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Tea industry in assam

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This topic will provide a basic outline about the tea industry

This topic will provide a basic outline about the tea industry

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  • Prepared by-SwapnaliSaikiaRoll no. 223rd semester (2011)Department of Geography, G.U.

Tea industry in assam Tea industry in assam Presentation Transcript

  • “Tea Industry in Assam: A General Overview” Swapnali Saikia Jorhat, India
  • INTRODUCTION: The state of Assam is the worlds largest tea-growing region, lying on either side of theBrahmaputra River, and bordering Bangladesh andMyanmar. This part of India experiences highprecipitation; during the monsoon period, as muchas 10 to 12 inches (250–300 mm) of rain per day.The daytime temperature rises to about 103F (40°C), creating greenhouse-like conditions of extremehumidity and heat. This tropical climate contributesto Assams unique malty taste, a feature for whichthis tea is well known.
  • The Tea industry in Assam is about 170 yearsold. It occupies an important place and plays a veryspecial role in the State economy in particular andin the national economy in general. The wild teaplants were discovered in upper Brahmaputravalley by Robert Bruce in 1823 and the first Indiantea was sent to United Kingdom for public sale inthe year 1838. Thereafter tea cultivation wasextended to other parts of the country between 50‟sand 60‟s of the last century. As of today, Assam Teahas maintained its international reputation andcommands significant share in the world TeaMarket.
  • Tea of the agriculture-based industries, teaoccupies an important place in Assam. In Assam, teais grown both in the Brahmaputra and Barak plains.Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Sibsagar, Jorhat, Golaghat, Nagaon and Sonitpur are the districts where teagardens are mostly found. Assam produces 51% ofthe tea produced in India and about 1/6th of the teaproduced in the world. The tea industry in Assamalso provides average daily employment to morethan six lakh persons in the State which is around 50percent of the total average daily number of labouremployed in the country.
  • Study Area: Assam, IndiaExtension: 24˚3ˊN-27˚58ˊN 89˚5ˊE96˚1ˊE & -Area: 78,438 sq. kmPopulation: 31169272(2011 census)
  • OBJECTIVES:•To show the present condition of teaindustry in Assam•To identify the problems & prospects oftea industry of Assam
  • METHODOLOGY: The present study is both qualitative &quantitative in nature. Information regarding thetopic in collected from various sources likebooks, newspapers, magazines, official websitesetc. The collected data and information havebeen analyzed with the help of appropriategeographic methods & techniques.
  • ANALYSIS: Tea manufacturing is one of the premierindustry of Assam. It plays a vital role in theeconomy of the state. About 17 percent of theworkers of Assam are engaged in the tea industry.The total area under tea cultivation in Assam isaccounting for more than half of the country‟s totalarea under tea. In addition to existing big & largetea gardens owned by reputed both Indian andmultinational Companies, the profession of teaplantation in the State has taken up by common manas business venture at present, especially byunemployed youths.
  • According to the Tea Board of India, “there aremore than 43000 small tea growers in Assamproducing about nine percent of the State‟s totalannual production.” [State focus paper, Assam-2009-l0 by NABARD]. As per Tea Board of Indiainformation there are 52000 small tea growers inAssam at the end of March 2009 out of which 3767were registered with the Tea Board of India. Thesmall tea growers cover around 65000 hectares ofland and they produce more than 100 million tonneof tea leaf annually [According to the All AssamSmall Tea Growers Association, there are 65466
  • small tea growers in Assam as on March 2008and covers 103298 hectares of land. These smalltea growers produced 14185 lakh kgs. green teaduring the year 2007-08]. Most of the small teagardens in the State are confined to upperAssam. Dibrugarh accounts for 30 percent of thetotal tea gardens followed by Tinsukia 22percent, Jorhat 13 percent, Golaghat 12 percent,Sivasagar 11 percent and other districts contain11 percent.
  • Assam alone produces more than halfof India‟s tea production. The estimatedproduction of tea in Assam was 511.9thousand tonnes in 2007 which constitutesmore than 50 per cent of the total teaproduction of the country. During the year2006, the quantity of production of tea inAssam was 502.0 thousand tonnes.
  • Tea Statistics of Assam and India: Source: Economic Survey Assam 2009-10 Area under Total Tea No. of Tea Tea Average yield Production Gardens (in 000 (kg / hectare)Year (in 000 kg.) hectare) Assam India Assam India Assam India Assam India2001 40795 116659 269 510 453587 853923 1685 16752002 43272 127801 271 516 433327 838474 1601 16252003 43293 129027 272 520 434759 878129 1601 16902004 43293 129027 272 521 435649 892965 1603 17132005 49102 140712 301 556 487487 945974 1622 17032006 NA NA 312 567 502041 981805 1610 17322007 NA NA 321 578 511885 986427 1593 1705
  • District wise Area Under Tea in Assam: (Figures in hectares) Source: Tea Board, Guwahati District 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007Darrang 41037 41367 41693 41158 41300 41388 41677 41710Goalpara 3460 3471 3523 3635 3643 4215 4451 4451Kamrup 3442 3436 3454 3466 3460 3787 3782 3953Lakhimpur 4815 4763 4793 4839 4873 6301 6724 6756Dibrugarh 93076 93484 93698 95118 95118 114435 120489 122514Nowgong 7994 8004 8041 8114 8135 8605 8709 8758Sibsagar 74807 76113 76762 77135 77135 83971 88008 94611Cachar 32008 32703 32775 32137 32149 31894 31805 32312Karbi 1869 1748 1873 1923 1923 1885 2201 2185AnlongNorth 4004 4065 4071 4064 4032 4021 3976 4069CacharTotal 266512 269154 270683 271589 271768 300502 311822 321319Assam
