‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀـﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬              The Judicial System in Palestine                                    ‫اﻟﻘﻀﺎء‬             ...
‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬  Distribution of Courts According to the Law                              ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ‬     ...
‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬                          Distribution of Regular Courts                                          ...
Supreme Constitutional                                                ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺴﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬     Courtn     Formation:...
Court of Cassation                                       ‫ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﺾ‬                                                    ...
‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺽ‬                   Formation of the Court of Cassation ‫ ﺘﻨﻌﻘﺩ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺽ ﺒﺭﺌﺎﺴﺔ ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ...
(‫اﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﺎت ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﺾ )اﻟﺠﺰاﺋﯿﺔ‬             (Penal) Jurisdiction of the Court of Cassationn    The Court of Cassation ha...
(‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺽ )ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬             (Civil) Jurisdiction of the Court of CassationJurisdictions of the Court of  ...
‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬                                The Supreme Court                                      ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺩل ﺍﻟ...
‫ﺗﺸﻜﯿﻞ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺪل اﻟﻌﻠﯿﺎ‬                  Formation of the Supreme Court         .‫ ﺘﻨﻌﻘﺩ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﺍﻟﻤ...
‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬                 Jurisdiction of the Supreme Courtn The Supreme Court has jurisdiction over t...
‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ‬                             ‫‪Courts of Appeals‬‬                              ‫ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ اﻻﺳﺘﺌﻨﺎف‬          ...
‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ‬               Formation of the Court of Appeals.‫ ﺘﺸﻜل ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﻭﻋﺩﺩ ﻜﺎﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺓ‬nn...
(‫اﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﺎت ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻻﺳﺘﺌﻨﺎف )اﻟﺠﺰاﺋﯿﺔ‬               Criminal jurisdiction of the Appellate Courtn    The Court of Appeals h...
(‫اﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﺎت ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻻﺳﺘﺌﻨﺎف )اﻟﻤﺪﻧﯿﺔ‬ (Civil) Jurisdictions of the Court of Appeals                             :‫ ﺘﺨﺘﺹ ﻤﺤﻜﻤ...
‫‪District Courts‬‬                                                ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬                                        ...
‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬                    Formation of the District Court                  .‫ ﺘﺸﻜل ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﻭﻋ...
(‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ )ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬         (Penal) Jurisdictions of the Court of First                            Instanc...
(‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ )ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬        (Civil) Jurisdictions of the Court of First                         Instance‫ ﺘﻜ...
‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ ‪Magistrate Courts‬‬                                                                     ‫ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ اﻟﺼﻠﺢ‬       ...
‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ‬                 Formation of the Magistrate Court       .‫ ﺗﻨﺸﺄ ﻓﻲ داﺋﺮة ﻛﻞ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺑﺪاﯾﺔ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺻﻠﺢ أو ا...
(‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ )ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬(Civil) Jurisdictions of the Magistrate Court                           :‫ﺗﺨﺘﺺ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﺼﻠ...
(‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ )ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬      (Civil) Jurisdictions of the Magistrate Courtn    The Magistrate Court has jurisdict...
Specialized Courts                    ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬                                  ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺼﻠﺢ ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬                  ...
‫ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﺠﻨﺎﯾﺎت اﻟﻜﺒﺮى‬                                        ‫ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺟﻨﺎﯾﺎت ﻛﺒﺮى‬                                        ...
‫ﺗﺸﻜﯿﻞ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﺠﻨﺎﯾﺎت اﻟﻜﺒﺮى‬    Formation of the High Crimes Court             ‫ﺗﻨﺸﺄ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﻋﺎدﯾﺔ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﺠﻨﺎﯾ...
‫اﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﺎت ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﺠﻨﺎﯾﺎت اﻟﻜﺒﺮى‬   Civil jurisdiction of the High Crimes                       CourtThe Supreme Criminal C...
