Presented by:
Sakda Hwankaew (Mr.)

HR and Admin Department Manager
TIPS (Terminal B4), Laem Chabang Port

HANOI, VIETNAM
...
Labor Market
Situation

• Employment & Unemployment
• Labor shortages and
Redundancy in Thailand
• Turnover Rate
• Impact ...
Thailand Unemployment Rate %
Subprime Crisis

Tsunami Crisis
Thai Flood
GDP = 1%

1.4

1.6

1.0

0.9

0.6

Y2008

Y2009

Y...
PERCENTAGE OF EMPLOYED PERSONS
AGED 15 YEARS AND OVER BY
INDUSTRY: 2008 - 2010

Population by Labor force
Number in thousa...
Student
Employee

Thailand Labor Situation in Y2009

9 60 119 persons

persons

persons
PERCENTAGE OF STUDENT
IN PRIVATE I...
Skill mismatch &
Skill shortage (Y2008)
Labour market segmentation

Labour Demand by Region

Labour Demand by Sector

Figu...
Number of Enterprise and Employee

Number of Population

415,000
410,000
405,000
400,000
395,000
390,000
385,000
380,000
3...
Turnover Rate by Sectors Year 2011
25

25

23.61

19.43

20

20
16.85
15.12

14.57

13.97

15

14.03

15

12.96

10

10

8...
Industrial Turnover Rate Year 2011 vs. 2012 (%)
25

Y2012

EPMA 23.64

25

23.6

20

20
19.43

15
10

5

16.85
Y2011

PMAT...
Impact from new minimum wage and starting rate

1st April
1/14/2014

1st January
The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in th...
Show & Share

1/14/2014

The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization

11
Established
Registered Capital
Annual Sales
President

: Oct 18,1979 (23 years)
: 290 MB
: 4,000 MB
: Mr.Thanathorn Juangr...
Established
Annual Sales
(Year 2006)
President
Employees
Operation

Background (Headquarter &
Subsidiary)
Oversea
Operatio...
HRM&HRD

Program

Safety
4G
Organization
Engagement
Program

Web HR Service
Center
Development
2013

Maintain Happy workpl...
Before we build parts,
We build people
1/14/2014

The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization

15
Established : June 1, 1989
Employees : 1,348 Persons
Products : BOTTLE l COMPACT CASE l COSMETIC ACCESSERIES l
R l LIP l T...
http://www.toptrendmfg.co.th

Thai Company

23 Years
1,348 People

Plastic
Cosmetic
Accessories
Mission:
To serve customer...
Key success factors: Established Employer Branding
Employee satisfaction = 2012(90%)
Turnover rate = 2005(10%), 2006-2012(...
http://www.tbkk.co.th

Established : 28 March 1990 (22 years)
Employees : 352 Persons
Annual Sales : 2,500 MB
Products
: M...
Turnover rate
2008 = 3.0%
2010 = 0.96%
2012 = 0.77%)

The Power of Continual
Development
Fairly(Fair-Ability-Integration -...
1/14/2014

The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization

21
Mr.Sakda Hwankaew
Mobile: (66) 81 576-5046
Email1: sakda@tips.co.th
Email2: hrchonburi@gmail.com
Email3: sakdah@gmail.com
...
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Thailand Country Report: Join Study in Vietnam

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Country Report for the Joint Study Workshop on
“Attraction, Development & Retention of Young Talent - Comparative Perspective among Asian Countries: The Need for Strategic HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization”

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  • Go through the content of Thailand
  • It is easy to understand why the world has crisis in past few year ago.The colors in the cover picture are used to symbolize unemployment rate of Thailand
  • These verses are taken from number employees and number of students.Truly I tell you why my country confronted labor shortage
  • This can be a time for questions
  • Thailand Country Report: Join Study in Vietnam

