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Qut Harvard Referencing Dec09 Ppt Lr Qut Harvard Referencing Dec09 Ppt Lr Presentation Transcript

  • QUT Harvard Referencing
  • QUT Harvard is one of the official referencing styles used at QUT...
    ...based on the Chicago Manual of Style
    If you’re not sure which referencing style to use, ask your lecturer or tutor!
  • APA + Harvard... What’s the difference?Not much!
    Some differences in punctuation and formatting, but the goals are the same! Referencing styles have traditionally been aligned with different disciplines. Harvard, for example, has typically been used by scholars in the humanities.
    Know your style, and stick with it!
    View slide
  • Referencing is...
    • Providing information about the sources you used in your work. View slide
    • Part of the writing process, not something you think about an hour before finishing your assignment
    • Part of mastering referencing is learning to take effective notes as you read
    www.kickstart.qut.edu.au
  • You reference in order to...
    support your ideas using expert facts
    give credit to other people’s ideas you have used
    help other readers find the original facts and ideas
    avoid plagiarism.
  • To make referencing easier...
    Keep notes for what you read, and where
    Go to the Cite|Write website for notetaking templates
    Turn on your borrowing history!
  • There are two parts to a reference...
    The in text citation
    The reference list entry
  • 1. The in text citation
    Located in the text of your essay where you have quoted, paraphrased or summarised an author
    2. The reference list entry
    Located at the end of your essay
  • 1. The in text citation
    Includes some of the details of your sourceauthor + year (+ page numbers where you paraphrase or quote)
    2. The reference list entry
    Includes all the details of the sourceauthor + year + title + place of publication + publisher
  • 1. The in text citation
    Includes some of the details of your sourceauthor + year (+ page numbers where you paraphrase or quote)
    Flannery (2005, 140) refers to...
    2. The reference list entry
    Includes all the details of the sourceauthor + year + title + place of publication + publisher
    Flannery, T. 2005. The weather makers: The history and future impact of climate change.
    Melbourne: The Text Publishing Company.
  • 1In-text
    References
    Gamson, W. A. 1992. The social psychology of collective action. In Frontiers in social
    movement theory, edited by A. Morris and C. McClung Mueller. New Haven: Yale University Press.
    Klandermans, B. 1997. Social psychology of protest. Boston: Blackwell.
    McAdam, D., J. D. McCarthy and M. N. Zald. 1996. Introductions, opportunities,
    mobilizing structures, and forming processes: Toward a synthetic comparative perspective on social move-ments. In Comparative perspectives on social movements,, J. D. McCarthy and M. N. Zald. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Noonan, R. 1997. Women against the state. In Social movements: Readings on their
    emergence, mobi-lization, and dynamics, ed. D. McAdam and D. Snow. Los Angeles: Roxbury.
    2Reference list
  • 1. In-text
    Paraphrase
    Direct quote
    Summary
    Note: the direct quote and the paraphrase require page numbers.
  • 2. Reference list
    Alphabetical by author family name
    Italicise the title of the source
    References
    Gamson, W. A. 1992. The social psychology of collective action. In Frontiers in social
    movement theory, edited by A. Morris and C. McClung Mueller. New Haven: Yale University Press.
    Klandermans, B. 1997. Social psychology of protest. Boston: Blackwell.
    McAdam, D., J. D. McCarthy and M. N. Zald. 1996. Introductions, opportunities,
    mobilizing structures, and forming processes: Toward a synthetic comparative perspective on social move-ments. In Comparative perspectives on social movements,, J. D. McCarthy and M. N. Zald. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Noonan, Rita. 1997. Women against the state. In Social movements: Readings on their
    emergence, mobi-lization, and dynamics, ed. D. McAdam and D. Snow. Los Angeles: Roxbury.
    Indent the lines
    Under the first
    (half an inch)
  • Every reference in the text of the essay....
    References
    Gamson, W. A. 1992. The social psychology of collective action. In Frontiers in social
    movement theory, edited by A. Morris and C. McClung Mueller. New Haven: Yale University Press.
    Klandermans, B. 1997. Social psychology of protest. Boston: Blackwell.
    McAdam, D., J. D. McCarthy and M. N. Zald. 1996. Introductions, opportunities,
    mobilizing structures, and forming processes: Toward a synthetic comparative perspective on social move-ments. In Comparative perspectives on social movements,, J. D. McCarthy and M. N. Zald. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Noonan, R. 1997. Women against the state. In Social movements: Readings on their
    emergence, mobi-lization, and dynamics, ed. D. McAdam and D. Snow. Los Angeles: Roxbury.
    ... Must have a corresponding entry in the full reference list
  • In referencing, you use different bits of information to describe different sources...
    www
    Almost all sources have an author and a year published- this is why they’re used in text. Plus they’re generally shorter than the title!
  • www
    Other bits of information can be specific to particular types of sources...
  • Before you reference a source, decide what it is! Then you’ll have all the information you’ll need later
    Books have a publisher and a place of publication
    For a Book chapter you’ll have two titles, an author and usually, an editor. Plus you’ll need the page numbers!
  • Before you reference a source, decide what it is! Then you’ll have all the information you’ll need later
    Journal articles appear in a particular volume + issue of a journal. Electronic articles will also need the URL and access date!
    Most freely available things you find online are best referenced as Websites, aside from electronic journal articles and multimedia resources. Again, URL + access date are needed.
    www
  • A book...
