Cerebral palsy

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  • 1. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental Cerebral Palsy What is cerebral palsy? Cerebral Palsy (CP) is caused by birth injuries that affect the central nervous system, also called static encephalopathy. Less than 1% of children are born with this type of injury. Almost half the children affected by cerebral palsy develop hypertonia (excessive muscle tension) or spasticity (excessive muscle tension with increased tendon reflexes). This is usually caused by damage to the white matter of the brain. Other affected children can have mixed cerebral palsy, experiencing multiple symptoms with a spastic component. Cerebral palsy can result in irreversible damage and dysfunction of the nervous system. Causes of cerebral palsy Many cases of CP have unknown causes. The disorder occurs when there is abnormal development or damage to areas in the brain that control motor function. It occurs in approximately three out of every 1,000 live births.
  • 2. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental There are several types of injuries that can impair the nervous system, including: Head injuries Central nervous system infections Episodes that obstruct the oxygen flow to the brain, such as near-drowning experiences Cerebrovascular accidents, like stroke Malnutrition Heavy metal ingestion Symptoms of cerebral palsy The following are the most common symptoms of CP. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. The child may have muscle weakness, poor motor control, or have shaking, also called spasticity, of the arms or legs. Muscle stiffness in the form of stiff legs or clenched fists may also be seen. Cerebral palsy is classified according to the kind of motor function the child may have, including the following: There are three ways that spasticity, or excessive tightening of muscles, can present itself in children suffering from cerebral palsy:
  • 3. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental Spastic diplegia, where the lower limbs are more involved than the upper. This typically affects premature children, born before 32 weeks gestation. Spastic quadriplegia, where all four limbs are involved equally. This typically affects children born closer to term. Spastic hemiplegia, where only one side of the body is involved. This typically affects children who have a history of ventricular bleeding that reaches their brain tissue, causing injury. Children with CP may have additional problems, including the following: Seizures Vision, hearing, or speech problems Learning disabilities and behavior problems Mental retardation Respiratory problems Bowel and bladder problems Bone abnormalities, including scoliosis (a lateral, or sideways, curvature and rotation of the back bones, giving the appearance that the person is leaning to one side) Babies with cerebral palsy are often slow to reach developmental milestones, such as learning to roll over, sit, crawl, or walk. They may also have certain reflexes present
  • 4. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental that normally disappear in early infancy. The symptoms of CP may resemble other conditions. Always consult your child's physician for a diagnosis. Treatment for cerebral palsy Baclofen (Liorisol®) — Baclofen is a muscle relaxant. It can be absorbed into the bloodstream when taken orally, or it can be inserted directly into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This method was recently approved by the FDA, and is particularly effective because it delivers the drug directly to the target site in the spinal cord. To deliver baclofen to the CSF, an access device must be implanted underneath the skin and fat of the abdominal wall, requiring a two inch incision above the waistline. After the device is implanted, a needle is used to place a small, flexible tube into the lower back’s spinal fluid column near the targeted muscles. A child is usually required to stay in the hospital for a few days to recover from the procedure and allow physicians to monitor their progress. The device itself is a small titanium disk, about one inch thick and three inches wide. It contains a refillable reservoir for the drug and a computer chip that regulates the dose. An alarm sounds when the device needs to be refilled, the battery is low or the pump is not delivering the drug. The pump should be refilled and medication adjusted every two to three months.
  • 5. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental Therapeutic electrical stimulation (TES) — TES is a type of electrical stimulation used at night while patients are sleeping. It increased blood flow to weakened muscles to allow the body to deliver more growth factors and nutrients to repair damaged tissue. This process usually takes between three and six months. Children usually undergo physical therapy in conjunction with the treatment to increase muscle strength. Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy (SDR) — The SDR technique involves cutting some of the sensory nerve fibers that come from the muscles and enter the spinal cord. A five to six inch incision is made along the center of the lower back just above the waist in order to expose the nerves and locate the abnormal portions of nerve fiber that need to be cut. This allows better balance in the spinal cord and reduces spasms, but does require a commitment to physical therapy following treatment.
