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Windows 7 power users guide Windows 7 power users guide Document Transcript

  • First published in 2009 by Mike Halsey ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS www.thelongclimb.com The author would like to thank the following Copyright © Mike Halsey 2009 people without whose help and support this book might not have been possible. The right of Mike Halsey to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted by him in Duncan Buchanan accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Rich Gilbane Patents Act 1988. Richard Gough-Thomas Larry Hall All rights reserved. No part of this publication James Halsey may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into Rachel Hymans a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or Phil Smith by any means, electronic, mechanical, Jake Webster photocopying, recording or otherwise, without Rory Webster the prior written permission of the copyright holder. And Martin and Everton at Windows 7 News.com Windows®, Windows XP®, Windows Vista®, Finally a big thank you goes out to my mother, Windows 7®, Office 2007® and Office 2010® are whose desire to find out more about how Trademarks of the Microsoft Corporation. Windows works was all the prompting I needed to write this book.Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 2
  • TABLE OF CONTENTS Starting ....................................................................................... 5 About this book Installing ..................................................................................... 7 Installing and getting started with Windows 7 Exploring ................................................................................... 19 Finding your way around Working..................................................................................... 37 Get more done with Windows 7 Searching .................................................................................. 49 Searching for files and data Connecting ................................................................................ 57 Communicating with our home and the outside world Securing .................................................................................... 65 Keeping your PC and your files safe Configuring................................................................................ 75 Get Windows 7 running at its best Playing ...................................................................................... 91 Games and having fun and Windows 7 Communicating ....................................................................... 101 Connecting with your friends, family, work and home Guaranteeing ........................................................................... 107 Helping make sure the worst never happens Maintaining ............................................................................. 115 Keeping Windows 7 running quickly and smoothly Diagnosing .............................................................................. 119 Problem-solving and fixing problems in Windows 7 Tweaking ................................................................................. 129 Tweaks and tips to get even more out of Windows 7 Upgrading................................................................................ 133 Improving your PC and upgrading Windows 7 Finishing ............................................................................................................... 138 Glossary and appendixes
  • Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 4
  • Part 1 Starting
  • INTRODUCTION WINDOWS 7 EDITIONSMicrosoft Windows 7 offers agreat many advanced features QUICK TIPand is highly configurable. As with all editions ofThere is a great deal you can Windows, Windows 7 comesdo to customise your system, in different product The benefits ofmaintain it, simplify using it versions. The ones you‘ll encounter will be Starter, Windows 7and make it a morepleasurable experience all Home Premium, the most over XP andround. common edition and Vista Professional for advancedThis guide will take you systems and businesses. Ultimate will contain every I have Windowsthrough everything you needto know in easy steps with feature. XP : Windows 7 isquick tips and step-by-step considerably moreguides. Not all features are available in every product secure and safer to edition. In this guide I will use on the internetWHO IS THIS GUIDE display icons to show what than Windows XP. versions features areFOR? available in. For this reason alone you shouldThis guide is for non- consider upgradingtechnical, casual, users of to Windows 7. UseWindows. If you use a PC athome for sending and the upgrade checkerreceiving email, browsing the on the Microsoftweb and maybe odd jobs like website to see ifwriting letters and editing WHY SHOULD Idigital photographs then this your PC will run it.is the book for you. INSTALL WINDOWS 7? I have Windows Any features for Windows 7 makes great Vista : Windows 7 advanced users will leaps over previous versions be highlighted with fixes almost all of of Windows. It is this logo. significantly more secure the performance than Windows XP and issues that caused Windows Vista. Windows Vista toWHAT IS WINDOWS 7? run slowly. The EASE OF ACCESS AND security system,Windows 7 is the latest in along line of different versions User Accountof Microsoft‘s operating DISABILITIES HELP Control (UAC) is alsosystem. now considerably Look for this iconWindows 7 builds on the within this book for less annoying. Anysuccess of operating systems information on how PC runningsuch as Windows XP and fixes to use the ease of Windows Vista willmany of the problems access features. happily runassociated with WindowsVista. You can find out more These are here to help Windows 7.at... people who may have trouble using the Windows www.windows7.com 7 and software because they have trouble reading small text, listening for prompts or using a keyboard and mouse. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 6 www.thelongclimb.com
  • Part 2 Installing
  • INSTALLING Windows 7 versions ................................................................................9 Will my PC run Windows 7? ......................................................................9 Clean install or Upgrade? .........................................................................9 Upgrading from Windows XP ............................................................9 Upgrading from Windows Vista ....................................................... 10 Upgrading from other versions ....................................................... 10 What is 64 bit Windows? ................................................................ 10 Upgrading from 32 to 64 bit ........................................................... 10 Clean install from upgrade only key ................................................ 10 Plug in and turn on your devices ............................................................. 11 Windows Easy Transfer.......................................................................... 11 Common Windows features by version .................................................... 12 Choosing a web browser (EU only) .......................................................... 13 Help .................................................................................................... 13 Getting Started .................................................................................... 13 Install anti-virus ................................................................................... 13 Step-by-step—Installing Windows 7 ................................................. 14-18QUICK TIPS What is the difference between a clean install and an upgrade? ....................9 32 or 64 bit? ........................................................................................ 10 Always backup your files........................................................................ 11 Missing drivers? .................................................................................... 13
  • WINDOWS VERSIONS CLEAN INSTALL OR As with all editions of UPGRADE? QUICK TIP Windows, Windows 7 comes in different product When you upgrade your copy What is the versions. The ones you‘ll of Windows all of your files, difference encounter will be Starter, data and programs will remain Home Premium, the most intact. However not every between a version of Windows 7 will common edition and clean install Professional for advanced allow you to upgrade. and an systems and businesses. You cannot upgrade from upgrade Ultimate will contain every any copy of Windows XP feature. and you cannot upgrade fromIf you have files on a copy of Windows Vista that In this guide I will display is a higher product edition toyour computer that icons for the different the version of Windows 7 youaren’t backed up features to say in which are installing. For example,then you should versions of Windows 7 they you cannot upgrade Windowsopt for an upgrade. are available. Vista Ultimate to Windows 7 Home Premium.This will keep allyour files intact. The best advice is always toHowever any make sure all your files and data are backed up, see theproblems that exist Each version of Windows 7 Guaranteeing chapter of thison your PC may also contains more features than book for how to do this, andbe there after the editions below it, a su- do a clean install. This will perset of each one. Home make sure you get the fastest,installing Windows Basic lacks the glass aero least problematic installation7. effects and Media Centre possible. Upgrading can but is fine for low-power cause any problems youA clean install will computers. Home Premium currently have with your copydelete all the files will contain all the features of Windows to also exist after a home user needs. the upgrade to Windows 7.on your drive andyou will also have to Each version of Windows 7reinstall all of your contains more features than UPGRADING FROM the one below it.programs. WINDOWS XP Later in this chapter is a listNot every edition of the most common fea- tures in Windows 7, broken Windows 7 will not allow youof Windows will perform an in-place upgrade down by each edition of theallow you to operating system. from any edition of Windowsupgrade, some will XP, trying to do so will give you an error message.force you to do aclean install WILL MY PC RUN On the Windows 7 DVD is a program called Windows EasyIt is always a good WINDOWS 7? Transfer that you can run inidea to back up all Windows XP (and Vista) to You can find an upgrade back up out files and settingsyour files and data checker to find this out from to another location, either anfirst. Microsoft for Windows 7 at.. external hard disk or another partition, that can later be www.windows7.com restored after performing a clean installation of Windows ...run this software under 7. Getting Started in the Windows XP or Windows Start Menu has an option to Vista. restore this. 9
  • UPGRADING FROM This is the best way to ensure that all yourWINDOWS VISTA hardware and programs will work properly.You can perform an in-place QUICK TIPupgrade from Windows Vista.The following versions will UPGRADING FROM 32 32 or 64 bit?allow an upgrade dependingon what editions of Vista and TO 64 BITWindows 7 you are upgrading The differencefrom and to... Windows won‘t allow you to between 32 and 64 upgrade in-place from a 32 bit software is the bit version of Windows to a 64 bit version, nor will it size of the numbersUPGRADING FROM allow you to perform an the PC can doOTHER VERSIONS upgrade the other way calculations on. around. To change between these versions youWindows 7 will not allow will have to perform a clean 64 bit operatingupgrading from other versions install. systems are slightlyof Windows. This includes allversions before Windows XP faster because of(Windows ME, Windows 98 this.etc.) and all versions of CLEAN INSTALL FROMWindows Server. Windows 7 also UPGRADE ONLY includes additional PRODUCT KEY securityWHAT IS 64 BIT functionality thatWINDOWS? It is possible to perform a makes the 64 bit clean install of Windows 7 with a product key that will version of theEach edition of Windows 7 only allow you to upgrade operating systemcomes in two flavours, 32 bit it.and 64 bit. The edition you more secure.have will be printed on your To do this do a clean installinstall DVD. Most new PCs Windows once without On the downsidenow come with the 64 bit entering a product key, it older hardware andversion of the operating will allow you to do this. software might notsystem pre-installed, however Now run the installer againthere can be a downside. and perform an upgrade be supported. For over the clean install you best results run theWhile the 64 bit versions of have just done. Your Windows 7 upgradeWindows offer better security product key will now beand stability, there is still accepted as valid for checker and checkhardware and software that installation. with awon‘t run on it. manufacturer’sIf you have the Windows Vista Windows 7 website for yourchoice of which hardware to see ifversion to buy then Home Basic Home Basic, Home 64 bit drivers exist.opt for the 32 bit Premium, Professional,version. You should Ultimateonly buy the 64 bitversion of Windows 7 Home Premium Home Premium,at this stage if it has Professional, Ultimatebeen pre-installed onyour PC. Business Professional, Ultimate Ultimate Ultimate Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 10 www.thelongclimb.com
  • PLUG IN AND TURN The wizard in your ―old PC‖ will guide you through making ON YOUR DEVICES a backup.QUICK TIP You will have a much You can transfer files toy our new PC through am Easy happier installation Transfer Cable available fromAlways backup experience if all your some PC and electronics your files hardware is plugged in and stores, across a network or switched on when you are via an external hard disk or installing Windows. This USB flash drive.Remember that all greatly increases thesorts of things can chance that Windows will Bear in mind that the size ofpotentially go install the drivers for all the backup the Windows Easy your hardware and that it Transfer wizard makes onwrong when you’re will all work when the your old operating systeminstalling a new installation is complete. could be very substantial asversion of Windows all your music, documents,from a hardware This includes printers, video, pictures and photos will scanners, mp3 players etc. be copied.failure to a simplepower cut. All of If you do not have a storagethese can lose your WINDOWS EASY medium onto which you canvaluable make the backup, or cannot TRANSFER connect the two PCs directlydocuments , photos via a cable or across aand music. Available in every version network, you should back up of Windows since Windows all your data and settingsAlways back up XP, Windows Easy Transfer (see the chapter is a way to transfer all your Guaranteeing for how to doyour data before this) onto removable media documents, email, internetinstalling Windows favourites and more to such as CD, DVD or BluRay7. your new PC. Disc.For information onhow to do this referto chapterGuaranteeing.To find out how toback up your files inWindows XP orVista follow thelinks on page 7 ofthis guide. 11
  • COMMON WINDOWS FEATURES BY VERSIONWindows Basic UI Windows UpdateWindows Aero Glass UI Windows FirewallAero Peek Windows DefenderAero Snap Windows BackupAero Shake Create System ImageAero Background Advanced BackupWindows Flip Encrypted File SystemWindows Flip 3D Bitlocker Drive EncryptionLive Taskbar Previews Bitlocker To GoExplorer File Preview Automatic Disk DefragmenterJumplists Windows ReadyBoostWindows Search Previous VersionsAction Centre Parental ControlsBasic Games Multi-Touch / Tablet PCPremium Games Sync CentreCalculator Offline FilesPaint Windows Mobility CentreSnipping Tool Windows SideshowSticky Notes HomeGroup sharing JoinWindows Journal Location Aware printingWordpadWindows Photo ViewerWindows Media Player Remote DesktopWindows Media Centre Remote Desktop HostDVD Player Join a domainWindows DVD Maker Connect to a projector
  • CHOOSING A WEB HELP BROWSER (EU ONLY)QUICK TIP If you live in the European Help is always available in Union the Internet Windows 7 byMissing drivers? Explorer web browser is selecting Help not installed by default in and SupportIf the drivers for any Windows 7. The browser from the Starthardware have not ballot screen will let you Menu.been installed in choose and install aWindows it’s easier browser.that in previous More information on this GETTING STARTEDversions of as and when the EU getWindows to install You can open Getting Started their fact together! from the Start Menu. Herethem. you can personalise Windows,Find out how to do transfer files from your old computer or add users to yourthis in the chapter PC.Configuring. INSTALL ANTI-VIRUS The new Action Centre in the system tray will highlight it‘s warning flag with a red cross to alert you that you will need to install anti-virus software. 13
  • STEP BY STEP—INSTALLING WINDOWS 7 Your experience installing Windows 7 will change slightly depending on whether you are upgrading or performing a clean install. Your install experiencetherefore may not include all the stepsshown this guide.If you are upgrading from within yourexisting copy of Windows you will beasked if you want to ―go online to get thelatest updates‖. Doing this can make for asmoother installation experience andensure more of your hardware works fromthe moment Windows is installed. If you are performing a clean install you will be asked what country youlive in and what language you wantWindows 7 installed in.Choose these and Press Next. When prompted at the next screen, press the Install Now button to begin your installation. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 14 www.thelongclimb.com
  • At the next screen, depending on whether you are performing an upgradeor a clean install, you will be askedwhich version of Windows 7 you areinstalling. Choose the version for whichyou have a valid licence and click Next. The next step is to accept the licence agreement. You will need to pick a tick in the I agree box andclick Next to proceed. At this point you must choose whether you wish to upgrade your existing copy of Windows, if you have oneinstalled, or perform a clean install.Performing a clean install will giveyou a better, faster copy ofWindows but you will need to makesure you have backed up all of yourfiles first as it will wipe them. The next few steps only apply to doing a clean install. First Windows willask on which disk or partition youwant to install Windows (see theglossary for more informationon what these are) [step continues onnext page] 15
  • You may want to wipe the drive or partitionbefore installing Windows. This deletes allfiles and data on the disk so you can startwith a clean drive. You can click on Driveoptions (advanced) to get to this featureand then choose Format.Be very careful to only format the drive onwhich you want to install Windows 7.Click Next to start the installation. Windows will now begin the installation process. Yourcomputer will restart once ortwice during this process but youwill not need to do anything elseuntil it completes.This can take 20 to 30 minutes fora clean install or up to severalhours for an upgrade. When installation is complete you will be asked for your name, this will bethe name for the mainadministrator [master] account onthe PC and your name for the PCitself.You might like Bob or Mary and Janeas the account name and the name ofyour PC could be Study or Phil’s PC.You can set these to be anything youwant. You will then be asked if you want to set up a password for this account. If you do notwant to do this just leave theboxes blank and press Next.If you plan on using the parentalcontrols in Windows 7 to helpdetermine what games your childrencan play and when they can use thePC, you will need to set a password. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 16 www.thelongclimb.com
  • Windows will now ask you to enter your product key. This is the 25 character code that came with your copy ofWindows. You will find it on a stickeron the case for your PC or inside the boxyour Windows 7 install DVD came in.You can proceed without entering a productkey if, for instance, you are just evaluatingthe features in a version of Windows 7before choosing which one is best for you tobuy. Windows update is the system that helps keep your copy of Windows secure and up-to-date withthe latest patches. You will be askedif / how you want Windows to updateitself. I recommend you select userecommended settings and click Next. We‘re almost done. The only steps left are to set a few settings particular to yourlocation and preferences.This screen will ask for your time-zone andfor you to confirm the current time anddate. If you have a wireless wi-fi network set up and Windows has recognisedthe drivers, you will be asked whattype of network this is. Select theoption that best describes your wi-finetwork and click Next. Windows willnow set your internet securityaccordingly. 17
  • Windows may now ask you if you want to set up a HomeGroup. This will enable youto share files, photos, music andvideo with other PCs runningWindows 7 in your home.You can skip this step bypressing Cancel as this featurecan be set up later. We willcover this in the chapterConnecting. We‘re finished! You will now see the Windows 7desktop and can getstarted using Windows. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 18 www.thelongclimb.com
  • Part 3 Exploring
  • EXPLORING The Windows 7 Desktop ........................................................................ 22 The taskbar ................................................................................. 22 The notification area ..................................................................... 22 The Start Menu .................................................................................... 23 Pinning start menu items ............................................................... 23 Getting started ............................................................................. 23 Using the taskbar ................................................................................. 24 Live thumbnails ............................................................................ 24 Show desktop .............................................................................. 24 Notification area ........................................................................... 24 Taskbar jumplists ......................................................................... 25 Pinning items to jumplists .............................................................. 25 Pinning programs to the taskbar ..................................................... 25 The action centre.......................................................................... 26 Windows Explorer ................................................................................. 27 Navigation Pane ........................................................................... 27 The Breadcrumb Bar ..................................................................... 28 Previous locations ......................................................................... 28 Choosing how to view files ............................................................. 28 Sorting and Grouping Files ............................................................. 29 Previewing Files ............................................................................ 29 Collapsing groups ......................................................................... 29 Working with folders ..................................................................... 29 The details pane ........................................................................... 30 The menu bar .............................................................................. 30 Hiding picture and photo names ............................................................. 31 Switching between windows................................................................... 31 Flip 3D ........................................................................................ 31 Step-by-step—Changing the default view in Windows Explorer ................. 32 Remembering windows sizes .................................................................. 33 Moving your files away from Windows ..................................................... 33 Step-by-step—Moving your files for data security .............................. 34-36 Part 1—Creating a new partition ..................................................... 34 Part 2—Moving your files ............................................................... 36
  • QUICK TIPS A call to action ..................................................................................... 22 Jumplists in the Start Menu ................................................................... 23 Pin items to the Start Menu ................................................................... 23 Using thumbnails to organise Windows .................................................... 24 Running two instances of a program from the Taskbar .............................. 25 Where have all the notification area icons gone? ...................................... 26 Customise your favourite links ............................................................... 27 Change the default explorer view ........................................................... 28 Sorting and grouping by more criteria ..................................................... 29 Different Views in different folders .......................................................... 29 Use the details pane ............................................................................. 30 Want more detail on files? ..................................................................... 30 Hide the names of all your pictures ......................................................... 31 Keep your documents safe..................................................................... 33
  • THE WINDOWS 7 THE NOTIFICATIONDESKTOP AREAThere have been some changes One of the criticisms in QUICK TIPmade to the desktop with previous versions ofWindows 7. Some of these Windows was how annoying A call to Actionchanges may be familiar to the notification area became.you, especially if you‘ve been This is the area on the right The new flag in theusing Windows Vista, others side of the taskbar that filledare completely new. up with icons and alert notification area, the far right of the taskbar, is now the only place you need to go to , to receive notifications about Windows and other software (including anti-virus software). The flag will highlight with a cross when there’s a message for you.THE TASKBAR balloons, telling you about things happening on yourSometimes called the superbar PC.this is completely redesigned inWindows 7. You can read more I will talk at more lengthabout the new taskbar and how about the new notificationit works later in this chapter area later in this chapter.but it is now a place fromwhich you can both launch andmanage running and non-running programs andapplications.It isessentially amerging ofthe oldtaskbar andquick launcharea. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 22 www.thelongclimb.com
