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Research festivals national
Research festivals national
Research festivals national
Research festivals national
Research festivals national
Research festivals national
Research festivals national
Research festivals national
Research festivals national
Research festivals national
Research festivals national
Research festivals national
Research festivals national
Research festivals national
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Research festivals national

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  • 1. GLASTONBURY FESTIVAL.Glastonbury Festival is the largest greenfield music and performing arts festival in theworld and a template for all the festivals that have come after it. The difference is thatGlastonbury has all the best aspects of being at a Festival in one astonishing bundle.Its like going to another country, a hip and thrilling Brigadoon that appears everyyear or so. Coming to Glastonbury involves a fair amount of travel, and probably aqueue to get in but, when you get past these impediments, you enter a huge tentedcity, a mini-state under canvas. British law still applies, but the rules of society are abit different, a little bit freer. Everyone is here to have a wild time in their own way.The Festival site has distinct socio-geographic regions. The more commercial aspectsare around the Pyramid, Other and Dance stages, which feels as if the West End ofLondon a Saturday night has been removed to a field and thoroughly beautified.Unlike the West End, visitors are on every guest list, from the night time cinemas tothe biggest gigs.But that busy whirl of excitement is not to everyones taste. To accomodate the morelaid-back reveller, more chilled out areas like the Jazzworld and Acoustic areas are ineasy walking distance. If thats still not the relaxed state a Glasto-goer is after, theresalso family oriented areas like the Kidz Field, the Theatre and Circus fields. And ifyoure into the more alternative, less noisy aspects of festival life, you can alwayshead up to the Field of Avalon, the Tipi Field, and the Green Fields. At the top of thesite is the Sacred Space - the stone circle is a modern construction, but it has alreadyseen as much celebration and ceremony as some of its forebears. Sun-up on a Sundaymorning, with drums and torches and chanting and an astonishing measure of joyfrom the sleepless revellers at the Stone Circle is a glorious sight to behold.
  • 2. The Festival takes place in a beautiful location - 900 acres in the Vale of Avalon, an area steeped in symbolism, mythology and religious traditions dating back many hundreds of years. Its where King Arthur may be buried, where Joseph of Arimathea is said to have walked, where leylines converge. And the site is ENORMOUS - more than a mile and a half across, with a perimeter of about eight and a half miles. Then there are the people, thousands of them in all their astonishing and splendid diversity! There is only one common characteristic of a Glastonbury-goer - they understand that Glastonbury Festival offers them more opportunity than any other happening to have the best weekend of the year or even of a life-time, and they are determined to have it! Youll meet all kinds of people, of all ages, backgrounds, nationalities, lifestyles, faiths, concepts of fashion (or lack of it)and musical taste. Some will undoubtedly wear silly hats, or buy shirts that theyllnever wear again... until next year, that is. The overall vibe of the Festival isconsistently mellow and friendly, even in the event of rain and all that comes withrain, a field and thousands upon thousands of