Explanation of hadith 14 from the arbaeen an nawawi

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Explanation of hadith 14 from the arbaeen an nawawi

  1. 1. ‫ميحرلا نمحرلا هللا‬ ‫بسم‬‫حدٌث‬14‫لالمام‬ ‫االربعٌن‬ ‫من‬‫النووي‬PART ONEADULTERY IN ISLAM
  2. 2. Text of the hadith"‫قال‬ ‫عنه‬ ‫هللا‬ ً‫رض‬ ‫مسعود‬ ً‫أب‬ ‫عن‬:‫صلى‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫رسول‬ ‫قال‬‫وسلم‬ ‫علٌه‬ ‫هللا‬" :‫ثالث‬ ‫بإحدى‬ ‫إال‬ ‫مسلم‬ ٍ‫امرئ‬ ‫دم‬ ‫ٌحل‬ ‫ال‬:‫المفارق‬ ‫لدٌنه‬ ‫والتارك‬ ،‫بالنفس‬ ‫والنفس‬ ،ً‫الزان‬ ‫الثٌب‬‫للجماعة‬"‫ومسلم‬ ‫البخاري‬ ‫رواه‬".It is not permissible to spill the blood of a Muslim except in three [instances] : themarried person who commits adultery, a life for a life, and the one who forsakes hisreligion and separates from the community.On the authority of Ibn Masood (radiAllaahu anhu) who said : The Messenger ofAllaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said :
  3. 3. Adultery a historical surveyThe Code of HammurabiHammurabi was the ruler who chiefly established the greatness ofBabylon, the worlds first metropolis. Many relics of Hammurabis reign([1795-1750 BC]) have been preserved, and today we can study thisremarkable King....as a wise law-giver in his celebrated code. . .By far the most remarkable of the Hammurabi records is his code oflaws, the earliest-known example of a ruler proclaiming publicly to hispeople an entire body of laws, arranged in orderly groups, so that allmen might read and know what was required of them. The code wascarved upon a black stone monument, eight feet high, and clearlyintended to be reared in public view. This noted stone was found in theyear 1901, not in Babylon, but in a city of the Persian mountains, towhich some later conqueror must have carried it in triumph. It beginsand ends with addresses to the gods. Even a law code was in thosedays regarded as a subject for prayer, though the prayers here arechiefly cursings of whoever shall neglect or destroy the law.
  4. 4. Adultery in the Code of HammurabiAdultery was punished with the death of bothparties by drowning, but if the husband was willingto pardon his wife, the king might intervene topardon the paramour. For incest with his ownmother, both were burned to death; with astepmother, the man was disinherited; with adaughter, the man was exiled; with a daughter-in-law, he was drowned; with a sons betrothed, hewas fined. A wife who for her lovers sake procuredher husbands death was gibbeted.
  5. 5. Adultery in the BibleThou shalt not commit adultery• The Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh or Old Testament) prohibitsadultery in the sixth of the Ten Commandments (Exodus20:14). Adultery in traditional Judaism applies unequally toboth parties.• For instance, the Old Testament prescribes capitalpunishment for adultery between a man and marriedwoman, though not for adultery between a woman and amarried man.• And the man that committeth adultery with another manswife, even he that committeth adultery with hisneighbours wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shallsurely be put to death. (Lev. 20:10).
  6. 6. Adultery in Bible• Furthermore, the Bible prescribes stoning not only forfemale extramarital sex, but also for female premaritalsex in the case where the woman lies about hervirginity.• If any man take a wife, and go in unto her, … and say, / Itook this woman, and when I came to her, I found hernot a maid. / … But if this thing be true, and the tokensof virginity be not found for the damsel: / Then theyshall bring out the damsel to the door of her fathershouse, and the men of her city shall stone her withstones that she die. (Deut. 22:13-21).
  7. 7. Adultery in Bible• The Bible even prescribes the same for engagedwomen who lay with another man, under thepremise that if she allows the action withoutprotesting, this indicates willingness.• If a damsel that is a virgin be betrothed unto anhusband, and a man find her in the city, and liewith her; / Then ye shall bring them both outunto the gate of that city, and ye shall stone themwith stones that they die; the damsel, becauseshe cried not, being in the city. (Deut. 22:23-24).
  8. 8. Rabbinic Judaism• Adultery in traditional Judaism applies to both parties, but depends on themarital status of the woman (Lev. 20:10). Though the Torah prescribes thedeath penalty for adultery, the legal procedural requirements were veryexacting and required the testimony of two eye-witnesses of goodcharacter for conviction. The defendant also must have been warnedimmediately before performing the act. A death sentence could be issuedonly during the period when the Holy Temple stood, and only so long asthe Supreme Torah Court convened in its chamber within the Templecomplex.Today, therefore, no death penalty applies.• At the civil level, however, Jewish law (halakha) forbids a man to continueliving with an adulterous wife, and he is obliged to divorce her. Also, anadulteress is not permitted to marry the adulterer, but, to avoid any doubtas to her status as being free to marry another or that of her children,many authorities say he must give her a divorce as if they were married.]• According to Judaism, the Seven laws of Noah apply to all of humankind;these laws prohibit adultery with another mans wife
  9. 9. ADULTERY IN INJEELJohn 8:11• Jesus returned to the Mount of Olives, 2 but early the next morning he was back again at theTemple. A crowd soon gathered, and he sat down and taught them. 3 As he was speaking, theteachers of religious law and the Pharisees brought a woman who had been caught in the actof adultery. They put her in front of the crowd.• 4 “Teacher,” they said to Jesus, “this woman was caught in the act of adultery. 5 The law ofMoses says to stone her. What do you say?”• 6 They were trying to trap him into saying something they could use against him, but Jesusstooped down and wrote in the dust with his finger. 7 They kept demanding an answer, so hestood up again and said, “All right, but let the one who has never sinned throw the firststone!” 8 Then he stooped down again and wrote in the dust.• 9 When the accusers heard this, they slipped away one by one, beginning with the oldest,until only Jesus was left in the middle of the crowd with the woman. 10 Then Jesus stood upagain and said to the woman, “Where are your accusers? Didn’t even one of them condemnyou?”• 11 “No, Lord,” she said.• And Jesus said, “Neither do I. Go and sin no more.”
  10. 10. Other historical practices• In Native American cultures, severe penalties could be imposed onan adulterous wife by her husband. In many instances she wasmade to endure a bodily mutilation which would, in the mind of theaggrieved husband, prevent her from ever being a temptation toother men again.Among the Aztecs, wives caught in adultery wereoccasionally impaled, although the more usual punishment was tobe stoned to death.• The Laws of Manu of ancient India, for example, said: "thoughdestitute of virtue or seeking pleasure elsewhere, or devoid of goodqualities, yet a husband must be constantly worshiped as a god by afaithful wife"; on the other, hand, "if a wife, proud of the greatnessof her relatives or [her own] excellence, violates the duty which sheowes to her lord, the king shall cause her to be devoured by dogs ina place frequented by many."