  • THE START MENU The Start Menu hasn‘tQUICK TIP changed much since Windows Vista but now includes jumplists whichJumplists in the will pop out when you Start Menu click the arrow on the right side of some StartSome Start Menu Menu items.items have a small There is also a searcharrow to their right. box you canClicking this will use to find programs andbring out a list of files.options or recentfiles / disk locations.This can simplifyaccess to commonfiles and featureswithin programs. PINNING START MENU ITEMS You can pin programs Pin items to to the Start Menu sothe Start Menu they always appear there.If you pin a program You can do this by right clicking withto the Start Menu it your mouse andwill always appear selecting Pin toin the Start Menu taskbar. You can also pin items towhenever you press the taskbar thisthe Windows key. way and unpin items.Right click theprogram with yourmouse and select GETTING STARTEDpin / unpin to Start The first item in theMenu to do this. Start Menu is called Getting Started. You can click on this to open it in it‘s own window or open its jumplist. Here you can perform post-install duties such as personalising your desktop and adding more users. 23
  • USING THE TASKBAR SHOW DESKTOPThe new taskbar is the mainplace from which to launch QUICK TIPprograms and manage runningprograms. At the very bottom right of UsingYou can pin programs to the your screen (the far right of thumbnails totaskbar in the same way as the taskbar) is a small organisepinning them to the Start button which will show youMenu (see Pinning Start Menu your desktop. windowsItems) on the previous page. If you have a lot of windows open on your desktop you can use the live thumbnails to organise them. Hovering over a thumbnail on the taskbar will make all other windows transparent and show you the Rolling your mouse over this selected window,LIVE THUMBNAILS button will make all the windows on your desktop go even if that window transparent. Clicking it will is minimised. minimise every window. If you click this button again every window will beThe live thumbnails have been restored to its full-size.improved since Windows Vista.Rolling over an icon on thetaskbar will show you NOTIFICATION AREAthumbnails of the program. Inthe case (above) there are two By default Windows 7 showstabs open in Internet Explorer three icons in theand it will show you both tabs. notification area. The flag is the new action centre, moreRolling your mouse over a on that in a bit. Next isthumbnail will show you the your network connection,Window full size, making all either wired or wireless.other windows transparent. The icon for wi-fiThis will also work for connections will showminimised windows, it will connectivity and signalrestore them for you. strength. The final icon is for sound. Clicking on it will bring up the volume control. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 24 www.thelongclimb.com
  • TASKBAR JUMPLISTSQUICK TIP The new Taskbar also has jumplists Running two for manyinstances of a programs. Youprogram from can access these either by right the taskbar clicking on the icon with your mouseIf a program is open or by left clicking with your mouse andclicking it’s taskbar pushing the mouseicon will only upwards, away fromminimise and the icon.maximise it. There These jumplists can showare two ways to you recent files and diskopen a new locations. They can alsoinstance of the contain features within a program you may want toprogram (say, two access easily.explorer windows).1) right click the icon PINNING ITEMS TOand click on the JUMPLISTSname of theprogram to open a You may want to pinsecond instance of items to jumplists onit. the taskbar.2) click the scroll You can do this by right clicking on the jumplistwheel between the item and selecting pin /buttons on your unpin to this list.mouse (if you have This can be used to gainone) which will also quick access to documentsopen a second or disk locations you useinstance of the regularly, such as a home finance spreadsheet.program PINNING PROGRAMS TO THE TASKBAR If you want to pin a program to the new taskbar you can either right click on it in the Start Menu and select Pin to Taskbar or right click on it‘s icon when it is running and do the same. 25
  • THE ACTION CENTRE The action centre is your first port of call to diagnoseClicking on the flag in the notification and fix problems witharea will bring up the action centre. Windows 7.This is where all the alert messages,informing you about things There are options here tohappening with your computer are to Troubleshoot problemsbe found. with Windows or use QUICK TIP Recovery tools if WindowsIf there is a message this flag with needs repairing. Where have allchange from plain white to a flag the notificationwith a red cross on it. Alerts will be colour-coded red, yellow or green area icons goneThe first alert you will see after depending how seriousinstalling Windows 7 is one advising Windows believes they are. Icons that the newyou to install anti-virus notification areasoftware. You can click onthe message to find out more hides by default canabout it or click on open be displayed byaction centre to see the action clicking a small upcentre full size.It‘s in the full action centre arrow that appearsthat you have control over next to the actionwhat alerts you choose to centre flag.see. You can follow step-though guides to fix commonproblems and also view Clicking thearchived messages. customise link in the window that appears will allow you to set programs, such as anti-virus software, to always display in the notification area. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 26 www.thelongclimb.com
  • WINDOWS EXPLORER NAVIGATION PANE As with previous versions The new navigation pane on QUICK TIP of Windows, Windows the left side of explorer Explorer is the main way windows allows quick access you access and organise to Libraries, drives and your your files and folders. It‘s network.Customise your not changed much sincefavourite links Windows Vista, but there Each section is collapsible and are important changes folds out into a full tree. InCustomising the none the less. addition you can view your Homegroupfavourite links in the (more on thisNavigation Pane on in the chapterthe left side of Connecting) There is also aexplorer windows new Favouritescan be a section intotremendous time which you can drag and dropsaver. folders, drives and otherHere you can drag locations forand drop your quick and easy accessfavourite and most to them.commonly accessedfolders and drives, It‘s welleither on your own worth spendingPC or on a local some timenetwork. By default now, starting putting your Windows Explorer will mostIt’s well worth show you the new commonly Libraries. I‘ll write about used placesspending some time into the these more later in thissetting this up. chapter. The toolbar along Favourites the top of the screen now section as has handy text labels that it‘s an will change depending on enormous the content you‘re looking time saver. at. These commands will allow you to do things from creating folders to burning files to CD or DVD. The Breadcrumb bar also still sits at the top of Windows Explorer and I‘ll talk about this more in a moment. The biggest change is the Navigation pane along the left side of the window. 27
  • THE BREADCRUMB BAR CHOOSING HOW TOAs with Windows Vista the VIEW FILESbreadcrumb bar is your main QUICK TIPway of navigating Windows The default way of viewingExplorer through the drives files and folders is by noand folders on your PC. means the only way of doing so. Change theEach section (folder) is defaultseparated by an arrow. In the top explorer viewClicking this arrow will display right ofa drop-down menu that will explorerallow you to instantly move to windows By default,any other branch in that point are two Windows Explorerof the tree. icons to will just show you an alphabetical list of a folder’s contents. It’s worth customising this view to another that is more helpful and better suits your personalFor instance, in the image needs.(above) you can see we‘re onthe Windows 7 (C:) drive, in Follow my step-by-the Users folder and then in step guide on howthe Mike and Contacts folders,both sub-folders of that. to do this later in this chapter.PREVIOUS LOCATIONSIn the top left of explorerwindows are left and rightarrows to take you to backand forward between the change the view you can see.folders and disks you‘ve Clicking the first icon willlooked at. bring up a slider control you can use to change theYou can also thumbnail and icon sizejump directly for files and folders into anywhere that explorer view. Youyou‘ve can also select otherrecently been views here including List,by clicking Details and my personalthe down favourites, the veryarrow interesting and helpfulbetween Tiles and Content.these buttonsand thebreadcrumbbar. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 28 www.thelongclimb.com
  • SORTING AND COLLAPSING GROUPS GROUPING FILES When you are viewing filesQUICK TIP and folders organised by By default the standard groups you can collapse some view of files and folders in groups to make it easier to Windows Explorer isn‘t very see and get access to the files Sorting and helpful, being just a simple you want. Grouping by alphabetical list. You can more criteria change this as per previous At the left side of each group versions of Windows easily is a small arrow you can click though. to collapse and restore theThere are more group.than just the Right clicking anywhere in astandard criteria for blank space in the explorer window willsorting and bring up a contextgrouping files. menu that will allowClicking on More... you to sort and group files byWill bring up a long different criterialist of many such as when theydifferent criteria were last modified, how big they areyou can sort files or, my personaland folders by. favourite, what type of file they are.These include Exif Sorting files by adata from a digital criteria will keep themcamera and artist as one large list. Groupingand composer them will separate them WORKING WITHdetails for music into groups determined by the criteria you have set. FOLDERSfiles. While the Favourites in the PREVIEWING FILES Navigation Pane and the Breadcrumb bar make it easyDifferent views to navigate through your files and folders, if you have lots of in different files sitting together in your folders documents folder, creating additional folders you canThe view you set for Just next to the help button move some files into can help in the top right of explorer make things easier to find andan individual folder organise. windows is a button towill not affect any toggle the preview pane.others, so you can This will open up at the side The New Folder button on the of the window and will give explorer toolbar will allow youset different sets of to do this. you a large preview offolders to display many file types when youfiles differently. click on them. 29
  • THE DETAILS PANE You can change the size of the details pane by right clicking in it whenAlong the bottom of explorer no file is selectedwindows sits the details pane. and choosing how QUICK TIPClicking on a file will bring up big you wantinformation about that file from the sizehere. This information could context menu Use the detailsinclude the date the file was that appears. panecreated, it‘s size, tags or The bigger it isratings (for information on the moretags and ratings see the information it will display. The details panechapter Searching). along the bottom of explorer windows is interactive, you can use it to add and update information about a file, such as its Tags or Rating (see the chapter Searching for ore information on these). Want more detail on files? If you want more details about the files you click on displayed in the details pane you canThis can be especially usefulwith digital photographs where THE MENU BAR right click in thethe details pane can show details pane whenwhat camera the photo(s) Along the top of every no file is selectedwere taken with, the resolution explorer window is the menu and change its size.of the photograph and bar. The menu items willadditional information. change depending on the The bigger it is, the content the window is more information it displaying but can include will display. options from sharing files to burning them to disc. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 30 www.thelongclimb.com
  • HIDING PICTURE AND FLIP 3D PHOTO NAMESQUICK TIP With most photos from digital cameras named A more attractive way to Hide the DSC123 we don‘t really switch between windows is to need to know what the hold down the Windows key names of all names of the photos are. while also pressing the Tab your pictures Fortunately we can turn key will bring up Flip 3D. This this feature off when will show all your windows in looking at a folder of an attractive three-You might want to pictures. dimensional way.hide the names ofall your pictures, Right click anywhere inespecially if all the a blankimages on your PC space and intend to be digital the context menu thatphotographs. appears select ViewTo do this right click and thenin any folder Hide filedisplaying images names. You will now onlyand select View and seeHide file names. thumbnails of theThen click on the pictures in that folder.Organise button inthe top left of theexplorer windowand Folder andSearch options from SWITCHING BETWEEN You can cycle through these by pressing the Windows keythe menu that WINDOWS + Tab or by using the scrollappears. wheel on your mouse. There are two ways toIn the window that switch between openpops up click on the windows. Hold down the Alt key on your keyboardView tab and press while pressing the Tab keythe Apply to folders will bring up each windowbutton. in a panel of thumbnails across the middle of your screen. 31
  • CHANGING THE DEFAULT VIEW IN WINDOWS EXP LORER Click on the Change your view button near the top right of any explorer window.Here you can select the view you like. Mypreference is Tiles. Right click anywhere in a black space in the explorer window andselect Sort by or Group by andthen select a criteria.My preference is so group by Type.This will separate files and folders intotheir file type. Click the Organise button in the top left of the explorer window and select Folder andSearch options. In the window that appears, click on the View tab and press the button Apple to Folders. All your documents folders will not take on this appearance. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 32 www.thelongclimb.com
  • REMEMBERING DRIVE LETTERS AND WINDOWS SIZES FILE EXTENSIONS IN QUICK TIP By default all Explorer WINDOWS 7 windows will always open at the same size, but this size Why do we need to see drive Keep your may not suit you. The good letters (C:, D: etc) and filedocuments safe news is that this is easily extensions (.doc, .pdf) in changed. Windows? Fortunately they‘re easily turned off.By default all your You can resize the windowdocuments are by dragging and dropping itstored in the same from a corner. When youplace as Windows have it the size you want hold down the ctrl key whilestores all its files. closing it. The next timeThis means that if you open that windows itdisaster strikes and will be the size you want.Windows 7 needs aclean install, all MOVING YOURthose documentswill be wiped. DOCUMENTS AWAY FROM WINDOWSYou can use asecond hard disk or Your hard drive is a bigcreate a new block of storage space, apartition on which bit like a garage. In this space is installed your copyto keep your files of Windows 7 and also keptsafely. Follow the here are all yourstep-by-step guide documents, photographs, music and video.later in this chapterfor details on how Windows 7 is extremelyto do this and keep stable but disasters doyour documents, unfortunately happen. Should your copy ofphotographs and Windows 7 become corruptvideos safe. and need a fresh install, those files could be wiped. You can back up your files and restore them from that but how recent will your backup be? Will you still lose files? Click the Organise button in A simpler way is to move the top left of an explorer your files to another hard window and select Format and disk or partition. When you search options. Under the partition your hard drive, view tab you can untick Show you divide it into several drive letters and toggle Hide sections using software, extensions for known file each of which is treated as types, which will be on by its own drive. So if one of default. those partitions needs to be wiped, the others won‘t be. 33
  • MOVING YOUR FILES FOR DATA SECURITYMoving your documents away from the drive Windows 7 is installed on can remove anychance that your files will be lost if there is a serious problem with the operatingsystem.If you have two separate hard disks on your PC, or your hard disk is already partitionedinto separate drives you can ignore steps 1 to 9 and go straight to step 10.Always back up your files before doingthis. If you can move them to an externaldisk while you partition your disk you will beable to shrink your Windows 7 disk more.PART 1—CREATING A NEW PARTITIONFirstly, make sure all your files are backed up.Changing anything with the partition structure onyour computer can occasionally result in disaster! Open the Start Menu and type computer into the search box there. When Computer Management appears, click torun it.If you already have third-party partitioning toolsyou can also use those. In the window that appears click on Disk Management in the leftcolumn. Next right click on your Windows 7 drive and in the context menu thatappears select Shrink Volume. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 34 www.thelongclimb.com
  • Windows will then tell you how much space it can shrink the drive to. Selectthe amount you want.You should leave your Windows 7 driveas a minimum of 50Gb ideally, butmake sure you will have plenty of roomleft for your files.The shrinking process might take sometime so be patient. Press Shrink whenyou are ready to start. You will now see some disk space that is marked as unallocated. Right click inthis space and select New SimpleVolume. The New Simple Volume Wizard will now appear and walk you through creating a newpartition. It will ask what size youwant it to be, use the maximum spaceit offers, and what drive letter youwant to give it.Finally it will ask if you want to format thedisk. Select NTFS and format it. You willnot be able to write files to the newpartition. [step continued on next page] 35
  • You now have a fresh partition. The next stepis to move your document folders to it.PART 2—MOVING YOUR FILES Open the Start Menu and click on your name at the top right to open your user folder. Select all the folders in the user folder (except Desktop which doesn‘t like beingmoved). You can do thisby holding down the CTRLkey and clicking each folder.Right Click on one ofthem when they arehighlighted and selectCut. Use the Navigation Pane to find the new empty partition you have created. In any blankspace right click and selectPaste from the context menuthat appears. You user folders will now be moved to the new drive or partition. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 36 www.thelongclimb.com
  • Part 4 Working
  • WORKING Managing windows ............................................................................... 40 Aero Snap ................................................................................... 40 Aero Shake .................................................................................. 40 Turning off Aero Snap and Shake ................................................... 40 Accessibility ......................................................................................... 41 Magnifier ..................................................................................... 41 Ease of Access Centre ................................................................... 41 Scaling your desktop screen........................................................... 42 More on Windows Accessibility ....................................................... 42 Desktop Gadgets .................................................................................. 43 Calculator ............................................................................................ 43 Paint ................................................................................................... 43 Snipping tool ....................................................................................... 43 XPS Viewer .......................................................................................... 43 WordPad ............................................................................................. 44 Sticky notes ......................................................................................... 44 Other tools .......................................................................................... 44 Touch control ....................................................................................... 44 Multi-Touch gestures ..................................................................... 44 Multi-touch software ..................................................................... 45 Tablet PC Input Panel .................................................................... 45 On-Screen Keyboard ..................................................................... 45 Windows Journal .......................................................................... 45 Maths Input Panel ......................................................................... 45 Speech Recognition .............................................................................. 45 Media Player and Photo Viewer ............................................................... 46 Windows Live Essentials ................................................................ 46 Zune Player ................................................................................. 46 Sideshow............................................................................................. 46 Windows Mobility Centre ....................................................................... 47 Using a projector .................................................................................. 47 Multiple displays ................................................................................... 47 Uninstalling and repairing programs ........................................................ 48 Windows components ........................................................................... 48 Compatibility mode ............................................................................... 48
  • QUICK TIPS Working on two windows side-by-side ..................................................... 40 Make accessibility easy ......................................................................... 41 Scaling the desktop .............................................................................. 42 The calculator ...................................................................................... 43 Press and tap = Right mouse click .......................................................... 44 Windows touch features availability ........................................................ 45 Parental control and Windows Live Essentials ........................................... 46 Work longer when you‘re mobile ............................................................ 47 Repair your programs ........................................................................... 48APPENDIXES Windows keyboard shortcuts...................................................... Appendix B
  • MANAGING WINDOWS AERO SHAKEIn part 2, Installing, I wroteabout some of the new and QUICK TIPimproved desktop features inWindows 7. These included the Aero shake is a good way tonew show desktop button and get rid of all the windows on Working onimproved thumbnails on the the screen except the onetaskbar. There are yet more you are working on. two windowsenhancements to the Windows side-by-side7 desktop to aid productivity. If you grab a window and shake it with your mouse all the other open windows on It’s easy to work onAERO SNAP your screen will be two windows side- automatically minimised. by-side in WindowsAero snap is a new way to If you shake the window 7 using Aero Snap.quickly use and arrange again the windows will bewindows on your screen. Aero restored to the desktop. Just drag onesnap works in two ways. window to the farIf you drag a window to the top left of your screenof the screen it will maximise TURNING OFF AERO and the other to theto fill your entire screen. SNAP AND SHAKE far right. They willDragging it back from the top expand to fillwill restore it to its original size Aero Snap and Aero exactly half of yourAlternatively if you drag a Shake can cause screen on each sidewindow to one side of the inconvenience for people with motor so both can be seenscreen it will expand to fillexactly 50% of your screen, problems. Go to the Ease of at once.either left or right, depending Access centre in the Starton what side of the screen you Menu and click on Make thedragged it to. This can be mouse easier to use you canextremely useful when working tick Prevent windows fromwith, for example, two explorer being automaticallywindows to move or compare arranged... to turn it off.documents.Dragging a window back fromthe side of the screen willreturn it to its previous size. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 40 www.thelongclimb.com
  • ACCESSIBILITY One especially useful feature is called Let Windows suggest Ease of Access Settings. Over the years QUICK TIP Microsoft has gone to This is a short questionnaire great lengths to make that will recommend the Windows as easy to settings you should change Make use as possible, and with and take you directly to them, accessibility Windows 7, things have all on one page for easy been further improved. The management. easy Getting Started panel, which is the first thing to appear inOpen the Start the Start Menu afterMenu and type ease installing Windows 7, gives you the option to change theinto the search box text size on the screen.there. The option More about this later.Let Windowssuggest ease ofaccess settings will MAGNIFIERappear. Shortly after installing Windows theThis is a wizard with Magnifier will arrear ina short the Start Menu. Thisquestionnaire to is an excellent tool if you are finding your way around,help determine and finding access to thewhat ease of access Ease of Access Centresettings will be best difficult. It will increase the size of everything on thefor you. screen and moves with your mouse, making it easy toWhen the get around the desktop.questionnaire iscomplete theappropriate settingswill be displayed foryou, so you can The Ease of Access Centre isswitch them on if the control panel for everyone who might have problems withyou wish. their sight, hearing, motor control and concentration. Everything in the Ease of Access Centre is automatically read out to you, if you have speakers connected to your PC. EASE OF ACCESS If more than one person uses CENTRE your PC, clicking Change Administrative Settings in the left hand pane will allow you Opening the Start to also set these settings for Menu and typing Ease the log-on screen. into the search box will bring up results for the Ease of Access Centre and associated features. 41
