. The broader term, phonological awareness, also includes rhymes, syllables, and onsets and rimes. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Phonics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Method that stresses the acquisition of letter-sound correspondences and their use in reading and spelling. This helps beginning readers understand how letters are linked to sounds (phonemes), patterns of letter-sound correspondences and spelling in English, and how to apply this knowledge when they read. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. THE READING ACQUISITION FRAMEWORK <ul><li>Skills required for proficient reading </li></ul><ul><li>Fluency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability to read orally with speed, accuracy, and vocal expression. The ability to read fluently is one of several critical factors necessary for reading comprehension. If a reader is not fluent, it may be difficult to remember what has been read and to relate the ideas expressed in the text to his or her background knowledge. This accuracy and automaticity of reading serves as a bridge between decoding and comprehension </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A critical aspect of reading comprehension is vocabulary development. When a reader encounters an unfamiliar word in print and decodes it to derive its spoken pronunciation, the reader understands the word if it is in the reader's spoken vocabulary. Otherwise, the reader must derive the meaning of the word using another strategy, such as context. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. THE READING ACQUISITION FRAMEWORK <ul><li>Skills required for proficient reading </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Comprehension </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading comprehension is heavily dependent on skilled word recognition and decoding, oral reading fluency, a well-developed vocabulary and active engagement with the text. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. DEFINITION OF READING <ul><li>What is reading? </li></ul><ul><li>Reading is an active process (not a product, like history) in which readers shift between sources of information (what they know and what the text says), elaborate meaning and strategies, check their interpretation (revising when appropriate), and use the social context to focus their response. (Walker, p.4) </li></ul>
  7. 7. REASONS FOR READING <ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>poetry, fantasies, or mysteries </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Nonfiction; books like science or nature stories, biographies, and other “true” books </li></ul><ul><li>Perform a task </li></ul><ul><li>prepare a recipe or reads directions that come with a project </li></ul>
  8. 8. OTHER reasons for reading ;-) <ul><li>Reading helps you become an interesting person . (Impress your friends, dates, and future in-laws!) </li></ul><ul><li>Reading helps you learn how to write correctly . (Get good grades, make your grandmother happy when she reads your well-written thank-you notes, and impress your future boss who'll promote you because you express yourself so well.) </li></ul><ul><li>Reading develops your imagination . (Write terrific stories for school, cook up funny ideas for friends, and maybe even earn big bucks writing screen plays for Hollywood!) </li></ul>
  9. 9. OTHER reasons for reading ;-) <ul><li>Reading entertains you . (No more long boring car rides, waits in the dentist's office, or too-long summer vacations when you can't think of anything to do.) </li></ul><ul><li>Reading teaches you about things unfamiliar to you. (Write A+ reports for school, impress your friends, and earn big prizes on TV game shows!) </li></ul><ul><li>Reading takes you to places you've never visited . (Read about actors on Broadway, bullfighters in Spain, and astronauts in space.) </li></ul>
  10. 10. OTHER reasons for reading ;-) <ul><li>Reading takes you to times you've never experienced . (Spend a week in Colonial times, or experience the burial ceremony of an Egyptian king, or learn what life was like when William Shakespeare was writing Romeo and Juliet.) </li></ul><ul><li>Reading introduces you to people you've never met. (Find out how the Amish live, or what an NFL football player's practice is like.) </li></ul><ul><li>Reading introduces you to new ideas . (Learn about the beliefs of the world's religions, why some physicists believe that time is circular instead of linear, and how scientists speculate that our thoughts can influence the outcome of experiments.) </li></ul><ul><li>Reading is FUN ! (Laugh out loud! Gasp in disbelief! Feel your heart beating in suspense!) </li></ul>
  11. 11. READING MATERIALS <ul><li>internet </li></ul><ul><li>journal </li></ul><ul><li>text book </li></ul><ul><li>local newspaper </li></ul><ul><li>course study materials </li></ul><ul><li>encyclopaedia </li></ul>