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Courts distribution - West Bank and Gaza

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court distribution in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. (Institute of Law, Birzeit University)

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Courts distribution - West Bank and Gaza

  1. 1. ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀـﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ The Judicial System in Palestine ‫اﻟﻘﻀﺎء‬ Judiciary ‫اﻟﻘﻀﺎء اﻟﺪﯾﻨﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻀﺎء اﻟﻌﺎدي‬ (‫)ھﻨﺎك أﺳﺎس دﺳﺘﻮري ﻻزدواﺟﯿﺔ اﻟﻘﻀﺎء‬ Religious Regular Judiciary Judiciary (A constitutional basis for judicial dualism) ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭﻗﻲ‬ Administrative ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺒﺩﺃ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻀﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﺠﺘﻴﻥ‬‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬ Judiciary Civil and Criminal Judiciary (Litigation based on two levels)
  2. 2. ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ Distribution of Courts According to the Law ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ‬ Distribution Of Courts ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺩﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﻨﻅﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ Religious Regular Courts Special Courts Courts .(‫ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻤﺜﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ )ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬nn Military Courts are an example on special courts. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  3. 3. ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬ Distribution of Regular Courts ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻤﻴﺔ ﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ Distribution of courts according to the Law ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺴﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ (‫)ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﺸﻜﻠﻪ‬ (‫)ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﺸﻜﻠﻪ‬ Supreme Court Specialized Courts Supreme Constitutional Court Administrative Courts (Not formed yet) (Not formed yet) ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺽ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ ﺑﻠﺪﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ أﺣﺪاث‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ Court of Cassation Labor Courts Juvenile Courts High Court ofMunicipal Court Justice ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ‬ Appellate Court ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺠﻤﺎﺭﻙ ﺒﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺠﻤﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ ﺿﺮﯾﺒﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ Customs Court of First Customs Court Tax Courts Instance District Court ‫§ ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ درﺟﺔ أوﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ 5002 ﺘﻡ ﺍﺴﺘﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ (Court of first instance) ‫ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎم 6002، ﺗﻢ اﺳﺘﺤﺪاث‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻨﺘﺨﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫§ ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ درﺟﺔ ﺛﺎﻧﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺟﻨﺎﯾﺎت ﻛﺒﺮى‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ‬ ُElections Courts ‫§ ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ إدارﯾﺔ‬ Supreme Criminal Court Magistrate Court ‫ ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬Formed in 2005 Formed in 2006 ‫§ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫§ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﻧﻘﺾ‬
  4. 4. Supreme Constitutional ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺴﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ Courtn Formation:The Court is composed of a President, a deputy and seven : ‫ ﺘﺸﻜﻴﻠﻬﺎ‬n judges. .‫ﺘﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﻭﻨﺎﺌﺏ ﻭﺴﺒﻌﺔ ﻗﻀﺎﺓ‬n Jurisdiction: :‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬nThe Supreme Constitutional Court has jurisdiction over the :‫ﺘﺨﺘﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺴﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻅﺭ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻴﻠﻲ‬ following issues:1. Constitutional review of laws.2. Constitutional review of by-laws, regulations and .‫1. ﺩﺴﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻨﻴﻥ‬ secondary legislation. .‫2. ﺩﺴﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺍﺌﺢ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﻨﻅﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬3. Interpretation of the provisions of the Basic Law in ‫3. ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ ﻨﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ. ﻓﻲ ﺤﺎل ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺯﻉ ﺤﻭل‬ .‫ﺤﻘﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻁﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ ﻭﻭﺍﺠﺒﺎﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ the event of dispute over the rights, obligations and capacities of the three authorities.4. Interpretation of the provisions of pieces of .‫4. ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ ﻨﺼﻭﺹ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ legislation. ‫5. ﺍﻟﻔﺼل ﻓﻲ ﺘﻨﺎﺯﻉ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬5. Adjudication of the conflict of jurisdiction between judicial and administrative authorities with judicial .‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺭﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺌﻲ‬ jurisdiction. .‫6.ﺍﻟﺒﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻁﻌﻥ ﺒﻔﻘﺩﺍﻥ ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻁﺔ ﺍﻻﻫﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬6. Adjudication of the incapacitation of the President ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ ﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ، ﺘﺘﻭﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻤﺅﻗﺘﺎ ﻜل‬ of the Palestinian Authority.In accordance with the Basic Law, the Supreme Court shall ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻨﺩﺓ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺴﺘﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻟﺤﻴﻥ ﺘﺸﻜﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﺒﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ assume on a temporary basis all tasks assigned for the Constitutional Court until the latter is formed by a Law. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  5. 5. Court of Cassation ‫ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﺾ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺽ‬ Court of Cassation ‫ﻨﻘﺽ/ ﺍﻟﻀﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺽ/ ﻏﺯﺓ‬ Chamber in Chamber in Ramallah Gaza-City ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬ Penal Civil Penal Civil Department Department Department Department ‫ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﻡ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺱ، ﻭﺘﻨﻌﻘﺩ ﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻻﺤﻭﺍل ﻓﻲ ﻜل ﻤﻥ ﻏﺯﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻀﻔﺔ‬nn The permanent seat of the Court is in Jerusalem. As occasion may required, it convenes in the West Bank and Gaza. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬ .‫ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺨﺎﻀﻌﺔ ﻟﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻨﻲ‬nn The Court is not subject to the rules of territorial jurisdiction.