  • SCALING YOUR There are two ways to get to this setting.DESKTOP SCREEN In the Start Menu, open the A new feature with Getting Started panel and QUICK TIP click on Change Text Size (in Windows 7, and by far the Getting Started jumplist) one of the best is the or Change the size of the Scaling the ability to scale the text on your screen (in thedesktop by up to 150%. full window). desktop Many people can find text and cons hard to see on today’s high resolution screens. Opening the Display settings from the control panel, right clicking in any empty desktop space or from within the GettingThis increases the size of Alternatively right click in Started window youeverything on the screen blank space on your desktopwithout making your picture and select Screen Resolution can select Changefuzzy. from the menu that appears. the size of text on In the Window that opens your screen.Until now the only way to do click the link Make text andthis was to reduce the other items larger or smaller. This will scaleresolution on your screen.This doesn‘t work well on flat everything o yourscreen monitors as the picture screen by up todistorts. The new scaling MORE ON WINDOWS 150% withoutoptions get around this andthe effects are very sharp. ACCESSIBILITY blurring it, making things considerably You can find out easier to read. more about the accessibility options in Windows 7, and see demonstrations at... www.microsoft.com/enable Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 42 www.thelongclimb.com
  • DESKTOP GADGETS Right clicking anywhere in a QUICK TIP blank space on your desktop will bring up a context menu from whichThe Calculator you can select Gadgets. These are the same utilitiesThe Windows formerly seen in Windows Vista‘s now defunct Sidebar.calculator has long You can drag and dropbeen a forgotten these gadgets anywherefeature, but in into your desktop and click the link Get more gadgetsWindows 7 it has online to download more PAINTbeen considerably from the Microsoft website.improved and now Windows Paint is another application thatincludes conversion has had a majorutilities, several makeover canpanel layouts and now includesadditional features image cropping and scalingsuch as mileage and features. As amortgage basic graphicscalculators. package it‘s now reasonably powerful and features the useful ribbon interface first seen in Microsoft Office 2007. CALCULATOR The calculator has been SNIPPING TOOL significantly improved in Windows 7. Clicking the Typing snipping into the View menu in it now brings search box in the Start Menu up a host of new features will bring up the snipping tool. including unit (length, This can be used to capture weight, volume etc.) and areas of the screen as graphic date conversion and images. mortgage calculations. XPS VIEWER Adobe‘s PDF may still be the format of choice for portable documents but Microsoft‘s XPS is still with us. Windows 7 includes a built-in XPS viewer so you can view these files. 43
  • WORDPADWordpad has had asignificant update QUICK TIPwith Windows 7 andnow not only uses thehelpful ribboninterface first seen in Press and tap =Microsoft Office 2007 right mousebut also will open clickWord 2007 and opendocument formatfiles. There is a way to MULTI-TOUCH simulate theSTICKY NOTES right mouse click GESTURES with Windows 7Formerly a Windows Vista multi-touch.Sidebar gadget (but still There are two typesavailable to download as a of single fingerdesktop gadget if you want), gesture, a tap and a If you press theSticky Notes are now an flick. A tap will act as screen with oneapplication of their own. You a mouse click, so tapping a button will press the button finger and then tapcan pin these to the desktopand resize them to the size you and double tapping an icon it with the other,require. will open it for you. this will bring up Two finger gestures extend context menus in to software such as the same way as aOTHER TOOLS Windows Photo Viewer, right mouse click Word, Internet Explorer and would.Additional tools such as Google Earth.Notepad, Sound Recorder, Faxand Scan and DVD Maker are Taking hold of a picture orall still in Windows 7 and have document and draggingall been improved with this your fingers apart will zoomedition. inwards. Conversely, moving your fingers closer together will zoom out. You can also rotate images byTOUCH CONTROL rotating your fingers on the screen. One completely new feature in Windows 7 is touch screen and multi- finger touch screensupport on compatiblehardware you can use touchand gestures to use Windows.These gestures are applicableto both one and two-handedoperation. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 44 www.thelongclimb.com
  • MULTI-TOUCH MATH INPUT PANEL SOFTWARE The new Math Input Panel QUICK TIP (note the US English spelling if Multi-touch technology is you‘re searching for it) is a still very new, but as more useful new tool for usingWindows touch PCs support it, more touch to solve mathematical software will be released to problems and equations or for features take advantage of it. writing equations and complex availability Windows 7 includes some algebra into other documents, useful touch-based utilities. such as Word.The new Windowstouch features are TABLET PC INPUTexciting and will beof great use to PANELsome people. Make Formerly in Windowssure you buy the Vista but nowcorrect edition of improved, this willWindows however. enable you to use handwriting directly withTouch and multi- Windows 7 and its applications.touch controls areonly available in Typing Handwriting into theWindows 7 Home search box in the Start Menu will bring up thePremium, Windows option to personalise the7 Professional and handwriting recognition toWindows 7 teach Windows 7 how you write and minimise errors.Ultimate. ON SCREEN KEYBOARD Similar to the Tablet PC Input Panel this will enable you to type directly onto the PC‘s screen with your fingers or mouse. WINDOWS JOURNAL SPEECH RECOGNITION You can also now Windows Journal is a dictate text to Windows new notepad that 7 and it‘s applications will allow you to directly and a wizard is write directly onto it available to help you train the using handwriting (either a software to recognise your finger or stylus). voice. 45
  • MEDIA PLAYER AND SIDESHOWPHOTO VIEWER Windows sideshow is a utility that allows QUICK TIPWindows Media Player and compatible devices toWindows Photo Viewer are still display interactive contentpart of Windows 7, but I won‘t on an external screen (such Parentalgo into these in too much as on the lid of a laptop) Controls anddetail because of the even when the PC isavailability of... sleeping. You can access Windows Live Sideshow gadgets in the EssentialsWINDOWS LIVE Control Panel from the Start Menu. Under Windows 7ESSENTIALS you will not need toSeveral programs download andsuch as Windows install Family SafetyMail and Windows with the WindowsMovie Maker have Live Essentials suite,been removed fromWindows 7 and are as Windows 7now instead part of already has fullthe separate parental controlsWindows LiveEssentials. You can built-in to thedownload this operating system.from... download.live.com...or by clicking GetWindows LiveEssentials in theGetting Startedpanel from the Start Menu.This is an excellent suite offree software with Mail andPhoto Gallery deservingparticular praise.ZUNE PLAYERMicrosoft‘s Zune MP3player, sadly onlyavailable in the US andCanada (at the time ofWindows 7‘s launch) isaccompanied by anexcellent media playerthat you don‘t need toown a Zune to use. You candownload the Zune mediaplayer from... download.zune.net Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 46 www.thelongclimb.com
  • MOBILITY CENTRE USING A PROJECTOR On laptops and netbooks Windows 7 makes it easy to QUICK TIP you can access the Mobility use a projector, either Centre from the Control connected directly to your PC, Panel or Start Menu. or located through a network. Work longer With Connect to a projector This panel provides quick and Connect to a network when you’re access to the major power- projector in the Start Menu. mobile saving settings that canThe mobility centreis a great way tosqueeze more lifeout of the batteryon your laptop ornetbook.It can help youmaximise batterylife bys witching offfeatures you mightnot need such assound, and byreducing the overallpower consumption extend the battery life on your device when you‘reof components such out and about.as your screen. MULTIPLE DISPLAYS It also provides access to a new facility allowing you to The same interface that connect your PC to a handles attached projectors remote or network also helps you manage projector. multiple monitors. Press the Windows key and P. 47
  • UNINSTALLING AND COMPATIBILITYREPAIRING PROGRAMS MODEAccessed from the Control Some programs won‘t run QUICK TIPPanel or a Start Menu search, normally because they werePrograms and Features is your designed for an earliercentral location to remove and version of Windows and are Repair yourrepair programs. incompatible with Windows programs 7. You can run these If a program is programs in compatibility mode misbehaving it may for an earlier version of have a repair Windows. option. Right click on the program in the Open Programs Start Menu and and Features from from the context the Control Panel menu that appears select and click on theClicking on a program will Properties. offending program.bring up either just an option A series of optionsto Uninstall it in the toolbar, or Under the Compatibility tabother options such as Change tick Run this program in will appear in theand Repair. compatibility mode for and blue toolbar above select from the drop down it. Repair might beThe repair option can be very the version of Windows youuseful if a program is supported by this require.misbehaving. program.WINDOWSCOMPONENTSClicking on Turn Windowsfeatures on or off in the leftpane of this window will bringup a full list of Windows 7‘scomponents that can beswitch on or off.If there are any featureswithin Windows you don‘twant, or if there is anythingthat is not current availableand you would like to switchon, you can find it here. Youdo not need your Windowsinstall DVD to perform theseactions. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 48 www.thelongclimb.com
  • Part 5 Searching
  • SEARCHING Search is everywhere ............................................................................ 51 Searching in context ..................................................................... 51 Start Menu search ........................................................................ 51 Explorer search ............................................................................ 51 Other programs ............................................................................ 51 Indexing.............................................................................................. 52 Saved Searches ................................................................................... 52 Advanced searching .............................................................................. 53 Search filters ....................................................................................... 53 Basic search terms ....................................................................... 53 Libraries .............................................................................................. 54 Organising libraries ....................................................................... 54 Creating a library..................................................................... 54-55 Tags ................................................................................................... 56 Ratings ............................................................................................... 56QUICK TIPS Search from the Start Menu ................................................................... 51 Contextualised search ........................................................................... 51 Controlling indexed locations ................................................................. 52 Power searches .................................................................................... 53 Build yourself custom libraries ............................................................... 54 Add more locations to libraries ............................................................... 55 Add Tags and Ratings ........................................................................... 56APPENDIXES Advanced search query syntax ................................................... Appendix C
  • SEARCH IS EXPLORER SEARCH EVERYWHERE The search box in explorer QUICK TIP windows is always in the top Search is built into every right. Searching here will first aspect of Windows 7, and prioritise the folder you‘re Search from as we get more and more looking at and then yourthe Start Menu files, documents, photos, documents, photos, pictures music and videos in our and music. personal libraries it canJust hitting the Start become harder to findButton will things, especially if weinstantlybring up a haven‘t looked at them in a while.search box.You won’t then SEARCHING INneed to click in it.The ‘focus’ is CONTEXTautomatically taken OTHER PROGRAMS Search in Windows 7 worksby the search box so in a contextual way Search boxes in otheryou can start typing depending on what you‘re programs such as Windowsstraight away. searching in. For instance, Media Player, Zune player and search in the Start Menu Internet Explorer will all be will prioritise Start Menu found in the same place, in items and programs, search the top right of the window. in Explorer will prioritiseContextualised documents and pictures, Searching in these programs search search in Internet Explorer will prioritise searches too, so will prioritise Favourite searching in Windows Media websites and browsing Player will prioritise music.Depending on history and so on.where you’researching from, theresults you get will START MENUchange. Searching SEARCHfrom the StartMenu will prioritise When you open theprograms and Start Menu you can start typing in thecontrol panel items, search box therefrom within a without having topictures or photos click in it. Anything you type willview will prioritise automatically beimages and so on. there. Any search results will appear in the Start Menu itself. Searching here will prioritise Start Menu items, programs, Control Panel items and system settings. However files and documents should also appear. 51
  • INDEXINGInstant search ispossible in Windows 7because the operatingsystem constantlymanages andmaintains an index of QUICK TIPall the files on yourdisk(s). ControllingYou can access the indexedcontrols for this by locationssearching in the StartMenu for Indexing orOpening Indexing If you find thatOptions in the Control items you wouldPanel. expect to appear inIf you are finding that searches aresome files and folders missing check thearen‘t displaying in index.searches, it may bebecause thoselocations aren‘t in the This is where all theindex. locations are included in searchesTo add a location in the index, openIndexing Options and press the are listed. Get to itModify button in the window that through Indexingappears then Show all locations. Options in theYou can now tick and untick locationsyou do and don‘t want indexed. control panel. If a folder is missingSAVED SEARCHES form the index you can add it byWhen you perform a pressing the Modifysearch you have the button then Showoption to save it. Whenyou save a search it will all Locations.be automatically savedto a Searches folder in Finally you just tickyour Documents and untick thehowever you have the folder locations youoption to save itelsewhere if you wish. do and don’t want included.Reopening a savesearch will automaticallyupdate it with the latestinformation, so yoursaved searches willalways be up to date. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 52 www.thelongclimb.com
  • ADVANCED BASIC SEARCH TERMS SEARCHING A full list of search syntax isQUICK TIP available in Appendix C Alas, gone is the simple however some of the most search of previous versions common are...Power searches of Windows to be replaced by a more text-based Kind: used to search the search. When you start a properties of a document typeThe new search in search a drop down will askWindows 7, while if you want to add a search Kind:emailnowhere near as filter. Kind:tasks There and a great many of Kind:notesfriendly on the these which I shall detail Kind:docssurface as in but the basic ones Name: Kind:musicprevious versions of and Type: for file name and Kind:song file type respectively would Kind:foldersWindows, is be used in the format... Kind:programsincredibly powerful. Type: pdf Datemodified: to search byThe search terms the date a file was modified ...if you were looking forlisted on this page Adobe Acrobat files. This is Datemodified:22/10/2008are just a small a way to help narrow down Datemodified:22/10/08sample of those searches. Datemodified:yesterdayavailable. Datemodified:lastweek Datemodified:pastmonth SEARCH FILTERS Datemodified:27/03/03..1/4/0For a full list of all 8the search termsavailable in There are, as I have said, a Type: to search by file type great many search filters.Windows 7 see The full list from Microsoft Type:imageAppendix C. can be found at... Type:.doc Type:.pdfNote: These search http://www.microsoft.com/terms also apply to windows/products/winfamily/ Name: searching by file name desktopsearch/ or by a property name for aWindows Desktop filesearch on Windows technicalresources/advquery.mspxXP and other Name:holiday ...however I have included Name:weddingproducts. a full list in Appendix C. Unfortunately the search syntax doesn‘t let you double- up on search terms. For instance typing type:.docx, .pdf won‘t bring up search results for all Word and PDF files. 53
  • LIBRARIES ORGANISINGA new feature in Windows is LIBRARIEScalled Libraries and opening an QUICK TIPexplorer window will display In the top right of everyyour libraries by default. library is an Arrange by: option. This will give you Build yourselfLibraries are, in essence, the option to sort the files inaggregated storage for all your the library by a variety of customfiles, regardless of what folder methods depending on the librariesor disk drive they are located content.in. Libraries are an extremely useful way of finding files that are scattered across your hard disk. You can create custom libraries that are displayed exactly how you want. For example, the custom library shown (left) is displaying all the photos on my computer arranged by tag.By default there are four CREATING A LIBRARY This means that, nolibraries set up for Documents, matter where a fileMusic, Pictures and Videos. All You can create additional is, I can instantlythe appropriate documents in libraries easily, I for instance see all the photos ofyour Documents, Music, have one just for myPictures or Videos folders will Dusseldorf or my photographs. In the mainappear in these libraries as a libraries view click the New dog Jed.list of all available files. The Library button and give it afolder structure for those files name.will be ignored.Libraries have their limitations,for instance you can‘t create alibrary of all the Excelspreadsheets on yourcomputer, but they are stillvery powerful. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 54 www.thelongclimb.com
  • You will now be taken into your new Library and invited to add QUICK TIP folder to it. The contents of that folder Add more can be added locations to to the Library. libraries You can add as manyYou can add as folders as you like to amany drives and Library orfolders to libraries remove themas you like, though at any time, and the Library will be automaticallyyou cannot add updated.removable storagesuch as USB pendrives.Adding andremoving folderlocations inLibraries is easy, justclick the Includes: 1location (thenumber may bedifferent) to bringup a wizard that willeasily help you addand remove folderlocations. Clicking the Includes: 1 location link under the library name in the top left of the explorer pane that displays the library contents will bring up a window allowing you to do this easily and quickly. Note: It can take Windows a little time after installation to index your files, libraries may seem incomplete until this is done. 55
  • TAGS The Import Photos and Videos wizard will also allow you add tags when you plugOne way to make search easier in your digital camera ofis to add tags to your files. camcorder. QUICK TIPTags are words that arerelated to the file, a goodexample is the information RATINGS Add tags andaccompanying music files. RatingsEach music files will contain Many file types, includingthe following information, music, photos and video will This can be a choreTrack name, Artist, Supporting allow you to add Ratings. the first timeArtist, Album, Track number, These are star ratings from around but it’s oneComposer among many others. zero to five stars. of those jobs that only ever needs doing once. Adding Tags andIn Windows 7 you can add tags Adding ratings to mark your Ratings to yourto every kind of file, from Word favourite files can also makeand Excel documents to documents, music, searching for files muchpictures, photos and more faster and simpler. photos and videobesides. can make searching your filesYou can add tagsto a file (or considerably fastermultiple files and easier.together) inWindows Explorer You can selectby selecting thefile(s). In the multiple files forDetails pane will tagging by selectingappear them all with yourinformation aboutthe file(s) mouse, clicking theincluding any first one andcurrent Tags. holding down theClicking next to SHIFT key whileTags in the DetailsPane will let you selecting the lastadd or update one or by holdingthem. down the CTRL keyYou can also use while selectingsoftware such as multiple files withWindows Live your mouse.Photo Gallery tomake adding tagseasy. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 56 www.thelongclimb.com
  • Part 6 Connecting
  • CONNECTING Getting online ...................................................................................... 59 Network and Sharing Centre .................................................................. 59 Sharing files, folders and media ............................................................. 60 Homegroups ........................................................................................ 61 Windows Mobile Device Centre ............................................................... 62 Device Stage ....................................................................................... 62 Location-aware printing......................................................................... 63 Connecting across a network ................................................................. 63 Maintaining network devices .................................................................. 63QUICK TIPS Can‘t get online? .................................................................................. 59 Sharing security ................................................................................... 60 Better sharing at home ......................................................................... 60 Consider Wireless N .............................................................................. 61 Device Stage notes ............................................................................... 62 Do you have a work laptop you use at home? .......................................... 63
  • GETTING ONLINE NETWORK AND The first things anybody is SHARING CENTREQUICK TIP going to want to do after installing Windows 7 is get Also from this window or from online. the Control Panel you can Can’t get open the Network and Sharing If your PC is connected Centre. This will show you at online? directly to your router or a glance the status of your phone line by a cable you network and internetOpening the will immediately be online connection, and other devices unless Windows 7 has failed and computers your PC canNetwork and see on the network and it will to recognise your networkSharing Centre from hardware (see the chapter allow you to modify andthe system tray or Diagnosing for what to do if troubleshoot problems or set this happens). up a new connection.Control Panel canbring up the If you connect to thenetwork trouble- internet via a wi-fishooter. connection then this is simpler to use than previous WindowsFirst see if your versions.network is active. Ifit is not select In the system tray on the far right of the taskbar isConnect to a the new wi-fi icon, anetwork or series of rising whiteTroubleshoot bars. Click this icon once and a window will appearproblems. showing all the available networks in your area. You can connect to any with a single click. The new Troubleshoot problems tool automates many of the steps involved in finding problems with your network or internet connection. This tool will try and diagnose problems and automatically implement solutions for you. 59
  • SHARING FILES,FOLDERS ANDMEDIA QUICK TIPThe Network and SharingCentre also allows you to Sharingcontrol what you sharewith other computers securityand how you share it. If you want to shareYou can share you documents, photos,internet connection,printer(s) and files. The video and musicsettings here allow you within your hometo set what‘s shared and use the Networkwho can see it. and Sharing Centre You can also share to check yourfolders by Right Clicking security settings areon one or more in Windows set right.Explorer and selecting Sharewith in the context menu thatappears. The security options are clear and easyYou can choose from users on to understand withyour PC and network who thefolder is shared with, or you plain Englishcan share a folder with your descriptionsHomegroup. throughout. Better home sharing Homegroups are an excellent way to share documents, photos, music and video around your home, offering much better security than simple file and folder sharing. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 60 www.thelongclimb.com
  • HOMEGROUPS You if you have more QUICK TIP than one PC in your home running Windows 7 you can Consider share documents, pictures, music, videos wireless N and printers easily by setting up aIf you use a wi-fi Homegroup.network in your When you first installhome and want to Windows 7 at home itstream and share will ask you if youvideo consider want to set one up. A wizard will askupgrading your wi-fi what you want torouter from the share and then in a802.11b or 802.11g single step will set up everything forto 802.11n standard. you and give you aThese codes are password, don‘t loseclearly labelled on this.products either at Any other PC in youronline stores on in home runningthe shops. Wireless Windows 7 will beN offers much able to log into your Homegroup usinggreater bandwidth this password.than previousstandards. Once the Homegroup is set up you can change its settings atThis means that any point, adding orvideo can be sent to removing things toother PCs on your share. You can also share individualnetwork without folders (see theany worries about it guide on thestuttering during previous page).playback. One useful additional feature is the ability to stream media to other PCs and devices. This will mean music and video content can start playing on the other device without being copied across to that device. It plays on the PC it‘s sat on and can be seen and heard on the other. 61
