Open publishing: its future and what it offers you as a researcher<br />Dr Neil Jacobs<br />
What is “open”?<br />Permissions<br />Cost<br />Time<br /><ul><li>Papers
Monographs
Theses
Data</li></li></ul><li>Why might you care?<br />Swan, A. (2010) The Open Access citation advantage: Studies and results to...
Is this convincing?<br />A General OA Advantage: the advantage that comes from citable articles becoming available to audi...
Why might Oxford care?<br />Widespread use of repositories gives:<br />£115m p.a. efficiency savings (mainly researchers s...
Is this convincing?<br />Issues with the transition to OA<br />Funding OA publishing<br />Transparency in payments<br />Pr...
How to be open: 1. doctoral theses<br />Electronic management, submission and sharing of theses<br />Real need for an opt-...
How to be open: 2. research papers<br />Put your papers in Oxford’s repository ORA<br />Papers will feature in Google Scho...
How to be open: 2. research papers<br />ora.ouls.ox.ac.uk<br />
How to be open: 2. research papers<br />Put your papers in Oxford’s repository ORA<br />Papers will feature in Google Scho...
How to be open: 2. research papers<br />www.doaj.org<br />
How to be open: 2. research papers<br />Put your papers in Oxford’s repository ORA<br />Papers will feature in Econlit<br ...
What about copyright?<br />It’s yours!<br />Many publishers ask you to give it to them when you publish papers<br />to dev...
What about copyright?<br />www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/<br />
What about copyright?<br />It’s yours!<br />Many publishers ask you to give it to them when you publish papers<br />to dev...
What about copyright?<br />http://copyrighttoolbox.surf.nl<br />
What about copyright?<br />
How to be open: 2. research papers<br />You can probably make your research papers openly available, by:<br />Putting them...
And you may want to ask your repository manager and/or publisher for:
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Dr Neil Jacobs, JISC: Open publishing - its future and what it offers you as a researcher

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Dr Neil Jacobs, JISC: Open publishing - its future and what it offers you as a researcher

