CBSE NO :-
Name :- s.niketha
CLASS :-10th c
SCHOOL :- K.V BOLARUM
ROLL NO :- 5
Syed Haider Raza Alias S.H. Raza (born 22 February 1922) is an Indian artist who
has lived and worked in France since 1950, but maintains strong ties with India.
His works are mainly abstracts in oil or acrylic, with a very rich use of color, replete
with icons from Indian cosmology as well as its philosophy. He was awarded the
Padma Shri and Fellowship of the Lalit Kala Akademi in 1981, Padma Bhushan in
2007, and Padma Vibhushan in 2013.
He became India's priciest modern artist on June 10, 2010 when a seminal work,
'Saurashtra' by the 88-year-old sold for 16.42 crore ($3,486,965) at a Christie's auction.
Syed Haider Raza, has his first solo show in 1946 at Bombay Art Society Salon, and
was awarded the Silver Medal of the society.
His work evolved from painting expressionistic landscapes to abstract ones. From
his fluent water colours of landscapes and townscapes executed in the early 40's he
moved towards a more expressive language painting landscapes of the mind. 1947
proved to be a very important year for him, at first his mother died, and this was also
the year when he co-founded the revolutionary Bombay Progressive Artists' Group
(PAG) (1947–1956) along with K.H. Ara and F.N. Souza (Francis Newton Souza)
1946: Silver Medal, Bombay Art Society, Mumbai
1948: Gold Medal, Bombay Art Society, Mumbai
1956: Prix de la critique, Paris
1981: Padma Shri; the Government of India
1981: Fellowship of the Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
1981:Kalidas Samman, Government of Madhya Pradesh
2007: Padma Bhushan; the Government of India
2013: Padma Vibhushan; the Government of India
Amrita Sher-Gil (Punjabi: ਅੰ ਿ ਮ੍ਤਾ ਸ਼ੇਰਿਿਲ) (अमता शेरगिल) (30 January
1913, – 5 December 1941), was an eminent Indian painter born to a
Punjabi Sikh father and a Hungarian mother, sometimes known as India's
Frida Kahlo, and today considered an important woman painter of 20th
century India, whose legacy stands at par with that of the Masters of
Bengal Renaissance; she is also the 'most expensive' woman painter of
Amrita Sher-Gil was born in Budapest, Hungary to Umrao Singh Sher-Gil
Majithia, a Sikh aristocrat and a scholar in Sanskrit and Persian, and Marie
Antoniette Gottesmann, a Jewish opera singer from Hungary. Her mother came
to India as a companion of Princess Bamba Sutherland.Sher-Gil was the elder
of two daughters born. Her younger sister was Indira Sundaram (née Sher-Gil),
mother of the contemporary artist Vivan Sundaram. She spent most of early
childhood in Budapest. She was the niece of Indologist Ervin Baktay. He guided
her by critiquing her work and gave her an academic foundation to grow on. He
also instructed her to use servants as models. The memories of these models
would eventually lead to her return to India.
In 1921 her family moved to Summer
Hill, Shimla in India, and soon began
learning piano and violin, and by age in
nine she along with her younger sister
Indira were giving concerts and acting in
plays at Shimla's Gaiety Theatre at Mall
Road, Shimla. Though she was already
painting since the age of five she formally
started learning painting at age eight.
Young Girls, 1932,
Amrita’s sister Indira sits on
the left clothed in chic
European garb, while the
partially undressed figure in
the foreground is a French
friend, Denise Proutaux.
This painting was awarded a
Gold Medal at the Grand
Salon in 1933.
Subodh Gupta (born in 1964) is an artist based in New Delhi. He was
born in Khagaul, land famous for ancient mathematician Aryabhatta in
Patna. He studied at the College of Art, Patna in 1983–1988, before
moving to New Delhi where he currently lives and works. Trained as a
painter, he went on to experiment with a variety of media. His work
encompasses sculpture, installation, painting, photography, performance
and video. He is married to artist Bharti Kher.
Subodh Gupta is best known for incorporating everyday objects that are
ubiquitous throughout India, such as the steel tiffin boxes used by millions to
carry their lunch as well as thali pans, bicycles, and milk pails. From such
ordinary items the artist produces sculptures that reflect on the economic
transformation of his homeland and which relate to Gupta's own life and
memories. As Gupta says: 'All these things were part of the way I grew up.
They are used in the rituals and ceremonies that were part of my childhood.
Indians either remember them from their youth, or they want to remember
them. And: 'I am the idol thief. I steal from the drama of Hindu life. And
from the kitchen - these pots, they are like stolen gods, smuggled out of the
country. Hindu kitchens are as important as prayer rooms.