  • WINDOWS MOBILEDEVICE CENTREAny device running Windows QUICK TIPMobile, which includes manymobile phones, now has muchbetter integration with Device StageWindows 7. notes Not every device you plug into your PC will be supported by Device Stage. It entirely depends on Depending on the device whether the you can use this panel to buy supplies, get updates, manufacturer of download manuals and also that device access all the features and supports it.The new Windows Mobile functionality of the device.Device Centre is If they do there areexcellent at all sorts ofautomatically detectingthese devices and has additional servicessimple and easy to use you can get throughoptions for synchronising this featurethem with your PC. including being able to easily buyDEVICE STAGE consumables, get fixes and firmwareA new feature for updates and helpWindows 7, Device and support.Stage can provide easy access These options are alsoto features in, and service and available from a jumplist onproduct updates for your third the Taskbar when the-party hardware. Device Stage for a device is open.Accessed through Devices andPrinters in the StartMenu. Many devicesyou can plug into yourcomputer such as digitalcameras, mobile phonesand MP3 players can, ifthe manufacturersupports it, appearhere. Opening the iconwill open a new windowwhere you can do morewith your device. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 62 www.thelongclimb.com
  • LOCATION-AWARE MAINTAINING PRINTING NETWORK DEVICES QUICK TIP The Enterprise and You can also get quick access Ultimate editions of to the administrativeDo you have a Windows 7 contain a interfaces of hardware such as feature that‘s very useful routers and network-attached work laptop for people who use a laptop storage in this view. you use at both at home and at work. Right click on the home? Location-aware printing icon for the device allows you to set a default will bring up aIf you have a work printer for both locations. context menulaptop running Windows 7 will determine including options which printer you want to such as ViewWindows 7 print to automatically by device webpageEnterprise this determining which network which will allow youversion also you are attached to and will quick and easy access to its change the default printer administrative settings.features location- for that session accordingly.aware printing. Another way to access these is to open the Network andYou can use this CONNECTING ACROSS Sharing Centre and click on View Full Map. Here again youfeature to make A NETWORK can right click on a device tosure that whenever bring up Management URLyou press the print which is quick and easy access Windows 7 makes it easy to to the device‘s managementbutton the correct connect with computers interface.printer will be and network-attachedautomatically storage in your home orselected for you by work network.Windows. Opening Windows Explorer you will see Network listed at the bottom of the Navigation Pane. Clicking on this will bring up details of any other computer and device your computer can see. You can open these to view any files the they are sharing or drag and drop them into your Favourites to provide quick and easy access in the future. 63
  • Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 64
  • Part 7 Securing
  • SECURING How secure is Windows 7? ..................................................................... 67 Anti-virus software ............................................................................... 67 Windows Firewall .................................................................................. 68 Third-party firewall ....................................................................... 68 Windows Defender ................................................................................ 68 User Account Control ............................................................................ 69 Phishing and Spam ............................................................................... 69 Internet threats ................................................................................... 70 Domain highlighting .............................................................................. 70 In-Private browsing .............................................................................. 70 Credential Manager............................................................................... 71 Windows Update .................................................................................. 71 Security glossary .................................................................................. 71 Advanced Firewall................................................................................. 72 Firewall Exceptions ....................................................................... 72 Windows Firewall with Advanced Security ........................................ 72 Bitlocker .............................................................................................. 73 Bitlocker to go .............................................................................. 73QUICK TIPS Worst case scenario .............................................................................. 67 Protect your PC from Spyware ............................................................... 68 Don‘t switch off UAC! ............................................................................ 69 Look for the padlock ............................................................................. 70 Beware the soft squishy thing ................................................................ 71 Get Safe Online .................................................................................... 72 Removing Bitlocker from a drive ............................................................. 73GLOSSARY Downloads............................................................................... Appendix E
  • HOW SECURE IS WINDOWS 7?QUICK TIP Microsoft Windows has come under fire over the Worst case years for being insecure. The simple fact is that scenario Windows is now one of the most secure operatingMany things can systems you can buy.happen if you do For example, if the firstnot have up to date year and a half after theanti-virus software launch of Windows XPfrom your files there were six or so major security flaws highlightedbeing deleted and by the world‘s press. Inlost to your PC the same period afterbecoming unusable Windows Vista launched, there was only one,as chips on your compared to two for Applemotherboard are Mac OS X in the samerewritten. period.In the worst cases, Windows 7 is even more secure but to guaranteecriminals can gain safety and security it can‘taccess to your bank do it without some helpaccounts and steal from you.your identity,running up ANTI-VIRUS This screen will take youthousands of directly to the website for thepounds of bills in SOFTWARE anti-virus vendor you choose. My two personalyour name. recommendations are Widows 7 doesn‘t come with anit-virus software but Microsoft SecurityDo not take risks for the first time will help Essentials and AVG anti-with your PC you to get it. When you virus, both of which are free first install Windows 7 the although AVG also offer asecurity. Action Centre will alert you paid-for security suite that to download anti-virus has additional functionality. software and will take you to a screen where you can The Action Centre will alert choose one to download you if there are any problems and install if you do not with your anti-virus software, have one already. such as it needs updating and hasn‘t done so automatically. You should always keep your anti-virus software up to date and running properly as it‘s the most essential line of defence against attacks from the outside world. 67
  • WINDOWS FIREWALL WINDOWS DEFENDERBuilt into Windows 7 is the The first line of defence infirewall. This is much Windows 7 against spyware QUICK TIPimproved from previous and Trojans, though notversions and, if you‘re careful viruses, is Windowswith your PC security, should Defender. Accessed through Protect yourbe adequate for day to day the Start Menu, thisuse. program will alert you PC from through the Action Centre spywareBy default it will be set to when it needs updating orprovide the protection you when a scan should be run.need. Windows Defender should not be the only software pack- age on your PC pro- tecting you from Spyware, Trojans and other internet nasties. In the appendices, you will find my recommendations for the best free and paid-for inter- net protection soft- ware available. Windows Defender has aTHIRD-PARTY FIREWALL simple interface that allows novice user to quickly a simply update it and searchYou might additionally want to their computers forinstall a third-party firewall Spyware.from a vendor such as CheckPoint or Kaspersky. You can also use third-party spyware removal tools suchThis will not affect the as Spyware TerminatorWindows Firewall and will run without affecting thehappily along-side it. performance of Windows Defender.You may also wish to buy afull security suite such as AVGInternet Security which willinclude anti-virus, firewall andanti-spam software amongothers. These suites are avery good idea. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 68 www.thelongclimb.com
  • USER ACCOUNT It is not recommended that you change UAC from the CONTROL default setting as this will provide you with the bestQUICK TIP UAC is a security feature protection while not being anywhere near as annoying as that was first seen in UAC was in Windows Vista. Windows Vista to help keepDon’t switch off your PC secure. UAC! This feature takes your computerMany people criti- into a protected mode, darkeningcised User Account the screen andControl (UAC) when asking you forit first appeared in permission to continue,Windows Vista for whenever itbeing, frankly, an- detects a potentialnoying. threat to your computer.With Windows 7 it’s It is possible tomuch improved, you change how Usershould hardly ever Account Control protectssee prompts. your computer from the Action Centre. The four available settings are... PHISHING AND SPAMYou should makesure though that Never Notify me when: Your web browser isn‘t theyou never switch it programs to try to install only place you can suffer software or make changes attacks online. They can alsooff. It performs an to my PC, or when I make arrive in your email inbox.extremely important changes to Widows settingsrole on your PC, Spam emails are moreprotecting you and Notify me only when nuisance than a worry unless programs try to make you click on the link containedyour system from all changes to me computer in them.types of attack. (do not dim my desktop) and don‘t notify me when I Phishing emails are more make changes to Windows serious however. These are settings emails, purporting to be from your bank, building society or Default—Notify me only from a reputable website such when programs try to as PayPal, eBay or Amazon, make changes to my that ask you to log in to computer and don‘t notify confirm your account details. me when I make changes to Windows settings Note: These companies and banks will never send you Always notify me when emails like this. If you programs try to install receive one then you can software or make changes guarantee it is a fake. to my computer or when I make changes to Windows settings. 69
  • INTERNET THREATS DOMAINInternet threats come in HIGHLIGHTINGmany forms but modern QUICK TIPbrowsers all contain security Another common feature offeatures to help defend modern browsers is theyagainst them. will highlight the main domain name you are Look for theYour web browser will warn visiting in the address bar. padlockyou one of three ways to a As in the example belowpossible threat. this makes it easy to see if the domain you are visiting When you’re shop-Changing the colour of the matches with what you think it will be. ping, banking oraddress bar, the place you performing any ac- tivity online where your privacy or se- curity could be com- promised always look for the pad-type web addresses in, will lock.change to either yellow or red IN-PRIVATEto warn you of the possible This will appear inthreat. BROWSING the address barA pop-up warning box will Internet Explorer 8 and (left) or, in olderappear in either yellow or red later include a feature browsers, in theto warn you of a possible called in-private browsing status bar at thethreat. (this will have different bottom of the win- names in other browsers).The entire web page will This feature allow you to dow.change to a warning in surf the web completelyeither yellow or red. anonymously, with no You can click on this information about to see who owns the websites you have visited or any the security certifi- passwords or cate for this website usernames you have and judge for your- typed, stored on your PC. self if you think it is valid and whether you want to trust it. Phishing sites will regularly look exact- ly like their real counterparts but will either have noThis may happenwhen you visit a security certificatewebsite or when you or will have a faketry to download one.something. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 70 www.thelongclimb.com
  • CREDENTIAL Identify Theft—Unlawful access to your bank account MANAGER (s), the setting up of credit card or other accounts or the QUICK TIP Hidden away in the Control purchase of goods in your name. Panel is the CredentialBeware the soft Manager. This utility stores Keylogger—A program all the usernames you use to capable of recording what you squishy thing log into other computers, type on your keyboard, network locations and some including usernames and websites. passwords.There can be no Not especiallydoubting the fact useful in itselfthat the weakest except that it‘slink in the security possible to createof any PC is the soft, a backup of these login details thatorganic, squishy you can use onthing in front of the another Windowskeyboard. 7 PC or to keep if Windows needs to be reinstalled.Always be carefulwhat you click on,what information WINDOWSyou give away andto whom. UPDATEIf it looks like it’s too I‘ll talk about Windows Updategood to be true... IT properly in theIS! chapter Guaranteeing but a good defence against viruses Phishing—Emails purporting and Trojans is to make sure to be from a bank or websiteAlso no reputable asking you to log-in to confirm your PC is always kept up tocompany or bank date with the latest patches your identity.will EVER ask you to and updates. Plug-in—A controlconfirm your securi- downloaded from a websitety details, either required to perform an actionthrough a website SECURITY GLOSSARY like watch video. Some plug- ins are malicious.or over the tele- Botnet—A collection ofphone. compromised PCs acting Spam—Nuisance emails. together under the control of criminals to launch attacks Trojan—A program that on corporate and allows back door access to governmental computer control a computer. systems for blackmail or to compromise them. Virus—A malicious program intended to cause harm or Hacker—A person or disruption on a PC or to a persons who gain unlawful user. access to another computer for malicious purposes. 71
  • ADVANCED FIREWALL WINDOWS FIREWALLBy default the Windows WITH ADVANCEDFirewall will provide adequate SECURITY QUICK TIPprotection against hackers andmalicious websites. Howeverthere are times when you Typing Firewall Get safe onlinerequire additional control. into the search box in the Start For information on Menu will bring up the Control the threats whenFIREWALL EXCEPTIONS Panel option you’re online and Windows how to avoid themTyping Firewall into the search Firewall with Advancedbox in the Start Menu will Security. This is for the Britishbring up the Control Panel advanced users or those government, inoption Allow a program with complex network association withthrough Windows Firewall. security requirements. Here you can control every companiesThis is a useful tool if aprogram has been blocked aspect of the Windows including Microsoftaccidentally, or if something Firewall, allowing specific have a website youlike a game requires additional ports to be open and for specific applications, or to can visit at...internet access permissions towork smoothly. overcome problems with network access. getsafeonline.org This facility allows you to This website define inbound and includes help, outbound rules for traffic and monitor firewall advice and tips for activity. keeping your computer free and This features is for advanced users only. your identity secret. The basic firewall interface, located in the Control Panel is suitable for general Windows users. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 72 www.thelongclimb.com
  • BITLOCKER Available only in the QUICK TIP Enterprise and Ultimate versions of Windows 7, Bitlocker is an Removing excellent tool for securing and encrypting full diskBitlocker from drives, thus preventing a drive them from being read if they are removed fromYou can remove the computer orBitlocker security accessed by anfrom a drive by unauthorisedformatting it. You person.can do this by right- Ideally theclicking the disk in system worksWindows Explorer with a TMP (Trusted Platformor through the Module) chip onComputer your motherboard that tiesManagement that drive and the rest of BITLOCKER TO GO the computer together. Thisconsole. system can provide Bitlocker To Go can excellent security for encrypt full volume workers‘ laptops. removable disks including USB hard drives and Pen Drives. It can be set to automatically unlock a drive when it‘s used on specific PC(s). These drives will then only be readable on other computers running Windows 7 or Windows Vista Enterprise or Ultimate editions. 73
  • Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 74
  • Part 8 Configuring
  • CONFIGURING Personalisation ..................................................................................... 78 Themes ............................................................................................... 78 Creating a custom theme ...................................................................... 79 Making things easier to read .................................................................. 79 Adding wallpapers to Windows ............................................................... 80 Displaying hidden themes ...................................................................... 80 Where are the Ultimate Extras ............................................................... 80 Windows 7 optimum configuration .......................................................... 81 Virtual Memory............................................................................. 81 Visual effects ............................................................................... 82 Startup and Recovery ................................................................... 82 Computer name ........................................................................... 82 System protection ........................................................................ 82 Control Panel ....................................................................................... 83 Autoplay ...................................................................................... 83 Date and Time ............................................................................. 83 Default programs.......................................................................... 84 Folder options .............................................................................. 84 Navigation pane ................................................................... 84 Folder views ......................................................................... 84 Search options ..................................................................... 84 Notification area icons ................................................................... 84 Power options .............................................................................. 85 Region and Language options ......................................................... 86 Configuring the Start Menu and Jumplists ................................................ 87 Putting names back on the Taskbar ........................................................ 87 The Recycle Bin .................................................................................... 88 Pinning the Recycle Bin to the Taskbar ............................................ 88 Gadgets .............................................................................................. 89 Installing missing drivers ....................................................................... 89 Step-by-Step—Installing Device Drivers ................................................ 90
  • QUICK TIPS Get more Themes for Windows 7 ............................................................ 78 Better access to the Accessibility options ................................................. 79 RSS powered wallpapers ....................................................................... 80 Modify your system properties ............................................................... 81 Switch on System Protection .................................................................. 82 Devices and Printers ............................................................................. 83 File association by drag and drop ........................................................... 84 The phantom sleeper ............................................................................ 85 Modify your time and date settings ......................................................... 86 Display as menu ................................................................................... 87 Pin the Recycle Bin to the Taskbar .......................................................... 88 Sticky Notes ........................................................................................ 89
  • PERSONALISATION THEMES Windows 7 supports theme packs. These will display in QUICK TIP the main section of the personalisation screen.Windows 7 Home Premium and Get moreabove let you customise your Some of these have moredesktop display as you would than one wallpaper. themes forwith any version of Windows, Selecting one will Windows 7note this is not available in automatically change yourWindows 7 Starter. In the My Themes Right clicking section of the Per- on the sonalisation win- desktop or selecting dow you will get an option to Get more themes online. This will take you to a Microsoft website where you can download lots more theme packs for your computer.Personalisation from the desktop to that theme. YouControl Panel will bring up can them customise howyour options. you want it displayed byThis screen has been choosing the Desktoprationalised from previous Background option from theversions of Windows and is bottom of thenow much easier to use. Personalisation window. Here you can select whatAlong the bottom you have images are displayed asoptions to change the wallpaper, how they appearDesktop Background, on screen and how oftenWindow Colour, Sounds and the image changes.Screen Saver. Then in theleft hand pane are additionaloptions. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 78 www.thelongclimb.com
  • CREATE A CUSTOM MAKING TEXT EASIER THEME TO READQUICK TIP You can create your own Windows 7 has great- themes in Windows 7 to ly improved the ac- Better access share with friends and fami- cessibility options ly. Perhaps a ―Malaga pho- available to users. Into the Accessi- tos‖ theme or one for the Personalisation window bility options ―Classic cars‖. you will see a display option near the bottom of the left This is simple and straight- hand blue pane. forward. You first select the All of Win- picture or pictures you want Clicking this will bring up the dows 7’s accessibil-ity features areavailable quickly bytyping access intothe search box inthe Start Menu. as your wallpaper. Opening Desktop Background from the Personalisation windowHere there are wiz- will allow you to browseards and guides to your computer for images orhelp make your select from a series of pre- defined locations.experience usingWindows 7 more When you have done thispleasant and enjoy- you may want to modifyable. your colour, mouse and sound schemes, again easily Done from the Personalisa- options to Make it easier to read what’s on your screen. Here you can change the de- fault size of all text and icons by up to 150%. This should be done instead of reducing the resolution of your screen. If you are using a flat-panel monitor reducing the resolution will make your screen appear fuzzy and diffi- tion home screen. cult to read. Your new theme will show up in the My Themes section There are additional accessi- of the personalisation screen bility options here including as Unsaved Theme. At the tweaking the Clear Type sys- bottom of the My Themes tem used to make text clear- section is a link to Save er. This is a simple wizard theme. This will allow you that presents various texts to save the currently select- asking you which is clearer ed theme to your hard drive and easier to read. for sharing and emailing. 79
  • Open theADDING WALLPAPERS drive thatTO WINDOWS Windows 7 is in-In the Personalisation window stalled on QUICK TIP fromyou can add wallpapers from Withinany location on your hard Computerdisk. But you can also make and navigate to the fol- RSS poweredsure these are always availa- lowing folder Windows > wallpapersble to Windows, just in case Winsxs. Once there inthey‘re moved for example. the search box in the top More advanced right of that windowIn Computer, open the disk search for *.theme. users might want acontaining your Windows 7 random wallpaperInstallation. This will probably This will bring up a list of scheme poweredbe called ―local disk‖ and can all the available themes,be identified by the Windows many of which will already by the RSS weblogo on the picture of the hard be installed. However publishing stand-disk. there will be other geo- ard. graphical theme packsNavigate here that you can installto... This can be quite simply by double clicking them. complex but blog-Windows ger Long Zheng> Web >Wallpaper and here you can wrote an excellentcopy images, or folders con- article about howtaining images that will then WHERE ARE THE to get started withappear by default in the Per- ULTIMATE EXTRAS?sonalisation view. this feature.Hamad Darwish was one of You might remember that www.istartedsomethe official photographers for Windows Vista Ultimate thing.com/200901the Windows Vista wallpapers. came with ultimate extras. 26/rss-powered-He has some lovely wallpaper This was extra softwarecollections on his website at... available through Win- windows-7- dows Update that includes desktop- www.hamaddarwish.com/ additional games and the slideshows/ Dreamscene feature that winvista.html let you have animated and video wallpapers. There are down- sides to using thisDISPLAYING HIDDEN Ultimate extras has been system which is dropped in Windows 7.THEMES Though Stardock who re- why I’ve not leased a, frankly, far bet- written about it inBy default Windows 7 will ter version of Dreamscene the main body ofshow you a theme based on called Deskscapes may also release a version for the book, but someyour Geographic location orcountry however all the Windows 7. Their website advanced usersworld‘s editions of Windows 7 can be found at... and photo enthusi-come on the same DVD so asts might find ityou can easily unlock the ad- www.stardock.com interesting.ditional countries. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 80 www.thelongclimb.com