  1. 1. Open publishing: its future and what it offers you as a researcher<br />Dr Neil Jacobs<br />
  2. 2. What is “open”?<br />Permissions<br />Cost<br />Time<br /><ul><li>Papers
  3. 3. Monographs
  4. 4. Theses
  5. 5. Data</li></li></ul><li>Why might you care?<br />Swan, A. (2010) The Open Access citation advantage: Studies and results to date. Technical Report , School of Electronics & Computer Science, University of Southampton. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/18516/<br />
  6. 6. Is this convincing?<br />A General OA Advantage: the advantage that comes from citable articles becoming available to audiences that had not had access to them before, and who would find them citable<br />An Early Advantage: the earlier an article is put before its worldwide potential audience may affect subsequent citation patterns<br />A Selection Bias: authors make their better articles Open Access more readily than their poorer articles<br />A Quality Advantage: better articles gain more from the General OA Advantage because they are by definition more citable than poorer articles<br />`<br />
  7. 7. Why might Oxford care?<br />Widespread use of repositories gives:<br />£115m p.a. efficiency savings (mainly researchers saving time in reading / writing)<br />£172m p.a. benefits to the UK economy (innovation, improved practice)<br />Cost-benefit ratios (depending on assumptions) up to 50:1 and more<br />(before any potential subscription cancellations)<br />Bibliometrics... Impact... Reporting... Planning...<br />REF<br />Research Councils mandates, reporting<br />(Houghton, J, et al, 2009, Economic implications of alternative scholarly publishing models: Exploring the costs and benefits: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/reports/2009/economicpublishingmodelsfinalreport.aspx)<br />
  8. 8. Is this convincing?<br />Issues with the transition to OA<br />Funding OA publishing<br />Transparency in payments<br />Practical arrangements<br />Getting researchers to put papers into repositories!<br />What would it take?<br />Need to be much clearer about how benefits arise to UKplc<br />Future of learned societies reliant on subscription income<br />Longer term future of publishing – data, blogs, facebook...<br />
  9. 9. How to be open: 1. doctoral theses<br />Electronic management, submission and sharing of theses<br />Real need for an opt-out in some cases...<br />But also red herrings...<br />UK E-Thesis Service – EThOS<br />Theses harvested from Oxford’s repository<br />Theses digitised if not available electronically<br />UK service, but part of wider European and international network<br />
  10. 10. How to be open: 2. research papers<br />Put your papers in Oxford’s repository ORA<br />Papers will feature in Google Scholar, EconomistsOnline, etc, and be easily accessible by the people you want to read and cite them<br />
  11. 11. How to be open: 2. research papers<br />ora.ouls.ox.ac.uk<br />
  12. 12. How to be open: 2. research papers<br />Put your papers in Oxford’s repository ORA<br />Papers will feature in Google Scholar, Econlit, etc, and be easily accessible by the people you want to read and cite them<br />Publish in an Open Access Journal.<br />185 journals in business and management and 143 journals in economics<br />Funding from Research Councils – need to include in project bids<br />
  13. 13. How to be open: 2. research papers<br />www.doaj.org<br />
  14. 14. How to be open: 2. research papers<br />Put your papers in Oxford’s repository ORA<br />Papers will feature in Econlit<br />Publish in an Open Access Journal.<br />185 journals in business and management and 143 journals in economics<br />Funding from Research Councils – need to include in project bids<br />Working papers from the following organisations are already available via Repec:<br />Saïd Business School<br />Department of Economics<br />Nuffield College<br />Nuffield Centre for Experimental Social Sciences<br />Centre for the Study of African Economies<br />Queen Elizabeth House<br />
  15. 15. What about copyright?<br />It’s yours!<br />Many publishers ask you to give it to them when you publish papers<br />to develop electronic publications and their delivery to meet customer needs and create maximum dissemination of authors' work.<br /> to protect authors' moral rights and their work from plagiarism, unlawful copying and any other infringement of copyright.<br />to recoup copyright fees from reproduction rights organizations to reinvest in new initiatives and author/user services<br />to provide an efficient service for permissions.<br />But if you no longer own your work, then there are limits on what you can do with it, in particular<br />Can you put it on the web for others to read?<br />
  16. 16. What about copyright?<br />www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/<br />
  17. 17. What about copyright?<br />It’s yours!<br />Many publishers ask you to give it to them when you publish papers<br />to develop electronic publications and their delivery to meet customer needs and create maximum dissemination of authors' work.<br /> to protect authors' moral rights and their work from plagiarism, unlawful copying and any other infringement of copyright.<br />to recoup copyright fees from reproduction rights organizations to reinvest in new initiatives and author/user services<br />to provide an efficient service for permissions.<br />But if you no longer own your work, then there are limits on what you can do with it, in particular<br />Can you put it on the web for others to read?<br />There are alternatives<br />
  18. 18. What about copyright?<br />http://copyrighttoolbox.surf.nl<br />
  19. 19. What about copyright?<br />
  20. 20. How to be open: 2. research papers<br />You can probably make your research papers openly available, by:<br />Putting them in ORA<br />check SherpaRoMEO for your rights<br />Publishing in an open access journal (get funding for this)<br />Check DOAJ for open access journals<br /><ul><li>In either case, you may want to publish using a “licence to publish” rather than handing over your copyright.
  21. 21. And you may want to ask your repository manager and/or publisher for:
  22. 22. Detailed usage statistics – who has downloaded your papers?
  23. 23. Detailed citation statistics – who has cited your papers?</li></li></ul><li>How to be open: 3. monographs<br />Important because they are disappearing..<br />And that changes scholarship...<br />But more complex because<br />Business models are different<br />Less funding, especially in arts, humanities and social sciences<br />Electronic-only has been difficult (but Kindle changes that?)<br />Nevertheless, pilots underway<br />Negotiate with your publisher for some rights<br />
  24. 24. How to be open: 4. data<br />Legally<br />Whose is it? (and what does that mean?)<br />In some cases, consent issues<br />Freedom of Information and equivalent regulations for environmental data<br />Research practice<br />Researchers have rights to derive results and papers from their data<br />But there is are both research and public benefits in some data being more widely available<br />Policy initiatives<br />Research Councils agreeing a common position; data management plans...<br />Data.gov.uk<br />Infrastructure<br />Universities are developing significant capacity<br />(inter)national, eg UK Data Archive, NERC Data Centres, EBI<br />
  25. 25. Open Science?<br />?? Research communication is changing, part of much wider changes in the ways in which research is done<br />Open notebook science, sharing data live, as it is collected<br />Publish in open formats for tools (egtextmining)<br />Open Access journals and repositories<br />Open peer commentary, annotation, tagging<br />Open innovation models with more permissive IPR models<br />Only publish a summary report of the research<br />Publish in PDF for human readers<br />Subscription-based journals<br />Anonymous peer review<br />Relations with commercial sector via consultancies and joint projects with closed IPR model<br />?<br />Neil Jacobs: n.jacobs@jisc.ac.uk<br />

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