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Art History2010

  2. 2. ART HISTORY TIMELINE Renaissance 1200 Cubism Impressionism Gothic 1400 1600 Baroque 1700 Rococo 1860 Neoclassism 1750 Fauvism 1898 1905 1908 (Classicism) (Classicism) Expressionism 1910 1913 1916 1924 1950 1958 1960 1978 Abstract Art Constructivism Dadaism Surrealism Optical Art Pop Art Conceptual Art Minimalism Digital Art
  3. 3.   RENAISSANCE <ul><li>This movement began in Italy in the 14th century . The Renaissance began in northern Italy and then spread through Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>RENAISSANCE literally means rebirth in French . </li></ul><ul><li>This art reflected back to the classical time of Rome and Greece . </li></ul><ul><li>In the Renaissance, we see the first oil painting on canvas . </li></ul><ul><li>It was also a time where the paintings took on three dimensions by the use of shadow and light. </li></ul><ul><li>Artists tried to show differences in proportions (meaning size  and location of one thing compared to another in the painting) of their subject matter.       </li></ul>Home
  4. 4.   RENAISSANCE Artists PROFILE Leonardo Da Vinci Real name =Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci means Leonardo the son of Piero da vinci D.O.B = April 15, 1452 – May 2, 15 Italy scientist, mathematician, inventor, painter, sculptor, architect, musician and writer . He is the FATHER of Renaissance artists. Left-handed and wrote in mirror images . Rumoured to have relationships with his male pupils. – Homosexual Died of old age Home
  5. 5.   RENAISSANCE Artists Home
  6. 6.   RENAISSANCE Artists Home
  7. 7.   RENAISSANCE Artists Home Interesting fact Women seen in renaissance paintings are always portrayed as prostitutes or as a virtuous woman. Italian women fashion was to be Plump. They shaved their eyebrows
  8. 8.   RENAISSANCE Artists Home
  9. 9.   RENAISSANCE Artists Leonardo Da Vinci Mona Lisa or “ La Gioconda ” Oil on wood, 77 x 53 cm (30 x 20 7/8 in) Spent 4 years to paint Mona Lisa It was a famous painting during the Renaissance period but it became even more famous in 1911. WHY? It was stolen from the Salon Carré in the Louvre by an Italian thief. It resurfaced two years later in Florence, when an Italian named Vincenzo Perugia offered to sell the painting to the Uffizi Gallery for US$100,000. In 1956 an acid attempt damaged the lower half of the painting. Home
  10. 10.   RENAISSANCE Artists Leonardo Da Vinci Mona Lisa or “ La Gioconda ” Oil on wood, 77 x 53 cm (30 x 20 7/8 in) <ul><li>Behind the painting </li></ul><ul><li>The left finger was not completely finished </li></ul><ul><li>The elbow was repaired from damage due to a rock thrown at the painting in 1956. </li></ul><ul><li>Beneath this painting are 3 different versions of the painting. </li></ul>Home
  11. 11.   RENAISSANCE Artists Leonardo Da Vinci He painted it on the back wall of the dining hall at the Dominican convent of Sta Maria delle Grazie in Italy. <ul><li>Behind the painting </li></ul><ul><li>The Knife one of the disciple is holding. </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a girl among the 12 supposedly male disciples? </li></ul>Home The last Supper, 1495-1498
  12. 12.   RENAISSANCE Artists Leonardo Da Vinci The last Supper, 1495-1498 Home
  13. 14.   RENAISSANCE Artists Sandro Botticelli <ul><li>1445 – 1510 Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Real name was Alessandro Mariano di Vanni Filipepi </li></ul><ul><li>Known for his religious pictures but his most famous works were paintings of mythological creatures and gods from ancient Greek and Roman stories. </li></ul><ul><li>2 most famous paintings are Primavera and The birth of venus. </li></ul>Home
  14. 15.   RENAISSANCE Artists Sandro Botticelli Primavera, 1482 Home
  15. 16.   RENAISSANCE Artists Sandro Botticelli The Birth of Venus, 1485 Home <ul><li>Venus is said to be a rich married woman whom Botticelli liked </li></ul>
  16. 17.   RENAISSANCE Artists Sandro Botticelli The Birth of Venus, 1485 Home
  17. 18.   RENAISSANCE Artists Home Michelangelo Buonarroti Full name: Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni D.O.B: 1475 – 18 February 1564, Italy Painter, sculptor, engineer, architect, poet. Rival: Da Vinci He was not married. He liked the beauty of man. Most of his Art works portrayed men.