    1. 1. Presented by: Sakda Hwankaew (Mr.) HR and Admin Department Manager TIPS (Terminal B4), Laem Chabang Port HANOI, VIETNAM Website: http://www.ecot.or.th Website: http://www.hrchonburi.or.th
    2. 2. Labor Market Situation • Employment & Unemployment • Labor shortages and Redundancy in Thailand • Turnover Rate • Impact from Minimum Wage Local companies Best Practice • Top Trend Manufacturing Co.,Ltd. Multinational companies • Thai Summit Harness(Pucblic) Co.,Ltd. • TBKK (Thailand) Co.,Ltd. Future Challenge 1/14/2014 • HRD Strategies by HAY survey • Motivating and Retaining Talented young People The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 2
    3. 3. Thailand Unemployment Rate % Subprime Crisis Tsunami Crisis Thai Flood GDP = 1% 1.4 1.6 1.0 0.9 0.6 Y2008 Y2009 Y2010 Y2011 Y2012 2.5% 2 3 4 2 6 7 1 1 8 0 Source: Bank of Thailand 1/14/2014 5 0 Gross Domestic Product 3 4 5.7% 5 6 7 8 GDP growth projection 2013 = 4.6% The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 3
    4. 4. PERCENTAGE OF EMPLOYED PERSONS AGED 15 YEARS AND OVER BY INDUSTRY: 2008 - 2010 Population by Labor force Number in thousand 1.8% 6.0 60,000 1.4% 38.6 70,000 1.6% 1.6% 13.3 25.9 14.7 1.4% 50,000 1.2% 1.0% Agriculture 40,000 1.0% 0.8% 1.1 Fishing Manufacturing Services Construction Other 30,000 0.6% 20,000 0.4% 10,000 0.2% 0.0% Y2008 Y2009 Y2010 Population 66,321 66,876 67,275 Labour Force 37,670 38,454 38,616 Employed 37,007 37,718 38,011 1.4% 1.6% - 1.0% % Unemployed Need Source: Key Statistics of Thailand 2012, The Labor Force Survey Whole Kingdom, National Statistical Office 1/14/2014 The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 4
    5. 5. Student Employee Thailand Labor Situation in Y2009 9 60 119 persons persons persons PERCENTAGE OF STUDENT IN PRIVATE INSTITUTION BY GRADE : ACADEMIC YEAR 2009 100 UG: employed=83.9% 90 80 US: employed=64.3% PERCENTAGE OF STUDENT IN PUBLIC INSTITUTION BY GRADE : ACADEMIC YEAR 2009 0.48 1.55 Over Supply 8.99 16.32 16.23 90 80 13.89 70 70 14.33 60 Shortage 50 21.14 LS: employed=52.1% 38.19 40 36.39 20 21.69 0 PE PE: employed=59.8% EE 60 50 40 30 10 100 LS US PE: Pre-Elementary Education EE: Elementary Education LS: Lower Secondary Education GD PE EE: employed=74.8% 20 Labor force participation rates 10.81 UG 30 EE LS US UG 10 0 GD US: Upper Secondary Education UG: Undergraduate degree and below GD: Graduate degree Source: Key Statistics of Thailand 2012, The Labor Force Survey Whole Kingdom, National Statistical Office 1/14/2014 The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 5
    6. 6. Skill mismatch & Skill shortage (Y2008) Labour market segmentation Labour Demand by Region Labour Demand by Sector Figure 5: Labour Demand and Shortage Demand Total SL Vo Shortage Hi-Vo BA SL: Secondary/Lower, Vo: Vocational, Hi-Vo: high Vocational, BA: Bachelor Labour Shortage by Region Figure 6: New graduate entry to labour market Vo Hi-Vo Labour Shortage by Sector BA / Master Source: Bank of Thailand 1/14/2014 The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 6
    7. 7. Number of Enterprise and Employee Number of Population 415,000 410,000 405,000 400,000 395,000 390,000 385,000 380,000 375,000 370,000 365,000 Enterprises Y2009 Y2010 Y2011 7,783 Increase Y2008 5,971 8,271 4,257 382,170 389,953 395,924 404,195 Y2008 Y2009 Y2010 Y2011 66,519 342,714 797,160 1,015,759 9,293,600 9,360,119 9,702,833 10,499,993 Y2012(Sep) 408,452 12,000,000 10,000,000 8,000,000 6,000,000 4,000,000 2,000,000 0 Increase Employees Source: Social Security Office 1/14/2014 Y2012(Sep) 11,515,752 Source: Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 7
    8. 8. Turnover Rate by Sectors Year 2011 25 25 23.61 19.43 20 20 16.85 15.12 14.57 13.97 15 14.03 15 12.96 10 10 8.76 7.97 9.26 5 5 11 8 8 21 11 13 19 6 10 13 Construction Transport Retail Plastic Rubber Commercial Electronics Auto Parts Iron and Metal Food and Beverage Other 0 Company Average 0 % T/O Source: PMAT(Personnel Management Association of Thailand) 1/14/2014 The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 8
    9. 9. Industrial Turnover Rate Year 2011 vs. 2012 (%) 25 Y2012 EPMA 23.64 25 23.6 20 20 19.43 15 10 5 16.85 Y2011 PMAT 9.9 15.12 14.03 10 3.97 5 2.28 0 Source: PMAT-Compensation & Benefits Survey 2011-2012 1/14/2014 15 n=120 , EPMA n=21 Supervisor The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 0 Avg. PMAT Avg. EPMA Manager 9