  11. 11. ADULTERY IN ISLAMFROM THE HOLY QURANَ‫ال‬َ‫و‬ً‫ٌال‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫س‬ َ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫س‬َ‫و‬ ً‫ة‬َ‫ش‬ ِ‫اح‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫َان‬‫ك‬ ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ن‬ ِّ‫ز‬‫ال‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫ت‬(32)‫االسراء‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ْ‫ذ‬ُ‫خ‬ْ‫أ‬َ‫ت‬ َ‫ال‬َ‫و‬ ٍ‫ة‬َ‫د‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ج‬ َ‫َة‬‫ئ‬ِ‫م‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ٍ‫د‬ ِ‫اح‬َ‫و‬ َّ‫ل‬ُ‫ك‬ ‫ُوا‬‫د‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫اج‬َ‫ف‬ ًِ‫ن‬‫ا‬َّ‫الز‬َ‫و‬ ُ‫ة‬ٌَِ‫ن‬‫ا‬َّ‫لز‬ِ‫ر‬ ِ‫خ‬َ ْ‫اْل‬ ِ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬ٌَْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ ِ َّ‫اَّلل‬ِ‫ب‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ؤ‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ُ‫ك‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ِ َّ‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫ٌِن‬‫د‬ ًِ‫ف‬ ٌ‫ة‬َ‫ف‬ْ‫أ‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫د‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ش‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫و‬َ‫ٌن‬ِ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ؤ‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ٌ‫ة‬َ‫ف‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َ‫ط‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫ع‬(2)‫النور‬ُ َّ‫اَّلل‬ َ‫م‬َّ‫ر‬َ‫ح‬ ًِ‫ت‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َ‫س‬ْ‫ف‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ل‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ق‬ٌَ َ‫ال‬َ‫و‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫خ‬َ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ ِ َّ‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ع‬َ‫م‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ع‬ْ‫د‬ٌَ َ‫ال‬ َ‫ٌِن‬‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬َّ‫ال‬ِ‫إ‬‫ا‬ً‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ث‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬ٌَ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ذ‬ ْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ٌَ ْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬َ‫و‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ز‬ٌَ َ‫ال‬ َ‫و‬ ِّ‫ق‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِ‫ب‬(68)‫الفرقان‬ِ َّ‫اَّلل‬ِ‫ب‬ َ‫ن‬ْ‫ك‬ ِ‫ْر‬‫ش‬ٌُ َ‫ال‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ك‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ع‬ٌِ‫ا‬َ‫ب‬ٌُ ُ‫ات‬َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ؤ‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َ‫ك‬َ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬ ًُِّ‫ب‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ٌَُّ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ٌََ‫ال‬َ‫و‬ َ‫ن‬ْ‫ق‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫س‬ٌَ َ‫ال‬ َ‫و‬ ‫ًا‬‫ئ‬ٌَْ‫ش‬‫الممتحنة‬ َ‫ٌن‬ِ‫ن‬ْ‫ز‬ٌَ
  12. 12. Adultery in Islamfrom the Hadith‫ال‬‫مإمن‬ ‫وهو‬ ً‫ٌزن‬ ‫حٌن‬ ً‫الزان‬ ً‫ٌزن‬.‫رواهالبخاري‬‫ومسلم‬.‫عن‬‫مسعود‬ ‫ابن‬‫قال‬ ‫عنه‬ ‫هللا‬ ً‫رض‬:‫ملسو هيلع هللا ىلص‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫رسول‬ ‫سؤلت‬:‫أي‬‫قال‬ ‫؟‬ ‫أكبر‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫عند‬ ‫الذنب‬" :‫خلقك‬ ‫وهو‬ ً‫ا‬‫ند‬ ‫هلل‬ ‫تجعل‬ ‫أن‬."‫قلت‬:‫قال‬ ‫؟‬ ‫أي‬ ‫ثم‬" :‫معك‬ ‫ٌطعم‬ ‫أن‬ ‫خشٌة‬ ‫ولدك‬ ‫تقتل‬ ‫أن‬"‫قلت‬:‫ثم‬‫قال‬ ‫؟‬ ‫أي‬" :‫جارك‬ ‫بحلٌلة‬ ً‫تزان‬ ‫أن‬.‫علٌه‬ ‫متفق‬.‫عذاب‬ ‫بؤنفسهم‬ ‫أحلوا‬ ‫فقد‬ ‫قرٌة‬ ً‫ف‬ ‫والربا‬ ‫الزنا‬ ‫ظهر‬ ‫إذا‬‫هللا‬.‫رواه‬ً‫الطبران‬‫وصححه‬ ‫وغٌره‬ً‫األلبان‬.
  13. 13. Adultery in IslamFrom the Hadith‫ملسو هيلع هللا ىلص‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫رسول‬ ‫قال‬( :‫الخمر‬ ‫وٌشرب‬ ‫الجهل‬ ‫وٌثبت‬ ‫العلم‬ ‫ٌرفع‬ ‫أن‬ ‫الساعة‬ ‫أشراط‬ ‫من‬‫الزنى‬ ‫وٌظهر‬.)‫رواه‬‫مسلم‬‫ملسو هيلع هللا ىلص‬ ‫قال‬(‫العٌن‬‫النظر‬ ‫زناها‬,‫واألذن‬‫السمع‬ ‫زناها‬,‫واللسان‬‫الكالم‬ ‫زناه‬‫والٌد‬‫البطش‬ ‫زناها‬-‫و‬‫رواٌة‬ ً‫ف‬"‫اللمس‬"-‫الرجل‬ ‫و‬ً‫المش‬ ‫زناها‬,‫ٌصدق‬ ‫الفرج‬ ‫وٌتمنىو‬ ‫ٌهوى‬ ‫القلب‬ ‫و‬‫ٌكذبه‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ذلك‬)‫رواه‬‫مسلم‬
  14. 14. Definition of Zina in IslamSexual intercourse outside of marriage, semblanceof marriage or lawful ownership.Bestiality: NO PRESCRIBED PUNISHMENT BUTDISCRETIONARY PUNISHMENT WILL BEPRESCRIBED.THE ANIMAL WILL NOT BE KILLED AND ITS MEATCAN BE EATEN.ACCORDING TO HANBALIS ITS MEAT IS FORBIDDEN.Homosexuality
  15. 15. Initial punishment of adultery‫النساء‬ًِ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫الال‬ َ‫و‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ً‫ة‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ُوا‬‫د‬ِ‫ه‬ْ‫ش‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َ‫س‬ِ‫ن‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫ة‬َ‫ش‬ ِ‫اح‬َ‫ف‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ٌن‬ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ؤ‬ٌََ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ج‬ٌَ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ف‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ت‬ٌَ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ت‬َ‫ح‬ ِ‫ت‬‫و‬ٌُُ‫ب‬ْ‫ال‬ ًِ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬‫و‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫س‬ْ‫م‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ُوا‬‫د‬ِ‫ه‬َ‫ش‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫ف‬ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ً‫ٌال‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫س‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬(15)ِ‫ان‬َ‫ذ‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ال‬ َ‫و‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ض‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ح‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ص‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫و‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ت‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬َ‫آ‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ن‬‫ا‬ٌَِ‫ت‬ْ‫ؤ‬ٌَ‫ا‬‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬‫ا‬ً‫م‬ٌ ِ‫ح‬َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫و‬َ‫ت‬ َ‫ان‬َ‫ك‬ َ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬(16)"‫الفاحشة‬"،"‫الزنا‬"،"‫والسبٌل‬"‫والجلد‬ ‫الرجم‬ ،ّ‫د‬‫الح‬.
  16. 16. Initial punishment of adulteryIf any of your women are guilty of lewdness, Takethe evidence of four (Reliable) witnesses fromamongst you against them; and if they testify,confine them to houses until death do claim them,or Allah ordain for them some (other) way.If two men among you are guilty of lewdness,punish them both. If they repent and amend, Leavethem alone; for Allah is Oft-returning, MostMerciful.
  17. 17. Three types of prescribed punishmentsfor Adultery‫ثالثة‬ ‫االسالمٌة‬ ‫والحدود‬:‫وتغرٌب‬ ،‫وجلد‬ ،‫رجم‬.Stoning, Whipping, ExileConditions for implementing the prescribed punishment:AGE OF MATURITYSANITYMUSLIMNO STONING IN THE CASE OF A MARRIED DISBELIEVER IN THE HANAFIMADHAB. WHIPPING IS PRESCRIBED.NO PRESCRIBED PUNISHMENT FOR DISBELIEVERS IN THE CASE OF ADULTERYAND DRINKING ALCOHOL IN THE SHAFAI AND HANBALI MADAHIBMALIKI: ONLY DISCRETIONARY PUNISHMENT IF BOTH PARTIES AREDISBELIEVERIF A DISBELIEVER RAPES A MUSLIM WOMAN THEN HE SHOULD BE KILLED.IF CONSENSUAL ACT OCCURS BETWEEN A DISBELIEVING MAN AND AMUSLIM WOMAN THEN BOTH SHOULD BE GIVEN A SEVERE PUNISHMENT.