  18. 19.   RENAISSANCE Artists Michelangelo Pietà, 1499 Home <ul><li>Sitting in St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City </li></ul><ul><li>Art work depicts the body of Jesus on the lap of his mother Mary after the Crucifix </li></ul>
  19. 20.   RENAISSANCE Artists Michelangelo David - about 5.17m tall Gigantic marble, 1501 - 1504 <ul><li>This statue represent David before the battle with Goliath. </li></ul><ul><li>It was built to commemorate the independence of the Florentine Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Standing in the Piazza della Signoria, the entrance to the Palazzo Vecchi City, Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>Sculpture was moved in 1873 to the Accademia Gallery in Florence. </li></ul><ul><li>A duplicate Statue can be found in Gold Coast, Australia Shopping Mall. </li></ul>Home
  20. 21.   RENAISSANCE Artists Michelangelo The Last Judgment, 1531-1545 1370 × 1200 cm <ul><li>Took 6 years to complete the Altar wall of the Sistine Chapel. </li></ul>Home
  21. 22.   RENAISSANCE Artists Michelangelo Creation of Adam, 1511 480 × 230 cm <ul><li>Painted on the ceiling of </li></ul><ul><li>the famous Sistine Chapel. </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrates the Biblical story which God the Father breathes life into Adam. </li></ul>Home
  22. 23.   RENAISSANCE Artists Michelangelo Home
  23. 24. Interior of the Sistine Chapel at Vatican City, Rome Home
  24. 26.   IMPRESSIONISM KEY DATES: 1867-1886 <ul><li>A French 19th century art movement which marked a momentous break from tradition in European painting. </li></ul><ul><li>The Impressionists incorporated new scientific research into the physics of colour to achieve a more exact representation of colour and tone. </li></ul><ul><li>Impressionist art is a style in which the artist captures the image of an object as someone would see it if they just caught a glimpse of it. </li></ul><ul><li>They paint the pictures with a lot of color and most of their pictures are outdoor scenes. Their pictures are very bright and vibrant . </li></ul>Home
  26. 28. IMPRESSIONISM Artists Edgar Degas Full name: Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas D.O.B: 1834 –1917, Paris One of the main founder of Impressionism. Well-known for portrait, dancers and female nudes Paintings. Suffered eye problem Friends called him eccentric. Home
  27. 29. IMPRESSIONISM Artists Edgar Degas La famille Bellelli Portrait de famille 1858 -1867 Home
  28. 30. IMPRESSIONISM Artists Edgar Degas Dancing Examination. 1874 The Absinthe Drinker 1875-1876 Home
  29. 31. IMPRESSIONISM Artists Claude Monet Home Full name: Claude Oscar Monet D.O.B: 1840-1926, Paris ran into financial difficulties and attempted suicide in 1868 Well-known for landscape painting especially nature. Suffered from Cataracts Died of lung cancer
  30. 32. IMPRESSIONISM Artists Claude Monet Bridge over a Pool of Water Lilies 1899 Home is a series of approximately 250 oil paintings of water lilies. In 2007, one of Monet's water lily paintings sold for £18.5 million. In 2008, another of Monet’s water lily painting sold for £ 41 million His good friends were Pissarro, Cézanne, Renoir, Sisley, and Bazille
  31. 33. IMPRESSIONISM Artists Water-Lilies, 1908 Home Water Lilies, 1920-1926
  32. 34. IMPRESSIONISM Artists Claude Monet Branch of the Seine near Giverny, 1897 Pappeln on the Epte, 1900 Home