tramping feet.There will be moments when you ask yourself the inevitable: "Why cant life alwaysbe like this?" There will be enlightenments, awakenings, surreal happenings,Damascene epiphanies and people doing the strangest things in public. Sometimes thestrangest things youll see happening have been booked well in advance - but often itwill be people spontaneously reacting to the spirit of the Festival. No two peoplesFestival experience will be the same unless theyre tied together, in which case theyreprobably part of a theatre company.Its best not to come to Glastonbury with a head full of preconceptions and a notebookfull of plans of what you want to see. If there are one or two particular bands a dayyou really want to see, then let your day revolve around them and go with the flow.Hurrying between stages so you can tick off a list of things you feel you must see is
  • 3. not the best way to enjoy Glastonbury. If you cant get a good vantage point, or arent enjoying a show, move on; therell be something else in the next field that might just change your way of seeing the world! Often, your best memories of the Festival will be of new things that have startled you with their brilliance. Have a good look at the Line-up and Areas pages on this site and at the Festival programme when you are on site, or ask at Information points. There are a plethora of wonders to be seen, heard or just caught from the corner of your eye. Glastonbury runs like a huge clock - it is the Big Ben of Festivals after all - and it is best not to stay staring at just one of the huge cogs, however many famous spokes it has. Travel round it clockwise and investigate all the workings of the Festival. All those other stages and attractions wouldnt be there if they werent worth taking in - and they are all capable of surprising a visitor. One last instruction: whilst at Glastonbury Festival forget all instructions (as long as doing so involves hurting no one) and ENJOY! http://www.glastonburyfestivals.co.uk/ Funded by tickets For anyone THURSDAY 24TH FRIDAY 25TH SATURDAY 26TH SUNDAY 27TH Queens Head Pyramid Stage Pyramid Stage Pyramid Stage Sean Rowley Gorillaz Muse Stevie Wonder The Cheek Dizzee Rascal Scissor Sisters Faithless Local Natives Vampire Weekend Shakira Jack Johnson Chapel Club Snoop Dogg The Dead Weather Ray Davies Egyptian Hip Hop Willie Nelson Seasick Steve SlashTwo Door Cinema Club Corinne Bailey Rae Jackson Browne Norah Jones Howls Femi Kuti The Lightning Seeds Paloma Faith My Luminaries Rolf Harris Tinchy Stryder Yeovil Town Band WOW!Jaymo & Andy George Other Stage Other Stage Other Stage Live Hot Natured The Flaming Lips Pet Shop Boys Orbital Joy Orbison Hot Chip Editors lcd soundsystem
  • 4. Florence and The Machine The Cribs MGMT Live Wax Tailor La Roux The National We Are Scientists Jamie xx Phoenix Kate Nash Grizzly Bear Live Boy George The Courteeners Imogen Heap The Temper Trap Live Beardyman The Stranglers Coheed and Cambria The Hold Steady Joshua Radin Reef Frightened Rabbit The Magic Numbers Two Door Cinema Club TBA Pussy Parlure John Peel Stage John Peel Stage John Peel StageAnnie Nightingale’s Groove Armada Jamie T Ash Opening Party The Black Keys The xx Julian Casablancas Dave Seaman Mumford & Sons Foals Broken Social Scene Far Too Loud Ellie Goulding Marina & The Diamonds Gang of Four Nero Kele Delphic The Drums Elite Force Bombay Bicycle Club Wild Beasts Holy F*** DC Breaks Tegan and Sara Field Music These New Puritans A1 Bassline TBA Cymbals Eat Guitars Everything Everything Live Drumsound & De Staat Sophie Hunger Black Cherry Bassline Smith Detroit Social Club Lets Buy Happiness Dan ManganLive Professor