Gupta transforms the icons of Indian everyday life into artworks that are
readable globally. He is among a generation of young Indian artists whose
commentary tells of a country on the move, fuelled by boiling economic
growth and a more materialistic mindset. Gupta's strategy of appropriating
everyday objects and turning them into artworks that dissolve their former
meaning and function brings him close to artists like Duchamp; The Guardian
called him 'the Damien Hirst of Delhi. He succeeds in finding an art language
that references India and at the same time can be appreciated for its aesthetic
throughout world; as Gupta says: 'Art language is the same all over the world.
Which allows me to be anywhere.'
An earlier series of paintings is 'Saat Samunder Paar'. Baggages,
migration and the "return home" have been enduring concerns of
Subodh Gupta. It is a theme that crystallised in works such as 'Across
the Seven Seas' (2006) where he uses baggage trolleys of modern
airports to allude to the grim historical reality of migration from India,
especially from his home state of Bihar.
In works that Subodh Gupta presented at Hauser & Wirth in
October 2009, the artist moved away from composite sculptures
toward objects that possess an auratic quality. Ready-made
commodities experience transformations in scale and material.
Born=26 September 1925 Kapadvanj,
Died=2 July 2009 (aged 83) Mumbai, India
Training=Sir J.J. School of Art (1952)
Tayyabb Mehta (25 July 1925 – 2 July 2009) was a noted
Indian painter. He was part of the noted Bombay
Progressive Artists' Group, which included greats like F.N.
Souza, S.H. Raza and M.F. Husain, and the first post-
colonial generation of artists in India, like John Wilkins
who also broke free from the nationalist Bengal school and
embraced Modernism instead, with its Post-Impressionist
colors, Cubist forms and brusque, Expressionistic styles.
He left for London in 1959, where he worked and lived till 1964.
Thereafter, he visited the New York, US, when he was awarded the
Rockefeller Fellowship in 1968. During the years the artist spent in
London, Mehta’s style was influenced by the expressionist works of
Francis Bacon, but while in New York his work came to be
characterized by minimalism. He made a three minute film, Koodal
(Tamil for 'meeting place'), which he shot at the Bandra slaughter
house, it won the Filmfare Critics Award in 1970.
Tayyab Mehta held the then record for the highest price an Indian painting
has ever sold for at auction ($317,500 USD or 15 million Indian rupees) for
Celebration at Christie's in 2002. In May 2005, his painting Kali sold for 10
million Indian rupees (approximately equal to 230,000 US dollars) at Indian
auction house Saffronart's online auction. A reinterpretation of the tale of
demon Mahishasura by Mehta showing goddess Durga locked in an embrace
with the demon sold for $1.584 million. In 2008 one of his paintings sold for
In December 2005, Mehta's painting Gesture was sold for 31 million Indian
rupees to Ranjit Malkani, chairman of Kuomi Travel, at the Osian’s auction.
This makes it the highest price ever paid by an Indian for a work of Indian
contemporary art at auction in India.
WESTERN ARTIST= 1
Roy.H Andersen Known as a western painter, Roy Andersen did paintings of
Crow, Cheyenne, and Apache Indians. He began his career living in Chicago and
New York and working as an illustrator. He did numerous covers for Time
Magazine including portraits of Albert Einstein and Prince Fah He also did
illustrations for National Geographic magazine, and did a stamp series on Dogs
and American Horses, and in 1984 and 1985, won Stamp of the Year Award. As
a muralist, he has (showing 500 of 5467 characters).d.
Born and raised in El Paso, Texas, Tom Lea was a painter, illustrator,
muralist, teacher, writer and commercial artist. Many of his paintings
depicted scenes from Texas, although his career ranged beyond his home
During his youth, he spent many summers working on ranches in both
Texas and New Mexico. At age seventeen he enrolled in the Art Institute of
Chicago, and from 1926 to 1933, worked there as a mural assistant to John
Warner Norton, a noted muralist. From (showing 500 of 4849 characters).
1907 (El Paso, Texas)
2001 (El Paso, Texas)
Often Known For
illustration, cattle ranching scene painting, mural
JAMES ELLIOTT BAMA
A native New Yorker, James Bama creates photoreal figures and paintings that capture the old "wild
west." He keeps a very tidy studio from where he
converts his many photographs into paintings whose
surfaces are so smooth and satiny that some people
refer to him as the "Vermeer of the West" (McGarry
He graduated from New York City's High School of Music and Arts
and then served in the military for three years. He attended the Art
Students League and became a reno (showing 500 of 3425 characters).
1926 (New York City)
CHARLES DEAS Known as a painter of
dramatic and romantic western scenes, he was born
in Philadelphia to a family of career military people
including his grandfather, Ralph Izard, a
Revolutionary War hero.
It was expected that Charles would be a military man,
but he grew to prefer painting trips in the Hudson River
Valley to sitting in classes at West Point Academy. In the
mid-1830s, he studied briefly at the National Academy of
Design, earning a reputation for sporting and domestic
genre scenes. He first exh (showing 500 of 3984
Self-portrait of Charles Deas
1818 (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
1867 (New York City)