  33. 35. IMPRESSIONISM Artists Pierre Auguste Renoir Home Full name: Pierre Auguste Renoir D.O.B: 1841 – 1919, France often focusing on people in intimate and candid compositions Painting nude was one of his primary subjects
  34. 36. IMPRESSIONISM Artists Pierre Auguste Renoir <ul><li>Known for his vibrant light and saturated color, most often focusing on people in intimate and candid compositions </li></ul><ul><li>Discovered that the color of shadows is not brown or black, but the reflected color of the objects surrounding them. </li></ul><ul><li>Best friend is Claude Monet. </li></ul>1876 Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette Most famous painting Home
  35. 37. IMPRESSIONISM Artists Pierre Auguste Renoir Le déjeuner des canotiers (The Boating party) Painted in 1881 Mdm. Charpentier and her children, 1878 Home
  36. 38. EXPRESSIONISM The use of intense colour, agitated brushstrokes, distortion, exaggeration. Expressionism is an artistic style in the use of distortion and exaggeration for emotional effect . Unlike Impressionism, expressionism is not to reproduce the impression suggested by the surrounding world, but to strongly impose the artist's own sensibility to the world's representation Home
  37. 39. EXPRESSIONISM Home
  38. 40. EXPRESSIONISM Artists Vincent Van Gogh Home Full name: Vincent Willhem Van Gogh D.O.B: 1853 – 1890, Netherlands Considered as Dutch Post-Impressionist and the pioneer of Expressionist. Known to be eccentric. Did not communicate with his family other than his younger brother, Theo. He wrote more than 600 letters to him. produced more than 2,000 artworks, consisting of around 900 paintings and 1,100 drawings and sketches
  39. 41. EXPRESSIONISM Artists Vincent Van Gogh <ul><li>Three brothers, and three </li></ul><ul><li>sisters </li></ul><ul><li>A medicine which blurred his </li></ul><ul><li>colour vision. – Yellow & Gold </li></ul><ul><li>This is the only painting which </li></ul><ul><li>Van Gogh sold throughout his </li></ul><ul><li>Life when he was still alive </li></ul><ul><li>as an artist. </li></ul>&quot;The Red Vineyard&quot; Painted in1888 Home
  40. 42. EXPRESSIONISM Artists Vincent Van Gogh <ul><li>Eccentric behaviour started </li></ul><ul><li>After he got rejected by his long </li></ul><ul><li>Distant cousin. </li></ul><ul><li>Found a gf who is a prostitute. </li></ul><ul><li>Wore ragged, unwashed clothing, </li></ul><ul><li>Painted peasants. </li></ul>&quot;The Potato Eaters“ Painted in 1885 Home
  41. 43. EXPRESSIONISM Artists Vincent Van Gogh Argued with his best friend, Gauguin, cut off his ear and gave it to a prostitute friend. Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear Painted in 1889 Home
  42. 44. EXPRESSIONISM Artists Vincent Van Gogh Home He painted this during his Depression period, outside The mental hospital which He stayed before. Starry starry night 1889
  43. 45. EXPRESSIONISM Artists Vincent Van Gogh One of his last paintings which he completed in late July 1890. After a few days later, Van Gogh went for a walk and shot himself in the chest. &quot;Wheat Field With Crows“ 1890 Home
  44. 46. EXPRESSIONISM Artists Edvard Munch Home Full name: Edvard Munch D.O.B: 1863 – 1944, Norway Edvard’s mother died of tuberculosis in 1868 His favourite sis died of tuberculosis in 1877. Another sis suffered from mental illness. Brother died a few months after his wedding. His father died in 1889.