    10. 10. Impact from new minimum wage and starting rate 1st April 1/14/2014 1st January The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization Slide 10
    11. 11. Show & Share 1/14/2014 The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 11
    12. 12. Established Registered Capital Annual Sales President : Oct 18,1979 (23 years) : 290 MB : 4,000 MB : Mr.Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit Employee Total Area Products : 3,125 Persons : 24,368 square meters : Automotive Wire Harness Forklift Wire Harness Motorcycle Wire Harness Sub Harness Tractor Wire Harness Before we build parts, We build people. Target/year Target of Employees 100 % participation Indicator 1/14/2014 20 activities Attitude survey score ( 80%) The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 12
    13. 13. Established Annual Sales (Year 2006) President Employees Operation Background (Headquarter & Subsidiary) Oversea Operations : Regional network (13 companies & 1 Rep. office ) Sub Harness Motorcycle 70% Joint Venture Business in Thailand ( 13 Companies ) Automobile Subsidiary Thai Summit Tape Battery PVC Tape Thai Summit Connector 5% Terminal Connector 82% 44% Cable Thai Summit Component Global Harness Technology Mould Others Component 51% 76% : March 16, 1977 : BHT 30,000,000,000 USD 846,000,000 : Dr.Somporn Juangroongruangkit : 21,000 Persons : Motorcycle Parts : Automobiles Parts : Agricultural Engine Parts : Electrical Appliances Parts : and Other Businesses. Trading Injection 42% 100% Support MMC as SE on Engineering and Running Change, working on Circuit Diagram and Lay Out. Thai Summit Owned Business Group in Thailand ( 22 Companies ) 1/14/2014 The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 13
    14. 14. HRM&HRD Program Safety 4G Organization Engagement Program Web HR Service Center Development 2013 Maintain Happy workplace & Employee Relation Activity KM Knowledge on Internet / Smart Phone / Tablet Knowledge & Skill Development 2015 1/14/2014 English learning for AEC Management Participation Happy 8 CSR 23 Years 3,125 People http://www.thaisummit-harness.co.th/ The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 14
    15. 15. Before we build parts, We build people 1/14/2014 The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 15
    16. 16. Established : June 1, 1989 Employees : 1,348 Persons Products : BOTTLE l COMPACT CASE l COSMETIC ACCESSERIES l R l LIP l TUBE 1/14/2014 The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 16
    17. 17. http://www.toptrendmfg.co.th Thai Company 23 Years 1,348 People Plastic Cosmetic Accessories Mission: To serve customer needs agilely at its best possible way 1/14/2014 “No union, good welfare” The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 17
    18. 18. Key success factors: Established Employer Branding Employee satisfaction = 2012(90%) Turnover rate = 2005(10%), 2006-2012(5%) 1/14/2014 The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 18
    19. 19. http://www.tbkk.co.th Established : 28 March 1990 (22 years) Employees : 352 Persons Annual Sales : 2,500 MB Products : Manufacturer of brakes and engine components for all vehicles “Homogeneity & Fairly” ( Company aims to acts to all members in organization as a family with faire management through unity and incentives. 1/14/2014 The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 19
    20. 20. Turnover rate 2008 = 3.0% 2010 = 0.96% 2012 = 0.77%) The Power of Continual Development Fairly(Fair-Ability-Integration -Reliability-legally) 1/14/2014 The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization Welfare Committee CCCF Committee 5s Committee White Factory Committee Environment Committee Kaizen Suggestion Safety Committee Team (Trust Energetic and Mutually ) 20
    21. 21. 1/14/2014 The need for study HRM/HRD Approach in the Era of Globalization 21
    22. 22. Mr.Sakda Hwankaew Mobile: (66) 81 576-5046 Email1: sakda@tips.co.th Email2: hrchonburi@gmail.com Email3: sakdah@gmail.com 26/09/2012 Thai Shipowners' Association 22
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