Green Doorly West Holts (formerly West Holts (formerly West Holts (formerly Lewah Jazz World Stage) Jazz World Stage) Jazz World Stage) Mos Def (with full live band) George Clinton with Rodrigo y Gabriela Femi Kuti Parliament / Funkadelic Toots & the Maytals Croissant Neuf Nouvelle Vague & Guests Jerry Dammers Spatial AKA Quantic & his Combo Barbaro Kissmet Breakestra with Chali 2na Orchestra Staff Benda Bilili Curved Air Bonobo Os Mutantes Dr John & The Lower 911 The Strumpettes Mariachi El Bronx Devendra Banhart Tunng Posh Boy tUnE-yArDs Bassekou Kouyate & Ngoni The Bees Matthew Herbert Big Band Ba Dizraeli and the Small Gods Magic Bubble The Phenomenal Handclap Mark Vedo Band Silver Columns Acoustic Stage Brother Ali Sam Taylor & The Bootleg Beatles Troy Ellis & The Longshots Acoustic Stage Tight Trousers Alan Price Set Jackson Browne with David Astra McIntosh Ross Acoustic Stage Lindley Magic Bubbles Turin Brakes Christy Moore, with Declan Richard Thompson Residents Brian Kennedy Sinnott Loudon Wainwright III Danny and the Champions of Nick Lowe Blues Band Bourbon Street the World Imelda May London Community Gospel ChoirAynsley Lister Band Megan Henwood Al Stewart Joel Rafael Djangonauts Cory Chisel Michael Eavis In Robinson King King Julie Feeney Conversation Fishermans FriendJacqui Wicks & The Gandalf Murphy & The Mayhew Cliff Brown Band Slambovian Circus Scott McKeon The Leisure Society Ben Martin Ellen & The Escapades Bex Marshall Band The Park Stage Jon Allen & Band Nicola Farnon The xx The Park Stage Dave Arcari Broken Bells Empire Of The Sun
  • 5. The Park Stage Glade Lounge Special Guests Midlake Dirty ProjectorsSaint Acid The Bang The Big Pink Laura Marling Tony Allen Face Hard Crew Local Natives Candi Staton Archie Bronson Outfit The DJ Producer Steve Mason Special Guests Beak Mark II (Altern8 Hypnotic Brass Ensemble Stornoway Portico Quartet Reincarn8) Beth Jeans Houghton Beach House Fionn Regan Remarc Lissie Strange Boys Avi Buffalo Killa Kela Peggy Sue Frankie & The Heart Strings Villagers Dave Skywalker Steel Harmony The Ballad of Britain The Travelling Band Gino Ginelli Here We Go Magic I Blame CocoSilent Disco (Dance East Dance East Dance Village) DJ Fatboy Slim DJ Above & Beyond Silent Disco DJ’s Live Chase and Status Live Crystal Castles Western Soul DJ Zane Lowe East Dance DJ Filthy Dukes The Kleptones Live Plan B Live N-Dubz Live Professor Green Suisse Tony DJ Rob da Bank Live Chipmunk DJ Yasmin Live Example Live Kelis Live Naive New Beaters The Rabbit Hole DJ Roger Sanchez DJ MistaJam Live Crystal Fighters James Munroe DJ O Children Live Roll Deep Live We Have Band George Barker. Live Bunny Come Live Tinie Tempah Live Primary 1 Grantly. Live Inko Dancers Live Giggs Live Inko Dancers Live set from Elvis Live Chiddybang (the real one) Live McClean Live Bashy Live Donaeo Live Skepta West Dance Live Scorcher DJ Boys Noize DJ Ras Kwame West Dance DJ Simian Mobile Disco Live Inko Dancers Live Magnetic Man Live Delphic DJ Jackbeats DJ Fake Blood West Dance Live Stanton Warriors DJ Rusko Live Dubfire DJ Adam F Live Chromeo DJ Nick Warren Live Blasted Mechanism DJ Aeroplane Live Mix Hell DJ Toddla T DJ Boy 8-Bit DJ Sander Kleinenberg Live Alex Metric DJ Hannah Holland Live Banco de Gaia DJ South Central DJ Riva Starr Live Jaguar Skills Live Neville Staple DJ A1 Bassline Live Dub Pistols Live Killaflaw DJ Parker Live Virus Syndicate WOW! Live Foreign Beggars Futureboogie Matt Tolfrey & Geddes WOW! Jamie Jones The Ratpack Live Crazy P WOW! Live Snap! Horsemeat Disco Craig Charles Presents the Tayo Live Nneka Fantasy Funk Band Live Four Tet Back to Basics Craze Hyperdub with Kode9, Ikonika,