  6. 6. ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺽ‬ Formation of the Court of Cassation ‫ ﺘﻨﻌﻘﺩ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺽ ﺒﺭﺌﺎﺴﺔ ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ‬n .‫ﻗﻀﺎﺓ‬n The Court of Cassation convenes under the presidency of the Court’s President as well as four judges. ‫ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻏﻴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﻴﺭﺃﺴﻬﺎ ﺃﻗﺩﻡ ﻨﻭﺍﺒﻪ، ﺜﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻀﻲ ﺍﻷﻗﺩﻡ‬n .‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬n In case the President is absent, the Court shall be presided by his most senior deputy, then the most senior judge on the panel. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  7. 7. (‫اﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﺎت ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﺾ )اﻟﺠﺰاﺋﯿﺔ‬ (Penal) Jurisdiction of the Court of Cassationn The Court of Cassation has jurisdiction over the following: :‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺽ‬ n1. Appoint the competent court in the event a ‫ﺘﻌﻴﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻑ‬ .1 conflict of jurisdiction arises between two .‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺘﻴﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ or more courts. ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻌﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ .22. Challenge judgments issued by the Court of First Instance in its appellate capacity .‫ﺒﺼﻔﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺢ‬ on crimes and misdemeanors. ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻌﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬ .33. Challenge judgments issued by the Court .‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻌﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ of Appeals on crimes and misdemeanors. .4 ‫ﺒﺼﻔﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻀﻴﺔ ﺒﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺩﻓﻊ ﺒﻌﺩﻡ‬4. Challenge judgments issued by the Court of First Instance in its appellate capacity, ruling for the rejection of the rebuttal of .‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺃﻭ ﻋﺩﻡ ﻗﺒﻭل ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻭﻯ ﻻﻨﻘﻀﺎﺌﻬﺎ‬ the lack of jurisdiction or non-acceptance ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻌﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬ .5 ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻀﻴﺔ ﺒﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺩﻓﻊ ﺒﻌﺩﻡ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬ of a lawsuit due to its expiration. .‫ﺃﻭ ﻋﺩﻡ ﻗﺒﻭل ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻭﻯ ﻻﻨﻘﻀﺎﺌﻬﺎ‬5. Challenge judgments issued by the Court of Appeal, ruling for the rejection of the rebuttal of the lack of jurisdiction or non- ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻌﻥ )ﺒﺤﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ( ﻓﻲ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ‬ .6 acceptance of a lawsuit due to its expiration. .‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﺒﺎﻹﻋﺩﺍﻡ ﺃﻭ ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺒﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺒﺩ‬6. Under the Law, challenge all judgments ruling for the capital punishment or life sentence. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  8. 8. (‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺽ )ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬ (Civil) Jurisdiction of the Court of CassationJurisdictions of the Court of :‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺽ‬ Cassation :‫ﺘﺨﺘﺹ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺽ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻅﺭ ﻓﻲ‬The Court of Cassation is competent to adjudicate the following: ‫ ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬nn Final judgments issued by the .‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ‬ Court of Appeals. ‫ ﺃﻴﺔ ﻁﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺘﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺒﻤﻭﺠﺏ ﺃﻱ ﻗﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬nn Any other application submitted .‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ to it under any other Law. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  9. 9. ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ The Supreme Court ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ The Supreme Court ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬ Chamber in Chamber in Ramallah Gaza-City .‫ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺨﺎﻀﻌﺔ ﻟﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻨﻲ‬n n The Court is not subject to the rules of territorial jurisdiction.‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  10. 10. ‫ﺗﺸﻜﯿﻞ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺪل اﻟﻌﻠﯿﺎ‬ Formation of the Supreme Court .‫ ﺘﻨﻌﻘﺩ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭﻗﺎﻀﻴﻴﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻗل‬nn The Supreme Court convenes before the President of the Supreme Court and at least two judges. .‫ ﻭﻋﻨﺩ ﻏﻴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﻴﺭﺃﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻗﺩﻡ ﻨﻭﺍﺒﻪ، ﻓﺎﻟﻘﺎﻀﻲ ﺍﻷﻗﺩﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬nn In case the President is absent, the Court shall be presided by his most senior deputy, then the most senior judge on the panel. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  11. 11. ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺩل ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ Jurisdiction of the Supreme Courtn The Supreme Court has jurisdiction over the :‫ﺗﺨﺘﺺ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺪل اﻟﻌﻠﯿﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻓﯿﻤﺎ ﯾﻠﻲ‬ n following: ‫اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﯾﻘﺪﻣﮭﺎ ذوو اﻟﺸﺄن ﺑﺈﻟﻐﺎء اﻟﻠﻮاﺋﺢ أو‬ .11. Applications submitted by the concerned parties ‫اﻻﻧﻈﻤﺔ أو اﻟﻘﺮارات اﻹدارﯾﺔ اﻟﻨﮭﺎﺋﯿﺔ اﻟﻤﺎﺳﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎص‬ to annul any bylaws, regulations or final ‫أو اﻷﻣﻮال اﻟﺼﺎدرة ﻋﻦ أﺷﺨﺎص اﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮن اﻟﻌﺎم ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ‬ administrative decisions, which can affect the .‫ذﻟﻚ اﻟﻨﻘﺎﺑﺎت اﻟﻤﮭﻨﯿﺔ‬ persons or property of persons subject to the ‫اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ھﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮع اﻟﻤﻌﺎرﺿﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﺒﺲ اﻟﺘﻲ‬ .2 Common Law, including syndicates. ‫ﯾﻄﻠﺐ ﻓﯿﮭﺎ إﺻﺪار أواﻣﺮ اﻹﻓﺮاج ﻋﻦ اﻷﺷﺨﺎص‬2. Applications challenging detention, in which .‫اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻮﻓﯿﻦ ﺑﻮﺟﮫ ﻏﯿﺮ ﻣﺸﺮوع‬ orders of release are requested for persons ‫اﻟﻤﻨﺎزﻋﺎت اﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ اﻟﻌﻤﻮﻣﯿﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﯿﺚ اﻟﺘﻌﯿﯿﻦ‬ .3 detained in an illegal manner. ‫أو اﻟﺘﺮﻗﯿﺔ أو اﻟﻌﻼوات أو اﻟﻤﺮﺗﺒﺎت أو اﻟﻨﻘﻞ أو اﻻﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬3. Disputes regarding public functions, including ‫إﻟﻰ اﻟﻤﻌﺎش أو اﻟﺘﺄدﯾﺐ أو اﻻﺳﺘﯿﺪاع أو اﻟﻔﺼﻞ، وﺳﺎﺋﺮ‬ appointment, promotion, increments, salaries, .‫ﻣﺎ ﯾﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﻷﻋﻤﺎل اﻟﻮﻇﯿﻔﯿﺔ‬ transference, retirement on pension, discipline, ‫رﻓﺾ اﻟﺠﮭﺔ اﻹدارﯾﺔ أو إﻣﺘﻨﺎﻋﮭﺎ ﻋﻦ اﺗﺨﺎذ أي ﻗﺮار ﻛﺎن‬ .4 provisional retirement or dismissal as well as all ‫ﯾﺠﺐ إﺗﺨﺎذه وﻓﻘﺎ ﻷﺣﻜﺎم اﻟﻘﻮاﻧﯿﻦ أو اﻻﻧﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻤﻌﻤﻮل‬ that is related to public functions. .‫ﺑﮭﺎ‬4. Refusal or abstention of administrative parties to .‫ﺳﺎﺋﺮ اﻟﻤﻨﺎزﻋﺎت اﻹدارﯾﺔ‬ .5 take any due decision according to the provisions ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻟﯿﺴﺖ ﻗﻀﺎﯾﺎ أو ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻤﺎت ﺑﻞ ﻣﺠﺮد‬ .6 of effective laws and regulations. ‫ﻋﺮاﺋﺾ أو اﺳﺘﺪﻋﺎءات ﺧﺎرﺟﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺻﻼﺣﯿﺔ أي ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬5. All administrative disputes. .‫ﺗﺴﺘﻮﺟﺐ اﻟﻀﺮورة اﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﻓﯿﮭﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﯿﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻌﺪاﻟﺔ‬6. Apart from cases or trials, issues pertaining to .‫اﯾﺔ اﻣﻮر اﺧﺮى ﺗﺮﻓﻊ اﻟﯿﮭﺎ ﺑﻤﻮﺟﺐ أﺣﻜﺎم اﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮن‬ .7 applications or petitions falling outside the jurisdiction of any court which must be adjudicated in order to achieve justice.7. Any other matters submitted to it under the provisions of–the Law. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  12. 12. ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ‬ ‫‪Courts of Appeals‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ اﻻﺳﺘﺌﻨﺎف‬ ‫‪Courts of Appeals‬‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻻﺳﺘﺌﻨﺎف‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﺰة‬ ‫‪Court of Appeals‬‬ ‫‪Court of Appeals‬‬ ‫‪Ramallah‬‬ ‫‪Gaza-City‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷوﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪Second‬‬ ‫‪First‬‬ ‫‪Chamber‬‬ ‫‪Chamber‬‬‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  13. 13. ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ‬ Formation of the Court of Appeals.‫ ﺘﺸﻜل ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﻭﻋﺩﺩ ﻜﺎﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺓ‬nn The Appellate Court is composed of a President and a number of judges.