  45. 47. EXPRESSIONISM Artists Edvard Munch The Scream, 1893 <ul><li>Tragic family history. </li></ul><ul><li>(Everyone in the family died) </li></ul><ul><li>The first Western artist to have his pictures exhibited at the National Gallery in Beijing. </li></ul><ul><li>The Scream painting was stolen in 1994 but was restored after a few years. </li></ul>Home
  46. 48. EXPRESSIONISM Artists Edvard Munch Death in the Sickroom. 1895 Collection of 1,100 paintings, 4,500 drawings and 18000 prints, as well as woodcuts, etchings, lithographs, lithographic stones, woodcut blocks, copperplates and photographs Home
  47. 49. CUBISM KEY DATES: 1908-1914 <ul><li>The Cubism movement began in Paris around 1907. </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque . </li></ul><ul><li>Cubists broke from centuries of tradition in their painting. </li></ul><ul><li>In cubist artworks, objects are broken up, analyzed, and re-assembled in an abstracted form . </li></ul>Home
  48. 51. CUBISM Artists Pablo Picasso Home Full name: Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso D.O.B: 1881 - 1973, Spain One of the main founder of Cubism His artworks were divided into Blue Period (1901–1904) Rose Period (1905–1907) African-influenced Period (1908–1909) Analytic Cubism (1909–1912) Synthetic Cubism (1912–1919)
  49. 52. CUBISM Artists Pablo Picasso Girl with a mandolin 1910 Home Paulo (4 February 1921 – 5 June 1975) (Born Paul Joseph Picasso) — with Olga Khokhlova Maia (5 September 1935 – ) (Born Maria de la Concepcion Picasso) — with Marie- Thérèse Walter Claude (15 May 1947 –) (Born Claude Pierre Pablo Picasso) — with Françoise Gilot Paloma (19 April 1949 – ) (Born Anne Paloma Picasso) — with Françoise Gilot
  50. 53. CUBISM Artists Pablo Picasso Guitar Player 1910 Home Produced about 50,000, comprising 1,885 paintings; 1,228 sculptures; 2,880 ceramics, roughly 12,000 drawings, many thousands of prints,
  51. 54. ABSTRACT ART KEY DATES: 1910 Abstract art generally means art that does not depict objects in the natural world , but instead uses colour and form in a non-representational way. Home
  52. 56. ABSTRACT ART Artists Jackson Pollock Home Full name: Paul Jackson Pollock D.O.B: 1912 –1956, America Founder of Abstract expressionist. Died in a drinking car crash accident
  53. 57. ABSTRACT ART Artists Jackson Pollock <ul><li>Started the &quot;drip&quot; technique by dripping paint on the canvas which was laid on the floor. </li></ul><ul><li>Used hardened brushes, sticks and even basting syringes as paint applicators. He would poke a hole in the bottom of a tin can of paint to get an extended drip line. Pollock's technique of pouring and dripping paint is thought to be one of the origins of the term “ Action painting”. </li></ul>Home
  54. 58. ABSTRACT ART Artists Jackson Pollock Number 1, l948 Home
  55. 59. ABSTRACT ART Artists Jackson Pollock Number 4, l950 Home
  56. 60. ABSTRACT ART Artists Mark Rothko Home Full name: Marcus Rothkowitz, Mark Rotkovich D.O.B: 1903 –1970, Russia Moved to USA when he was young. Believed that his painting Speaks for itself.
  57. 61. ABSTRACT ART Artists Mark Rothko Home White over Red 1957 <ul><li>Rothko was suffered from depression. </li></ul><ul><li>He had a prickly temperament, drank heavily and took hypnotic pills. </li></ul><ul><li>Had 2 failed marriages </li></ul><ul><li>Committed suicide </li></ul>
  58. 62. ABSTRACT ART Artists Mark Rothko Orange and Yellow, 1956 Yellow, Red, Red, 1954 Home
  59. 63. ABSTRACT ART Artists Piet Mondrian Home Full name: Piet Mondrian D.O.B: Netherlands Paintings were mainly influenced by Absract and Neoplasticism . Neoplasticism is the belief of Having horizontal and verttical lines of Primary colours.
  60. 64. ABSTRACT ART Artists Piet Mondrian “ Composition with red, yellow blue and black“ 1921 Broadway Boogie Woogie 1942 -1943 Home
  61. 65. ABSTRACT ART Artists Piet Mondrian Composition of red, yellow and blue 1930 <ul><li>This painting was duplicated and it can be found in Singapore. </li></ul><ul><li>A 17-story condominium was launched in Singapore in April 2007 with the </li></ul><ul><li>name &quot;Parc Mondrian” </li></ul>Home
  62. 66. SURREALISM <ul><li>The works feature the element of surprise , unexpected juxtapositions and absurd. </li></ul><ul><li>Surrealism is a style in which fantastic visual imagery from the subconscious mind is used with no intention of making the artwork logically comprehensible . </li></ul>Early 1920s Home
  63. 68. SURREALISM Artists Salvador Dali Home Full name: Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech D.O.B: 1904 –1989, Spain Known for the striking and bizarre images in his surrealist work. Painter, Photographer, Sculptor, and does video too.