  • 6. Adam Shelton & Subb-an High Contrast Terror Danjah & Dark Star PBR Streetgang Redlight & MC Dread Live Hudson Mohawke El Diablos Social Club L-VIS 1990 Live DaM FunK Christophe Breakage Roska Live Central Spillz Untold Live Hot DJour Wedge Emalkay Funkineven Jakwob Falling Up Cubehenge Shortstuff Live The Orb The Heatwave DJ Zero 7 Dub Boy ft Redskin Cubehenge Will Saul Norman Jay Good Times Spooky ‘Carnival King’ Iain Taylor (rEJEKTS) Cubehenge Ashley Beedle Pete Gooding Kissy Sell Out DJ Craig Charles Funk & SoulRuth Flowers aka Mamy Rock A Skillz Kormac The Magnet Bimbo Jones The Bee Keepers Pathaan SledgeHeadBristol Paul Lyman RSD Baobinga DJ Flora feat DJ Skylion Pussy Parlure Adam Regan 2 Kings DJ Zorro Jose Luis & Dancers Pussy ParlureFletcha & Miguel Salsa Magic Movits Live Kormac Big BandLive Robin Del Castillo & his Pussy Parlure Live Twilight Players Latin Band Live Swaparama Live The CorrespondentsLa bomba - Latin Explosion: Jalapeno Sound System TBA Eclectic Ballroom Rock Idol (Live Karaoke) Live Movits Live Andreya Triana Live Smoove & Turrell DJ Nick Hollywood Bourbon Warfare DJs Dr Rubberfunk Live Fat 45Live Incredibly Strange Film Live Taylor McFerrin Danny Danger Band Western Soul DJ Joe Worricker Take It 2 The Bridge Live Reverend Sound Broken Hearts Live Secret Cinema Band System Live Top Shelf Jazz Feeling Gloomy DJ Burns Live Trio Manouche Live Sound Of Rum Randy & Earls Old Record Randy & Earls Old Record ClubLovely Morning with Randy Club & Earls Old Record Club Magic Bubble Magic Bubble Ramses Kareem Raihani DubKasm Kangaroo Moon Sound of Rum Dansette Junior Dougal Pressplay Magic Bubble United VIbrations Magic Bubble Residents Stroke 69 Magic Bubble Residents Reverend Soundsystem Sam Taylor & The Tight Silent Disco (Dance Village)Silent Disco (Dance Village) Trousers Silent Disco DJ’s
  • 7. Silent Disco DJ’s The Scribes Exceeda Thesmokeeaters Magic Bubble Residents Novak 3D Disco Novak 3D Disco Silent Disco (Dance Glade Stage Glade Stage Village) Levellers Sasha Silent Disco DJ’s Alabama 3 Quivver Thesmokeeaters Arthur Brown Hybrid Exceeda Quintessence Way Out West Novak 3D Disco System 7 Afrobeta FA-RM (Ans & Allaby) Husky Rescue Glade Stage Cassette Boy feat DJ Rubbish Nneka Sub Focus Live Inverse Gravity VehicleCharles Hazelwood Allstars Freq Nasty The Widowmaker Dreadzone Somewhere Between Here and Don Letts The Stereo The Orb Head Charge Tony Thorpe Glade Lounge Glade Lounge ON u Sound/Sherwood Tristan - LiveTom Real (Disco Of Doom) Nero Lucas Ben & Lex Suns of Arqa FORM Far Too Loud Statement Code Major Clanger DJ Die City Calls Mirror System Maxxi P, MC Jonny G Aliji Fred G v Grafix Glade Lounge Merv Jinx In Dub Dave Seaman HFB Lewah Pretty Lights Alex Paterson UBJ with Mr Woodnote Charlie May Live Naked Nick Pharma Jody WOW Zodiac Cartel Avalon Stage Cosmonauts Avalon Stage New Model Army 808 State DJS Gomez Transglobal Underground Casanuva The Saw Doctors Newton Faulkner Imelda May The Woodentops Judy Collins Lou Rhodes Special Guests Goldheart Assembly Avalon Stage Teddy Thompson Gabby Young & Other The Lightning Seeds Adrian Edmondson & The Bad Animals Alabama 3 acoustic ShepherdsHobo Jones & The Junkyard Charlie Winston Kirsty Almeida Dogs Steve Harley & Cockney Ellen & The Escapades Rebel The Unthanks Criossant Neuf The Avett Brothers RSVP The Wurzels The Baghdaddies Croissant Neuf Nick Harper Outdoor & Bandstand Movits Tom Williams & The Boat entertainment 6ixtoys Zen Elephants