  18. 18. Classification of offender• Unmarried• Married• Definition of ‫حصن‬Married person who has consummatedthe marriage, sane, free (not a slave)
  19. 19. ُ‫اب‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ‫د‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ج‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ن‬َ‫ص‬ْ‫ح‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ا‬َّ‫الز‬ ِ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ َ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬‫ي‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫ت‬َ‫و‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬َ‫اال‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ٍ‫د‬ِ‫ل‬‫َا‬‫خ‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ ِ‫د‬ٌْ َ‫ز‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫ة‬ َ‫ْر‬ٌ َ‫ر‬ُ‫ه‬ ًِ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬{:‫َى‬‫ت‬َ‫أ‬ ِ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ع‬َ ْ‫األ‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ً‫ال‬ُ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬‫إ‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬:َ‫ْت‬ٌَ‫ض‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬‫إال‬ َ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ُك‬‫د‬ُ‫ش‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ٌَُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ َ‫و‬ ُ‫َر‬‫خ‬ ْ‫اْل‬ ُ‫م‬ْ‫ص‬َ‫خ‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ َ‫و‬ ، ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫ب‬‫َا‬‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬ ًِ‫ل‬:ِ‫ب‬‫َا‬‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ن‬ٌَْ‫ب‬ ِ‫ض‬ْ‫ق‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ، ًِ‫ل‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ذ‬ْ‫ئ‬‫ا‬ َ‫و‬ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬:َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ْ‫ل‬ُ‫ق‬:ًِ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬‫إ‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬‫ا‬‫الر‬ ًِ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ا‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ر‬ِ‫ب‬ْ‫خ‬ُ‫أ‬ ًِّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ت‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ام‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫َى‬‫ن‬ َ‫ز‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫ه‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ف‬ٌِ‫س‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ان‬َ‫ك‬ًِ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ا‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ًِ‫ن‬‫و‬ُ‫ر‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫خ‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬ِ‫ع‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ل‬ْ‫ه‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫س‬َ‫ف‬ ، ٍ‫ة‬َ‫د‬ٌِ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫و‬ ٍ‫ة‬‫ا‬َ‫ش‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫ئ‬‫ا‬ِ‫م‬ِ‫ب‬ ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ُ‫ت‬ٌَْ‫د‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ف‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ، َ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬‫ا‬‫الر‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫ه‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ام‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫و‬ ، ٍ‫ام‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ٌب‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫ت‬ َ‫و‬ ٍ‫ة‬َ‫ئ‬‫ا‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫د‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ج‬َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬:، ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫ب‬‫َا‬‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫ن‬ٌَْ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ٌَ ِ‫ض‬ْ‫ق‬َ َ‫أل‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫د‬ٌَِ‫ب‬ ًِ‫س‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ذ‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ا‬ َ‫و‬ٌ‫ْس‬ٌَ‫ن‬ُ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ٌَ ُ‫د‬ْ‫غ‬‫ا‬ َ‫و‬ ، ٍ‫ام‬َ‫ع‬ ُ‫ٌب‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫ت‬ َ‫و‬ ٍ‫ة‬َ‫ئ‬‫ا‬ِ‫م‬ ُ‫د‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ج‬ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ا‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫و‬ ، ٌّ‫د‬ َ‫ر‬ ُ‫م‬َ‫ن‬َ‫غ‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫و‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫د‬ٌِ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ْ‫ال‬-َ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫س‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ٍ‫ل‬ُ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬ِ‫ل‬-َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ج‬ ْ‫ار‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫ت‬َ‫ف‬َ‫َر‬‫ت‬ْ‫ع‬‫ا‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫ف‬ ، ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫ه‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ام‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬‫إ‬:‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬َ‫د‬َ‫غ‬َ‫ف‬ْ‫ت‬َ‫م‬ ِ‫ج‬ُ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫م‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬ ، ْ‫ت‬َ‫ف‬َ‫َر‬‫ت‬ْ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬}.
  20. 20. Punishment of a married person‫حدهم‬ ‫أن‬ ‫على‬ ‫أجمعوا‬ ‫المسلمٌن‬ ‫فإن‬ ،‫المحصنون‬ ‫االحرار‬ ‫الثٌب‬‫زان‬ ‫حدكل‬ ‫أن‬ ‫رأوا‬ ‫فإنهم‬ ‫االهواء‬ ‫أهل‬ ‫من‬ ‫فرقة‬ ‫إال‬ ‫الرجم‬‫الجلد‬Consensus of Muslim scholars on stoning to deathdue to ahadith and the practice of the rightlyguided Caliphs.(ِ َّ‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬ ِ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ِ‫ر‬ِ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬َ‫و‬{ًُِّ‫ب‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫م‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ف‬ ٍ‫ة‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ام‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ز‬ ً‫ال‬ُ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬ َّ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫م‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ف‬ ٌ‫ن‬َ‫ص‬ْ‫ح‬ُ‫م‬ ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ر‬ِ‫ب‬ْ‫خ‬ُ‫أ‬ َّ‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ ، َّ‫د‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َ‫د‬ِ‫ل‬ُ‫ج‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫س‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ َّ‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬َ‫م‬ ِ‫ج‬ُ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬}.‫د‬ُ‫َاو‬‫د‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬َ‫ر‬. )
  21. 21. Punishment of a married person‫ا‬ًِ‫ب‬ْ‫ع‬‫ا‬‫ش‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ع‬ِ‫م‬َ‫س‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ٍ‫ل‬ٌَْ‫ه‬ُ‫ك‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫م‬َ‫ل‬َ‫س‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ع‬ُ‫ش‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ ُ‫م‬َ‫د‬‫آ‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ًَ ِ‫ض‬ َ‫ر‬ ًٍِّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ُ‫ث‬ِّ‫د‬َ‫ح‬ٌُِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ ِ‫ة‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ُ‫س‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫م‬َ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬ ْ‫د‬َ‫ق‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫ع‬ُ‫م‬ُ‫ج‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬ٌَ َ‫ة‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫م‬َ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬ َ‫ٌن‬ ِ‫ح‬َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬‫البخارى‬
  22. 22. Whipping or just stoning‫الرجم‬ ‫قبل‬ ‫الرجم‬ ‫علٌه‬ ‫وجب‬ ‫من‬ ‫ٌجلد‬ ‫هل‬ ‫اختلفوا‬ ‫العلماء‬ ‫فإن‬‫الجمهور‬ ‫فقال‬ ‫ال؟‬ ‫أم‬:‫وقال‬ ،‫الرجم‬ ‫علٌه‬ ‫وجب‬ ‫من‬ ‫على‬ ‫جلد‬ ‫ال‬‫وداود‬ ‫وأحمد‬ ‫وإسحاق‬ ‫البصري‬ ‫الحسن‬:‫ٌجلد‬ ‫المحصن‬ ً‫الزان‬‫ٌرجم‬ ‫ثم‬.‫الجمهور‬ ‫وعمدة‬:‫هللا‬ ‫رسول‬ ‫أن‬(‫ص‬)‫ورجم‬ ،‫ماعزا‬ ‫رجم‬،‫االزد‬ ‫من‬ ‫عامر‬ ‫من‬ ‫وامرأة‬ ‫ٌهودٌٌن‬ ‫ورجم‬ ،‫جهٌنة‬ ‫من‬ ‫امرأة‬‫كل‬ً‫ف‬ ‫مخرج‬ ‫ذلك‬‫الصحاح‬‫منهم‬ ‫واحدا‬ ‫جلد‬ ‫أنه‬ ‫ٌروا‬ ‫ولم‬،Majority opinion: no whipping if the offender isto be stoned to death.
