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  • 1. Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101 Dr. Alaa Sadik Instructional & Learning Technologies Department www.alaasadik.net alaasadik@squ.edu.om
  • 2. Lecture One (Week 2) Defining Distance Education Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101 Interactive Presentation
  • 3. Background: 1.The Industrial Revolution in the 19th century (see Wikipedia) → 2.Developments in various fields of technology (give examples) → 3.Offered new solutions for delivering instruction → 4.Learners’ interests (in what?) were enhanced → 5.Increase in the subject areas offered by distance education → 6.Became one of the formal means of education. Defining Distance Education
  • 4. What is distance education or distance learning? Defining Distance Education
  • 5. Defining Distance Education ‘a term that covers the various forms of study at all levels which are not under the continuous immediate supervision of tutors present with their students in lecture rooms, but which, benefit from the planning, guidance and tuition of a tutorial organisation’ (Holmberg, 1977, p. 9).
  • 6. Defining Distance Education  Distance education is a method of education in which the learner is physically separated from the teacher by space and time.  Distance education materials are often structured in ways that facilitate learning at a distance. Rumble (1989)
  • 7. Defining Distance Education  the majority of educational communication between the teacher and students occurs non-contiguously.  involve two-way communication technology between the teacher and students for the purpose of facilitating and supporting the educational process. Garrison and Shale 1990, p. 25
  • 8. In Conclusion  The separation of teacher and learner;  The separation among learners;  The use of technology to deliver the subject matter; and  The use of a communication channel to facilitate interaction and support learners.
  • 9. What is distance education or distance learning? Use Wikipedia to find more info about distance education and distance learning Defining Distance Education
  • 10. Defining Distance Education What is distance education or distance learning? Discuss the definitions you found with your classmates.
  • 11. Defining Distance Education What is distance education or distance learning? Clarify the definitions using the information you found in Wikipedia and other sites.
  • 12. Defining Distance Education What is distance education or distance learning? Distance education is defined as a field of education that focus on pedagogy, technology and instructional system design that aim to deliver education to students who are not present physically.
  • 13. Defining Distance Education What is distance education or distance learning? Distanceeducation isdefined asamodeof delivering education and instruction, often on an individual basis, to studentswho arenot physically present in atraditional setting such asaclassroom. Distance learning isdefined asamethod of studying in which lecturesarebroadcast or classesareconducted by correspondenceor over theInternet, without thestudent's needing to attend aschool or college.
  • 14. Defining Distance Education Distance education or distance learning? Distance education because it has system, roles, assignment and tools to deliver the materials for students who are in different places on the world.
  • 15. Defining Distance Education History of distance education and technology (old technology) In 1728 Celeb Phillips offers what is thought to be the first distance learning class. The consists of weekly shorthand by mail.
  • 16. Defining Distance Education History of distance education and technology (modern technology) Skype: Skype ranks among today's most widely-utilized ways to make voice or video calls online, providing for communication across PCs, smartphones, tablets and mobile devices, making it a useful tool in educators' arsenal. Thousands of teachers and kids can use it to connect with experts, or fellow pupils and educators, for real-time chats -- and for free.
  • 17. Defining Distance Education Time for Presentation
  • 18. Defining Distance Education In conclusion, many key features characterize distance education: 1. The separation of teacher and learner; 2. The separation among learners; 3. The use of one medium to deliver instruction; and 4. The use of a communication channel to facilitate interaction and support learners.
  • 19. Questions & Discussions The End