  • 8. Outdoor & Bandstand Prof Nohair & the Wig Lifters entertainment Croissant Neuf Corinne Bailey Rae The Boat Band The Beat The Strumpettes Julian Tulk Band MrB. The Gentleman The Peoples String FoundationBilly The Undercover Hippy Rhymer Band Outdoor & Bandstand Seth Lakeman entertainment The Queens Head Biggles Wartime Band Hot Feat Sean Rowley The Kevin Brown Trio Dan Le Sac Vs Scroobius Pip The Vagaband Avi Buffalo The Queens Head Dizraeli & The Small Gods The Middle East Sean Rowley Chief Good Shoes I Am Kloot The Bees Field Music Magic Numbers The Queens Head Goldhawks The Mystery Jets Sean Rowley Alessis Ark Fanfarlo Earl Brutus Mountain Man Detroit Social Club Cherry Ghost Tubelord Phenomenal Handclap Band Tiffany Page Band Of Skulls Frank Turner Holy F*** Leftfield Fiction Plane Blood Red Shoes Paul Heaton Here We Go Magic The King Blues Leftfield Cate Le Bon Lucky Soul Carl Barat Lissie Comedy hour Reverend & The Makers Shouting At Planes Bills Big Round-up Get Cape, Wear Cape, Fly Debate: Another World Is Comedy hour Possible Bills Big Round-up Leftfield Debate: Stop the Cuts - 6 Music/ Debate: Global Solidarity Billy Bragg Asian networkDebate: Climate Change and Frank Turner the Fight for Green Jobs Thea Gilmore The Rabbit Hole Comedy hour Dubble Head The Rabbit Hole Bills Big Round-up 6ix Toys Bunny Come Debate: This is a Banker’s Secret Special Guest Transpersonals Crisis Elvis(The Real one) The Mad Cows Debate: Beating the BNP The Travelling Band TBA Perhaps Contraption. 360 Rabbit Foot Spasm Band The Soap Dodgers. The Rabbit Hole Babeshadow Tin Roots The Egg Troy Ellis And The Long Shots The Tailors dj Doorly Sound of Rum. Poppy and Friends 2.Dreadzone Lion Child Bryony Fry Freebass Josh Thorner Aishling dj Far Too Loud Hot tin Cat Rory H Space Ritual Georgie Pope Freddie Page QuintessenceBert Miller and other animals Dj Mad Mick Bourbon Street Marsupilami Alpha Manouvre
  • 9. Dan Mangan TBC Bourbon Street Gabby Young And Other Top Shelf Jazz The Dizzy Club Animals. P-A-U-L Stephen Dale Petit Pete Lawrie Carmen Ghia & The Hotrods Kubla Khan Skinny Lister Brigitte DeMeyer Oli Brown Jamie Burke Ben Martin Nicola Farnon Sandi Thom Aynsley Lister Band Bourbon Street All Star Gospel Session Alpha Manouvre Oli Brown Wagon Train Wagon Train Marcus Bonfanti Poetry & Words The Dizzy Club Glastonbury Festival Poetry Slam P-A-U-L (hosted by Kat Francois) Poetry & Words Top Shelf Jazz Helen Gregory and Benita Penny Ashton Brigitte DeMeyer Johnson Baba Brinkman Carmen Ghia & The Pete Hunter Sabrina Mahfouz Hotrods Pete the Temp Tony Walsh Bex Marshall Band Jean Binta Breeze Aisle 16 Poeticat Kat Francois Luke Wright Ventriloquist Poetry & Words Jo Bell (Website Poet in Paula Varjack John Hegley Residence) Andreattah Chuma Paula Varjack Bohdan Piasecki Jonny Fluffypunk Andreattah Chuma Julian Ramsey-Wade Kate Tempest Attila the Stockbroker Penny Ashton Pete the Temp Hollie McNish Baba Brinkman Poeticat Luke Wright Comperes – Dreadlcokalien andHelen Gregory and Pete Kate Tempest Abbey Oliveira Hunter Murray Lachlan Young Sabrina Mahfouz Bohdan Piasecki Open mic. (hosted by Julian Ramsey-Wade) Ventriloquist Jonny Fluffypunk
  • 10. The Notting Hill Carnival Held each August Bank Holiday since 1966, the Notting Hill Carnival is thelargest festival celebration of its kind in Europe. Every year the streets of WestLondon come alive, with the sounds and smells of Europe’s biggest streetfestival. Twenty miles of vibrant colourful costumes surround over 40 static soundsystems, hundreds of Caribbean food stalls, over 40,000 volunteers and over 1million Notting Hill carnival revellers.Starting its life as a local festival set up by the West Indian community of theNotting Hill area, it has now become a full-blooded Caribbean carnival, attractingmillions of visitors from all over the globe. With