EU- EUROPEAN IDENTITY MED 413 ESRA YILDIRIM HANDE KANMAZ BELİNDA AZDİKOĞLU
EU and European Identity <ul><li>The concept of ‘identity’ </li></ul><ul><li>National identity </li></ul><ul><li>EU and Eu...
<ul><li>What is identity??  </li></ul><ul><li>Although the definitions are variable, there is one general explanation for ...
Some reference points for identity  issues are; <ul><li>1- a dynamic issue. </li></ul><ul><li>2- a changing notion. </li><...
National Identity <ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>‘ imagined’ community Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Christian religion ...
European Identity <ul><li>Conceptions of Greek democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Roman law </li></ul><ul><li>Common history and ...
European Project <ul><li>As a threat for national identity.  </li></ul><ul><li>Is it difficult for people to identify with...
How EU apply its project stratgies? <ul><li>Strategies; </li></ul><ul><li>1- use of the Christian heritage </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>National identity more conceivable!! </li></ul>
EU citizens continue to identify first of all with their own country .  <ul><li>According to a Eurobarometer  survey , at ...
<ul><li>86 % of the interviewees felt pride in their country, while 68 % were proud of being European.  </li></ul><ul><li>...
In Europe; <ul><li>An anxiety of identity loss both in Europe and Turkey.  </li></ul><ul><li>Desire of european public for...
The mozaic of Turkish culture;  <ul><li>Cultural, religious and civilizational differences in Turkey. </li></ul><ul><li>Ku...
TURKEY’S PERCEPTION OF EUROPE AND MEMBERSHİP <ul><li>Europeanness is not a part of a natural historical legacy.  </li></ul...
Is there a hope for integration and reconciling the identity issues somehow??
The hope of integration possibility lies in globalization!! <ul><li>Within the effect of globalization, identity has becom...
<ul><li>Individuals of our age deny the significance of their own nationness. </li></ul><ul><li>New cosmopolitan identity ...
In this perspective; <ul><li>Turkish and European identity are very different from each other </li></ul><ul><li>Globalizat...
<ul><li>To conclude; </li></ul><ul><li>The strict divisions in culture and beliefs that form the identity needs to loosen ...
References <ul><li>www.globalpolicy.org  by the Emmanuel Georges Picot Associated press, April 29, 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>...
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EU-Turkey: Identity issues; A Student presentation

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istanbul bilgi university students,ESRA YILDIRIM, HANDE KANMAZ, BEL&#304;NDA AZD&#304;KO&#286;LU, prepared this presentation for the MED 413 course...Published with their permission.

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Transcript of "EU-Turkey: Identity issues; A Student presentation"

  1. 1. EU- EUROPEAN IDENTITY MED 413 ESRA YILDIRIM HANDE KANMAZ BELİNDA AZDİKOĞLU
  2. 2. EU and European Identity <ul><li>The concept of ‘identity’ </li></ul><ul><li>National identity </li></ul><ul><li>EU and European identity </li></ul><ul><li>Turkish identity and Turkey’s position in this respect </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>What is identity?? </li></ul><ul><li>Although the definitions are variable, there is one general explanation for identity. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Some reference points for identity issues are; <ul><li>1- a dynamic issue. </li></ul><ul><li>2- a changing notion. </li></ul><ul><li>3- time dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>effect the symbolic </li></ul><ul><li>structure. </li></ul>
  5. 5. National Identity <ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>‘ imagined’ community Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Christian religion as a connection </li></ul>
  6. 6. European Identity <ul><li>Conceptions of Greek democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Roman law </li></ul><ul><li>Common history and high culture (classical music, art, literature) </li></ul>
  7. 7. European Project <ul><li>As a threat for national identity. </li></ul><ul><li>Is it difficult for people to identify with EU?? </li></ul>
  8. 8. How EU apply its project stratgies? <ul><li>Strategies; </li></ul><ul><li>1- use of the Christian heritage </li></ul><ul><li>2- common political and legal history </li></ul><ul><li>3- Roman period and </li></ul><ul><li>tradition of humanism </li></ul><ul><li>4- the performance for secular rituals (European elections) and common Euro symbolism (flag,anthem, format of passport) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>National identity more conceivable!! </li></ul>
  10. 10. EU citizens continue to identify first of all with their own country .  <ul><li>According to a Eurobarometer  survey , at the end of 2004, </li></ul><ul><li>only 47 % of EU citizens saw themselves as citizens of both their country and Europe, </li></ul><ul><li>41 % as citizens of their country only. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>86 % of the interviewees felt pride in their country, while 68 % were proud of being European.  </li></ul><ul><li>In general, people feel more attached to their country (92 %), region (88 %), city (87 %) than to Europe (67 %). </li></ul>
  12. 12. In Europe; <ul><li>An anxiety of identity loss both in Europe and Turkey. </li></ul><ul><li>Desire of european public for boundry maintanance in Europe. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The mozaic of Turkish culture; <ul><li>Cultural, religious and civilizational differences in Turkey. </li></ul><ul><li>Kurd, Circassian, sunni… </li></ul><ul><li>Turkish society has identity issues within itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Is becoming a part of a bigger culture possible?? </li></ul>
  14. 14. TURKEY’S PERCEPTION OF EUROPE AND MEMBERSHİP <ul><li>Europeanness is not a part of a natural historical legacy. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a political project </li></ul><ul><li>two different opinions about Turkey’s membership to EU in Turkey </li></ul>
  15. 15. Is there a hope for integration and reconciling the identity issues somehow??
  16. 16. The hope of integration possibility lies in globalization!! <ul><li>Within the effect of globalization, identity has become more adoptive </li></ul><ul><li>It is not bound by the national values </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Individuals of our age deny the significance of their own nationness. </li></ul><ul><li>New cosmopolitan identity </li></ul>
  18. 18. In this perspective; <ul><li>Turkish and European identity are very different from each other </li></ul><ul><li>Globalization could melt down these differences </li></ul><ul><li>In stead it may unite them!! </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>To conclude; </li></ul><ul><li>The strict divisions in culture and beliefs that form the identity needs to loosen up and the publics should be open to reconciliation!! </li></ul>
  20. 20. References <ul><li>www.globalpolicy.org by the Emmanuel Georges Picot Associated press, April 29, 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Jenkins, not simple at all: Danish identity and the European Union, pp. 159-178 </li></ul><ul><li>Stacia E. Zabusky, Boundries at work: discourses and practices of belonging in the European Space Agency,pp. 179-200 </li></ul><ul><li>www.euractiv.com/en/constitution/european-values-identity/article-154441 </li></ul><ul><li>http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb62/eb_62_en.pdf Eurobarameter 62/ public opinion in the European Union </li></ul><ul><li>http://wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn </li></ul><ul><li>http://users.belgacom.net/jacobs/europa.pdf European identity: construct, fact and fiction, Dirk Jacobs and Robert Maier, Utrecht University, published in: Gastelaars, M.& de Rujiter, A. (eds) p.13-34 </li></ul>

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