  • WINDOWS 7 When this memory is full your PC will use a part of your hard OPTIMUM disk as substitute, or virtual memory. This is a file onQUICK TIP CONFIGURATION your hard disk that will obvi- ously be far slower to read When you first install and write data than the physi- Modify your Windows 7 there are some cal memory itself. System settings you can change in the operating system to help By default, every version of Properties it work at its very best. Windows maintains this virtu- al memory in a very ineffi-Everything in this Everything in this section is cient way, in that it grows and access from the System shrinks the size of the file ofsection is access your hard disk as required. properties window. This isfrom the System accessed by opening theproperties window. Control Panel and selecting This creates a situation where System and Security your other files can becomeThis is accessed by fragmented (split) across the followed by System andopening the Control clicking Advanced system hard disk because the swapPanel and selecting settings in the blue panel on file isn‘t leaving enough space the left of the Window that for them to be saved whole inSystem and Security the place they should be. appears.followed by Systemand clicking Ad- To fix this, you can change the virtual memory file to bevanced system VIRTUAL MEMORY a fixed size. Open the Controlsettings in the blue Panel and selecting Systempanel on the left of You have two types of and Security followed by Sys- storage in your computer, tem and clicking Advancedthe Window that your hard disk which is a system settings in the blueappears. physical spinning disk on panel on the left of the Win- which Windows files and dow that appears. your documents are stored and your memory. By default the pop-up window you now see will have the Ad- When windows and vanced tab highlighted. In programs load, they are the Performance section copied into memory, which click the Settings button then consists of silicon chips that click the Advanced tab in the can pass files and next window that appears. information in and out much faster than a spinning hard disk. The more memory you have installed in your computer the more programs it can have in it and the faster Windows will run. The biggest difference will be the jump from 1Gb of memory to 2Gb or 3Gb. After this point, unless you are working with enormous photographs or other files, the difference in speed in much less pronounced. 81
  • In the Virtual Memory sec-tion press the Change button. COMPUTER NAMEA third window will appear.You should untick the Auto- If you have only a single PCmatically manage paging in your home then chang- QUICK TIPfile size for all drives and ing its name won‘t benefitselect Custom size. At the you. However if you havebottom of this window will be several on a home network Switch onthe minimum and recommend- it can help to identify whiched sizes for your virtual computer, for instance, you systemmemory. Type the Recom- are sharing files or a printer protectionmended figure into both the with.Initial size (MB) and Maximum If you have movedsize (MB) boxes and press the You are asked to name your documents,Set button. Making sure both your computer when youthese numbers are the same install Windows 7, but it pictures and musicwill maintain a constant size can be checked and away from the hardfor the virtual memory file. changed at any time disk or partition through the Computer name tab in the System Windows 7 is storedVISUAL EFFECTS Properties window. on, you will need to turn on SystemIn the same window under the Protection for theVisual Effects tab you can SYSTEM PROTECTION new location forchoose some of the custom those files.effects you see on your Win- Windows 7 includes a clev-dows desktop. er system that quietly backs up older copies of This is a facility thatA common one to change, be- your files as you work on can allow you tocause many people, including them so that if you need recover a previousmyself, think it gives the Win- restore an earlier version ofdows desktop a cleaner look is that file you can. By de- version of a file ifto untick the option to Show fault this feature only pro- you need to.shadows under windows. In the Start MenuThere are a great many op- search box typetions here you can play withwithout upsetting Windows. Advanced settings and open View advanced systemSTARTUP AND settings when itRECOVERY tects your Windows drive or appears in the partition. If you have search results. ClickFor people run- moved your files away from on the Systemning Windows 7 in a here (as described in Part Protection tab anddual-boot configu- 3 : Exploring) you will needration, where you to turn the feature on for turn on systemhave more than that drive. You can do this protection for theone operating system installed under the System protec- drive you haveon your PC, you can change tion tab in the System properties window. stored your files on.the boot order and boot menutime in the Startup and Recov-ery section of the System Set it to only restore previ-Properties window. ous versions of files. You can also specify how much disk space is reserved for this. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 82 www.thelongclimb.com
  • THE CONTROL PANEL AUTOPLAY The Control panel, as with If you are annoyed by the au-QUICK TIP previous versions of windows toplay window that appears is your centralised place for when you put a CD, DVD or all your system settings. USB memory stick into your Devices and PC. Here is where you can By default you will see the change the options for what Printers category view where every- happens by default. You can thing is organised into help- turn these prompts off by se- ful groups. In the top right lecting Take no action.In addition to the of the control panel is a ViewDevice Manager inthe Control Panelthe Start Menunow contains anitem called Devicesand Printers whichis an easier way tosee the status ordevices and modifytheir settings. by option that you can also DATE AND TIME change to large or small icons. This will allow you to easily view all the Control When you click on the clock in panel items should you wish the bottom right of the taskbar to. a full size clock and calendar will appear. The Date and The Control Panel search box Time controls in the Control is also much smarter than in panel allow you to add a se- Windows Vista. A search for cond clock to this window and Disk for instance will imme- change how and when your PC diately bring up a variety of synchronises its clock with the options including Create a internet. password reset disk, defragment your hard drive This is also where you would and free up disk space by change the time and date on deleting unnecessary files. your PC if they are incorrect. In this section I‘ll talk you through some useful chang- es you can make to Control panel items. 83
  • DEFAULT PROGRAMS HIDE DRIVE LETTERSThis Control panel item does In the Advanced settings un-much more than its name sug- der the View menu you can QUICK TIPgests. Here you can choose also untick Show drive let-the default programs for cer- ters.tain actions, such as playing a File associationDVD, but you can change the There is no real reason whyfile association options. This we still need to be looking at by drag andmeans you can select what drives with the C: or D: dropfiles are opened by what pro- moniker attached to them.grams. For instance you can This can make navigatingchange all your music and vid- through your drives look If you have aeo files to open with the Zune cleaner. program open orPlayer (if you have installed it) pinned to theinstead of Windows media You can right click on any taskbar you canPlayer. drag and drop any file onto the icon toFOLDER OPTIONS associate that file type with thatThe Folder options section in disk and select program.the Control panel has several Rename if it isoptions that you might find just called Local From then on, anyhelpful. disk. files of that type will open with theNAVIGATION PANE SEARCH OPTIONS program you’ve selected.If you are missing the old tree- In the Search panel therefolder view from previous ver- are options such as use nat-sions of Windows fear not, you ural language search thatcan restore it here. This re- you can switch on.stores this functionality to theNavigation pane in Explorerwindows. NOTIFICATION AREA ICONSADVANCED FOLDER Also available by pressingVIEWS customise when opening the hidden icons on the taskbarThere are some options under you can change what iconsthe View tab you might like to will notify you of events andchange. what can appear Hide empty drives on all the your computer time. It Hide extensions for can be known file types useful to Show encrypted or com- set your pressed files in colour anti-virus software to always appear. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 84 www.thelongclimb.com
  • POWER OPTIONS Especially useful if you areQUICK TIP running Windows 7 on a lap- top, the power options have been simplified and rational- The Phantom ised. There are now two standard power plans for Sleeper Windows, Balanced and Power Saver. Both plansIn rare instances, can be modified by clicking the Change Plan Settingssome self-build PCs link to their right.can automaticallysend themselves to In the left hand pane ofsleep after only a this window is a link to create your own powersecond or two of plan. This includes, asinactivity. with customising the oth- ers, choosing when to turnIf this happens to off the display and when the computer sleeps.your PC keepmoving the mouse Also in this pane is an op-and pressing the tion to choose what the power buttons do. HereCTRL or ALT key on you can redefine the ac-your keyboard until tions of the power andyou can get into the sleep buttons, and change whether Windows takesPower Options from you to the log-in screen orthe Control Panel. straight to the desktop when it resumes from sleepChange the When I or hibernation.press the Sleep Clicking onbutton action to Do Choose whennothing. From the to turn off themoment you press display or Change whenthe Apply button the computer sleeps andthe problem will then, in when the dis-vanish. play changes, clicking Choose advanced power settings will open a win- dow where you have control over every as- pect of the power man- agement in Windows. This is an incredibly powerful feature and can be used to great effect to minimise power consumption, especially on a laptop. I would recommend this feature is used by experienced users only. 85
  • REGION ANDLANGUAGE OPTIONSThis control panel applet QUICK TIPgives you control overyour location in the world, Modify youryour display formats fortimes, dates and numbers time and dateand your keyboard lay- settingsout.By default, Windows 7 Modifying the timedoesn‘t have the best set- and date settings bytings for the display of opening the Controltime and date. Clickingthe Additional settings Panel, clicking onbutton in the bottom right Clock, Languageof the Format tab in this and Region andWindow will allow you to then Change thechange these. date, time orFor instance, you can number format canchange your default cur- make Windowsrency symbol, how thou-sands are separated and much easier tohow negative numbers understand.are displayed. See the informationUnder the Time tab I tendto change Long Time to (left) on the formatsh:mm:ss tt to show hours I recommend.where there‘s just a singledigit if it‘s less than 10and show the seconds. Ialso change the AM andPM symbols to lowercase.I also find under the Datetab it‘s useful to changethe Long date format todddd dd MMMM yyyywhich will include the dayname (Monday etc.) whenit‘s displayed.Under the Location tabyou can change whereyou are in the world if youare working away and un-der the Administrative tabyou can automaticallycopy your custom settingsto any new user accountsyou create on your PC. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 86 www.thelongclimb.com
  • CONFIGURING THE PUTTING NAMES BACK START MENU AND ON THE TASKBAR QUICK TIP JUMPLISTS By default, the new Taskbar only shows you icons for pro- Right clicking on the Win- grams, the names from previ- Display as dows [Start] Button and se- ous versions of Windows hav- Menu lecting Properties will bring ing been removed. You can up the options to customise restore these names howeverIt can be a time the Start Menu and Taskbar easily. Jumplists.saver changing Right click anywheresome Start Menu Under the Start Menu tab, in a blank space onitems such as pressing the Customise but- the Taskbar and se- ton will bring up a series of lect Properties fromControl Panel from options allowing you to de- the menu.Display as link to fine exactly what appears inDisplay as menu. your Start Menu. In the options panel that appears theThis means all the Taskbar buttons section hasControl Panel items a drop down menu of sever-will pop out from al options. Always Combine, hide labels which is the de-the side of the Start fault, Combine whenMenu when you Taskbar is full and Neverclick on Control Combine.Panel. This can also These latter two options willbe done with other restore the text for all run-items. ning programs. To access There are also other options in this window such as mov- this, Right ing the taskbar around your click on screen. the Windows orb *Start button+and selectProperties from themenu that appears. At the bottom of this window are the optionsThen under the for choosing the num-Start Menu tab click ber of recent programsthe Customise that will appear in the Start Menu, and alsobutton. the number of recent items that will appear un Jumplists. 87
  • THE RECYCLE BIN %userprofile% AppDataRoamingMicrosoftInteBy default the only icon on the rnet ExplorerWindows 7 desktop is the QUICK TIPrecycle bin. It‘s helpfully …if it doesn‘t automatically labelled Recycle go there. Select your Bin which you don‘t System Launch folder and Pin the Recycle need. You can press the Select Folder remove this name button. Bin to the by right clicking on Taskbar it and selecting Once this new toolbar Rename. You can appears you can unlock the just put a single Full instructions can taskbar and drag it to [space] instead of a where you want and drag be found (left) butname and you will now only and drop any icons you pinning the recyclesee the icon. want in it. You can also bin to the Taskbar right click in it and untick the options Show Text and cleans up yourPINNING THE RECYCLE Show Title and change the desktop and makes icon size from small to it easy to access theBIN TO THE TASKBAR large. Note these options won‘t appear if the taskbar Recycle Bin at all times. It is possible to pin the Recycle Bin to the Taskbar, which This is a little Windows 7 won‘t technical but any allow you to do. user, no matter howOpen an explorer window and inexperienced, canin the navigation pane type… do this. It’s a real is locked. time-saver. %userprofile%AppDataRoamingMicrosoftInterne You will also now t Explorer need to remove the Recycle bin icon from theNote the Space between desktop. RightInternet and Explorer. You‘ll click anywhere inprobably need to change the blank desktopview options so if you do, in space and selectthe same explorer Personalise from the menu.window press the Alt button on In the top right of theyour keyboard and in the View window that appears clickmenu temporarily change the Change desktop icons.settings for Show hidden files… Here you can untick theand Hide Protected Operating Recycle Bin, preventing itSystem files.In this folder create yourself anew folder that I‘ve calledSystem Launch.Now click anywhere in a blankspace on the taskbarand select Toolbarsand New Toolbar. Inthe window thatappears navigate to… Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 88 www.thelongclimb.com
  • GADGETS INSTALLING MISSING The Sidebar from Windows DRIVERS QUICK TIP Vista has been dropped but he gadgets remain. It‘s rare that Windows will install drivers for every single Sticky Notes Right clicking piece of hardware on your anywhere in a machine when you install it blank space on without missing one or two.The sticky notes your desktop andhave been removed selecting Gadgets You can install missing drivers from the menu by accessing Device Managerfrom the Gadgets that appears, or from the Control Panel. Herepanel from selecting Desktop you will see any hardware theWindows Vista but Gadgets from the drivers has not been installedthey’re still there. Start Menu will bring up the listed under Other devices.They now exist as aprogram in the StartMenu, but if youstill want them asgadgets, andwithout having anicon permanentlyon your Taskbar,you can re-download thegadget by clickingGet more gadgetsonline in theGadgets window You can right click on gadgets panel. Windows 7 any of these and getand search for comes pre-loaded with a Windows 7 toSticky notes. series of gadgets but a great automatically find many more are available the correct driver, or online. To get more gadgets point it manually to click on the Get more the location of the gadgets online link in the correct driver for bottom right of this window. your hardware. Gadgets can be placed anywhere on your desktop and can be viewed at any time using Aero Peek, rolling your mouse over the button on the far right of the Taskbar. For more information see the Step-by-Step guide on the next page. 89
  • INSTALLING DEVICE DRIVERS From the Control Panel open Hardware and Sound then in theDevices and Printers sectionopen Device Manager if you are looking atthe standard ‗category view‘ control panel.If you are looking at all Control Panel itemsyou will see Device Manager in the list. Any unidentified devices will be displayed under Other Devices with a small yellow icon. Right click on the item you want to install the driver for and selectUpdate driver software. You can choose whether to get Windows to search for compatible drivers online, or to install fromthe driver disk that came with yourhardware.If Windows did not find the driverwhen it was installing, the secondoption might be better. Point Windows at the next screen to the location of your drivers on your CD, DVD, SUBpen drive or hard disk.Windows 7 is extremely good atinstalling drivers form this point.If the drivers are incompatibleWindows will inform you and askfor another driver location. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 90 www.thelongclimb.com
  • Part 9 Playing
  • PLAYING Games ................................................................................................ 93 My game won‘t run ............................................................................... 93 Gaming mode? ..................................................................................... 94 Share music and video .......................................................................... 94 Windows Experience Index .................................................................... 95 Windows Media Centre .......................................................................... 95 Step-by-Step—Setting up a Homegroup ................................................ 96 Step-by-Step—Connecting to a Homegroup ........................................... 96 Parental controls .................................................................................. 97 Live Family Safety ................................................................................ 97 Step-by-Step—Setting up parental controls ...................................... 98-99 Video, DVD and Blu-Ray support .......................................................... 100 Burning discs ..................................................................................... 100QUICK TIPS Hiding games ....................................................................................... 93 Boost performance for games ................................................................ 94 Your PC as a TV ................................................................................... 95 Keep yourself and your family safe ......................................................... 97 Movies on the move ............................................................................ 100
  • GAMES MY GAME WON’T RUN First introduced with Some games are blocked by aQUICK TIP Windows Vista, Windows 7 feature called Data Execution has a Games panel Prevention. This is designed available form the Start to stop viruses and trojans butHiding games Menu. can also affect some games. The first time youNot everybody will open this Windowswant to see all the will ask if you wantgames available in it to manage updates and savedWindows. game information.You can hide anygame in Windows7’s Games Explorerwindow by right-clicking on it andselecting Hide thisgame. This is useful because games carrying the Games In the Control Panel open for Windows logo and System, then Advanced many others can now have system settings. In the updates and patches options window that appears delivered directly to your click on the Settings button in PC, and automatically the Performance section of the installed, through this Advanced tab. system. This takes a lot of the worry out of gaming, In the window that appears particularly with some of click on the Data Execution the more complex games Prevention tab. Here you can today. add you game to the exceptions list by pressing the The number of games Add button and navigating to, available to you varies and selecting the game on depending on your version your hard disk. of Windows. Clicking on a game will bring up information about it‘s rating and suitability for younger players. 93
  • GAMING MODE? SHARE MUSIC ANDOne of the biggest criticisms VIDEOlevelled against Windows Vista QUICK TIPwas that there was so much Available in the Networkrunning in the background and Sharing Centre fromthat doing anything felt the Control Panel and also Boostsluggish, this was doubly so from Windows Media Playerfor intensive processes like are the media streaming performancegaming. options. for gamesWindows still doesn‘t have a Some third-party‗gaming mode‘ howeverWindows 7 is much fitter and programs exist forconsiderably faster than Vista. boosting game performance during gaming. One such example is Game Booster from iobit software. You canOwners of ATI graphics cards These allow you to share download it from...can download a utility fromtheir website called AMD music and video wirelessly,Fusion. if you have a wireless home www.iobit.com/ network, with other gamebooster.htmlAMD describe the utility as ―It computers and devices inworks by temporarily shutting your home, such as somedown background processes internet radios.and intensifying processorperformance with AMD Boost.That means you can keep allthe features of MicrosoftWindows ready for when youneed them, but turn them offwhen you are ready to getdown to serious business –gaming―The software will provide There is also an option tobetter results on a PC that securely share your musicalso has an AMD processor. with other PCs over the internet, so you can have Several people have access to your music when also written scripts in away from home. the new PowerShell scripting language. These shares show up as You can search for Media Devices in the these on-line but Network section of Explorerthese should only be used by windows.technical Windows users. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 94 www.thelongclimb.com
  • WINDOWS EXPERIENCE INDEXQUICK TIP Your Windows Experience Index, accessed through Performance Information Your PC as a and Tools form the Control When you first start Windows TV Panel, is a score from 1.0 to Media Centre you will be 7.9 that some games use to asked to set up your libraries show the minimum (where your music, video andAs PC screens specification needed for it to pictures are stored) and to setbecome bigger, run. up your TV signal if your PCand more all-in- has a TV tuner card installed.one machines aresold, it’s nowpossible to useWindows MediaCentre as a viablealternative tohaving a separateTV in your livingroom or bedroom.You can buy MediaCentre remotecontrols from yourlocal electronics orPC store. Your score is determined by Windows Media Centre has it‘s lowest component, in been improved since Windows the example here this being Vista and is now more sensi- the graphics card. bly laid out and easier to use. WINDOWS MEDIA If you are using Windows Me- dia Centre as your main en- CENTRE tertainment centre on your TV, you might want to go into Tasks, then Settings, General, Startup and Window Behav- iour and tick Start Media Cen- In every edition of Windows tre when Windows Starts to 7 except Starter is Windows get it to start up automatical- Media Centre, Microsoft‘s ly. entertainment centre designed to be used on TV screens via a remote control. 95
  • SETTING UP A HOMEGROUPHomegroups are new to Windows 7 and they‘re an excellent way to shareMusic, Pictures, Photos, Videos and Printers with other PCs running Windows 7on your home network. This feature, as of the time of writing, will only workon PCs running Windows 7, though Microsoft may decide to back port it toWindows Vista and Windows XP later via a service pack. To create a Homegroup open Network and Internet from the Control Panel and then click on Homegroup.Alternatively you can type Homegroup intothe search box in the Start Menu.Select the file types you want shared fromthe current computer with the Homegroupand press Next. Your Homegroup will be automatically created and you will be given a password to type into computers thatwant to join the Homegroup. You can change your Homegroup settings at any time by selecting Homegroup from the Control Panel or by searching for it in the Startmenu search box.CONNECTING TO A HOMEGROUP On another PC you want to connect to the Homegroup open Homegroup in the ways described above. The system will show all available Homegroups(remember the host PC must be switched on).You will be asked for the password and thenwhat files and documents you want sharedfrom the new PC. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 96 www.thelongclimb.com
  • PARENTAL CONTROLS LIVE FAMILY SAFETY Windows 7 has in-built Part of the Windows Live Suite QUICK TIP parental controls that are available to download at... really quite powerful and useful. There‘s no real Download.live.com Keep yourself need any more to buy a third-party application for Is Family Safety, this is the and your this as the only missing final piece of the puzzle in family safe component is available as a Windows 7‘s parental controls. free download from the Microsoft website. Family safety allows you toParental controls filter and monitor the websites Full instructions on how to children are visiting throughthemselves aren’t set up the parental controls whitelists and blacklists thatenough to keep you are on the Step-by-Step are automatically maintained guide on next page, but it‘s and updated by Microsoft.and your PC safe. very easy to do. You have the option ofCheck out the latest You can select the allowing of blocking specificsafety advice from maximum game rating websites yourself if you wantyour internet children are allowed to play, as well. and you can select from aservice provider or large number of rating The system requires users tofrom a website like systems. If a game has no log-in using a Microsoft Livethe excellent official rating, you also have ID [formerly known as a the option to block it Microsoft Passport] which, if automatically. you have a Hotmail or MSNwww.getsafeonline. org email account, you will already Usefully, you can also set have. Another piece of the times during which software in the Live suite people are allowed to log-in however will allow for and use the PC. automatic log-in. 97