many astonishing floats and thesounds of the traditional steel drum bands, scores of massive sound systemsplus not forgetting the hundreds of stalls that line the streets of Notting Hill. TheNotting Hill Carnival is arguably London’s most exciting annual event.The Notting Hill Carnival usually gets under way on the Saturday with the steelband competition. Sunday is Kids’ Day, when the costume prizes are awarded.On Bank Holiday Monday, the main parade takes place. It generally begins onGreat Western Road, then winds its way along Chepstow Road, on toWestbourne Grove, and then Ladbroke Grove. In the evening, the floats leave thestreets in procession, and people carry continue partying at the many Notting HillCarnival after parties.The Notting Hill Carnival dates for 2010 are August 29th and 30th.If you are looking to have a stall at the Notting Hill Carnival, you will need to applyfor a trading licence. Find out more on our links page The Notting Hill Carnival is the largest street festival in Europe and originated in1964 as a way for Afro-Caribbean communities to celebrate their own culturesand traditions. Taking place every August Bank Holiday weekend in the streets of
  • 11. London W11, the Notting Hill Carnival is an amazing array of sounds, colourfulsights and social solidarityAt the roots of the Notting Hill Carnival are the Caribbean carnivals of the early19th century – a particularly strong tradition in Trinidad – which were all aboutcelebrating the abolition of slavery and the slave trade. The very first carnival wasan attempt to showcase the steel band musicians who played in the Earls Courtof London every Weekend. When the bands paraded through the streets ofNotting Hill, they drew black residents out on to the streets, reminding them of theCaribbean homes they had left behind.In the days of abolition, there was a strong element of parody in the songs anddances Trinidadians performed. Having been forbidden to hold festivals of theirown during the period of slavery, they now took full advantage of the relative newfreedoms the ending of slavery brought them. Dressing up in costumes thatmimicked the European fashions of their former masters, even whitening theirfaces with flour or wearing white masks, they established a tradition thatcontinues in the costume-making of today’s Notting Hill Carnival. The propername for this aspect of the Carnival is Mas (derived from Masquerade)Music is at the heart of Notting Hill Carnival, with traditional and contemporarysounds filling the air for miles around. Historically steel bands, Soca & CalypsoMusic have been at the heart of Carnival but in recent years these have beenovertaken by the static sound systems playing anything from Reggae to R&B,Funk, House, Dub and much more. Live stages also feature local bands, topinternational artists and sounds from around the world – Eddie Grant, Jamiroquai,Wyclef Jean, Courtney Pine and Burning Spear have been among the eclecticline up in previous years.CalypsoThe Origin of calypso can be traced back to the arrival of the first enslavedAfricans brought to work in the sugar plantations of Trinidad. Forbidden to talk toeach other, and robbed of all links to family and home, the enslaved Africansbegan to sing. They used calypso, which can be traced back to West AfricanKaiso, as a means of communication and to mock the slave masters. Thesesongs, usually led by one individual called a Griot, helped to unite the slaves.Calypso singing competitions, held annually at Carnival time, grew in popularityafter the abolition of slavery by the British in the 1830s. The Griot later becameknown as the Chantuelle and today as the Calypsonian.
