The Prophet As Administrator April 2008


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The Prophet As Administrator April 2008

  1. 1. The Prophet sallalahu ‘alayhey wassalam as Administrator Prof. Anis Ahmad Ph.D * Dr. Ahmad is meritorious professor and Vice Chancellor, Riphah International University, Islamabad. He is Editor in Chief of Quarterly Journal West & Islam , Islamabad. He can be contacted at [email_address]
  2. 2. <ul><li>Administration and management is a matter of developing a synergy between various stakeholders of an organization </li></ul><ul><li>The Qur’an provides explicit and implicit commands, directives and instructions for a balanced, goal oriented and unified ummah (community). </li></ul><ul><li>The prophet s.a.w.s; as final messenger and leader of humanity provides a comprehensive, universal and authentic role model for administration and management of personal and public matters . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Salient features of the Prophetic Administration <ul><li>Appointment of Capable Persons: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Lo Allah commands you to restore trusts to their owners, and, if you judge between people, you judge justly” </li></ul><ul><li>an-Nisa 4:58 </li></ul><ul><li>“ O Abudhar, you are weak (in administration), a public office is a trust and will be the cause of humiliation and regret for a person who was not efficient in his responsibilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Ali-al-Muttaqi al Hindi (d 975 H) </li></ul><ul><li>Kanz al-’Ummal </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Participatory Decision Making: </li></ul><ul><li>The Qur’anic command “and take counsel from them in matters” al-i-‘Imran 3:159 was translated by the Prophet s.a.w.s in all critical matters such as Badr , Uhad , Hudaybiyah , and ahzab . </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Discipline and Order: </li></ul><ul><li>Discipline is a major factor for an efficient administration and management, formation of straight lines ( sufuf ), punctuality in five time daily salat and emphasis on jamaat creates discipline and order in the Muslim community. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Public Accountability: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Every one of you is a guardian and he is accountable for his charge. Thus the amir is a guardian over people and he is accountable ( mas’ul ) for them. And a man is a guardian for his household and he is accountable for them; and a women is in charge of the house of her husband and his children and she is accountable for them; and a servant is a guardian of his master’s property, every one of you is accountable for his subjects” </li></ul><ul><li>Bukhari, al Jami’ al Sahih </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Human Synergy: </li></ul><ul><li>Brotherhood muakhat in al-Madinah, unization of hearts, minds and vision. </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict Resolution: </li></ul><ul><li>Use of hikmah is management of crisis at the time of re-construction of Ka’ba wall, when the Prophet s.a.w.s was only 35 years old. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Financial Administration: </li></ul><ul><li>Business planning as manager of syeda khadija’s investments. </li></ul><ul><li>Administration of War Strategy: </li></ul><ul><li>Selection of proper site, arrangement of front lines, etc. pre-emption of enemy’s strategy ( uhud ). </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Business Communication: </li></ul><ul><li>Use of most appropriate, brief, simple and unambiguous speech. Avoidance of superfluous flowery speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Administration of Zakah: </li></ul><ul><li>Appointment of muhsilin e-zakah with specific instructions of not to overburden people. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Management of hostile neighbours, Jews, Christians, mushrikin and munafiqin . </li></ul><ul><li>Human Resource Management: </li></ul><ul><li>Appointment of the leaders of expeditions along with the chain of authority. </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation, time management and involvement: </li></ul><ul><li>The Model of ghazwa al-khandaq </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Shukran </li></ul><ul><li>Wa ma tawfiqi illa bi Allah </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>Thank You! </li></ul><ul><li>Dated April 18, 2008 </li></ul>