  • SETTING UP PARENTAL CONTROLS The first step is to create an account for the child / person you want to limit access to.Click your logon picture at the top right ofthe Start Menu and in the window thatappears click the Manage another accountlink.You will need to have a password on your[Administrator] account to set these up. You now need to create a new user account for the person if you have not done so already.This will need repeating for each personyou want set up in parental controls.Make sure you set them as Standard Usersand NOT Administrators.If you have already set up accounts, skip toStep 3. If you have already set up an account, or after you have done so, click on the relevant account and then click the link Set upParental Controls. Windows will now ask for what user you want to set up Parental Controls. Select the appropriateuser. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 98 www.thelongclimb.com
  • SETTING UP PARENTAL CONTROLS You will now find yourself in the main controls window. Here you can select what controls you want to set up or modify. In the time restrictions options, you can click and drag blocks to select when the user will beallowed to use the PC.The parental controls will not let them log-in or use it outside of these times and willwarn them when the end time is close. You can also choose if the user is allowed to play games and even, if you want, block specificgames from being played. The final screen allows you to choose a ratings system you want to use. Here, asthis PC was set up in the UK,Windows has automatically chosenthe BBFC rating system.If you are unsure which to use, have alook at a box for one of your child‘sgames.You can select the maximum age theyare allowed to play to. This integrateswith the Games Explorer from the StartMenu. 99
  • VIDEO, DVD AND BURNING DISCSBLU-RAY SUPPORT Windows 7 has native support for burning data QUICK TIP CDs, DVDs and Blu-Ray discs. Movies on the Right clicking on a file, or aWindows 7 comes pre- selection of several files will moveconfigured with a wide range give you an option to Sendof popular video codecs. This to... And your optical drive Windows 7 willmeans the videos you‘ve will appear in the list.recorded from your camcorder natively play bothin DivX or XviD formats will DVD and Blu-rayplay straight away without movies, making it aany hassle. This is a hugeimprovement over previous viable option forversions of Windows where watching moviesfinding the right codec on the move andpack could be fiddly. while travelling.Windows 7 will alsonatively play DVDs and Check your power-Blu-Ray movies so if usage settings inyour PC or laptop comesfitted by a Blu-Ray the Control Panelplayer, you can watch to get the best outhigh definition movies at of your battery ashome or on the go. the constant spin-Because the support for this is Windows 7 also now ning and reading ofbuilt into Windows itself, any natively supports burning the movie discmedia player that uses this ISO disc images, should you have any. Right could drain yoursupport can play your movies.This includes Windows Media clicking on an image will power before thePlayer and Windows Media bring up a Burn disc image credits roll.Centre. The latter is designed option.to be used froma distance byremote controland, if your PCcame with aremote controland has a bigenough screen,this is certainlythe way towatch moviesfull-screen.For any codecsthat are missingyou can find my This will also appear as anrecommendation for an option in the Explorerexcellent codec pack in toolbar when you click onAppendix E. an image file. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 100 www.thelongclimb.com
  • Part 10 Communicating
  • COMMUNICATING Windows Live ..................................................................................... 103 Photo Viewer ..................................................................................... 103 Widows DVD Maker ............................................................................ 103 Contacts ............................................................................................ 104 Moving to Windows Live Mail ................................................................ 104 Importing your calendar into Windows Live Mail ..................................... 105 XPS documents .................................................................................. 105 Sideshow........................................................................................... 105QUICK TIPS Microsoft Powertoys ............................................................................ 103 Backup your email before installing Windows 7 ...................................... 104 XPS vs PDF ........................................................................................ 105
  • WINDOWS LIVE PHOTO VIEWER Many of the programs we Windows Photo Viewer is one QUICK TIP used in previous versions of of only two applications to Windows, like Mail, remain in Windows 7, the Calendar and Movie Maker other being Windows DVD Microsoft have been removed in Maker. It is a stripped down Windows 7 and ported to version of Windows Live Powertoys the separate Windows Live Photo Gallery and, frankly, I‘d Essentials Suite. recommend installing that version from the WindowsMicrosoft have This makes a lot of sense Live Essentials Suite andreleased powertoys because it means they will using that instead. be updated more regularly,for previous and the features in themversions and will be much better than if WINDOWS DVD MAKERadditional software they were bundles with Windows itself.including the Windows DVD maker is aexcellent SyncToy You can download Windows useful tool for creating DVDsbackup program Live Essentials Suite from... on your PC from photo libraries or home videos.and a utility to allow download.live.comyou to view and edit It is entirely wizard drivenall the additional The suite also includes and extremely easy to use.tags added by Messenger, the Live Internet Explorer Toolbardigital cameras to and the useful Familygive extra Safety software, whichinformation about provides internet contentyour photos. filtering for the Windows 7 Parental Controls.It’s worth visitingthe Microsoftwebsite occasionallyto look for anythingnew. You can choose which programs you want installed when download the main installer. 103
  • CONTACTS On your Windows 7 PC, you will need to import mail and contacts separately. TheThe old Windows Address procedure is the same forBook is alive and kicking both. QUICK TIPthough it‘s no longer a verygood option because nothing Press the Alt key on yourseems to use it. Windows keyboard to bring up the Back up yourLive, Gmail and Yahoo! mail menu and select Importall use their own address email before from the File menu. Herebooks and the Windows Live you can point Windows Live installingEssentials Suite also has it‘s Mail at your mail and con- Windows 7own contacts file. tacts backup and import them.You can open these contactby clicking on your name in If you store your If you are using a Hotmailthe top right of the Start account there will be no email in a programMenu. need to do this as your like Outlook Express email and contacts will be in XP or Windows automatically downloadedMOVING TO WINDOWS and synchronised with your Mail in Vista you webmail when you set up should use thatLIVE MAIL your email account in Win- program to back up dows Live Mail. your email toIf you are moving from storage such as anWindows Mail on WindowsVista or Outlook Express 6 on external hard diskWindows XP it‘s simple to before installingimport your contacts and Windows 7.email into Windows Live Mail.In Windows Mail or Outlook Windows EasyExpress go to the File menu Transfer will not[in Windows Vista, press the copy those emailsAlt key on your keyboard tobring up the menu] across, even if youand select the have alreadyExport option. Here installed Windowsyou can export yourmail and contacts. Live Mail. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 104 www.thelongclimb.com
  • IMPORTING YOUR XPS DOCUMENTS CALENDAR INTO The XPS document formatQUICK TIP WINDOWS LIVE MAIL was introduced by Microsoft a few years ago as a potential rival to Adobe‘s popular PDF, Sadly, Windows Live Mail portable document format. XPS vs PDF does not, at least at the time of writing, have the While not as popular it‘s still ability to import calendars. sometimes very useful.If you want a Windows 7 has the ability to If you are using Windows view and create XPS filesportable document Calendar on Windows Vista natively. This can be usefulformat to use for and have a Hotmail, Live or for keeping electronic copiessending files to MSN email address you will of, say a sales receiptfriends and be able to retrieve your displayed in a web browser. calendar by following thecolleagues you instructions below. If you The XPS write shows up as acurrently have use another email provider printer so to create an XPSchoice between and are using Windows file, print the document and Calendar in Vista you will select the Microsoft XPSXPS and Adobe’s sadly be unable to import Document Writer.PDF format. your calendar items unless your email providerI can only really provides a similar facility and Windows Live Mail is SIDESHOWrecommend PDF able to synchronise with it.here if you have First introduced with WindowsOffice 2007 or In Windows Calendar, press Vista, Sideshow allows the Alt button on your computers with compatibleOffice 2010 keyboard to bring up the hardware to continue to beinstalled. XPS files menu. From the File menu used even when in sleepcan only be natively select Export and export mode.read by Windows 7 your calendar as an ICS file to a USB pen drive, Sideshow allows applicationsand Vista unless external hard disk or to a to communicate with you viayou download a file on your hard disk you and external display, say onplug-in. Office can burn to a CD or DVD. the lid of a laptop. You can view photos, play music and a2007 can write PDF Next you will need to variety of other tasks.files with a plug-in access your Live accountand Office 2010 can through a web browser. Sideshow has been side-lined in Windows 7 but it is stilldo so natively. 1. Log into your account supported. It won‘t appear at calendar.live.com by default in the ControlWhile PDF files also 2. Press Subscribe Panel but will appear there ifrequire a plug-in, 3. Select Import from an you connect a compatible ICS file. Sideshow device to your PCthis is much more 4. Browse for the [either built-in or bycommon. calendar you want to Bluetooth]. import 5. Click Import Many people have reported Calendar. problems with Sideshow devices in Windows 7 and if you experience difficulties you should visit the support website for your Sideshow hardware. 105
  • Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 106
  • Part 11 Guaranteeing
  • GUARANTEEING Previous Versions ............................................................................... 109 System Restore .................................................................................. 109 Windows Backup ................................................................................ 110 Backing up files and documents.................................................... 110 Create a system image................................................................ 110 System rescue disc ..................................................................... 111 Restoring files from a backup ....................................................... 111 Restoring Windows from a system image ....................................... 111 Step-by-Step—Backing up files and documents .................................... 112 Step-by-Step—Creating a system image backup ................................... 113 Windows Startup repair ....................................................................... 114 Recovery ........................................................................................... 114QUICK TIPS Previous Versions vs Backup ................................................................ 109 System Images .................................................................................. 110 Restoring Windows ............................................................................. 111 Recovery Options ............................................................................... 114
  • PREVIOUS VERSIONS or a new piece of software is installed. You can manually create a restore point however Windows 7 includes a by typing create a restore QUICK TIP feature called Previous point into the Start Menu Versions that can keep search box. copies of your documents as Previous they change, enabling you to revert to a previous copy Versions vs if you make a change you Backup later want to undo.Previous versions This feature needs to becan be a useful way enabled. If you have moved your documents away formof reverting to an the hard disk or partition onolder version of a which Windows 7 is installedfile. However it see System Protection in the Configuring chapter fordoesn’t always instructions.index every file andwon’t work if the Right clicking on a file will bring up a menu from which You can access Systemfile has been you can select Restore Restore through openingdeleted. previous versions. If any Backup and Restore from the previous copies of the file Control Panel and clicking onYou should still exist, they will show up in the link Recover systemmake regular the window that appears. settings or your computer Selecting one will allow you from the window that appearsbackups of your to restore it.software usingWindows Backup or NOTE: Previous Versions shoulda third-party backup not be reliedsolution. upon as an alternative to backing up your files, as there is no guarantee Windows will have an older copy of your files. It will also not allow you to recover deleted files. or by typing System Restore into the Start Menu search SYSTEM RESTORE box. As with previous versions of Windows, System Restore is a good way to recover your PC if something goes wrong. Restore points are created automatically when a major change is made to your computer, such as a driver 109
  • WINDOWS BACKUP CREATE A SYSTEMBackup has been streamlined IMAGEand simplified in Windows 7. QUICK TIPIt is now available in the Windows Vista included theControl Panel or the Start ability to create a fullMenu as Backup and Restore. system-image of your System Images Windows installation, so that if something went wrong you could restore it When you haveBACKING UP FILES AND and within 15 or 20 minutes installed WindowsDOCUMENTS you‘d have a fully working 7, configured it how copy of Windows again. This invaluable inclusion you want andYou can easily back up your was dampened by only installed all yourfiles, documents, music, being available in Vistaphotos, pictures and video software you Business and Vistawith the wizard-based backup Ultimate. should create asystem. Click Set up Backup backup image.in the Backup and Restore The good news is that thisCentre to start this process. feature is now available in This is a snapshot every single edition ofYou can set automatic backs Windows 7. There is a of your PC, theto another hard disk or Step-by-Step guide later drive or partitionpartition in your computer. in this chapter on how to containingThere is a Step-by-Step use this facility but I doguide in this chapter on how to thoroughly recommend Windows 7 anyway,do this in detail. that, after you have at that moment in installed Windows and your time. You can use this to restore Windows to a fully working copy in just ten minutes or so if something goes wrong or Windows starts to misbehave.You can save your backups toanother hard disk or partition programs, and configuredin side your machine, an everything the way youexternal hard disk, DVD or Blu want it, that you create a-Ray disc or onto a home system image.network device. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 110 www.thelongclimb.com
  • You can save your backups to another hard disk or RESTORING FILES FROM partition in side your machine, an external hard A BACKUP disk, DVD or Blu-Ray discQUICK TIP or onto a home network To restore files you have device. previously backed up open the Backup and Restore centre Restoring and in the Restore section Windows SYSTEM REPAIR DISC should be details of your most recent backup. You can clickYou can create a To restore a system image on this to run the restoresystem repair disc backup you need to boot wizard. your PC from either yourby typing repair Windows 7 installation DVD If your backup doesn‘t showinto the search box or a system repair disc. up here, for instance it isin the Start Menu stored on a network location If you want to keep your you are temporarilyand selecting disconnected from, click the Windows 7 install DVD safeCreate a System then creating a system link Select another backup toRepair Disc. rescue disc is an excellent restore files from and search option. for your backup file.This disc can be You can create this on aused to restore blank CD or DVD and it will RESTORING WINDOWSWindows 7 in the contain tools for repairingevent that you Windows 7 in the event of a FROM A SYSTEM IMAGE problem and restoring fromcannot get it to your system image backup If you need to restoreboot. as well. Windows from a system Click on Create a system image, boot your PC from theYou can also start Windows 7 install DVD or your repair disc in the Backupyour PC from your and Restore centre to bring System repair disc and, whenWindows 7 install up the wizard which will prompted, click the Repair walk you through this your computer link.DVD to achieve this process.as well. This will find your backup image, unless it is stored remotely in which case you can search for it, and restore you to a fully- working copy of Windows in between 10 and 20 minutes. 111
  • BACKING UP FILES AND DOCUMENTS Open the Backup and Restore centre from the Start Menu or the Control Panel and click the link Set up Backup.You will be asked where you want to store yourbackup. This can be on a local hard disk orpartition, an external hard disk, a set of DVDsor Blu-Ray discs or on a home network. Next you will be asked if you want Windows to select the best files to be backed up or if you want to choose thefiles and folders yourself.By default, Windows will want to includea system image which will make yourbackup very large and slow the backupdown. Any problems that appear in yourcomputer over time could also be backedup into future images. I suggest youcreate a system image separately. If you want to choose what files and folders are backed up you can do so on the next screen.You will also be prompted at the bottom of thisscreen to create a system image. As before, Irecommend you do this separately. The next screen will show you what files ND folders are to be backed up and it will give you the option to set an automaticbackup schedule.Click in the Change schedule link to set theschedule you want your backup to run.Daily, weekly or monthly and atwhat times of what days. When you are ready to start your first backup press the Save settings and run backup button. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 112 www.thelongclimb.com
  • CREATING A SYSTEM IMAGE BACKUP Open the Backup and Restore centre from the Start Menu or the Control Panel and click the link Create a systemimage in the left hand pane.Select the location on which you wantyour system image to be stored. Thiscan be a hard disk or partition in yourPC, an external hard disk, a series ofDVDs or Blue-Ray disc or a networklocation.NOTE : If you connect your PC to yournetwork via Wi-Fi I do not recommendstoring your system image on anetwork. The next step is to decide what hard disks or partitions will be included in your backup. Isuggest only including the drive onwhich Windows is installed.NOTE : If you include a hard diskcontaining your files, those files willalso be restored to earlier versionswhen you restore the image and anyfiles created after the image wasmade will be deleted. At the next screen the wizard will show you the backup settings you have chosen.Press Start backup to create the systemimage.NOTE : I suggest that you close all yourrunning programs and that you do notuse Windows while the image is createdto prevent any problems occurring. 113
  • WINDOWS STARTUP RECOVERYREPAIR In the Control Panel is an item called Recovery. Here QUICK TIPIf disaster strikes and are links to help you useWindows 7 won‘t start then it System Restore or to restorehas a clever trick up its your files form a backup.sleeve. Startup Repair will Recoverydetect that you can‘t get Clicking Advanced Recovery OptionsWindows to work and it will Methods will help you restoreautomatically kick in to try your PC from a System Im-and solve the problem. age or, if required, reinstall Opening the Windows 7 from scratch us- Control Panel andThis is a series of programs on ing your original installationyour hard disk that are DVD. selecting Recoveryautomatically run at start-up if gives you a greatWindows cannot start. many ways toIn the unlikely event that even recover a faultyStartup repair won‘t start, it‘s Windows 7also contained on your installation or lostWindows 7install DVD documents.and on anySystem repair This should be yourdiscs that you first port of call ifcreate.Popping one something isof these into wrong with youryour DVD copy of Windows 7.drive andbooting from You can start withit will havethe same running Systemeffect. Restore to try and restore your copyIt is a veryefficient and of Windows 7 to ahelpful way to time before thefix Windows. error or problemIf Startuprepair can‘t occurred.fix theproblem thenonly restoringfrom aSystem imageor reinstallingWindows fromscratch willget youworkingagain. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 114 www.thelongclimb.com
  • Part 12 Maintaining
  • MAINTAINING Cleaning Windows .............................................................................. 117 Disk Clean-up .................................................................................... 117 Disk Defragmenter ............................................................................. 117 Windows Update ................................................................................ 118 Windows Defender .............................................................................. 118QUICK TIPS Third-party cleaning tools .................................................................... 117 Keep Windows up-to-date ................................................................... 118
  • CLEANING WINDOWS DISK DEFRAGMENTER It‘s the case with every Also located in the Start MenuQUICK TIP operating system that over by searching for clean or in a period of time it will get Accessories and then System clogged up with temporarily Tools is the Disk Third-party files and other stuff that will Defragmenter. ultimately slow it down.cleaning tools Keeping Windows lean is relatively simple and should beAppendix E done every month or two to keep Windowscontains my 7 running smoothlyrecommendations and efficiently.for third-partysoftware. Thisincludes tools for DISK CLEAN-UPcleaning and Located in the Startmaintaining Menu by searchingWindows 7. for clean or in Accessories and thenCleaning out System Tools is the Disk Clean-up tool.temporary files and Over time, as your hard disk This wizard will walk youcleaning the or partition fills up with through removing any old, temporary files, documents,registry can have a temporary and unwanted music, photos and other files files on your PC.tremendous effect you save can becomeon keeping fragmented. This means there There are better third-party isn‘t enough space forWindows 7 running tools on the market, see Windows to store the filesmoothly. Appendix E, but this is a where it wants to so, instead, good, useful tool. it breaks the file into smaller chunks and scatters it around. This can make accessing your files very slow. The Defragmenter shuffles all these pieces of files around so that the files are complete as they ought to be. You can, and should, set the defragmenter to run on an automatic schedule. This will happen quietly in the background, you will never know it‘s happening, but it will help keep Windows 7 feeling quick. NOTE : You should not defragment too many drives or partitions at once as this can be slow and put a lot of physical pressure on the disks. 117
  • WINDOWS UPDATE WINDOWS DEFENDERWindows Update is the system Windows Defender is theintended to keep your copy of anti-spyware software that QUICK TIPWindows up to date with the comes with Windows 7.latest updates and patches. You can set it to run on aYou should have it switched schedule you specify but Keep Windowson and can set it to download should also use other anti-and install new updates at a spyware software as well. up-to-dateschedule to suit you. You should make sure that Windows Update is left switched on to download recommended updates. This will make sure your PC is always patched with the latest and most up- to-date fixes for both it and any other Microsoft software.You can accessWindows Updatethrough the StartMenu or the ControlPanel.When you first useWindows Update inWindows 7 you will see a boxin the middle of the windowsaying ―Find out more aboutfree software from MicrosoftUpdate. Click Here fordetails.‖ This is a usefulfeature to switch on as youwill then also receive updatesfor Microsoft Office and othersoftware you have installed.In the main Windows Updatewindow you will see a colour-coded box, Red, Amber orGreen , letting you know thecurrent status of your PCregards updates. If it is greenyour PC is fully up to date. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 118 www.thelongclimb.com
  • Part 13 Diagnosing
  • DIAGNOSING Action Centre ..................................................................................... 121 Performance Information and Tools ...................................................... 121 Event Log .................................................................................. 121 Performance Monitor ................................................................... 122 Resource Monitor ........................................................................ 122 Task manager ............................................................................ 122 System Information .................................................................... 123 System Health Report ................................................................. 123 Step-by-Step—Installing a Device Driver ............................................. 124 Step-by-Step—Removing and Reinstalling Drivers ................................ 125 Step-by-Step—Rolling back a driver .................................................... 125 Step-by-Step—Seeking Remote Assistance .......................................... 126 System Restore .................................................................................. 127 The System File Checker ..................................................................... 127 Startup Repair ................................................................................... 127 Program compatibility ......................................................................... 128 XP Mode ............................................................................................ 128QUICK TIPS Keep and eye on the flag ..................................................................... 121 Use the Task Manager ......................................................................... 122 Health Reports ................................................................................... 123 System File Checker ........................................................................... 127 Program Compatibility Trouble-shooter ................................................. 128