  23. 23. Punishment of an unmarried offenderَ‫ة‬َ‫ر‬ٌَْ‫ر‬ُ‫ه‬ ًِ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬َ‫و‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬ٌِ‫ف‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ض‬َ‫ق‬ َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫س‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ َّ‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ًَِّ‫ب‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬‫ى‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ز‬ْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬َ‫و‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ص‬ْ‫ح‬ٌُِّ‫د‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫و‬ ، ٍ‫ام‬َ‫ع‬ ًِْ‫ف‬َ‫ن‬ِ‫ب‬ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬Exile for one year and 100 lashes(َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ِ‫ت‬ِ‫ام‬َّ‫ص‬‫ال‬ ِ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ َ‫ة‬َ‫د‬‫ا‬َ‫ب‬ُ‫ع‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬َ‫و‬{:ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬َ‫ر‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ِ َّ‫اَّلل‬ُ َّ‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫س‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬:، ً‫ٌال‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫س‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ ُ َّ‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ج‬ ْ‫د‬َ‫ق‬ ، ًِّ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ذ‬ُ‫خ‬ ًِّ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ذ‬ُ‫خ‬ٍ‫ة‬َ‫ئ‬‫ا‬ِ‫م‬ ُ‫د‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ج‬ ِ‫ب‬ٌَِّّ‫ث‬‫ال‬ِ‫ب‬ ُ‫ب‬ٌَِّّ‫ث‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬ ، ٍ‫ة‬َ‫ن‬َ‫س‬ ًُْ‫ف‬َ‫ن‬َ‫و‬ ٍ‫ة‬َ‫ئ‬‫ا‬ِ‫م‬ ُ‫د‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ج‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِ‫ب‬ ُ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬َّ‫ر‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬}.ًُِّ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َ‫س‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬ َّ‫ي‬ ِ‫ار‬َ‫خ‬ُ‫ب‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َّ‫إال‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬َ‫ر‬. )
  24. 24. Punishment of an unmarried offender(‫جلدة‬ ‫مائة‬ ‫منهما‬ ‫واحد‬ ‫كل‬ ‫فاجلدوا‬ ً‫والزان‬ ‫الزانٌة‬* )ً‫ف‬ ‫واختلفوا‬‫وأصحابه‬ ‫حنٌفة‬ ‫أبو‬ ‫فقال‬ ،‫الجلد‬ ‫مع‬ ‫التغرٌب‬:‫أصال‬ ‫تغرٌب‬ ‫ال‬.ً‫الشافع‬ ‫وقال‬:‫حرا‬ ،‫أنثى‬ ‫أو‬ ‫كان‬ ‫ذكرا‬ ‫زان‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫الجلد‬ ‫مع‬ ‫التغرٌب‬ ‫من‬ ‫بد‬ ‫ال‬‫مالك‬ ‫وقال‬ ،‫عبدا‬ ‫أو‬ ‫كان‬:‫قال‬ ‫وبه‬ ،‫المرأة‬ ‫تغرب‬ ‫وال‬ ‫الرجل‬ ‫ٌغرب‬‫العبٌد‬ ‫على‬ ‫مالك‬ ‫عند‬ ‫تغرٌب‬ ‫وال‬ ،ً‫االوزاع‬.The Holy Quran does not prescribe exile for one year.Hanafis go with the Quranic commandment and explainexile as a discretionary punishment.Shafais: exile as well as lashesMalikis: Man should be exiled but not the womanSlaves are not to be exiled.
  25. 25. BASIS OF HANAFI APPROACH IF THERE IS ACONTRADICTION BETWEEN QURN AND HADITH‫الحنفٌة‬ ‫عمدة‬ ‫وأما‬:‫أن‬ ‫رأٌهم‬ ‫على‬ ً‫مبن‬ ‫وهو‬ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫فظاهر‬‫بأخبار‬ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫ٌنسخ‬ ‫لٌس‬ ‫وأنه‬ ‫النسخ‬ ‫النص‬ ‫على‬ ‫الزٌادة‬‫اْلحاد‬The holy Quran mentions only lashesA commandment given in the Holy Qurancannot be abrogated by single reports.
  26. 26. Evidence for exile• Hadith of Ubada ibn Samit RA‫صحٌح‬‫البخاري‬-(‫ج‬9/‫ص‬2442523-َ‫ب‬ْ‫ت‬ُ‫ع‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫د‬ٌَْ‫ب‬ُ‫ع‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ٍ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ش‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬‫ا‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ٌ‫ْث‬ٌَ‫ل‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ ٍ‫د‬ٌِ‫ع‬َ‫س‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫ب‬ٌَْ‫ت‬ُ‫ق‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬َ‫ة‬ٍ‫د‬‫و‬ُ‫ع‬ْ‫س‬َ‫م‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬َ‫اال‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ًَ ِ‫ض‬َ‫ر‬ ًِِّ‫ن‬َ‫ه‬ُ‫ج‬ْ‫ال‬ ٍ‫د‬ِ‫ل‬‫َا‬‫خ‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ ِ‫د‬ٌْ َ‫ز‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫ة‬َ‫ْر‬ٌ َ‫ُر‬‫ه‬ ًِ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ُك‬‫د‬ُ‫ش‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ٌَ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫َى‬‫ت‬َ‫أ‬ ِ‫ب‬‫ا‬ َ‫ر‬ْ‫ع‬َ ْ‫األ‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ً‫ال‬ُ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬‫ا‬ًِ‫ل‬ َ‫ْت‬ٌَ‫ض‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬‫ال‬ِ‫إ‬ َ ‫ا‬‫َّلل‬َ‫ف‬ ًِ‫ل‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ذ‬ْ‫أ‬ َ‫و‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫ب‬‫َا‬‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ن‬ٌَْ‫ب‬ ِ‫ض‬ْ‫ق‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ن‬ ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ُو‬‫ه‬ َ‫و‬ ُ‫َر‬‫خ‬ ْ‫اْل‬ ُ‫م‬ْ‫ص‬َ‫خ‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫ب‬‫َا‬‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ق‬‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ر‬ِ‫ب‬ْ‫خ‬ُ‫أ‬ ًِّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ت‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ر‬ْ‫ام‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫َى‬‫ن‬ َ‫ز‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫ه‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ف‬ٌِ‫س‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ان‬َ‫ك‬ ًِ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ْ‫ل‬ُ‫ق‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬‫ا‬‫الر‬ ًِ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ا‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ئ‬‫ا‬ِ‫م‬ ُ‫د‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ج‬ ًِ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ا‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ًِ‫ن‬‫و‬ُ‫ر‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫خ‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬ِ‫ع‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ل‬ْ‫ه‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫س‬َ‫ف‬ ٍ‫ة‬َ‫د‬ٌِ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫و‬ ٍ‫ة‬‫َا‬‫ش‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫ئ‬‫ا‬ِ‫م‬ِ‫ب‬ ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ُ‫ْت‬ٌَ‫د‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ف‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ٍ‫ة‬‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫و‬ ٍ‫ام‬َ‫ع‬ ُ‫ٌب‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫ت‬ َ‫و‬ِ‫ض‬ْ‫ق‬َ َ‫أل‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫د‬ٌَِ‫ب‬ ًِ‫س‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ذ‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬‫ا‬‫الر‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫ه‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ر‬ْ‫ام‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ٌَِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫ب‬‫َا‬‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫ن‬ٌَْ‫ب‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫ه‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ر‬ْ‫ام‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ ُ‫ْس‬ٌَ‫ن‬ُ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ٌَ ُ‫د‬ْ‫غ‬‫ا‬ ٍ‫ام‬َ‫ع‬ ُ‫ٌب‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫ت‬ َ‫و‬ ٍ‫ة‬َ‫ئ‬‫ا‬ِ‫م‬ ُ‫د‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ج‬ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ا‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫و‬ ٌّ‫د‬َ‫ر‬ ُ‫م‬َ‫ن‬َ‫غ‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫و‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫د‬ٌِ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ْ‫ال‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ج‬ ْ‫ار‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫ت‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫َر‬‫ت‬ْ‫ع‬‫ا‬ْ‫ت‬َ‫م‬ ِ‫ج‬ُ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫م‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫ت‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫َر‬‫ت‬ْ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬َ‫د‬َ‫غ‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬
  27. 27. Evidence for lashes only‫داود‬ ً‫أب‬ ‫سنن‬-(‫ج‬12/‫ص‬13)3849-‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ ٍ‫ام‬‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫غ‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ُ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ط‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ َ‫ة‬َ‫ب‬ٌَْ‫ش‬ ًِ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ُ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ث‬ُ‫ع‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ٍ‫د‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫س‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ ِ‫ل‬ْ‫ه‬َ‫س‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ٍ‫م‬ ِ‫از‬َ‫ح‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ ٍ‫ص‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ح‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ِ‫م‬ َ‫ال‬‫ا‬‫س‬‫ال‬ ُ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬‫َى‬‫ن‬َ‫ز‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫د‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬‫ر‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬َ‫ت‬َ‫أ‬ ً‫ال‬ُ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ًِِّ‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ال‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬‫ى‬َ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ َ‫ث‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬َ‫س‬ ٍ‫ة‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ام‬ِ‫ب‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫د‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ج‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫َت‬‫ن‬َ‫ز‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫ت‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫ت‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ك‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ذ‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫س‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ك‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ت‬ َ‫و‬
  28. 28. Evidence for lashes only‫مالك‬ ‫موطؤ‬-(‫ج‬5/‫ص‬192)1301-ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫د‬ٌَْ‫ب‬ُ‫ع‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ٍ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ش‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬‫ا‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ًِ‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ًِِّ‫ن‬َ‫ه‬ُ‫ج‬ْ‫ال‬ ٍ‫د‬ِ‫ل‬‫َا‬‫خ‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ ِ‫د‬ٌَْ‫ز‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫ة‬َ‫ْر‬ٌَ‫ر‬ُ‫ه‬ ًِ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ٍ‫د‬‫و‬ُ‫ع‬ْ‫س‬َ‫م‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ َ‫ة‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ت‬ُ‫ع‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ ْ‫َت‬‫ن‬َ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫م‬َ ْ‫األ‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ل‬ِ‫ئ‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ْ‫َت‬‫ن‬َ‫ز‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬‫ُو‬‫د‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫اج‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫َت‬‫ن‬َ‫ز‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬‫ُو‬‫د‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫اج‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫َت‬‫ن‬َ‫ز‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫ن‬ ِ‫ص‬ْ‫ح‬ُ‫ت‬ٍ‫ٌر‬ِ‫ف‬َ‫ض‬ِ‫ب‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬‫و‬ُ‫ع‬ٌِ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬‫ُو‬‫د‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫اج‬َ‫ف‬‫ت‬ْ‫ع‬ِ‫م‬َ‫س‬ ‫ى‬ٌَْ‫ح‬ٌَ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫ع‬ِ‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫الر‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫ث‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ث‬‫ال‬ َ‫د‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ي‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫د‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ال‬ ٍ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ش‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ا‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ُ‫ٌر‬ِ‫ف‬‫ا‬‫ض‬‫ال‬ َ‫و‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫ق‬ٌَ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ت‬ ‫له‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ق‬ُ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬‫مسلم‬ ‫البخارى‬
  29. 29. Evidence for lashes only‫بن‬ ‫بكر‬ ‫أبا‬ ‫أن‬ ‫عمر‬ ‫بن‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫عبد‬ ‫عن‬ ‫جرٌج‬ ‫ابن‬ ‫عن‬ ‫الرزاق‬ ‫عبد‬‫قال‬ ، ‫بهرقل‬ ‫فلحق‬ ، ‫خٌبر‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫الخمر‬ ً‫ف‬ ‫غرب‬ ‫خلف‬ ‫بن‬ ‫أمٌة‬:‫عمر‬ ‫فقال‬ ، ‫فتنصر‬:‫إبراهٌم‬ ‫وعن‬ ، ‫أبدا‬ ‫بعده‬ ‫مسلما‬ ‫أغرب‬ ‫ال‬‫قال‬ ‫علٌا‬ ‫أن‬:‫ٌنفوا‬ ‫أن‬ ‫الفتنة‬ ‫من‬ ‫حسبهم‬.