  • District-wise Production of Tea: (In Thousand Kgs.) Source: Tea Board, Guwahati District 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008Darrang 78224 75743 80291 80474 82281 83404 84976Goalpara 6338 6031 6137 5665 5271 6327 6847Kamrup 4588 4434 4333 4304 4021 3720 3982Lakhimpur 9075 9079 8502 8280 8387 8993 9165Dibrugarh 167047 159006 175339 178352 211376 223876 225321 @Nowgaon 11836 11696 11587 10981 11821 10742 12429Sibsagarh 119626 115243 100693 102192 113392 117231 118622Cachar 49793 45569 41411 38757 44858 41832 44131Karbi 1945 2186 2028 2012 1663 1682 1677AnglongNorth 5115 4340 4438 4632 4417 4234 4735CacharTotal 453587 433327 434759 435649 487487 502041 511885 487497Assam
  • Month-wise Production of Tea in Assam, (2007-2008 and 2008-2009): (Tonne) Source : Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Govt. of Assam. Month 2007-2008 2008-2009April 33929 37711May 49278 30852June 50530 55666July 61908 71969August 52167 77555September 85999 56991October 67544 74139November 53843 38643December 19073 17976January 4961 5919February 1714 112March 4738 16448 Total 485684 483981
  • District-wise Average Yield Rate of Tea: (Figures in Kg/Hectares) Source: Tea Board, Guwahati District 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007Darrang 1877 1891 1817 1951 1949 1988 2001 2037Goalpara 1820 1826 1712 1688 1555 1251 1421 1538Kamrup 1250 1335 1284 1250 1244 1062 984 1007Lakhimpur 1883 1905 1894 1757 1699 1331 1337 1357Dibrugarh 1756 1787 1697 1843 1875 1847 1858 1839Nowgaon 1475 1479 1455 1428 1350 1374 1233 1419Sibsagarh 1604 1572 1501 1305 1325 1350 1332 1254Cachar 1537 1523 1390 1289 1206 1406 1315 1366Karbi 1041 1113 1167 1055 1046 882 764 768AnglongNorth 1543 1258 1066 1092 1149 1098 1065 1164CacharTotal 1686 1685 1601 1601 1603 1622 1610 1593Assam
  • Quantity and Average price of Tea Sold in the Guwahati Tea Centre: Source: Economic Survey Assam 2009-10 Leaf Dust CTC Orthodox CTC OrthodoxYear Averag Quantit Averag Quantit Average Quantit Quantit Averag e Price y e Price y Price y y e Price (Rs. (million (Rs. per (million (Rs. per (million (million (Rs. per per Kg.) kg.) Kg.) kg.) Kg.) Kg.) kg.) kg.)2005 101.94 61.11 0.61 61.62 40.30 59.19 - -2006 100.75 67.96 0.72 78.18 40.9 68.27 - -2007 106.88 70.09 4.16 73.93 41.51 73.02 0.001 50.002008 110.14 90.20 0.56 92.39 41.99 95.73 - -2009(upto 40.88 102.61 0.24 94.94 14.09 106.79 - -July)
  • Fig. 1:No. of total Tea Gardens in Assam600005000040000300002000010000 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
  • Fig.2: Area under Tea (in 000 hectare)35030025020015010050 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
  • Fig. 3: Total tea production in Assam520000500000480000460000 Total Tea Production (in440000 000 kg.)420000400000380000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
  • In its 166 years of old history, the tea industryof Assam, for the first time, is going through one ofits worst phases. There have been decline inexport, stagnant of domestic production andmarketing in the Indian tea industry. According to anexpert committee report of the State Government inOctober,2003 the important problems of the teaindustry of Assam are:•Fall in tea prices•Rise in production cost•Labour productivity going down•Increase in fuel cost
  • •Inadequate power supply•Old machineries•Decline exports•Fall in production of quality tea•Declining domestic consumption The committee submitted its report on August5, 2004 and recommended following measures forimprovement of the position of the State‟s teaindustry in the world market:•All tea for sale should go through tea auctioncenter•There should be amendment of tea marketingcontrol order
  • •To open tea auction center at Jorhat &Dibrugarh•Incentives to tea producers coming for teaauction•Orthodox tea production should be subsided•Subsidy to replantation should be increased•Promote organic tea cultivation
  • CONCLUSION: Assam tea grown at sea level, is known for itsbody, briskness, malty flavour and strong brightcolor. Though Assam tea generally indicates thedistinctive black teas from Assam, the region alsoproduces relatively smaller quantities of green andwhite tea as well with their own distinctivecharacteristics. Assam is the world‟s single largesttea growing region. At present Assam producesabout 55% of the country‟s total tea production.
  • The economic realization of the importance of teain Assam is a forgone conclusion. Along with theorganized sector the proliferation of small teacultivation in Assam has created vast employmentopportunities in the rural areas giving economicimpetus as well as employment generation. The Government of India has created aSpecial Purpose Tea Fund (SPTF) which is meantfor rejuvenation of tea bushes. This will benefitabout 700-800 tea gardens of the state. In animportant policy decision – the Government hasdecided to secure a geographical indication for thetea produced in the state.
  • „Assam Tea‟ will be known as „AssamOrthodox Tea‟ once the geographical indicationis secured, thus making it an exclusivecommodity and raising its stakes in the globalmarket. Very recently in this year the StateGovernment decided to launch a “A CHAIBAR” in Guwahati to popular „Assam Tea‟among the domestic and foreign tourists.
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