Visuo Motor Behavior Rehearsal (VMBR) in Sports DR. SRILEKHA SAHA Sports Psychologist
Mental Skill Training (MST) or Psychological Skill Training (PST)  <ul><li>Visuo Motor Behavior Rehearsal, </li></ul><ul><...
Visuo motor behavior rehearsal (VMBR) tecnnique was developed by Suinn in 1976 <ul><li>Two most essential components of VM...
Basic Phases of VMBR <ul><li>An initial relaxation phase to retrieve a psychological state conducive for mental imagery, <...
Aims of VMBR <ul><li>According to Lane (1977): </li></ul><ul><li>To identify errors in motor performance and to modify the...
Using behaviour simulation aids for VMBR technique (Suinn, 1980) <ul><li>Visual aids </li></ul><ul><li>Photos, </li></ul><...
Purpose of Using These Materials <ul><li>To realize where actually the movement is faulty, </li></ul><ul><li>To know what ...
<ul><li>Now the question comes when we use VMBR technique to rectify some faulty movements? </li></ul>
Basic Steps Of VMBR (Suinn, 1993 and Ungerleider, 1996) <ul><li>1. Case history. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Psychological assess...
<ul><li>6. Visual presentation of erroneous performance. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Checking of information concerning performan...
<ul><li>9. Development of imagery (creation of mental picture of stepwise improvements from errors to correct behavior). <...
Time of Mastery  <ul><li>According to Lane (1980), Weinberg and Comar (1994), Ungerleider (1996) and Lieu and Wah (2005) -...
Other Issues <ul><li>It may vary amongst players of different disciplines. </li></ul><ul><li>Since different individuals h...
<ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>
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  1. 1. Visuo Motor Behavior Rehearsal (VMBR) in Sports DR. SRILEKHA SAHA Sports Psychologist
  2. 2. Mental Skill Training (MST) or Psychological Skill Training (PST) <ul><li>Visuo Motor Behavior Rehearsal, </li></ul><ul><li>Imagery or Visualization training, </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive Restructuring, </li></ul><ul><li>Biofeedback, </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive Muscle Relaxation Exercise, </li></ul><ul><li>Meditation </li></ul>
  3. 3. Visuo motor behavior rehearsal (VMBR) tecnnique was developed by Suinn in 1976 <ul><li>Two most essential components of VMBR - </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxation exercise – to develop clarity of mental image reducing mental distraction. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagery training – visualize successful performance. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Basic Phases of VMBR <ul><li>An initial relaxation phase to retrieve a psychological state conducive for mental imagery, </li></ul><ul><li>Visualizing performance through various imagery techniques, </li></ul><ul><li>Performing the actual skill under realistic conditions. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Aims of VMBR <ul><li>According to Lane (1977): </li></ul><ul><li>To identify errors in motor performance and to modify them with visualisation practice and correction. </li></ul><ul><li>According to Kolonay (1977), Lane (1980) and Seabourine (1985): </li></ul><ul><li>Injury Rehabilitation, </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence Enhancement, </li></ul><ul><li>Attention Focus Control. </li></ul><ul><li>According to Ungerleider (1996): </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement in Technique, </li></ul><ul><li>Error Analysis and Correction, </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation for Competition, </li></ul><ul><li>Skill Enhancement. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Using behaviour simulation aids for VMBR technique (Suinn, 1980) <ul><li>Visual aids </li></ul><ul><li>Photos, </li></ul><ul><li>Photo slides, </li></ul><ul><li>Video-recorded visual information. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Purpose of Using These Materials <ul><li>To realize where actually the movement is faulty, </li></ul><ul><li>To know what are the correct standards of performance </li></ul><ul><li>To understand how one can achieve perfection in the required performance, </li></ul><ul><li>To feel relaxed confident about one’s own ability to correct the performance </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, to rectify some faulty movements. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Now the question comes when we use VMBR technique to rectify some faulty movements? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Basic Steps Of VMBR (Suinn, 1993 and Ungerleider, 1996) <ul><li>1. Case history. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Psychological assessments. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Relaxation training. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Visual presentation of correct movement. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Checking of relevant performance related knowledge base. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>6. Visual presentation of erroneous performance. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Checking of information concerning performance error. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Visual presentation of correct movement (Repeated presentation). </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>9. Development of imagery (creation of mental picture of stepwise improvements from errors to correct behavior). </li></ul><ul><li>(Note: All these steps are to be carried out in presence of concerned coach) </li></ul><ul><li>10. Visualisation of imageries. </li></ul><ul><li>11. Practice of imageries with relaxation until development of mastery. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Time of Mastery <ul><li>According to Lane (1980), Weinberg and Comar (1994), Ungerleider (1996) and Lieu and Wah (2005) - 15-30 minutes sessions for 3-5 days in a week for 3-6 months will be sufficient to learn mastery over VMBR technique. </li></ul><ul><li>This time schedule may not be applicable to everybody and there are some other issues of concern. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Other Issues <ul><li>It may vary amongst players of different disciplines. </li></ul><ul><li>Since different individuals have different kinds of learning curves, within a single group of players, one may need more time compared to others. </li></ul><ul><li>Role of cognitive and emotional flexibility are very important . </li></ul><ul><li>Role of distraction management and attention control are very important. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>
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