  30. 30. Evidence for stoning in the Holy Quranَ‫ن‬ ْ‫و‬‫ا‬‫ل‬ َ‫َو‬‫ت‬ٌَ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫م‬ْ‫ك‬ُ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ٌِ‫ف‬ ُ‫ة‬‫ا‬ َ‫ر‬ ْ‫و‬‫ا‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ُ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫د‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫ع‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫َك‬‫ن‬‫و‬ُ‫م‬ِّ‫ك‬َ‫ح‬ٌُ َ‫ْف‬ٌَ‫ك‬ َ‫و‬ِ‫د‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ذ‬‫المائدة‬ َ‫ٌن‬ِ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫إ‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ِ‫ب‬ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ئ‬َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫أ‬43‫مالك‬ ‫موطؤ‬-(‫ج‬5/‫ص‬175)1288-َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ع‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ٍ‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫َا‬‫ن‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ً‫ال‬ُ‫ج‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ر‬َ‫ك‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ ُ‫د‬‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ال‬ ْ‫ت‬َ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬ًِ‫ف‬ ِ‫ة‬‫ا‬ َ‫ر‬ ْ‫و‬‫ا‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ًِ‫ف‬ َ‫ُون‬‫د‬ ِ‫َج‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ٌََ‫ن‬ َ‫ز‬ ً‫ة‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ر‬ْ‫ام‬ َ‫و‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬‫ا‬‫الر‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ٌِ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫ك‬ ٍ‫م‬ َ‫ال‬َ‫س‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ُون‬‫د‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ج‬ٌُ َ‫و‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ح‬َ‫ض‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ن‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬‫ا‬‫الر‬ ِ‫ن‬ْ‫ؤ‬َ‫ش‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ َ‫و‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ َ‫أ‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ ِ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬‫ا‬‫الر‬ ِ‫ة‬ٌَ‫آ‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫د‬ٌَ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ُ‫د‬َ‫ح‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ع‬َ‫ض‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬‫و‬ُ‫ر‬َ‫ش‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫ة‬‫ا‬ َ‫ر‬ ْ‫و‬‫ا‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ْ‫َو‬‫ت‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬‫وا‬ُ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬‫ا‬‫الر‬ ُ‫ة‬ٌَ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ٌِ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫ف‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫د‬ٌَ َ‫ع‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ك‬َ‫د‬ٌَ ْ‫ع‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫ار‬ ٍ‫م‬ َ‫ال‬َ‫س‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫د‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ِ‫ج‬ُ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫م‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬‫ا‬‫الر‬ ُ‫ة‬ٌَ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ٌِ‫ف‬ ُ‫د‬‫ا‬‫م‬َ‫ح‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ٌَ َ‫ق‬َ‫د‬َ‫ص‬‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ َ‫ة‬ َ‫ار‬َ‫ج‬ ِ‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ٌِ‫ق‬ٌَ ِ‫ة‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ًِ‫ن‬ْ‫ح‬ٌَ َ‫ل‬ُ‫ج‬‫ا‬‫الر‬ ُ‫ت‬ٌَْ‫أ‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ع‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ‫ة‬ َ‫ار‬َ‫ج‬ ِ‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ع‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ت‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ت‬َ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُّ‫ب‬ِ‫ك‬ٌُ ًِ‫ن‬ْ‫ح‬ٌَ ًِ‫ن‬ْ‫ع‬ٌَ