  • 6. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental
  • 7. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental
  • 8. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental
  • 9. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental
  • 10. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental
  • 11. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental
  • 12. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental
  • 13. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental What are causes of cerebral palsy? The term cerebral palsy does not indicate the cause or prognosis of the child with cerebral palsy. There are many possible causes of cerebral palsy. In full-term infants the cause of cerebral palsy is usually prenatal and not related to events at time of delivery; in most instances it is related to events that happened during the pregnancy while the fetus is developing inside the mother's womb. Premature birth is a risk factor for cerebral palsy. The premature brain is at a high risk of bleeding, and when severe enough, it can result in cerebral palsy. Children that are born prematurely can also develop serious respiratory distress due to immature and poorly developed lungs. This can lead to periods of decreased oxygen delivered to the brain that might result in cerebral palsy. A poorly understood brain process observed in some premature infants is called periventricular leukomalacia. This is a disorder in
  • 14. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental which holes form in the white matter of the premature infant's brain. The white matter is necessary for the normal processing of signals that are transmitted throughout the brain, and from the brain to the rest of the body. White matter abnormalities are observed in many cases of cerebral palsy. Nevertheless, it is important to recognize that the vast majority of premature infants, even those born very prematurely, do not suffer from cerebral palsy. There have been many advances in the field of neonatology (the care and study of problems affecting newborn infants) that have enhanced the survival of very premature infants. Other important causes of cerebral palsy include accidents of brain development, genetic disorders, stroke due to abnormal blood vessels or blood clots, or infections of the brain. Even though it is widely believed that the most common cause of cerebral palsy is a lack of oxygen to the brain during delivery (birth asphyxia), it is actually a very rare cause of cerebral palsy. When cerebral palsy is the result of birth asphyxia, the infant almost always suffers severe neonatal encephalopathy with symptoms during the first few days of life. These symptoms include: seizures, irritability,
  • 15. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental jitteriness, feeding and respiratory problems, lethargy, and coma depending on the severity. In rare instances, obstetrical accidents during particularly difficult deliveries can cause brain damage and result in cerebral palsy. Conversely, it is very unlikely that cerebral palsy symptoms would develop after a few years of age as a result of obstetrical complications. Child abuse during infancy can cause significant brain damage which, in turn, can lead to cerebral palsy. This abuse often takes the form of severe shaking from a frustrated parent or caregiver, causing hemorrhage in or just outside the brain. To further compound the problem, many children with developmental abnormalities are at risk for being abused. Thus, a child with cerebral palsy may be made significantly worse or even killed by a single incident of abuse. Despite the diversity of causes of cerebral palsy, many cases remain without a defined cause. However, the enhanced ability to see the brain structure with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and CT scans as well as improved diagnostic capabilities for genetic disorders has made the number of such cases much lower.
  • 16. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental Symptoms Symptoms are the effects of impairment an individual experiences. The child perceives and notices the symptoms, which are not necessarily visible to others. At such a young age, a child is limited in his or her ability to express symptoms and often relies on the careful observation of parents. Symptoms, relayed to the medical practitioner, assists in the diagnosis process. Some symptoms of cerebral palsy include: Choking Difficulty grasping objects Difficulty swallowing Fatigue Inability to focus on objects Inability to hear Pain
  • 17. Cerebral palsy facts Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function, the ability to move and control movements. Cerebral palsy is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age. Cerebral palsy is due to a brain abnormality that does not progress in severity. The causes of cerebral palsy include prematurity, genetic disorders, strokes, and infection of the brain. Taking certain precautions during the pregnancy might decrease the risk of cerebral palsy. Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought. There are different types of cerebral palsy based on symptoms -- spastic, hypotonic, choreoathetoid, and mixed types. The best approach for diagnosis, treatment, and management is through and interdisciplinary team. Cerebral palsy may be associated with many other medical conditions, including mental retardation or seizures. Many of these conditions can be treated with improved quality of life. Many children with cerebral palsy have a normal intellect and have no seizures. Treatment of cerebral palsy is for the symptoms only; there are few treatments for the underlying causes. There are many alternative medicines promoted for the treatment of cerebral palsy that have never been proven to be helpful. Families and advocates of persons with cerebral palsy should be aware of the lack of scientific basis for these treatments. What is cerebral palsy? Comment on this Share Your Story Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function (as opposed to mental