  • ACTION CENTRE The first place to check forQUICK TIP solutions to problems your computer might be having is the Action Centre, Keep and eye accessed from the flag on the Taskbar or through the on the flag Control Panel. As Windows encounters For instance, let‘s say thatThe flag icon at the problems it reports many Windows is crashing or blue- of them directly back to screening.bottom right of Microsoft. Occasionallyyour Taskbar will you will find a solutionnotify you by high- fed back directly to yourlighting itself with a PC. The Action Centre will notify you when ared warning cross problem solution iswhen something in available.Windows needsyour attention. PERFORMANCE Clicking on Windows Logs andThis is your prompt INFORMATION AND then System in the left-handthat you will need pane will bring up a list ofto act to fix a po- TOOLS things that have happened with the operating system.tentially harmful Available throughproblem on your the ‗all icons‘ viewpc, such as your of the Control Panelanti-virus software or from the Start Menu isbeing out of date. Performance Information and Tools. Clicking the Advanced link in the left-hand pane will bring up options you can use to help diagnose and fix problems with your PC. You may see some critical errors. Clicking on the error will bring up more EVENT LOG information in the pane below about the error. You may see There is a great a clue, such as details of a deal of technical piece of hardware or a driver information stored name that will tell you if, for by Windows in the instance you have an unstable Event Log. This driver for your graphics card can be extremely useful or if a .dll file is when tracking down a malfunctioning. See the problem. section Fixing Problems later. 121
  • PERFORMANCEMONITOR For QUICK TIP experienced technical users and Use the Task system Manageradministrators only, the Availa-Performance Monitorcan give you detailed ble byreal-time status information rightfor a great deal of hardware click-and software componentsinside your PC. ing on your Taskbar and se-RESOURCE lecting Start TaskMONITOR Manager, this help- ful utility will letThe Resource Monitor you see if any pro-can be useful for seeing grams on your PCproblems with disk or aren’t responding.network throughput ifyou think you may behaving problems, say You can right clickwith your internet on these programsconnection. It will give and select End Taskyou real-time displaysof most things happening with to shut them down.your PC. TASK MANAGER Also available by right clicking on the Taskbar, the Task Manager is your main view into the world of your PC. It will tell youwhat‘s running, how muchprocessor time and memoryprograms are taking up andthis is where you can shut-down hung programs.Under the Applications andProcesses tabs you can right-click on programs and selectEnd Task to shut them downif they have crashed. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 122 www.thelongclimb.com
  • SYSTEM INFORMATION QUICK TIP The system information screen can be veryHealth Reports useful if you need to give anybody detailed information about your PC and the version ofIf you are asking a Windows and thefriend to help diag- software running on it.nose problems with This screen can alsoyour PC it can be prove useful when you wantuseful to first gener- to upgrade your PC andate a System Health need to find new, compatible, hardware.Report, see right fordetails of how to dothis. SYSTEM HEALTHYou can save this REPORTreport and email itor give it to your Generating a System Healthfriend. Report can provide allSystem Health Re- sorts of usefulports contain a information when diagnosing problemswealth of extremely with your PC. It canuseful information inform you of faultywhen diagnosing Windows files or driversproblems with your and much more.PC. 123
  • INSTALLING A DEVICE DRIVER Windows 7 is excellent at finding drivers for hardware but occasionally, as new hardware is released afteryour Windows DVD was created, or aftera fresh install, it may file to find installersfor new hardware.To manually install drivers, openthe Device Manager from theControl Panel or by searching forit in the Start Menu.Any hardware for which drivers arenot installed will show up with ayellow triangle next to them. Right-click on the hardware and from the context menu that appears click Update DriverSoftware. Select if you want Windows to search forthe driver, which won‘t beworth it if Windows hasfailed previously, forinstance when it wasinstalled or if it‘s thenetwork hardware youneed to get online soWindows can searchWindows Update, or if youwant to browse for thedriver on your hard diskor an a supplied DVD.If you find the right folderon the disc, Windowsshould have no problems installing the driver. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 124 www.thelongclimb.com
  • REMOVING AND REINSTLLING DRIVERS If you need to remove or reinstall a device driver, go into Device Manager from the Control Panel and find thecomponent you want to uninstall /reinstall.Right-click on it and from thecontext menu that appears selectUninstall. You may be given an option to Delete the driver software for this device. This can be useful if you are installing a differentdriver version.You can now reinstall the driver using thesteps described on the previous page.ROLLING BACK A DRIVERSometimes it can be useful to go back to a previous driver if you haveupgraded a driver and it becomes faulty. Go into Device Manager from the Control Panel and find the component youwant to roll back the driver for.Right-click on it and selectProperties from the menu thatappears. In the window that pops up, under the driver tab, select Roll Back driver. If there is a previous version of the driver stored that Windows can restore, it will be donenow. You may need to reboot your PC when this iscomplete. 125
  • SEEKING REMOTE ASSISTANCEWindows 7 offers you the ability to let a friend or technical support person(make sure you know they‘re trustworthy) to take remote control of your PCover the internet. Type assist in the Start Menu search box and run Windows Remote Assistance. In the window that appears tell Windows that you want to invite someoneyou trust to help you. The system will ask how you want tosend the invitation.Choose the option that‘sbest for you and pressNext. Once the invitation is sent a windowwill pop up and youshould wait for yourfriend to connect toyour PC.You will be prompted to give them full control and it can be useful to tick thebox that allows them to deal with any UAC User Account Control prompts too. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 126 www.thelongclimb.com
  • SYSTEM RESTORE To use this useful utility, type command into the Start Menu search box and when As with previous versions Command Prompt appears,QUICK TIP of Windows, System right click on it and select Run Restore is a good way to as Administrator. You will now recover your PC if need your Windows 7 install System File something goes wrong. DVD in your main DVD or Blu- Restore points are created Ray drive, but don‘t run the Checker automatically when a installer. major change is made to your computer, such as a In the command window thatThe System File driver or a new piece of appears on your screen typeChecker is an excel- software is installed. You SFC /SCANNOW and presslent utility for re- the Enter key.storing parts of Win- The System File Checker willdows that have be- check every Windows filecome corrupt from against the version on the DVD, and if it finds any filesthe original install that have become corrupt, itDVD, without having will replace them with theto reinstall all of original copy.Windows 7 itself. NOTE: if you have a Windows can manually create a 7 Service Pack installed youInstructions for how restore point however by may need an install DVD withto use this excellent typing create a restore that same service pack on it. point into the Start Menu Check with a Windowsutility can be found search box. technician or on-line forumson the right. You can access System for how to create a Restore through opening slipstreamed Windows DVD.Note if you have Backup and Restore frominstalled a service the Control Panel andpack into Windows clicking on the link Recover STARTUP REPAIR system settings or your7, you may also need computer from the window Windows 7 is quite clever inan install DVD con- that appears or by typing that if it detects a problemtaining that service System Restore into the that‘s preventing it from Start Menu search box. starting, a diagnostic utility,pack. called Startup Repair will runYou can find out SYSTEM FILE to try and fix the problem.online how to slip- CHECKER If youstream a service arepack into a Win- If Windows is getting faulty then it past thedows DVD. BIOS can sometimes be quickly and screen, easily repaired (black using the screen System File with Checker. white text) but Windows is not starting, this utility is also available by booting from your install DVD. 127
  • PROGRAMCOMPATIBILITYWindows 7 is far QUICK TIPbetter able to runolder software than ProgramWindows Vista was.In addition to this Compatibilitythere are some Trouble-useful tools built intothe operating shootersystem.The Program ProgramCompatibility compatibility isAssistant is able to excellent intell you if aprogram, when you Windows 7 but justare installing it, has in case typingany known programcompatibility issueswith Windows. It compatibility intowill give you an the Start Menuoption if it does to search box willcheck for solutionsto help you run the bring up thesoftware. Program CompatibilityAlso if aninstallation does not work Trouble-shooter.correctly, Windows 7 will XP MODEautomatically adjust itself to This is an wizard-accommodate the installation, based system thatand will prompt you to will search yourreinstall it again Using [these]Recommended Settings. Windows 7 Professional software for and Ultimate feature an incompatibility Finally, right- optional plug-in called XP issues and clicking on a Mode. This will allow still program in the incompatible software to automatically apply Start Menu, run in a Virtual Machine fixes to help you get selecting Properties (see appendix F) on your the software from the menu that desktop and it includes a appears and full licenced copy of working again. navigating to the Windows XP Professional.Compatibility tab will allowyou to set the program to run In order to be able to usein a special compatibility XP Mode your motherboardmode for a previous version of and processor will need toWindows. support Hardware Virtualisation. You can find out about this in the manuals for your hardware. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 128 www.thelongclimb.com
  • Part 15 Tweaking
  • TWEAKING MSConfig ........................................................................................... 131 Services ............................................................................................ 131 Third-party tweaking software ............................................................. 132 Readyboost ....................................................................................... 132QUICK TIPS MSConfig ........................................................................................... 131 Be careful of tweaking software ............................................................ 132
  • MSCONFIG This operating system runs far fewer services than previous editions of Windows. Search in the It was the number of running QUICK TIP Start Menu for services that was largely MSConfig and this responsible for Windows Vista useful little utility being very slow. MSConfig will appear. It‘s most useful feature the Startup tab in which youMSConfig, accessed can see, and deactivate,by typing its nameinto the search boxin the Start Menu, is By default only the services Windows 7an excellent utility needs are running. Youfor disabling can look down the listannoying start-up though to view all running services andprograms. shut down any that you feel you don‘t need.For more advancedusers it is also verypowerful for othertasks. every program that‘s set to start when Windows boots.MSConfig shouldnot be used for Many pieces ofdisabling Windows software such as toolbars, utilities forservices though, this disc burning softwareshould always be and updaters fordone through the software are often set to run at startmain Services up.control panel. For Deactivating unnecessary Significant performanceinstructions on how boosts can be gained by doing and unwanted software canto access this see speed up Startup and this, but be careful asthe text on the shutdown times, and speed shutting down the wrong Windows 7 in general use. service can cause Windows toright. crash, unable to restart. SERVICES Typing services into the Start Menu search box will find this utility with its cogs icon that enables you to start, stop and switch off services that are running in Windows 7. 131
  • THIRD-PARTY The only one I can recommend at this time isTWEAKING SOFTWARE Windows 7 Manager from Yamicsoft With every version QUICK TIP www.yamicsoft.com/ of Windows there are always a great windows7manager Be careful of number of third-party tweaking tools that will softwareenable you to tweak thesettings in Windows tohelp you get the best Third-partyfrom it. tweaking softwareUsing third-party can be an excellenttweaking software does tool to help you getinclude risks thatchanging some Windows the best out ofsettings could cause Windows 7.Windows 7 to becomeunstable or even unable Sometimesto boot, so cautionshould always be exercised I have used Yamicsoft however, a badlywhen using these tools. tweaking utilities myself written or before and found them to incompatible toolJust some of the Windows 7 be very professionallytweaking utilities available written, sensibly laid out can render yourinclude... and stable. copy of Windows unusable.EnhanceMySe7en READYBOOST You should always www.seriousbit.com/ make sure you have tweak_windows_7 If you have a spare USB a backup of your pen drive, you can use thisUltimate Windows Tweaker to speed up your system. Windows 7 installation you can www.winvistaclub.com/ Plug the drive in and when reinstall if there is a Ultimate_Windows_Tweaker.html the autoplay window appears select Speed up problem. my system to use the penXdN Tweaker drive as additional memory. It does this by using space xenomorph.net/?page_id=336 on the pen drive to cache programs for faster loading.TweakNow PowerPackwww.tweaknow.com/powerPack.htmlWindows 7 Little Tweaker windows7news.com/2009/05/27/customise-windows-7-with-windows- 7-little-tweaker Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 132 www.thelongclimb.com
  • Part 15 Upgrading
  • UPGRADING Windows Anytime Upgrade .................................................................. 135 Upgrading to Windows 8...................................................................... 135 Adding memory .................................................................................. 136 Upgrading your Graphics card .............................................................. 136 Adding a hard disk.............................................................................. 137 Tips for upgrading your PC .................................................................. 137QUICK TIPS Cheap copies of Windows 7 ................................................................. 135 The 32 bit barrier ............................................................................... 136 What else can you upgrade? ................................................................ 137
  • WINDOWS ANYTIMEQUICK TIP UPGRADE Owners of Windows 7 Cheap copies Starter, Home Premium of windows 7 or Professional can upgrade their copy of Windows 7 in-place to aNormally from better version usingabout three months Windows Anytimeafter launch, which Upgrade. You can use this program to Accessed through the Start transfer all your documents,would put it at from Menu this is a quick and email and settings to WindowsFebruary 2010, far simple way to buy a new 8 when it becomes available.cheaper copies of product key and upgrade windows in as little as 10 Bear in mind however that thisWindows are minutes.available from backup will be extremely big if you have a lot of documents,computer fairs and There‘s no need to reinstall photos and music. If you Windows, everything is done have an external hard diskon the internet. within your current you can back up to this is the installation. best option.Major companiessuch as Amazon,Dabs and e-Buyer UPGRADING TOregularly sell full WINDOWS 8copies of windowsfor about £80 (UK). When Windows 8 launches (it‘s due around 2012), itIt can be worth will have a Windows Easywaiting to upgrade Transfer utility on the disc, similar to the one bundledto Windows 7 to with Windows 7. This willtake advantage of make it easy to transferthe cheaper pricing. your files and documents across. Prices correct as of October 2009 US UK EU Starter to Home Premium $79.99 £69.99 €74.99 Starter to Professional $114.99 £119.99 €184.99 Starter to Ultimate $164.99 £139.99 €204.99 Home Premium to $89.99 £119.99 €179.99 Professional Home Premium to Ultimate $139.99 £124.99 €189.99 Professional to Ultimate $129.99 £84.99 €134.99 135
  • UPGRADING YOUR UPGRADING YOURMEMORY GRAPHICS CARDThe easiest and quickest way The other common way to QUICK TIPto upgrade your PC and upgrade a PC is to changeimprove performance is to the graphics card to enable The 32 bitinstall extra memory (RAM). you to play the latestWindows 7 and your programs games. barrierrun from memory so the moreyou have the more your PC There are two types of 32 bit operatingcan do. If your PC runs out of interface, AGP and PCI- systems cannotmemory it uses space on the Express. In the imagehard disk as virtual memory below the AGP socket is ‘see’ a total amountinstead, which is much slower. yellow on the left and the of memory over long orange socket is on the 4Gb.Memory cards sit behind your right.DVD/Blu-Ray drives in yourcomputer and poke out This includes thevertically from the memory on yourmotherboard. graphics card which is typically between 256Mb and 1Gb. To take advantage of more than 4Gb of memory you will need to be running the 64 bit version of Windows 7. If you do not already have this version running itThey should have a label on will require athem telling you what type ofmemory they are. They will Any complete reinstallusually be DDR, DDR2 or compatible as upgrading is notDDR3 and this will be followed graphics possible.by a speed. The label above card shouldsays DDR PC2700 which you work in your PC, You should be ablecan match up with an onlineshop. It will also tell you how though some may require to get a 64 bit installbig the card is, in this case additional power so you DVD from your PC1Gb. should check the power supply in your PC has a supplier.If you do not have this spare power cable, usually ainformation, look for a model small white one.number you can search onlinefor. Again, always make sure you have discharged anyAlways make sure the PC is static electricity fromswitched off and you replace yourself and replace anymemory carefully, having parts in your computerdischarged any static- carefully.electricity from yourself first. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 136 www.thelongclimb.com
  • ADDING A HARD DISK TIPS FOR UPGRADING If you want more storage in YOUR PCQUICK TIP your PC you can add an extra hard disk drive. Always be careful when working inside your PC. Many What else can Modern drives will connect of the components are very to your PC by a SATA cable. fragile and susceptible to very you upgrade? The ports on your minor changes in electric motherboard will look the charge.The next things you same as in the image below. First check that you have a You should always earthcan upgrade in your yourself. You can do this by free connector.PC is the processor. leaving your PC connected to the main via a cable and, afterCheck the manual removing the side panel,that came with your touching your fingers to unpainted metal on the powermotherboard to see supply (the box the mainswhat socket the cable plugs into) and thenmotherboard has, with your other hand unplugging the power cablethe maximum speed from the back of the PC.the motherboardcan operate at and Also be careful when handling new components as a staticwhat processors are electric shock could short outsupported by it.You may also needto buy a new heatsink for the new The back of the hard disk driveprocessor, though will have socketsmany come with for the power andone anyway. data cables. The small plug is forYou will finally need data, this connects to yoursilicon thermal motherboard, thepaste to go larger is forbetween the two to power. If your powerstop the processor supply does not have a fragile parts like memory andfrom cracking. SATA power connector the processors. hard disk should have a large Molex power socket Never do PC maintenance on a you can use instead that is carpet or another surface normally a white plug. where static electricity can be generated. Always use a flat table-top or similar surface. 137
  • Part 16 Finishing
  • APPENDICES Appendix A : Glossary ......................................................................... 140 Appendix B : Keyboard shortcuts .......................................................... 146 Appendix C : Advanced searching ......................................................... 148 Appendix D : Windows features by edition ............................................. 155 Appendix E : Downloads ...................................................................... 160 Appendix F : Virtual Hard Disks ............................................................ 167 Appendix G : Office 2010 Quick guide ................................................... 169 Appendix H : About the author ............................................................. 172
  • Appendix A Glossary
  • 32 BIT BOOTINGAn older type of computer processor Starting up your computer to usecapable of processing up to 32 bits of Windows.binary data (0 or 1) at a time. They canhandle up to 4Gb of installed memory. DEFRAGMENT64 BIT Files on your hard drive can become fragmented over time. This means thatMuch newer processor designs capable Windows looks for the next best place toof handling 64 binary bits at a time and save your file. However as you deletememory in excess of 4Gb. They offer files this space might not be big enoughsignificant stability and security benefits for it. So it splits the file over theover 32 bit processors. available free space. Over time this can slow your PC downADMINISTRATOR and cause your files to become corrupt. Defragmenting your drive brings all theThe user mode in which software has pieces of your files back together again.full access to change / delete anythingon your computer. Windows Vista bydefault runs in a Standard User mode Fragmented filesto improve security. F i F l i 2 l e e 1 Defragmented filesADSL F i l e 1 F i l e 2The most common type of broadbandinternet access. Asynchronous DigitalSubscriber Line is the access provided DEPby British Telecom and all other non-cable or satellite internet access Data Execution Prevention, a featureproviders. introduced in Windows XP Service Pack 2 to stop viruses. It can also prevent some games from running.AGPAn interface for graphics cards on a PC, DRIVE LETTERShas since been replaced by PCI-Express(PCI-E). Typically C: or A:, these are traditional ways to refer to the hard drives and removable storage in your PC.Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 141
  • DRIVER HARD DRIVE / HARD DISKSoftware that tells Windows how to A physical disk that sits inside your PCcommunicate with installed hardware. on which you store files and data in a non-volatile way (see Memory). Hard disks are measured in Gb units.DUAL BOOTING The disk operates with a series of spinning discs on platters read by aRunning more than one operating on moving arm.your PC. For instance having bothWindows XP and Windows Vista installedand choosing when you switch thecomputer on, which one to boot into. HOMEGROUP A feature in Windows 7 that allows theDUAL CORE sharing of documents, photos, pictures, music, video and printers between PCs running Windows 7 on a network.A processor that has two physical cores(processors) on the one chip. Thisenables faster operation in modern PCsand is the most common form of ICALprocessor found in desktop machines. See WebDav, also the calendar program for Apple computers.DX11DirectX 11 is the new 3D graphics MBengine for Windows Vista, it enablesnew effects in PC games. Megabyte, A unit of measure. 1Mb is approximately the amount of storage you can fit on a floppy disk. ToGB compare, a CD will store approximately 650Mb and a DVD will store 4.5Gb.Gigabyte, A unit of measure. 1Gb =1000Mb. 1Gb is typically enough spaceon a hard disk to store 200 MP3s or MEMORY (RAM)enough memory to allow Windows Vistato run properly. Temporary (volatile) storage for files and programmes while your computer is running. The more memory your computer has, typically between 512Mb and 2Gb, the faster it can run because the less reading of the hard disk is required. Reading and writing to memory is faster than to a hard disk. Memory is measured in either Mb or Gb units. The common types of memory are DDR2 and DDR3 which is newer and faster.Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 142
  • OPERATING SYSTEM PHISHINGAka: Windows 7. The software that acts Emails that purport to be from Banks oras an interface for your computer and websites such as Amazon or eBay thatthat allows you to run software. try and trick you into logging in to what you think is a genuine site to get your passwords and other details.NETWORKA collection of PCs at home or at work PROCESSORthat can share files and data with eachother. The silicon chip at the heart of your PC that does all the computational work.NETWORKING QUAD COREConnecting your computer to a networkof others, either in your home or A processor that has four physical coresonwards to the internet. on a single chip. Thus it can operate far faster than a single or dual core machine. These are commonly used forPARTITION high-end tasks such as gaming, graphics intensive work, mathematical calculations and running a differentYour hard drive can be split into operating system on each core (seeseparate partitions. Each of these Virtual Machine)becomes its own hard drive in theavailable space. For instance a 400Gbhard drive can be split into a 100Gbpartition followed by two 250Gb READYBOOSTpartitions. This is useful for keepingyour data and files away from your A way of increasing the amount ofWindows installation. memory in Windows Vista by plugging in a compatible USB pen drive.PCI-E REMOTE ASSISTANCEPCI Express, the new format forgraphics cards on a PC, replacing the A feature in Windows that allows remoteolder AGP standard. control of your PC over the internet when you give permission, so that someone not in front of your PC can solve problems on it.PDFAdobe‘s Portable Document Format is anexcellent way to transfer documentsbetween people, being operating systemindependent.Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 143