  31. 31. Evidence from the Holy Quran‫قال‬ ‫الحصٌن‬ ‫ابن‬ ‫خبرنا‬:‫قال‬ ‫المذهب‬ ‫ابن‬ ‫أخبرنا‬:‫قال‬ ‫جعفر‬ ‫بن‬ ‫أحمد‬ ‫أخبرنا‬:‫قال‬ ‫أحمد‬ ‫بن‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫عبد‬ ‫حدثنا‬:‫قال‬ ً‫أب‬ ً‫حدثن‬:‫قال‬ ‫الطباع‬ ‫عٌسى‬ ‫بن‬ ‫إسحاق‬ ً‫حدثن‬:‫قال‬ ‫أنس‬ ‫بن‬ ‫مالك‬ ‫حدثنا‬:‫ابن‬ ‫أن‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫عبد‬ ‫بن‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫عبٌد‬ ‫عن‬ ‫شهاب‬ ‫ابن‬ ً‫حدثن‬‫قال‬ ‫عباسؤخبره‬:‫بما‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫على‬ ‫فؤثنى‬ ‫قام‬ ‫المإذن‬ ‫سكت‬ ‫فلما‬ ‫المنبر‬ ‫على‬ ‫عمر‬ ‫جلس‬‫قال‬ ‫ثم‬ ‫أهله‬ ‫هو‬:‫أدري‬ ‫ال‬ ‫أقولها‬ ‫أن‬ ً‫ل‬ ‫قدر‬ ‫قد‬ ‫مقالة‬ ‫قائل‬ ً‫فإن‬ ‫الناس‬ ‫أٌها‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫أما‬‫لم‬ ‫ومن‬ ‫راحلته‬ ‫به‬ ‫انتهت‬ ‫حٌث‬ ‫بها‬ ‫فلٌحدث‬ ‫وعقلها‬ ‫وعاها‬ ‫فمن‬ ً‫أجل‬ ‫ٌدي‬ ‫بٌن‬ ‫لعلها‬‫علٌه‬ ‫وانزل‬ ‫بالحق‬ ‫ملسو هيلع هللا ىلص‬ ‫دمحما‬ ‫بعث‬ ‫وجل‬ ‫عز‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫أن‬ ‫على‬ ‫ٌكذب‬ ‫ان‬ ‫له‬ ‫أحل‬ ‫فال‬ ‫ٌعها‬‫علٌه‬ ‫أنزل‬ ‫فٌما‬ ‫فكان‬ ‫الكتاب‬‫الرجم‬ ‫آٌة‬‫رسول‬ ‫ورجم‬ ‫وعقلناها‬ ‫ووعٌناها‬ ‫فقرأناها‬‫قائل‬ ‫ٌقول‬ ‫أن‬ ‫زمان‬ ‫بالناس‬ ‫طال‬ ‫إن‬ ‫فؤخشى‬ ‫بعده‬ ‫ورجمنا‬ ‫ملسو هيلع هللا ىلص‬ ‫هللا‬:‫آٌة‬ ‫نجد‬ ‫ال‬‫أنزلها‬ ‫قد‬ ‫فرٌضة‬ ‫بترك‬ ‫فٌضلوا‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫كتاب‬ ً‫ف‬ ‫الرجم‬‫فالرجم‬ ‫هللا‬‫حق‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫كتاب‬ ً‫ف‬‫أو‬ ‫الحبل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫البٌنة‬ ‫قامت‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫والنساء‬ ‫الرجال‬ ‫من‬ ‫أحصن‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫زنى‬ ‫من‬ ‫على‬‫نقرأ‬ ‫كنا‬ ‫قد‬ ‫وإنا‬ ‫أال‬ ‫االعتراف‬" :‫ترغبوا‬ ‫أن‬ ‫بكم‬ ‫كفر‬ ‫فإنه‬ ‫آبائكم‬ ‫عن‬ ‫ترغبوا‬ ‫ال‬‫آبائكم‬ ‫عن‬"‫الصحٌحٌن‬ ً‫ف‬ ‫أخرجاه‬
  32. 32. Evidence from the Quran‫داود‬ ً‫أب‬ ‫ابن‬ ‫قال‬:‫قال‬ ‫سفٌان‬ ‫بن‬ ‫موسى‬ ‫وحدثنا‬:‫الجهم‬ ‫ابن‬ ً‫ٌعن‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫عبد‬ ‫حدثنا‬‫قال‬:‫بن‬ ً‫أب‬ ‫أن‬ ‫زر‬ ‫عن‬ ‫النجود‬ ً‫أب‬ ‫بن‬ ‫عاصم‬ ‫عن‬ ‫قٌس‬ ً‫أب‬ ‫بن‬ ‫عمرو‬ ‫حدثنا‬‫كعب‬‫سؤله‬:‫قال‬ ‫األحزاب‬ ً‫ٌعن‬ ‫؟‬ ‫السورة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫تقرأ‬ ‫كم‬:‫وإما‬ ‫وسبعٌن‬ ‫ثالثا‬ ‫إما‬‫قال‬ ‫وسبعٌن‬ ‫أربعا‬:‫فٌها‬ ‫لنقرأ‬ ‫كنا‬ ‫وإن‬ ‫البقرة‬ ‫سورة‬ ‫نقرأ‬ ‫كما‬ ‫لنقرأها‬ ‫كنا‬ ‫إن‬‫إذا‬‫والشٌخة‬ ‫الشٌخ‬ ‫زنى‬‫عزٌز‬ ‫وهللا‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫من‬ ‫نكاال‬ ‫البتة‬ ‫فارجموهما‬‫حكٌم‬«ِ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬‫ا‬‫الر‬ َ‫ة‬ٌَ‫آ‬ ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫ب‬‫َا‬‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬ ًِ‫ف‬ ُ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ع‬ َ‫د‬‫ا‬َ‫ز‬ ُ‫اس‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ال‬ َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫ق‬ٌَ ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ال‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ل‬ ُ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ع‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬‫ي‬ِ‫د‬ٌَِ‫ب‬Zaid ibn Thabit did not accept this verse from Umar RA because no one elsesupported him.‫أبو‬ ‫القرآن‬ ‫جمع‬ ‫من‬ ‫أول‬ ‫قال‬ ‫سعد‬ ‫بن‬ ‫اللٌث‬ ‫عن‬ ‫المصاحف‬ ً‫ف‬ ‫اشته‬ ‫ابن‬ ‫أخرج‬ ‫وقد‬‫عدل‬ ‫بشاهدي‬ ‫إال‬ ‫آٌة‬ ‫ٌكتب‬ ‫ال‬ ‫فكان‬ ‫ثابت‬ ‫بن‬ ‫زٌد‬ ‫ٌؤتون‬ ‫الناس‬ ‫وكان‬ ‫زٌد‬ ‫وكتبه‬ ‫بكر‬‫هللا‬ ‫رسول‬ ‫فإن‬ ‫أكتبوها‬ ‫فقال‬ ‫ثابت‬ ‫بن‬ ‫خزٌمة‬ ‫مع‬ ‫إال‬ ‫توجد‬ ‫لم‬ ‫براءة‬ ‫سورة‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫وأن‬‫ٌكتبها‬ ‫فلم‬ ‫الرجم‬ ‫بآٌة‬ ً‫أت‬ ‫عمر‬ ‫وإن‬ ‫فكتب‬ ‫رجلٌن‬ ‫بشهادة‬ ‫شهادته‬ ‫جعل‬ ‫ملسو هيلع هللا ىلص‬‫كان‬ ‫ألنه‬‫وحده‬
  33. 33. STRENGTH OF AHADITH OF RAJM• NARRATED BY 53 COMPANIONS RA• PRACTICE OF THE RIGHTLY GUIDED CALIPHS• CONSENSUS OF UMMA
  34. 34. Proof of adultery• FOUR WITNESSES• CONFESSION• PREGNANCYTHE HOLY PROPHET, PEACE BE UPON HIM SAID:‫بالشبهات‬ ‫الحدود‬ ‫ادرأوا‬“Avert punishments if suspicions arise”. Suspicionmeans that for any offence that cannot proved100%, so to speak, punishments should be averted.
  35. 35. Proof of adulterywitnesses(‫شهداء‬ ‫بأربعة‬ ‫ٌأتوا‬ ‫لم‬ ‫ثم‬* )‫ٌكونوا‬ ‫أن‬ ‫صفتهم‬ ‫من‬ ‫وأن‬ً‫ف‬ ‫فرجه‬ ‫بمعاٌنة‬ ‫تكون‬ ‫أن‬ ‫الشهادة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫شرط‬ ‫من‬ ‫وأن‬ ،‫عدوال‬‫أن‬ ‫على‬ ‫وجمهورهم‬ ،‫بالكناٌة‬ ‫ال‬ ‫بالتصرٌح‬ ‫تكون‬ ‫وأنها‬ ،‫فرجها‬ً‫ف‬ ‫وال‬ ‫زمان‬ ً‫ف‬ ‫ال‬ ‫تختلف‬ ‫ال‬ ‫أن‬ ‫الشهادة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫شرط‬ ‫من‬‫مكان‬Four upright witnessesWitnessing the actual actAll witnesses must have seen the act at thesame time and at the same placeVery tough requirement!
  36. 36. Proof of adulteryconfession‫فإن‬‫مالك‬‫ٌقوالن‬ ً‫والشافع‬:‫به‬ ‫اعترافه‬ ‫علٌه‬ ‫الحد‬ ‫وجوب‬ ً‫ف‬ ً‫ٌكف‬‫أبو‬ ‫وقال‬ ،‫وجماعة‬ ‫والطبري‬ ‫ثور‬ ‫وأبو‬ ‫داود‬ ‫قال‬ ‫وبه‬ ،‫واحدة‬ ‫مرة‬‫مرة‬ ‫أربعة‬ ‫بأقارٌر‬ ‫إال‬ ‫الحد‬ ‫ٌجب‬ ‫ال‬ ،‫لٌلى‬ ً‫أب‬ ‫وابن‬ ‫وأصحابه‬ ‫حنٌفة‬‫وإسحاق‬ ‫أحمد‬ ‫قال‬ ‫وبه‬ ،‫مرة‬ ‫بعد‬‫وزاد‬‫وأصحابه‬ ‫حنٌفة‬ ‫أبو‬:‫مجالس‬ ً‫ف‬‫متفرقة‬The person confessing should be sane, not drunkConfessing once is enough: Imam Malik and ImamAsh ShafaiConfession four times: Hanafis, HanbalisConfession in different settings.
