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Industrial Revolution Final

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  • 1. Industrial Revolution Saida Soraya Cerda Abundis
  • 2. Revolution
    • Action by celestial body of going round in orbit or elliptical course
    • Completion of course
    • Sudden, radical, or complete change
    • Activity or movement designed to effect fundamental changes in socioeconomic situation
    • Change in way of thinking about or visualizing something
  • 3. Three Waves Information
    • Industrial
    Agricultural
  • 4. Agricultural
    • People living off their farms
    • Goods produced by hand
    • 1850s small towns became large industrial cities
    • 1860 -1910: farms in US tripled
    • 1860 -1890: wheat, corn, and cotton outstripped previous figures
      • Population doubled
  • 5. How it was achieved…
    • Expansion to west
    • Application of machinery to farming
    • 1800s: farmers cut 20% of hectares of wheat a day with hand sickle
      • 30 yrs. later 80% could be cut with cradle
      • 1840: Cyrus McCormick cut 2 to 2 ½ hectares a day with reaper
        • Moved to Chicago & started to produce reapers by 1860 sold quarter of a million all over
  • 6. Other inventions…
    • Automatic wire binder
    • Threshing machine
    • Mechanical planters, cutters, huskers, and shellers
    • Cream separators
    • Manure spreaders
    • Potato planters
    • Hay driers
    • Poultry incubators
  • 7. Importance of Agricultural Rev. to Industrial Rev.
    • Crop yield increased
      • More food for people in cities
      • Lower food prices meant more $ to spend
      • Healthier population
      • 18th century population doubled (5-10 mil.)
    • Wool yield increased
      • More available for textile industry at lower price
    • Workforce available
      • Peasants turned off farm land
      • Farmers moved to cities
      • Unemployment & people looking for work
      • Cheaper labor
  • 8. Industrial Revolution
    • Began in England
      • Spreading to rest of Western Europe and United States
    • Technology advances produced Ind. Rev., science & medicine altered lives of people in cities
    • Factories
    • Steam power
    • Wage labor
    • Mass production
    • Monopolies
    • Competition lowered prices
    • Time orientation not task
    • Uniformity
  • 9. History (1820-1870) mid 19th century
    • Changed societies from agricultural society to one where industry & manufacturing had control
    • Started in Great Britain in late 18th century
      • Most powerful empire in planet
      • Germany, USA, France join
    • Technological advances
      • Steam power
      • telegraph
  • 10. Consequences
    • Growth of cities
    • Quantative & materialistic view of world
    • People consumed as much as they could
    • Small wages caused children to work long days
    • French Rev. starting
    • Not good for planet
      • pollution by nuclear waste, pesticides, & chemicals
  • 11.
    • Passage of Embargo Act 1807
      • Answer to British orders of council restricting neutral shipping & to Napoleons restrictive Continental System
      • Forbade trade w/England & other countries obeying it
      • Forbid international trade w/Cheseapeke where British opened fire when they were not allowed to search ship, resulting in passage of Embargo Act
    • War of 1812
      • US & Britain fought till 1815, when peace treaty was signed
      • American saw need for better transportation system & economic independence leading to manufacturing raise
    Real impulsion for Ind. Rev.:
  • 12. Important developments
    • TRANSPORTATION
    • ELECTRICITY
    • IMPROVEMENTS TO INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES
      • Refining process & accelerating production
      • Gov. protected American manufacturers w/ tariff
  • 13. Inventions, Inventors, Events
  • 14. 1908, 1913 Model T Ford, Assembly Line Henry Ford 1903 First Airplane Orville and Wilbur Wright 1892 Diesel Engine Rudolf Diesel 1888 Induction Electric Motor Nikola Tesla 1877, 1879 Phonograph, Incandescant Light Bulb Thomas Edison 1876 Telephone Alexander Graham Bell 1866 Transatlantic Cable Cyrus Field 1851 Improves and markets Howe's Sewing Machine Isaac Singer 1844 Sewing Machine Elias Howe 1836 Telegraph Samuel F. B. Morse 1807 Regular Steamboat service on the Hudson River Robert Fulton 1793, 1798 Cotton Gin, Interchangeable parts for muskets Eli Whitney 1775 First reliable Steam Engine James Watt Date Invention Person
  • 15.  
  • 16. Information Revolution
    • Steam engine : Ind. Rev. :: computer : info rev.
    • Routinized traditional process in untold number of areas
      • Step by step, time saving & cost
    • Psychological impact
      • Children learning computer skills at young age
      • Invention of CD-ROM
  • 17. E-Commerce
    • E-commerce : info. rev. :: railroad : ind. rev.
    • Explosive emergence of Internet as major worldwide distribution channel for go, foods, services & surprisingly for managerial & professional jobs
    • Totally new, unprecedented, unexpected development
      • Creating new, rapidly changing economy, society, & politics
      • Distance is eliminated
  • 18.
    • Every business must become globally competitive
    • Competition is not local anymore
    • Fastest e-commerce in America
      • Jobs for professionals & managers
      • Largest companies recruit using Web sites
    “ ONE ECONOMY, ONE MARKET”
  • 19. Sources
    • http://americanhistory.about.com/od/industrialrev/a/indrevoverview.htm
    • http://www.saburchill.com/history/chapters/IR/006.html
    • http://www.saburchill.com/history/chapters/IR/001.html
    • https://www.msu.edu/user/brownlow/indrev.htm
    • http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/H/1994/ch7_p5.htm
    • http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/199910/information-revolution