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Hort design
Hort design
Hort design
Hort design
Hort design
Hort design
Hort design
Hort design
Hort design
Hort design
Hort design
Hort design
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Hort design

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lanscaping principles

lanscaping principles

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
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  • 1. Principles of landscape design• Landscape design involves functional use of plants combined with artistic composition – Functional use of landscapes: • Visual or acoustic screens • Framing off-landscape views • Microclimate control (e.g. shading, protection from wind) • Creating enclosures (absolute or implied) – Functional uses should be considered first; landscape viewed as different units with different functions
  • 2. Principles of landscape design• Artistic composition derived from physical properties of plants – Form: • Plants can be viewed as mainly horizontal or vertical – Horizontal shapes are less dramatic than vertical shapes • Tree forms depend on branching patterns • Shrub forms result from growth habits (e.g. upright or creeping)
  • 3. Principles of landscape design• Physical properties of plants important in landscape design – Texture: • Stems, leaves, bark, and buds determine texture of plant – Large or widely separated plant features create effect of coarseness – Thick, tight foliage results in finer texture – Simple leaves appear coarser than compound leaves • Distance of view affects texture; farther you stand from plant, the finer its texture appears
  • 4. Principles of landscape design• Physical properties of plants important in landscape design – Color: • Warm colors: yellows to reds – Bright, inviting and lively • Cool colors: greens to violets – Restful, receding, not as conspicuous • Foliage most often considered in landscape design, but flowers, bark and fruit also important
  • 5. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Landscapes need some characteristics to tie together different (functional) units and plants within a unit • Characters that provide unity in landscape design – simplicity – variety – emphasis – balance – sequence – scale
  • 6. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Simplicity (repetition) • Created with repetition of form, texture, colors, or specific plant species • Must prevent monotony; variety is used to ‘control’ repetition
  • 7. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Variety • Varying forms, textures and shapes to prevent boredom
  • 8. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Emphasis • Drawing attention to important features of landscape – Can draw attention to front door of residence by using plants that offer variety in color, texture or form near the door
  • 9. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Balance • Symmetrical balance = elements on either side of an axis are identical (formal feel) • Asymmetrical balance = unlike elements of equal visual weight on each side of an axis (less formal) – achieved by balancing forms of unequal size (e.g. 1 tree balanced by 3 shrubs) – Color adds visual weight; brightly colored plant may need to be balanced with several plants of equal size but not brightly colored – Coarse textures are visually heavier than fine textures (more fine- textured plants needed to balance coarse-textured plants)
  • 10. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Balance
  • 11. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Sequence • Move viewer’s eyes over landscape in orderly fashion – Achieved by gradual progression of form, texture or color – Any plant that breaks gradual progression becomes a point of emphasis
  • 12. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Scale • Relative scale or proportion of landscape affects viewer’s mood – Most landscapes should be proportional to human height or height of structure

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