  37. 37. Proof of adulteryconfessionIf a person confesses and then takes his confession back, hewill be spared.‫من‬‫العلماء‬ ‫جمهور‬ ‫فقال‬ ،‫رجع‬ ‫ثم‬ ‫بالزنا‬ ‫اعترف‬:‫ٌقبل‬‫رجوعه‬َ‫ر‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬ٌَ ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ِ‫ام‬َ‫م‬ِ ْ‫ْل‬ِ‫ل‬ ْ‫ل‬َ‫ه‬ ْ‫ن‬ٌَِّ‫ب‬ٌُ ْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ ِّ‫د‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬‫ر‬َ‫ق‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬ ‫اب‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬‫البخاري‬ ‫صحٌح‬-(‫ج‬21/‫ص‬97)6323-ُ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬َ‫ه‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ ًُِّ‫ب‬ َ‫ال‬ِ‫ك‬ْ‫ال‬ ٍ‫م‬ ِ‫اص‬َ‫ع‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ر‬ْ‫م‬َ‫ع‬ ًِ‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ ٍ‫د‬‫ا‬‫م‬َ‫ح‬ُ‫م‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ِ‫ُّوس‬‫د‬ُ‫ق‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ًَ ِ‫ض‬َ‫ر‬ ٍ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ ِ‫َس‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ة‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ط‬ ًِ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ُ‫ق‬‫ا‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫إ‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ ‫ى‬ٌَْ‫ح‬ٌَ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ص‬َ‫أ‬ ًِّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ٌَ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ٌ‫ل‬ُ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ًِِّ‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ال‬ َ‫د‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫ع‬ ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ُ‫ك‬‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ًِِّ‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ال‬ َ‫ع‬َ‫م‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬َ‫ف‬ ُ‫ة‬ َ‫ال‬‫ا‬‫ص‬‫ال‬ ْ‫ت‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ض‬َ‫ح‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ؤ‬ْ‫س‬ٌَ ْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ًَ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ‫ه‬ْ‫م‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ًّا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬َ‫ف‬ ُ‫ل‬ُ‫ج‬‫ا‬‫الر‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫ام‬َ‫ق‬ َ‫ة‬ َ‫ال‬‫ا‬‫ص‬‫ال‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ًُِّ‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ض‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬‫ا‬ٌَ َ‫ل‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ن‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ع‬َ‫م‬ َ‫ْت‬ٌ‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ْ‫د‬َ‫ق‬ َ‫ْس‬ٌَ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫َاب‬‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ًِ‫ف‬ ْ‫م‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ًّا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ص‬َ‫أ‬ ًِّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬َ‫ر‬َ‫اك‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ك‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ذ‬ َ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬َ‫غ‬ ْ‫د‬َ‫ق‬ َ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫ف‬
  38. 38. PROOF OF ADULTERYْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ُو‬‫د‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫اج‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫د‬َ‫ه‬ُ‫ش‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫ؤ‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ؤ‬ٌَ ْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ ِ‫ت‬‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ص‬ْ‫ح‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫م‬ ْ‫ر‬ٌَ َ‫ٌن‬ِ‫ذ‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ون‬ُ‫ق‬ِ‫س‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ئ‬َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫أ‬ َ‫و‬ ‫ًا‬‫د‬َ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ ً‫ة‬َ‫د‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ش‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ل‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫ت‬ َ‫ال‬ َ‫و‬ ً‫ة‬َ‫د‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ج‬ َ‫ٌن‬ِ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫ث‬(4)ٌ‫م‬ٌ ِ‫ح‬َ‫ر‬ ٌ‫ور‬ُ‫ف‬َ‫غ‬ َ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫ف‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ح‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ص‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ذ‬ ِ‫د‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ت‬ َ‫ٌن‬ِ‫ذ‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ال‬ِ‫إ‬(5)ُ‫ة‬َ‫د‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ش‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ُ‫س‬ُ‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬‫ال‬ِ‫إ‬ ُ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫د‬َ‫ه‬ُ‫ش‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ ْ‫ن‬ُ‫ك‬ٌَ ْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ج‬‫ا‬ َ‫و‬ ْ‫ز‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫م‬ ْ‫ر‬ٌَ َ‫ٌن‬ِ‫ذ‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ٌن‬ِ‫ق‬ِ‫د‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ص‬‫ال‬ َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ِ‫ب‬ ٍ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫د‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ش‬ ُ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫م‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫د‬َ‫ح‬َ‫أ‬(6)‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫س‬ِ‫َام‬‫خ‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ٌن‬ِ‫ب‬ِ‫ذ‬‫ا‬َ‫ك‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫ان‬َ‫ك‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ة‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ل‬(7)ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫اب‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ُ‫أ‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫د‬ٌَ َ‫و‬َ‫ٌن‬ِ‫ب‬ِ‫ذ‬‫ا‬َ‫ك‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ِ‫ب‬ ٍ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫د‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ش‬ َ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫د‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ش‬َ‫ت‬(8)‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ة‬َ‫س‬ِ‫َام‬‫خ‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ٌن‬ِ‫ق‬ِ‫د‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ص‬‫ال‬ َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫ان‬َ‫ك‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ب‬َ‫ض‬َ‫غ‬(9)‫النور‬
  39. 39. A comprehensive hadith‫مسلم‬ ‫صحٌح‬-(‫ج‬9/‫ص‬68)3207-ًُِّ‫ب‬ ِ‫ار‬َ‫ح‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ ِ‫ث‬ ِ‫ار‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ا‬ َ‫ُو‬‫ه‬ َ‫و‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ع‬ٌَ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ‫ى‬ٌَْ‫ح‬ٌَ ‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ ًُِّ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫د‬ْ‫م‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ال‬ ِ‫ء‬ َ‫ال‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ُ‫د‬‫ا‬‫م‬َ‫ح‬ُ‫م‬ ًِ‫ن‬َ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ ‫و‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ُو‬‫ه‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫ن‬ َ‫ْال‬ٌَ‫غ‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌِ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ة‬َ‫د‬ٌْ َ‫ر‬ُ‫ب‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ َ‫ان‬َ‫م‬ٌَْ‫ل‬ُ‫س‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ٍ‫د‬َ‫ث‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ َ‫ة‬َ‫م‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ًُِّ‫ب‬ ِ‫ار‬َ‫ح‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ ٍ‫ع‬ِ‫ام‬َ‫ج‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ًِ‫ن‬ ْ‫ر‬ِّ‫ه‬َ‫ط‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ٌَ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ًِِّ‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ ٍ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ُ‫ز‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ َ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬ٌْ َ‫و‬ْ‫ب‬ُ‫ت‬ َ‫و‬ َ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ْ‫ر‬ِ‫ف‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫ع‬ ِ‫ج‬ ْ‫ار‬ َ‫ك‬َ‫ح‬ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ًِ‫ن‬ ْ‫ر‬ِّ‫ه‬َ‫ط‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ٌَ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ ٍ‫د‬ٌِ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬ َ‫ْر‬ٌَ‫غ‬ َ‫ع‬َ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ْ‫ع‬ ِ‫ج‬ ْ‫ار‬ َ‫ك‬َ‫ح‬ٌْ َ‫و‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ًِ‫ن‬ ْ‫ر‬ِّ‫ه‬َ‫ط‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ٌَ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ ٍ‫د‬ٌِ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬ َ‫ْر‬ٌَ‫غ‬ َ‫ع‬َ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ ْ‫ب‬ُ‫ت‬ َ‫و‬ َ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ْ‫ر‬ِ‫ف‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬‫ا‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ث‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ًُِّ‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ل‬ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ َ‫ل‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫س‬َ‫ف‬ ‫َى‬‫ن‬ ِّ‫الز‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ك‬ُ‫ر‬ِّ‫ه‬َ‫ط‬ُ‫أ‬ َ‫ٌم‬ِ‫ف‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫ع‬ِ‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫الر‬ ْ‫َت‬‫ن‬‫َا‬‫ك‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ت‬َ‫ح‬ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ذ‬ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ِ‫ر‬ ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ْ‫د‬ ِ‫ج‬ٌَ ْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ف‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ك‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ ٌ‫ل‬ُ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬ َ‫ام‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫ر‬ْ‫َم‬‫خ‬ َ‫ب‬ ِ‫َر‬‫ش‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ٍ‫ون‬ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ج‬َ‫م‬ِ‫ب‬ َ‫ْس‬ٌَ‫ل‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ر‬ِ‫ب‬ْ‫خ‬ُ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬ ٌ‫ن‬‫و‬ُ‫ن‬ُ‫ج‬َ‫ح‬ٌِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ٍ‫ر‬ْ‫َم‬‫خ‬ٌ‫ل‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ِ‫ْن‬ٌَ‫ت‬َ‫ق‬ ْ‫ر‬ِ‫ف‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌِ‫ف‬ ُ‫اس‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ال‬ َ‫َان‬‫ك‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬ ِ‫ج‬ُ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫م‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ن‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ْت‬ٌَ‫ن‬ َ‫ز‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ٌَِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ْ‫ت‬َ‫ط‬‫ا‬َ‫ح‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫د‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ه‬ ْ‫د‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫ق‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ًِِّ‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ٍ‫ز‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫ب‬ ْ‫َو‬‫ت‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫ل‬َ‫ض‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫أ‬ ٌ‫ة‬َ‫ب‬ ْ‫َو‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫ق‬ٌَ ٌ‫ل‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ َ‫و‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ت‬َ‫ئ‬ٌِ‫َط‬‫خ‬ِ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫د‬ٌَ ًِ‫ف‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫د‬ٌَ َ‫ع‬َ‫ض‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ َ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ ً‫ة‬َ‫ث‬ َ‫ال‬َ‫ث‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ ِ‫ْن‬ٌَ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬ٌَ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ذ‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ث‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ِ‫ة‬ َ‫ار‬َ‫ج‬ ِ‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬ِ‫ب‬ ًِ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ق‬‫ا‬ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫س‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬َ‫ف‬ ٌ‫وس‬ُ‫ل‬ُ‫ج‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ٍ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ ِ‫ز‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫ل‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫َر‬‫ف‬َ‫غ‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ٍ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ِ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ ِ‫ز‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫ل‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ر‬ِ‫ف‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬َ‫َاب‬‫ت‬ ْ‫د‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ٌَ ْ‫ت‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫د‬ ْ‫ز‬َ ْ‫األ‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ٍ‫د‬ِ‫َام‬‫غ‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ٌ‫ة‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ر‬ْ‫ام‬ ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ت‬َ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ت‬َ‫ع‬ِ‫س‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ل‬ ٍ‫ة‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫أ‬ َ‫ْن‬ٌَ‫ب‬ ْ‫ت‬َ‫م‬ِ‫س‬ُ‫ق‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ل‬ ً‫ة‬َ‫ب‬ ْ‫َو‬‫ت‬َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ِ‫ك‬َ‫ح‬ٌْ َ‫و‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ًِ‫ن‬ ْ‫ر‬ِّ‫ه‬َ‫ط‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬َ‫م‬ َ‫ْن‬‫ب‬ َ‫ز‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ َ‫ْت‬‫د‬‫ا‬‫د‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫ك‬ ًِ‫ن‬َ‫د‬ِّ‫د‬ َ‫ر‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫د‬ٌ ِ‫ر‬ُ‫ت‬ َ‫اك‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫ت‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ ًِ‫ب‬‫و‬ُ‫ت‬ َ‫و‬ َ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ي‬ ِ‫ر‬ِ‫ف‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ ًِ‫ع‬ ِ‫ج‬ ْ‫ار‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ْ‫ت‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ِ‫اك‬َ‫ذ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ٍ‫ك‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ٌ‫ل‬ُ‫ج‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ف‬َ‫ك‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ِ‫ك‬ِ‫ن‬ْ‫ط‬َ‫ب‬ ًِ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ًِ‫ع‬َ‫ض‬َ‫ت‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ت‬َ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ن‬ ْ‫ت‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬‫آ‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ‫َى‬‫ن‬ ِّ‫الز‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬ُ‫ح‬‫ا‬ْ‫ت‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ض‬ َ‫و‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ت‬َ‫ح‬ ِ‫ار‬َ‫ص‬ْ‫ن‬َ ْ‫أل‬َ‫ه‬ُ‫م‬ُ‫ج‬ ْ‫َر‬‫ن‬ َ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ُ‫ة‬‫ا‬ٌِ‫د‬ِ‫َام‬‫غ‬ْ‫ال‬ ْ‫ت‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ض‬ َ‫و‬ ْ‫د‬َ‫ق‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬‫ا‬‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ‫ا‬ًِ‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫َى‬‫ت‬َ‫ؤ‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ْس‬ٌَ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫ٌر‬ِ‫غ‬َ‫ص‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫د‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ ُ‫ع‬َ‫د‬َ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫م‬َ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ِ ‫ا‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ا‬ًِ‫ب‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ٌَ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫ض‬ َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ًَ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫ار‬َ‫ص‬ْ‫ن‬َ ْ‫األ‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ٌ‫ل‬ُ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬ َ‫ام‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ع‬ ِ‫ض‬ ْ‫ر‬ٌُ
  40. 40. DNA cannot be primary evidence for rape: Pak Islamicbody• DNA samples cannot be used as primaryevidence in rape cases, an Islamic body thatadvises the Pakistan government said.• The Council of Islamic Ideology, aconstitutional body, ruled thatDeoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sample is notacceptable as primary evidence in case of arape. However, they can be used as secondaryor supporting evidence.
  41. 41. Arguments of those who opposestoningIt is not in the Holy QuranIt is possible that the Holy Prophet,m, peace be uponhim, had the Jews guilty of zina stoned according to theirown law; then as there were no revelations concerningthe offence, he, peace be upon him, prescribed the samepunishment for guilty Muslims.Punishment by stoning was abrogated by the Holy Quranِ َّ‫اَّلل‬ َ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬ ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬َ‫س‬ ًُِّ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫ب‬ٌَّْ‫ش‬‫ال‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ث‬َّ‫د‬َ‫ح‬ ِ‫د‬ ِ‫اح‬َ‫و‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ُ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ث‬َّ‫د‬َ‫ح‬ َ‫ل‬ٌِ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫إ‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ‫ى‬َ‫س‬‫و‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ث‬َّ‫د‬َ‫ح‬‫ى‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ ًِ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫د‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫أ‬ ِ‫ور‬ُّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ق‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬ُ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫س‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ٌَْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ َّ‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ًُِّ‫ب‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ َ‫م‬َ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬َّ‫ر‬‫ال‬ ْ‫َن‬‫ع‬‫ي‬ ِ‫ْر‬‫د‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ال‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬
  42. 42. Arguments of those who opposestoning• The stoning was done according to thefollowing verse of ‫المائدة‬ِ‫ض‬ْ‫ر‬َ ْ‫األ‬ ًِ‫ف‬ َ‫ن‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫س‬ٌََ‫و‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬َ‫ر‬َ‫و‬ َ َّ‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ب‬ ِ‫ار‬َ‫ح‬ٌُ َ‫ٌِن‬‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ُ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ز‬َ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ٍ‫ف‬ َ‫ال‬ ِ‫خ‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ل‬ُ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫أ‬َ‫و‬ ْ‫م‬ِ‫ه‬ٌِ‫د‬ٌَْ‫أ‬ َ‫ع‬َّ‫ط‬َ‫ق‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ب‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ٌُ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ل‬َّ‫ت‬َ‫ق‬ٌُ ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫د‬‫ا‬َ‫س‬َ‫ف‬ِ‫ة‬َ‫ر‬ ِ‫خ‬َ ْ‫اْل‬ ًِ‫ف‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬َ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ٌَْ‫ن‬ُّ‫د‬‫ال‬ ًِ‫ف‬ ٌ‫ي‬ْ‫ز‬ ِ‫خ‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ذ‬ ِ‫ض‬ْ‫ر‬َ ْ‫األ‬ َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬ٌُ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ٌ‫م‬ٌِ‫ظ‬َ‫ع‬ ٌ‫اب‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫ع‬(33)
  43. 43. Arguments of those who opposestoning‫إذا‬‫والشٌخة‬ ‫الشٌخ‬ ‫زنى‬‫عزٌز‬ ‫وهللا‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫من‬ ‫نكاال‬ ‫البتة‬ ‫فارجموهما‬‫حكٌم‬1. The style is not like the Holy Quran2. There is no abrogation in the verse of the Holy Quran.The Holy Quran abrogated earlier revelations.3. How can Umar RA be the only one to bring this versesince Ubay ibn Kaab mentioned that we used to reciteit?4. The verse pertains to old man and woman. Whatabout young people?5. Issues with the long narration from Umar RA in AlBukhari
  44. 44. Arguments of those who opposestoningَّ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ت‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫ث‬ِ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ٍ‫ر‬ٌَْ‫خ‬ِ‫ب‬ ِ‫ت‬ْ‫أ‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ُ‫ن‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ ٍ‫ة‬ٌََ‫آ‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ْ‫خ‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ٌ‫ر‬ٌِ‫د‬َ‫ق‬ ٍ‫ء‬ًَْ‫ش‬ ِّ‫ل‬ُ‫ك‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ َ َّ‫اَّلل‬(106)‫البقرة‬According to this verse Allah SWT replaces anabrogated verse with something similar to orbetter than this. If the verse of stoning wasabrogated then which verse has replaced it?

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