‫ ﺘﻨﻌﻘﺩ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﻗﻀﺎﺓ ﺒﺭﺌﺎﺴﺔ ﺃﻗﺩﻤﻬﻡ ﻓﻲ‬n .‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺄﻨﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬n The Court of Appeals convenes before a panel f three judges under the presidency of the most senior one from among them in the penal and civil cases appealed before the Court. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  14. 14. (‫اﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﺎت ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻻﺳﺘﺌﻨﺎف )اﻟﺠﺰاﺋﯿﺔ‬ Criminal jurisdiction of the Appellate Courtn The Court of Appeals has jurisdiction over the following: :‫ﺘﺨﺘﺹ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻅﺭ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻴﻠﻲ‬ n1. Judgments in penal cases, as follows: ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﻀﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﺒﺭﺓ ﺒﻤﺜﺎﺒﺔ‬ .1 n In case these judgments are issued ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻀﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺌﻴﺔ، ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ by Magistrate Courts to be :‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ appealed before Courts of First ‫ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ‬n Instance in their appellate ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺄﻨﻑ ﺃﻤﺎﻡ ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ ﺒﺼﻔﺘﻬﺎ‬ capacity. .‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ n In case judgments are issued by Courts of First Instance in their ‫ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬n capacity as the first degree to be ‫ﺒﺼﻔﺘﻬﺎ ﺃﻭل ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺘﺴﺘﺄﻨﻑ ﺃﻤﺎﻡ ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ‬ appealed before the Courts of .‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ‬ Appeals. .‫2. ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺩﻋﺎﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺤﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻲ‬2. Judgments issued on actions of civil rights. .‫ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﺒﺭﺩ ﺍﻹﻋﺘﺭﺍﺽ‬ .33. Judgments issued on the rejection of ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﺒﻌﻘﻭﺒﺔ ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﻡ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻥ‬ .4 challenge. .(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺒﺩ )ﺒﺤﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬4. Judgments issued on the capital punishment or life imprisonment (by law). ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  15. 15. (‫اﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﺎت ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻻﺳﺘﺌﻨﺎف )اﻟﻤﺪﻧﯿﺔ‬ (Civil) Jurisdictions of the Court of Appeals :‫ ﺘﺨﺘﺹ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻅﺭ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻴﻠﻲ‬nn The Appellate Court has jurisdiction over the following: ‫1.ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻤﻥ ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ، ﻭﺘﻨﻅﺭﻫﺎ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺩﺍﺌﺭﺘﻬﺎ ﺒﺼﻔﺘﻬﺎ‬ .‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬1. Judgments and decisions issued by Magistrate Courts. These are examined by the Court of First Instance, within the jurisdiction of which it falls, in its appellate capacity. .‫2. ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻥ ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ، ﻭﺘﻨﻅﺭﻫﺎ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ‬2. Judgments and decisions issued by Courts of First Instance shall be examined by the Court of Appeals. .‫3. ﺍﻷﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻌﺠﻠﺔ ﺍﻴﺎ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﺼﺩﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬3. Judgments and decisions issued on urgent cases regardless of the Court which issues them.‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  16. 16. ‫‪District Courts‬‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪Court of First‬‬ ‫‪Instance‬‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺑﺪاﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻡ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺕ ﻟﺤﻡ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﻟﻜﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺠﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺒﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻴﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﻥ ﻴﻭﻨﺱ‬ ‫دﯾﺮ اﻟﺒﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬ ‫‪Ramallah‬‬ ‫-‪Deir El‬‬ ‫‪Jerusalem‬‬‫‪Bethlehem Tulkarem Hebron‬‬ ‫‪Jenin‬‬ ‫‪Nablus‬‬ ‫‪Jericho‬‬ ‫‪Khan Yunis‬‬ ‫‪Gaza City‬‬ ‫‪Balah‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷوﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺎم 5002‬ ‫‪Second Circuit‬‬ ‫‪First Circuit‬‬ ‫ﺘﻡ ﺍﺴﺘﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷوﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﻨﺎﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻘﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻟﺜﺎﻧﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻧﻲ‬ ‫‪First Circuit‬‬ ‫‪Second Circuit‬‬ ‫‪First Circuit‬‬ ‫‪Criminal cases‬‬ ‫,‪Qalqilya‬‬ ‫‪Civil Cases‬‬ ‫‪constituted‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫5002 ‪in‬‬ ‫‪First Circuit‬‬ ‫اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻟﺜﺎﻧﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﻨﺎﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪Second Circuit‬‬ ‫‪Second Circuit‬‬ ‫‪Civil cases‬‬ ‫‪Criminal cases‬‬ ‫اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻧﻲ‬ ‫‪Third Circuit‬‬ ‫‪Civil cases‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  17. 17. ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ Formation of the District Court .‫ ﺘﺸﻜل ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﻭﻋﺩﺩ ﻜﺎﻑ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺓ‬nn The Court of First Instance is composed of a President and a sufficient number of judges. .‫ ﺘﻨﻌﻘﺩ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﻗﻀﺎﺓ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺭﺌﺎﺴﺔ ﻷﻗﺩﻤﻬﻡ‬nn The Court of First Instance convenes before a panel of three judges. Of these, the most senior judge shall preside the panel. .‫ ﻭﺘﻨﻌﻘﺩ ﻤﻥ ﻗﺎﻀﻲ ﻓﺭﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺤﻭﺍل ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﺤﺩﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬nn The Court shall convene before a panel of a single judge in cases prescribed by the Law. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  18. 18. (‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ )ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬ (Penal) Jurisdictions of the Court of First Instancen The Court of First Instance has :‫ ﺘﺨﺘﺹ ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻅﺭ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻴﻠﻲ‬n jurisdiction over the following:1. All crimes as well as relevant misdemeanors. ‫1. ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺠﺭﺍﺌﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺢ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬2. In case one action is a multiple .‫ﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬ offences or in case several connected ‫2. ﺍﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤﺩ ﺠﺭﺍﺌﻡ ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺫﺍ‬ offences are committed for a single purpose in a manner that is dividable ‫ﻭﻗﻌﺕ ﻋﺩﺓ ﺠﺭﺍﺌﻡ ﻟﻐﺭﺽ ﻭﺍﺤﺩ ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ with one of such crimes falling within ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ ﺒﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﺒﺤﻴﺙ ﻻ ﺘﻘﺒل ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺯﺌﺔ‬ the jurisdiction of the Court of First ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﺤﺩﻯ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺠﺭﺍﺌﻡ ﻤﻥ ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬ Instance, the latter shall be competent ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ، ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺕ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬ to all of the offences above. .‫ﺒﻨﻅﺭﻫﺎ ﺠﻤﻴﻌﺎ‬ ‫3. ﺘﻤﺩﻴﺩ ﺘﻭﻗﻴﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻬﻡ ﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ‬3. Extending the detention of convicts for a period ranging from 45 to 90 days.4. Appointing the jurisdiction of the .‫)54-09( ﻴﻭﻤﺎ‬ Court in case a jurisdictional conflict ‫4. ﺘﻌﻴﻴﻥ ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﻤﺎ ﺍﺫﺍ‬ arises between two Magistrate Courts ‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺘﻲ ﺼﻠﺢ ﺘﺎﺒﻌﺘﻴﻥ ﻟﺩﺍﺌﺭﺓ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ falling within one circuit of a Court of First Instance. .‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  19. 19. (‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ )ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬ (Civil) Jurisdictions of the Court of First Instance‫ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ ﺼﺎﺤﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﻻﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ ﺒﻨﻅﺭ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬n.‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻭﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﺘﺩﺨل ﻓﻲ ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ‬n The Court of First Instance has general jurisdiction to hear all suits at law as well as applications, which do not fall under the jurisdiction of the Magistrate Court. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  20. 20. ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ ‪Magistrate Courts‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ اﻟﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫‪Magistrate Courts‬‬‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻔﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺕ ﻟﺤﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺒﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻴﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺢ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﻥ ﻴﻭﻨﺱ‬ ‫ﺠﺒﺎﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫‪Salfit‬‬ ‫‪Bethlehem‬‬ ‫‪Dora‬‬ ‫‪Nablus‬‬ ‫‪Jericho‬‬ ‫‪Rafah‬‬ ‫‪Khan Yunis‬‬ ‫‪Jabalya‬‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻯ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻘﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻁﻭﻟﻜﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻡ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺢ‬ ‫‪Northern‬‬ ‫‪Gaza‬‬ ‫‪Qalqilya‬‬ ‫‪Jenin‬‬ ‫‪Hebron‬‬ ‫‪Tulkarem‬‬ ‫‪Ramallah‬‬ ‫‪Deir El-Balah‬‬ ‫‪City‬‬ ‫‪Villages‬‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﺯﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺒﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﺒﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺤﻠﺤﻭل‬ ‫َ‪Al-Eizariya‬‬ ‫‪Anabta‬‬ ‫‪Tubas‬‬ ‫‪Halhul‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  21. 21. ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ‬ Formation of the Magistrate Court .‫ ﺗﻨﺸﺄ ﻓﻲ داﺋﺮة ﻛﻞ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺑﺪاﯾﺔ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺻﻠﺢ أو اﻛﺜﺮ ﺣﺴﺐ اﻟﺤﺎﺟﺔ‬nn In the area of jurisdiction of each Court of First Instance, one or more Magistrate Courts shall be constituted as necessary. .‫ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﺼﻠﺢ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎض ﻣﻨﻔﺮد‬nn The Magistrate Court is composed by a single judge. .‫ وﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﻌﺪد ﻗﻀﺎﺗﮭﺎ ﯾﺘﻮﻟﻰ اﻻﺷﺮاف اﻻداري ﻓﯿﮭﺎ اﻗﺪﻣﮭﻢ‬nn In the event of multiple judges, the most senior judge of these shall be responsible for administrative supervision. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  22. 22. (‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ )ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬(Civil) Jurisdictions of the Magistrate Court :‫ﺗﺨﺘﺺ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﺼﻠﺢ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺎ ﯾﻠﻲ‬nnThe Magistrate Court has jurisdiction over the following: .‫1. إﺻﺪار إذن ﻟﻤﺮاﻗﺒﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺎدﺛﺎت اﻟﺴﻠﻜﯿﺔ واﻟﻼﺳﻠﻜﯿﺔ‬1. Issue permissions to oversee wire and wireless communications. .‫2. ﺗﻤﺪﯾﺪ ﺗﻮﻗﯿﻒ اﻟﻤﺘﮭﻢ ﻟﻤﺪة ﺗﺘﺮاوح ﻣﺎ ﺑﯿﻦ )51-54( ﯾﻮﻣﺎ‬2. Extend the detention of convicts for a period ranging from 15 to 45 days. .‫3. اﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻤﯿﻊ اﻟﻤﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎت واﻟﺠﻨﺢ‬3. Hear all contraventions and misdemeanors. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  23. 23. (‫ﺍﺨﺘﺼﺎﺼﺎﺕ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ )ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬ (Civil) Jurisdictions of the Magistrate Courtn The Magistrate Court has jurisdiction over the following: :‫ ﺘﺨﺘﺹ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻅﺭ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻴﻠﻲ‬n1. Civil actions, the value of which does not exceed JD 20,000 or its equivalent. After ‫1. ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﺘﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﺸﺭﻴﻥ ﺁﻟﻑ‬ Law No. 6 of 2005 has entered into force, ‫ﺩﻴﻨﺎﺭ ﺃﺭﺩﻨﻲ ﺃﻭ ﻤﺎ ﻴﻌﺎﺩﻟﻬﺎ )ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ ﻋﺸﺭﺓ‬ such value is JD 10,000. .(2005 ‫ﺁﻻﻑ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺘﺒﻨﻲ ﻗﺎﻨﻭﻥ ﺭﻗﻡ 6 ﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬2. The following actions regardless of their -:‫2. ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻭﻯ ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ ﻤﻬﻤﺎ ﺒﻠﻐﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻬﺎ‬ value:a) Division of common moveable and ‫ﺃ- ﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺍل ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻘﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ immoveable property. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻘﻭﻟﺔ‬b) Eviction of the leased property. ‫ﺏ- ﺇﺨﻼﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺄﺠﻭﺭ‬c) Easement rights. ‫ﺝ- ﺤﻘﻭﻕ ﺍﻹﺭﺘﻔﺎﻕ‬d) Disputes of expropriation. ‫ﺩ- ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺯﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺒﻭﻀﻊ ﺍﻟﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻩ- ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺯﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺒﺎﻹﻨﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻘﺎﺭ‬e) Disputes of usufruct.f) Delineation and corrections of borders.g) Restitution of the loan. ‫ﻭ- ﺘﻌﻴﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﻭﺘﺼﺤﻴﺤﻬﺎ‬h) Usufruct and maintenance of shared ‫ﺯ- ﺇﺴﺘﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ parts in multi-storey buildings. ‫ﺡ- ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﺒﺎﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﺭﻜﺔ ﻭﺼﻴﺎﻨﺘﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ‬i) Actions and applications provided by ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺍﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻁ- ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻭﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻨﺹ ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻨﻴﻥ‬ other laws to fall within the jurisdiction of the Magistrate Court. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺭﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ ﺒﻬﺎ‬
  24. 24. Specialized Courts ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺼﻠﺢ ﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ Specialized Magistrate Courts ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺍﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﺼﻠﺢ ﺒﻠﺩﻴﺔ‬ Juvenile Courts Municipal ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻜﻡ ﻋﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ Magistrate Courts Labor Courts‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  25. 25. ‫ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﺠﻨﺎﯾﺎت اﻟﻜﺒﺮى‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺟﻨﺎﯾﺎت ﻛﺒﺮى‬ ‫‪Supreme‬‬ ‫‪Criminal Court‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺪﯾﻨﺔ أرﯾﺤﺎ‬ ‫‪Convenes in the‬‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻌﻘﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ ﻏﺯﺓ‬ ‫‪city of Jericho‬‬ ‫‪Convenes in Gaza city‬‬‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  26. 26. ‫ﺗﺸﻜﯿﻞ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﺠﻨﺎﯾﺎت اﻟﻜﺒﺮى‬ Formation of the High Crimes Court ‫ﺗﻨﺸﺄ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﻋﺎدﯾﺔ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﺠﻨﺎﯾﺎت‬ n ‫اﻟﻜﺒﺮى، وﯾﻜﻮن ﻣﻘﺮھﺎ اﻟﺪاﺋﻢ ﻣﺪﯾﻨﺔ اﻟﻘﺪس‬n A regular specialized court, called the “Supreme Criminal Court, shall be established. Its permanent seat shall be in Jerusalem. ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﺠﻨﺎﯾﺎت اﻟﻜﺒﺮى ﻣﻦ رﺋﯿﺲ وﻋﺪد ﻛﺎف ﻣﻦ‬ n .‫اﻟﻘﻀﺎة‬n The Court is formed of a President and a sufficient number of Judges. ‫ﺗﻨﻌﻘﺪ ھﯿﺌﺔ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﺠﻨﺎﯾﺎت اﻟﻜﺒﺮى ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻗﻀﺎة ﻋﻠﻰ‬ n .‫اﻻﻗﻞ‬n The Court convenes before a panel of at least three judges. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬
  27. 27. ‫اﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﺎت ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﺠﻨﺎﯾﺎت اﻟﻜﺒﺮى‬ Civil jurisdiction of the High Crimes CourtThe Supreme Criminal Court has jurisdiction over the following: ‫ﺗﺨﺘﺺ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ اﻟﺠﻨﺎﯾﺎت ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻓﯿﻤﺎ‬ nn Murder crimes and the attempt :‫ﯾﻠﻲ‬ thereof. .‫ﺟﺮاﺋﻢ اﻟﻘﺘﻞ واﻟﺸﺮوع ﻓﯿﮭﺎ‬ nn Crimes of rape, assaults on decency and criminal abduction ‫ﺟﺮاﺋﻢ اﻻﻏﺘﺼﺎب وھﺘﻚ اﻟﻌﺮض‬ n as well as the attempt thereof. .‫واﻟﺨﻄﻒ اﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻲ واﻟﺸﺮوع ﻓﯿﮭﺎ‬n Crimes of attacks on public ‫ﺟﺮاﺋﻢ اﻻﻋﺘﺪاء ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﺎل اﻟﻌﺎم‬ n property and public security. .‫واﻷﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﺎم‬n Detaining and extending the detention of convicts in the ‫ﺗﻮﻗﯿﻒ وﺗﻤﺪﯾﺪ ﺗﻮﻗﯿﻒ اﻟﻤﺘﮭﻤﯿﻦ ﻓﻲ‬ n aforementioned crimes. . ‫اﻟﺠﺮاﺋﻢ اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‬n Hearing requests to [release on[ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻓﻲ ﻃﻠﺒﺎت اﻟﻜﻔﺎﻟﺔ وإﻋﺎدة اﻟﻨﻈﺮ‬ n bail and reexamination ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺘﮭﻤﯿﻦ اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻮﻓﯿﻦ‬ submitted by detained convicts, .‫واﻟﻨﯿﺎﺑﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ واﻟﻤﻔﺮج ﻋﻨﮭﻢ ﺑﻜﻔﺎﻟﺔ‬ Public Prosecution and those released on bail. ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺪ اﻟﺤﻘﻮق – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﯿﺮزﯾﺖ‬

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