ODE ON MELANCHOLY STANZA 1 NO, NO GO NOT TO LETHE, NEITHER TWISTWOLF BANE TIGHT ROOTED, FOR ITS POISONOUS WINE, NOR SUFFER THE PALE FOREHEAD TO BE KISSED BY NIGHTSHADE,RUBBY GRAPE OF PROSPER PINE;
TITLE OF THE POEMODE MEANS TO ADDRESS OR TALK TO AND THE GENERAL INTERPRETATION OF MELANCHOLY IS SADNESS. IN FACT MELANCHOLY IS A HIGHLY PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL STATE OF MIND IN AHICH AN INDIVIDUAL TAKES PLEASURE OUT OF PAIN.
EXPLANATIONTHE POEM OPENS ABRUPTLY WE UNDERSTAND WHAT KEATS IS TALKING ABOUT AND TO WHOM BY HIS STYLE. KEATS WARNS THE SAD AND MELANCHOLY PEOPLE IN A VERY BEAUTIFUL STYLE. AS HE SAYS THAT “NO, NO GO TO LETHE”
Keats asks sad people to avoid river "lethe”. His beautiful and artistic style ofaddressing attracted our attention.“Lethe "is a river of forgetfulness in Greek mythology. They believe that they will forget their past by drinking it’s water.Keats is not in favour of this act. He thinks that past is a precious tressure of one’s life.
Being weak and hesitant human beings we do not want to recall suchbitter memories. We do conscious effort to forget those painful events of past. We consider them as an obstacle in our way to success and happiness. AS A SCHOLAR SAYS “LITTLE AND MIXTURE, EVENTS OF PAST DEVELOP OUE PERSONALITY”
The third thing that Keats asks us to avoid is “night-shade”. It is also apoisonous plant. Keats says that a sad person should not rub his “ pale forehead” .in such a way sad person will be under the intoxication of it.His senses will sleep slowly and gradually he will become unconscious.
Here Keats seems to be a young Shakespeare of literature who says that,“COWARD DIES MANY TIMES BEFORE HIS DEATH BRAVE DIES BUT ONCE IN HIS LIFE”
As a scholar says that, “IF AN EGG IS BROKEN DUE TO OUTSIDE FORCE. INSIDE LIFEENDS; IF IT’S BROKEN FROM INSIDE LIFE BEGINS, GREAT THINGS ALWAYS BEGINS FROM INSIDE”