  64. 69. SURREALISM Artists Salvador Dali The Persistence of Memory 1931 The Hallucinogenic Toreador 1968 Home
  65. 70. SURREALISM Artists Salvador Dali Still Life Moving Fast 1956 Did you know? Home This logo was created by Dali.
  66. 71. SURREALISM Artists René François Magritte Home Full name: René François Ghislain Magritte D.O.B: 1898 –1967, Belgium
  67. 72. SURREALISM Artists René François Magritte <ul><li>Belgian Surrealist. </li></ul><ul><li>Well known for a number of witty and amusing images. </li></ul><ul><li>Magritte's simplicity is misleading. Magritte chose ordinary things from which to construct his works - trees, chairs, tables, doors, windows, shoes, shelves, landscapes, people. </li></ul><ul><li>Work frequently contains a juxtaposition of objects or an unusual context giving new meanings to familiar things. </li></ul><ul><li>Died of cancer. </li></ul>Time Transfixed, 1938 Home
  68. 73. SURREALISM Artists René François Magritte Golconde , 1953 The Son of Man, 1964 Home
  69. 74. Pop Art <ul><li>Popular Art movement used common everyday objects to portray elements of popular culture , primarily images in advertising and television in the western countries . </li></ul><ul><li>The Pop Art movement originated in England in the 1950s and traveled overseas to the United States during the 1960s. </li></ul><ul><li>This movement was marked by a fascination with popular culture reflecting the affluence in post-war society . It was most prominent in American art. In celebrating everyday objects such as soup cans, washing powder, comic strips and soda pop bottles, the movement turned the commonplace into icons. </li></ul>1958 - 1975 Home
  70. 75.   POP ART Artists Andy Warhol <ul><li>Full name: Andrew Warhola </li></ul><ul><li>D.O.B: 1928 –1987, America </li></ul><ul><li>He discovered Blotted-line Technique. </li></ul><ul><li>The technique required Warhol to tape two pieces of blank paper together and then draw in ink on one page. Before the ink dried, he would press the two pieces of paper together. The result was a picture with irregular lines that he would color in with watercolor. </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for retrospective design. </li></ul>Home
  71. 76.   POP ART Artists Andy Warhol Campbell’s Soup, 1968 <ul><li>Made paintings of famous </li></ul><ul><li>American products like Campbell Soup, Coca-Cola, Marilyn Monroe…etc </li></ul><ul><li>Campbell Soup is his most famous painting. </li></ul>Home
  72. 77. This painting was sold for $1000USD. Home
  73. 78.   POP ART Artists Turquoise Marilyn 1962 Andy Warhol Home
  74. 79. POP ART Artists Andy Warhol Self-portrait Home
  75. 80. POP ART Artists Andy Warhol Home Mickey Mouse
  76. 81. POP ART Artists Andy Warhol Home Guess how much does this cost? $100 million USD
  77. 82. POP ART Artists Roy Lichtenstein 1923 - 1997 Home Full name: Roy Lichtenstein D.O.B: 1923 –1997, America heavily influenced by both popular advertising and the comic book style.
  78. 83. POP ART Artists Roy Lichtenstein 1923 - 1997 <ul><li>American Pop Artist </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by popular advertising and comic book styles. </li></ul>Home Girl with hair ribbon 1965
  79. 84. POP ART Artists Roy Lichtenstein Home Whaam! 1963
  80. 85. Surrealism Salvador Dali René François Magritte Renaissance Leonardo Da Vinci Sandro Botticelli Michelangelo Cubism Georges Braque Pablo Picasso Paul Cezanne Paul Klee  Expressionism Edvard Munch Franz Marc Francis Bacon  Marc Chagall Vincent Van Gogh Impressionism Claude Monet Edgar Degas Pierre Auguste Renoir Camille Pissarro Pop Art Andy Warhol Roy Lichtenstein Richard Hamilton Jasper Johns Keith Harrings Abstract Art Jackson Pollock Mark Rothko Piet Mondrian Home