  • REMOTE DESKTOP SSDRemote control of other PCs on your Solid-state disk. A hard drive with nohome or office network. moving parts where all the storage is silicon chip based. SSDs are far more robust and much faster than theirSAVED SEARCHES mechanical alternatives.A search that you can save as a folder SWAP FILEand that can be treated in the sameway, but that holds no actual files and If you do not have much memory,dynamically updates whenever it‘s Windows creates a virtual memory file,opened. called a swap file, that acts as memory but sits on the hard drive. Reading and writing to a hard disk is slower thanSHADOW COPIES / PREVIOUS reading and writing to memory.VERSIONS SYSTEM RESTOREAutomatic backup of previous versions offiles performed by Windows Vista. A feature that takes a snapshot of yourThese previous copies of files can be PC‘s operating system at certain periodsrestored by right clicking on the file and so you can restore the system to thatselecting its properties point in the event of a problem.SPAM TAGSUnwanted, unsolicited email. Named Key words to describe the contents ofafter a pre-cooked tinned meat your files, music or photographs.commonly eaten in the UK during theSecond World War, and usually despisedby all who ate it. TASKBAR The bar that typically runs along theSPYWARE bottom of your screen containing the Windows Orb Button, icons and theUnwanted files that collect on your PC as clock.you browse the internet. Many areinnocuous but some can have maliciouspurposes. They are removed by UACsoftware such as Windows Defender. User Account Control (UAC) is the security system in Windows Vista to guard against virus and other attack.Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 144
  • UI WI-FIUser Interface, a term to describe the Wireless internet access, also calledlook and feel of an application or 802.11. There are four speeds a, b, gOperating System. and n with a being the slowest, n being the fastest and g currently being the most common.USERS FOLDER WINDOWS KEYThe location where your Documents andother personal files are stored. This can The key between CTRL and ALT at thebe moved away from the drive or bottom left of your keyboard, alsopartition on which you have installed known as the Windows Orb (formerlyWindows Vista. the Start Button) on the taskbar.VIRTUAL MACHINE WIMAXA copy of an operating system running The next generation wi-fi with a muchwithin another operating system in a broader range and greatly increasedprotected / separated environment. speed and capacity.Commonly found in testing situations orwith company servers. WINDOWS UPDATE /VIRTUAL MEMORY MICROSOFT UPDATEAdditional memory kept as a hidden file A utility built into all versions ofon your hard drive for when you run out Windows to help keep the operatingof physical memory. This is much system up to date and free fromslower than physical memory. security holes.WEBDAV XPSA way to store calendars online so that Microsoft‘s answer to Adobe‘s PDFthey can be shared with other people. format, the Cross Platform Support document format offers the same advantages that PDFs offer but isWEP relatively new.The typical format for the security keyused to protect access to wi-fi (wireless)networks.Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 145
  • Appendix B Keyboard Shortcuts
  • WINDOWS KEYBOARD SHORTCUTSIt‘s also possible to control many aspects of Windows 7 using just the keyboard. Belowis a complete list of Keyboard controls, most of which will involve pressing the Windowskey (start button on the keyboard). *windows key+ and *M+ ................................................................... Minimise all open windows *windows key+ and *Shift+ and *M+ ............................................ Undo all window minimisation *windows key+ and *D+ ................................................................... Toggle showing the desktop *windows key+ and *Up cursor key+ .................................................. Maximise current window *windows key+ and *Down cursor key+ ......................................... Minimise windows / Restore *windows key+ and *Left cursor key+ ................................ Dock current window to the left side *windows key+ and *Right cursor key+ ........................... Dock current window to the right side *windows key+ and *Shift and Up cursor key+ ........................ Maximize vertical size of window *windows key+ and *Shift and Down cursor key+ ........................................ Restore vertical size *windows key+ and *Shift and Left cursor key+............................. Move window to left monitor *windows key+ and *Shift and Right cursor key+ ....................... Move window to right monitor *windows key+ and *Spacebar+ ..................................................................... Aero desktop peek *windows key+ and *Home+ ....................................... Minimise/maximise all inactive windows *Alt+ and *F4+ ....................................................................................... Close the active window *Alt+ and *Tab+ ....................................................................... Switch to previous active window *Alt+ and *Esc+ .......................................................................... Cycle through all open windows *windows key+ and *Tab+.................................................................................................. Flip 3D *Ctrl+ and *windows key+ and *Tab+ ................................................................ Persistent Flip 3D *windows key+ and *T+ ........................................................ Cycle through programs on taskbar *windows key+ and *Shift+ and *T+............................................... As above, but in reverse order *windows key+ and *R+ ............................................................................. Opens Run dialog box *windows key+ and *P+ ............................................. Show projector / multiple screen options *windows key+ and *G+ ............................................................................ Show desktop gadgets *windows key+ and *L+......................................................................................... Lock computer *windows key+ and *X+ ....................................................................................... Mobility Centre *windows key+ and *++ ................................................................................................... Zoom in *windows key+ and *-+ ..................................................................................................Zoom out *windows key+ and *=+ .................................................................................................Magnifier *Alt+ and *P+ ........................................................................................ Show/hide Preview Pane *Alt+ and *Up+ ..................................................................................................... Go up one level *Alt+ and *Left/Right cursor keys+.......................................................................... Back/forwardAdditionally you can use the following keyboard and mouse combinations. *Win+ and *Any number (1, 2, .., 0)+ ............. Open the corresponding taskbar pinned program *Ctrl+ and *Click a pinned taskbar icon+ ................ Cycle through the program’s open windows *Shift+ and *Click a pinned taskbar icon+ ............................. Run a new instance of the program *Ctrl+ and *Shift+ and *Click a pinned taskbar icon+............... New instance as an administrator *Shift+ and *Right-click on icon+ ................................................................. Show window menu *Shift+ and *Right-click on grouped icon+ ................................................... Show window menu
  • Appendix C Advanced Search
  • ADVANCED SEARCH QUERY SYNTAXAuthor:name Author:mike Finds documents written and / or created by Mike Author:(mike halsey) Find items containing the string Mike Halsey Author(mike or jed) Finds items written / created by mike or jed Author:mike jed Finds items written / created by mike and with jed anywhere in the documentFrom:name From:mike Finds items sent by mikeBefore:date Before:22/10/2009 Finds items created before 22/10/2009After:date After:22/10/2009 Finds items created after 22/10/2009Has:attachment Guide has:attachment Finds items containing the word guide that have attachmentsIs:attachment Guide is:attachment Finds attachments containing with word guideWhen typing dates you can use several methods. The one above is an example but tosearch between a range of dates you can use from:mikesent:27/03/08..22/10/09 as Windows search will recognise all relevant dateformats.In addition you can use the following terms...Relative dates: today, tomorrow, yesterdayMulti-word relative dates: week, next month, last week, past month, coming year,or contracted as thisweek, nextmonth, lastweek, pastmonth and comingyearDays: Sunday, Monday ... SundayMonths: January, February ... DecemberSize:>50KB <70KB Searches for files with a file size between 50Kb and 70KbSize:>=50KB <=70KB Searches for files with a size between 50Kb and 70Kb including the end valuesSize:50KB..70KB The same as size:>=50KB <=70KBDate:>27/3/08<22/10/09 Searches for dates between 27/3/08 and 22/10/09Date:>=27/3/08<=22/10/0 Searches for dates between 27/3/08 and 22/10/099 including the end valuesDate:27/3/08..22/10/09 The same as Date:>=27/3/08<=22/10/09
  • Searching by file typeTo search for Use ExampleCommunications Communications Kind:communicationsContacts Contact Kind:contacts Person Kind:personEmail Email Kind:emailInstant messenger Im Kind:imconversationsMeetings Meetings Kind:meetingsTasks Tasks Kind:tasksNotes Notes Kind:notesDocuments Docs Kind:docsMusic Music Kind:music Song Kind:songPictures Pics Kind:pics Pictures Kind:picturesVideos Videos Kind:videosFolders Folders Kind:foldersFolder name Fordername Foldername:windows7Programs Programs Kind:programsRecorded TV Tv Kind:tvLink Link Kind:linkJournal Entry journal Kind:journalTo search by file storeStore Use Example Store Use ExampleFiles File Store:file Outlook Mapi Store:mapiOffline csc Store:csc Outlook outlookexpress Store:outlookexpressfiles ExpressVideo CalendarProperty Use Example Property Use ExampleName Name Name:paris Recurring Isrecurrin Isrecurring:true Subject Subject:holiday g Recurring:falseExtension Ext Ext:mp3 recurring filext Filext:wmv Organiser Organizer, Organizer:mike by, from Location location Location:sheffield
  • Searching by file typeProperty Use ExampleTitle Title, subject, about Title:consultantStatus Status Status:activeDate Date Date:lastweekDate modified Datemodified, modified Modified:yesterdayImportance Importance, priority Importance:highSize Size Size:>50MBDeleted Deleted, isdeleted Isdeleted:trueIs attachment Isattachment Isattachment:falseTo To, toname To:johnsmithCc Cc, ccname Cc:davidCompany Company Company:inspirareCategory Category Category:businessKeywords Keywords Keywords:sportsAlbum Album Album:greatestFile name Filename, file Filename:2009hitsGenre Genre Genre:jazzAuthor Author, by Author:mikeFolder Folder, under, path Folder:windows7Ext Ext, fileext Ext:.pdfTags Tag, keyword Tag:personalType Type Type:imageProperties for DocumentsProperty Use ExampleComments Comments Comments:excellentLast saved by Last saved by Lastsavedby:mikeDocument manager Documentmanager Documentmanager:mikeRevision number Revisionnumber Revisionnumber:5aDate last printed Datelastprinted Datelastprinted:yesterdaySlide count slides Slides:>20
  • Properties for MusicProperty Use ExampleBit rate Bitrate Bitrate:>150kbpsArtist Artist, by Artist:pinkYear Year Year:1977..1987 Year:>1980<1990Album Album Album:‖greatest hits‖Genre Genre Genre:rockLyrics Lyrics Lyrics:‖I can make you happy‖Track #, track Track:14Properties for PicturesProperty Use ExampleCamera make Cameramake Cameramake:nikonCamera model Cameramodel Cameramodel:D20Dimensions Dimensions Dimensions:8x10Orientation Orientation Orientation:landscapeDate taken Taken Taken:last Datetaken Datetaken:22/10/2008Width Width Width:33Height Height Height:66Flash mode Flashmode Flashmode: no flashProperties for Recorded TVProperty Use ExampleBroadcast date Broadcastdate Broadcastdate:2007Channel number Channel Channel:13Closed captioning Closedcaptioning Closedcaptioning:trueDate released Datereleased Datereleased:2008Episode name episodename Episodename:‖best of‖Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 152
  • Properties for ContactsProperty Use ExampleJob title Jobtitle Jobtitle:managerIM address Imaddress Imaddress:sparky@inspirare.netAssistant’s phone Assistansphone Assistantsphone:01141234567Assistant name Assistantname Assistantname:paulaProfession Profession Profession:bankerNickname Nickname Nickname:bonoSpouse Spouse Spouse:louiseBusiness city Businesscity Businesscity:redmondBusiness postal code Businesspostalcode Businesspostalcode:98052Business home page Businesshomepage Businesshomepage:www.inspirare.netCallback phone number Callbacknumber Callbacknumber:882-8080Car phone Carphone Carphone:555-1212Children Children Children:paulFirst name Firstname Firstname:mikeLast name Lastname Lastname:halseyHome fax Homefax Homefax:555-1212Manager’s name Manager Manager:stevePager Pager Pager:882-8080Business phone Businessphone Businessphone:555-1212Home phone Homephone Homephone:01141234567Mobile phone Mobilephone Mobilephone:077712345678Office Officelocation Officelocation:red/101Anniversary Anniversary Anniversary:yesterdayBirthday Birthday Birthday:nextweekWindows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 153
  • Properties for CommunicationsProperty Use ExampleFrom From, organizer From:mikeReceived Received, sent Sent:yesterdaySubject Subject, title Subject:bookHas attachment has attachment, hasattachments hasattachment:trueAttachments Attachment, attachments Attachment:win7power.pdfBcc Bcc, bccname Bcc:margaretBcc address Bcc, bccaddress Bccaddress:mike@inspirare.netCc address Cc, ccaddress Ccaddress:mike@inspirare.netFollow-up flag Flagstatus Flagstatus:unflagged Flagststus:followup Flagstatus:completedTo address Toaddress, to Toaddress:mike@inspirare.netDate due Duedate, due Due:22/10/2009Read Read, isread Isread:trueIs completed Iscompleted Iscompleted:falseIncomplete Iscomplete Incomplete:falseHas flag Hasflag, isflagged Hasflag:trueDuration Duration Duration:>120Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 154
  • Appendix D Windows Features By version
  • USER INTERFACEWindows BasicWindows StandardWindows AeroAero PeekAero SnapAero ShakeWindows FlipWindows Flip 3DLive Taskbar PreviewJumplistsWindows SearchBUNDLED APPLICATIONSInternet Explorer 8 *Windows Desktop gadgetsBasic GamesPremium GamesCalculatorPaintSnipping ToolSticky NotesWindows JournalWindows Fax and ScanWindows PowerShellWordPadXPS Viewer*pre-installed in some versions of Windows 7 and available via-download in others,dependant on whether your copy of Windows 7 came with a new PC or was purchasedseparately.Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 156
  • DIGITAL MEDIAWindows Photo ViewerWindows Media Player 12Windows Media Player Remote Media ExperienceWindows Media CentreWindows DVD MakerDevice StageSync CentreMPEG-2 DecodingDolby Digital PlaybackAAC and H.264 DecodingDVD PlaybackTV Tuners Supported 4 4 4SECURITYAction CentreWindows DefenderWindows FirewallIE 8 Protected Mode and DEP SupportUser Account ControlWindows UpdateFast User SwitchingParental ControlsWindows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 157
  • MOBILITYWindows Mobility Centre *Windows SideshowSync CentreTablet PCMulti-Touch Support*No presentation modePERFORMANCEWindows ReadyDriveWindows ReadyBoostSuperFetch64-bit Processor SupportPhysical Processors Supported 1 2 2 2Processor Core Support UnlimitedMaximum RAM (32-bit) 4Gb* 4Gb* 4Gb* 4Gb*Maximum RAM (64-bit) 16Gb 192Gb 192Gb*This includes memory on any installed AGP or PCI-Express Graphics card(s).RELIABILITYWindows BackupSystem ImageBackup to NetworkEncrypting File SystemBitlockerBitlocker to GoAutomatic Hard Disk DefragmentingPrevious Versions (Shadow Copies)Create and Attach Virtual Hard Disks
  • NETWORKINGNetwork and Sharing CentreHomegroup JoinImproved Power ManagementConnect to a ProjectorRemote DesktopRemote Desktop HostIIS Web ServerRSS SupportInternet Connection SharingNetwork BridgeOffline FilesENTERPRISE AND BUSINESS FEATURESJoin a domainXP Mode (via download)ApplockerBoot from Virtual Hard DiskBranchCacheDirectAccessFederated SearchMulti-lingual User Interface Language PacksLocation-Aware PrintingSubsystem for UNIX ApplicationsWindows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 159
  • Appendix E Downloads
  • ANTI-VIRUS SOFTWAREMy choices for the best anti-virus downloads are.MICROSOFT SECURITYESSENTIALSA free basic anti-virus solution that hasadvantages over the competitionincluding only scanning your PC whenyou‘re not using it.It uses Microsoft‘s award-winningcorporate anti-virus engine. www.microsoft.com/security_essentialAVG ANTI-VIRUSFor years the anti-virus of choice forinternet professionals.AVG comes in both a free version and afull security suite including firewall andspam protection www.avg.comKASPERSKY AVIRAOne of the longest-standing anti-virus A relative newcomer to anti-virus but thevendors. Avira security suite is an excellent all- rounder with aKaspersky is fantasticeither a paid for record.anti-virus or asecurity suite. www.avira.comwww.kaspersky.com
  • FIREWALLSMy choices for the best firewall downloads are.ZONEALARMAvailable as both a free basic firewall anda full security suite, ZoneAlarm is one ofthe best and longest-standing firewalls. www.zonealarm.comAVG SECURITY SUITEAVG provides an excellent firewall as partof its paid for security suite. www.avg.comCOMODO AVIRAComodo offers an excellent free firewall A relative newcomer but the Avira securityas well as an upgraded paid-for edition. suite is an excellent all-rounder with a fantastic record. www.comodo.com www.avira.com
  • ANTI-SPYWARE SOFTWAREMy choices for the best anti-spyware downloads are.SPYWARE TERMINATORCompletely free but a little complex inparts. Should be installed by anexperienced user but fire-and-forget afterthat time. Spyware Terminator providesexcellent spyware and trojan protection. www.spywareterminator.comAVG SECURITY SUITEAVG provides an excellent anti-spywarepackage as part of its paid for securitysuite. www.avg.comKASPERSKY AVIRAKaspersky offers an excellent anti- A relative newcomer but the Avira securityspyware package as part of it‘s paid for suite is an excellent all-rounder with asecurity suite. fantastic record. www.kaspersky.com www.avira.com
  • PC MAINTENANCE SOFTWAREMy choices for the best PC maintenance downloads are.GLARY UTILITIESOne of the best and simplest to useWindows optimisations tools available,and even better it‘s completely free. www.glarysoft.comASHAMPOO WINOPTIMISERA paid for package but well worth thesmall price. An excellent Windowsoptimisation tool. www.ashampoo.comCCLEANERAnother free Windows optimisation utilityand an excellent one at that, but onlyrecommended for more advanced users. www.ccleaner.comWindows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 164
  • OTHER ESSENTIAL SOFTWAREMy choices for the best software you can‘t do without are.WINDOWS LIVE SUITEMany of the programs we were used towith previous versions of Windows wereremoved in Windows 7 and clearly for thebetter. Now integrated into WindowsLive Suite, Mail, Photo Gallery and muchmore are the first thing I install inWindows 7. download.live.comZUNE PLAYERFar superior to any other media player onthe market today, and you don‘t have toown a Microsoft Zune MP3 player to usethe software. www.zune.net/softwareSHARK007 CODECSA complete codec package for Windows7, ensuring you can listen to and viewthe widest range of music and video files. www.shark007.net
  • ESSENTIAL WEBSITESMy choices for the best websites to bookmark are.MICROSOFT FIX ITA new service from Microsoft, helping youdiagnose and fix common Windowsproblems, with downloadable fixes andpatches. This is an essential bookmark forany Windows user. support.microsoft.com/fixitGIBSON RESEARCHThe website of one of the internet‘s foremostsecurity experts. A goldmine of free toolsand utilities for finding and fixing securityproblems on your PC. www.grc.comTHE LONG CLIMBMy own website with a comprehensive PCsupport section along with lots more. www.thelongclimb.comWindows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halseywww.thelongclimb.com 166
  • Appendix F Virtual Hard Disks
  • WHAT IS A dialog will pop up in which you should specifyVIRTUALISATION? where on your computer you want this stored andVirtualisation is the ability run what size it should be. QUICK TIPcreate and run a virtual disk, You will need to initialisean entire hard disk containedwithin the file, similar to the this disk which you can do What is by right-clicking on it.way files can be stored within Virtualisation?a ZIP file for emailing.A copy of Windows can be When you have ainstalled inside this virtual ZIP file on your PChard disk, protecting it fromthe outside world and making and open it, itit easy to restore from a appears to be abackup if something goes folder containingwrong with it. other files. IT is though just a file You can also attach a virtual containing those hard disk *.VHD file created other files in a previously or on another copy of Windows 7 from the compressed form. Action menu in the Computer Management A virtual hard disk is console. the same thing, a file on your PC CREATING A containing other BOOTABLE VIRTUAL files. The differenceCREATING A VIRTUAL is that, rather than WINDOWS appear as a folder, aHARD DISK Virtual Hard Disk You can install a bootable copy of Windows 7 into this appears as an extraWindows 7 allows you to partition. This can be hard disk on yourcreate a virtual hard disk and useful in certainmount it as though it were circumstances, for instance computer.another drive on your PC. if you want a safe copy ofOpen Computer Management Windows to use as a test This means you canfrom the Start Menu and from environment. install an operatingthe Action menu select CreateVHD. system and The full instruction for this are out of the scope for this programs on it as book, however there is an well as store files excellent guide online from and documents on Microsoft on how to set this feature up. it. http://blogs.msdn.com/ cesardelatorre/ archive/2009/01/11/windows-7- natively-booting-from-a-vhd- virtual-pc-image-file.aspx Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 168 www.thelongclimb.com
  • Appendix G Office 2010 Quick Guide
  • THE RIBBON BACKSTAGEMicrosoft Office 2007 caused Clicking the new colouredsome considerable debate Office tab will bring up a QUICK TIPbecause of the inclusion of the new feature callednew ribbon interface. This was backstage. From here youintroduced because the can open and save files, Customise thestandard menu system had print and print-previewbecome unwieldy, and unable them and perform Ribbonto cope with the sheer number additional actions such asof features within the Office changing the defaultprograms. options. Many people find the Ribbon in Office confusing. Office 2010 allows you to customiseWith Office 2010, the ribbonhas been extended to all of the the ribbon, see leftOffice suite and has changed CUSTOMISE THE for instructions onslightly from it‘s previous RIBBON how to do this.version.The oft-confusing Office Orb Click the coloured Office You can add yourhas been removed and button and then the own tabs and addreplaced by a more prominent options link on the left side or remove featurescoloured Office tab at the far of the backstage windowleft of the ribbon. Also at the and you will see in the from the existingfar right, next to the help options controls for ones.button is a quick button that customising the ribbon,will minimise and maximise including creating custom You can createthe ribbon for you. tabs for yourself. your own tabs with the Office features you use most regularly. Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey 170 www.thelongclimb.com
  • QUICK ACCESS FILE FORMATS TOOLBAR By default, Microsoft Office QUICK TIP 2010 wants to save your files At the very top left of the in the *.docx, *.xlsx format. window is the quick access This format cannot be read on toolbar. This section Office 2003 and earlier Office Online contains common functions without the Office 2007 File you can access with a single Format Compatibility Pack which is available as aAnyone familiar free download from thewith Google Docs Microsoft website.will know what to You also have the choiceexpect with Office of saving documents inOnline immediately. the more compatible *.doc and *.xls formatsIt is a cut down and also the *.odf open document format.version of the mainoffice programs,Word, Excel and OFFICE ONLINEPowerPoint that youcan access and use Microsoft Office Online iswithin a web a new Service to allow you to create, work onbrowser without and store Officehaving to have a documents in the cloudcopy of Microsoft click. You can add new that you can work on in a webOffice installed. items to this toolbar by browser. You do not need to clicking the down arrow to own or have installed a copy the right it and selecting of Microsoft Office to use thisThis can make it items from the drop down service, just a live internetvery accessible list that appears. connection.when you’re awayfrom your PC. LANGUAGESYou can also storeyour files on the Office 2010 does a better job than ever before ofOffice Online service recognising your languagemeaning you will be and only installing theable to access them dictionary for that.wherever you are, You can access Languageswhenever you need from Options in theto. Backstage screen if you need to change this however. 171
  • Appendix H The Author
  • ABOUT MIKE HALSEYMike Halsey grew up in Camberley, Surrey(UK). He is currently based in Sheffield.Mike has been working in IT Support foryears. He began supporting individuals intheir homes and micro-businesses andmoved on to blue-chip clients includingmajor UK banks NatWest and Royal Bank ofScotland and the supermarket chain Tesco.He has been a beta-tester for Microsoft sincethe launch of Windows XP.Before that Mike spent several years‘ self-employed providing websites, adverts andother promotional materials for micro-business and SMEs in the UK and as farafield as Amsterdam and China.He also spent some years touring the UK asa singer.He is now working as a teacher for a SouthYorkshire training company teaching Englishand Mathematics as well as maintaining theire-learning system.He is a keen photographer with a particularinterest in modern architecture. Hisphotographic, PC support site and blog is at www.TheLongClimb.comHe was one of only a very few photographersever allowed into the Millennium Dome inLondon, and maintains the only full photolibrary of the empty dome on the internet.He is an editor for windows7news.com andwindows8news.com for whom he has beenwriting since May 2009.Mike is the author of the Windows VistaPower Users Guide, that he initially wroteto stop his mother and friends asking himdumb questions when he was down the pub.