    • To reference it, we need:
    • Title
    • Author
    • Year
    • Publisher
    • City of publication
    • And page numbers if you quote or paraphrase
  • 1. Intext citation
    2. Reference list
    Family name (year, page number of information cited)
    Family name, Initial/s. Year. Title . City of publication: Publisher.
    ... as argued by Flannery (2005).
    Flannery (2005, 65) stated that “..
    ...climate change (Flannery 2005)...
    Flannery, T. 2005. The weather makers: The history and future impact of climate change. Melbourne: The Text Publishing Company.
  • From the book...
    Flannery, T. 2005. The weather makers: The history and future impact of climate change. Melbourne: The Text Publishing Company.
  • From the QUT Library Catalogue...
    Flannery, T. 2005. The weather makers: The history and future impact of climate change. Melbourne: The Text Publishing Company.
  • An article...
    • To reference it, we need:
    • Title
    • Author
    • Year
    • Journal Title
    • Volume
    • Number
    • Page numbers
    • If Online, we need:
    • URL
    • Date accessed
  • 1. Intext citation
    2. Reference list
    Family name (year, page number of information cited)
    Family name, Initial/s. Year. Article title. Journal title Volume (Issue): page numbers. URL (accessed Month Day, Year).
    ... as argued by Matthews, Doherty and Sharry (2008).
    Matthews, Doherty and Sharry (2008, 65) state that “..
    ...mobile phones (Matthews, Doherty and Sharry 2005)...
    Matthews, M., B. Doherty, J. Sharry and C. Fitzpatrick. 2008. Mobile phone mood charting for adolescents. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling 36 (2): 113-129. http://web. ebscohost,com.ezp02.library.qut.edu.au/eh ost/pdf?vid=3&hid=9&sir104 (accessed May 5, 2009).
  • From the article
    Matthews, M., B. Doherty, J. Sharry and C. Fitzpatrick. 2008. Mobile phone mood charting for adolescents. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling 36 (2): 113-129. http://web. ebscohost,com.ezp02.library.qut.edu.au/eh ost/pdf?vid=3&hid=9&sir104 (accessed May 5, 2009).
  • A website...
    • To reference it, we need:
    • Title
    • Author... In this example, a group author
    • Year
    • URL
    • Date accessed
  • 1. Intext citation
    2. Reference list
    Group author (year, page number/ paragraph number/ subheading)
    Group author. Year. Title. URL (accessed Month Day, Year).
    ... as argued by World Heath Organization (2009).
    World Heath Organization (2009, para. 4) state that “..
    ...influenza (World Heath Organization 2009)...
    World Health Organization. 2009. Influenza-like illness in the United States and Mexico. http://www.who.int/csr/don/2009_04_24
    /en/index.html (accessed May 5, 2009).
  • A website...
    World Health Organization. 2009. Influenza-like illness in the United States and Mexico. http://www.who.int/csr/don/2009_04_24
    /en/index.html (accessed May 5, 2009).
    Note: the title is not italicised
  • Cite|Write: your guide to QUT Harvard
    +
    www.citewrite.qut.edu.au
    Library
    Division of Technology Information and Learning Support
    CRICOS No.00213J
  • You can find many more formats online...
    Let’s have a look at http://www.citewrite.qut.edu.au/
  • But what if...
    To master referencing, you must problem solve! Some common problems include....
  • Multiple authors?The rule can change depending on the number of authors
    Count- how many authors?
    QUT Harvard Referencing examples Bookshttp://www.citewrite.qut.edu.au/cite/harvard/
    Single author
    Two authors
    Three to five authors
    Six or more authors
    Even if the source is NOT a book, the rule for multiple authors stay the same
  • One author quoted within another?Two options are listed. Use the option for undergraduate students
    • QUT Harvard Referencing examples Bookshttp://www.citewrite.qut.edu.au/cite/harvard/
    • Author(s) quoted in another work
  • No author?First… look for a corporate author!
    In text:
    World Health Organization data suggests… (2009). (World Health Organization, 2009).
    Reference list:World Health Organization. 2009. Influenza-like illness in the United States and Mexico. http://www. who.int/csr/don/2009_04_24/en/index.html (accessed May 5, 2009).
  • Still no author?Rule: use the title in place of the authors name
    • QUT Harvard Referencing examples Bookshttp://www.citewrite.qut.edu.au/cite/harvard/
    • No author
    Even if the source is NOT a book, the rule for no author is the same
  • No year?Rule: use n.d. to show “no date”
    • QUT Harvard Referencing examples Bookshttp://www.citewrite.qut.edu.au/cite/harvard/
    • No year of publication
    Even if the source is NOT a book, the rule for no year is the same
  • No page numbers?Rule: use a paragraph number or a subheading to help the reader locate the original information
    • QUT Harvard Referencing examples Periodicalshttp://www.citewrite.qut.edu.au/cite/harvard/
    • Full text articles- without pagination
    Even if the source is NOT a journal article, the rule for no page numbers is the same
  • When in doubt...
    • Have a good look through Cite|Write... there are lots of examples
    • If you can’t find an exact match, combine rules from different examples as needed
    Just remember to be consistent
  • Questions?
    You can find help...
    • Face-to-face at library help desks
    • Over the phone
    • By email
    • By webchat
    http://www.library.qut.edu.au/help/