  • 12. SocaLike calypso, soca was used for both social commentary and risqué humor,though the initial wave of soca acts eschewed the former. Lord Shorty wasdisillusioned with the genre by the 1980s because soca was being used toexpress courtships and sexual interests. Like all things related to sexual freedom,it became embraced because of its ability to reflect what people were thinkingand their desires in a society that was sexually repressed. Soca music becamean expression of sexuality through metaphors in the West Indies. Soon after,Shorty moved to the Piparo forest, converted to the Rastafari movement andchanged his name to Ras Shorty I. There, he created a fusion of Reggae andgospel music called jamooin the late 1980s.In the 1990s and now the newcentury Soca has evolved into a blend of musical styles.Steel PanSteel Bands: also known as ‘Pan’ will be filling the streets of Notting Hill with theirwonderful melodic sounds throughout the Bank Holiday weekend. Steelbandcame from the ‘Tambu Bamboo’ band from Trinidad in the early 1030s.Trinidadians used to beat the bamboo and sing and by using some creativemeans, began to create different tones. This led to the use of oil drums and in ashort space of time the Steelband was born.Static Sound SystemsStatic Sound Systems: over 40 sound systems positioned around the Carnivalarea provide the perfect setting for DJs to strut their stuff. From Latin jazz, reggaeand garage to hip hop and drum ‘n’ bass.SambaSamba: Samba is a type of music and dance developed from the musicaltraditions of the enslaved Africans of Brazil. Samba originated in the north ofBrazil and was radically developed in Rio at the turn of the century. Now you canhear the Samba beat in London and throughout the world.Music is at the heart of Notting Hill Carnival, with traditional and contemporarysounds filling the air for miles around. Historically steel bands, Soca & CalypsoMusic have been at the heart of Carnival but in recent years these have beenovertaken by the static sound systems playing anything from Reggae to R&B,Funk, House, Dub and much more. Live stages also feature local bands, topinternational artists and sounds from around the world – Eddie Grant, Jamiroquai,Wyclef Jean, Courtney Pine and Burning Spear have been among the eclecticline up in previous years.CalypsoThe Origin of calypso can be traced back to the arrival of the first enslaved
  • 13. Africans brought to work in the sugar plantations of Trinidad. Forbidden to talk toeach other, and robbed of all links to family and home, the enslaved Africansbegan to sing. They used calypso, which can be traced back to West AfricanKaiso, as a means of communication and to mock the slave masters. Thesesongs, usually led by one individual called a Griot, helped to unite the slaves.Calypso singing competitions, held annually at Carnival time, grew in popularityafter the abolition of slavery by the British in the 1830s. The Griot later becameknown as the Chantuelle and today as the Calypsonian.SocaLike calypso, soca was used for both social commentary and risqué humor,though the initial wave of soca acts eschewed the former. Lord Shorty wasdisillusioned with the genre by the 1980s because soca was being used toexpress courtships and sexual interests. Like all things related to sexual freedom,it became embraced because of its ability to reflect what people were thinkingand their desires in a society that was sexually repressed. Soca music becamean expression of sexuality through metaphors in the West Indies. Soon after,Shorty moved to the Piparo forest, converted to the Rastafari movement andchanged his name to Ras Shorty I. There, he created a fusion of Reggae andgospel music called jamooin the late 1980s.In the 1990s and now the newcentury Soca has evolved into a blend of musical styles.Steel PanSteel Bands: also known as ‘Pan’ will be filling the streets of Notting Hill with theirwonderful melodic sounds throughout the Bank Holiday weekend. Steelbandcame from the ‘Tambu Bamboo’ band from Trinidad in the early 1030s.Trinidadians used to beat the bamboo and sing and by using some creativemeans, began to create different tones. This led to the use of oil drums and in ashort space of time the Steelband was born.Static Sound SystemsStatic Sound Systems: over 40 sound systems positioned around the Carnivalarea provide the perfect setting for DJs to strut their stuff. From Latin jazz, reggaeand garage to hip hop and drum ‘n’ bass.SambaSamba: Samba is a type of music and dance developed from the musicaltraditions of the enslaved Africans of Brazil. Samba originated in the north ofBrazil and was radically developed in Rio at the turn of the century. Now you canhear the Samba beat in London and throughout the worldALL AGES.FUNDED BY GOVERNMENT AND SPONCERS.
  • 14. Underbelly is a UK based, live entertainment company.Our events and festivals division operates 15 performance venues at the EdinburghFringe Festival, as well as the festivals busiest bars. In 2009 we sold 180,000 ticketsto 130 shows a day for 25 days. 2010 will be our 11th year at the FringeWe are also presenting our second season of live entertainment at LondonsSouthbank Centre from 14th May, with our touring venue E4 Udderbelly. Previousseasons include Brighton in 2007 and 2008. We are always looking for new projectsand events for Udderbelly.Our productions division produces shows in Edinburgh and beyond, with a focustowards national and international touring. Previous productions include Joan Rivers,Tom Tom Crew, One Man Star Wars, The Magnets, The Caesar Twins and manymore. You can find details of past and present projects on our productions page.FUNDING FROM TICKETS, CLOTHING. (MERCHINDICE) PLUS SPONCORS: • E4 • Scotland on Sunday • Grolsch • Southbank CentreFOR ALL AGES. FAMILES, SINGLE, BOYS AND GIRLS

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