Blood donation facts

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Blood donation facts

  1. 1. Blood Donor Motivation Life Seva Http://lifeseva.org
  2. 2. BLOOD Facts  Blood flows everywhere through the human body.  We cannot live without it.  The heart pumps blood to all our body cells, supplying them with oxygen and food.  Blood also carries proteins and cell fragments called platelets that let blood clot where there has been an injury.
  3. 3. Did You Know?  450ml of blood can save as many as three lives.  Every two seconds, someone in India needs blood.  One out of every three of us will need blood in our life time.  Even with all of today’s technology, there is no substitute for blood. Someone has to give blood in order for someone to receive blood.
  4. 4. Fact Sheet -1  Hospitals predict that the need for blood will increase 5% each year.  Approximately only 4% of the eligible population in India donates blood.  75% of donors donate only ONCE per year. If they donated just two times per year there would never be any shortages.
  5. 5. Fact sheet -2  A person has 5 - 6 litres of blood in their body.  A person can donate blood every 90 days (3 months).  Body recovers the Blood very quickly:  Blood plasma volume– within 24 - 48 hours  Red Blood Cells – in about 3 weeks  Platelets & White Blood Cells – within minutes
  6. 6.  1 of out 10 hospital patients needs a blood transfusion  4.5 million Indians lives are saved by blood transfusions each year Blood is always needed for,  accident victims  cancer patients  blood disorder patients  surgery patients  Pre-mature, pre term babies  and many others…….
  7. 7. Primary Concern -  Safety of Blood Donor & Blood Recipient (patient) because “Safe Blood” gives life, “Unsafe blood” gives infections  To ensure “Blood Safety”,  Strict “Donor Screening” at the Camp  “Testing” of collected blood to WHO specified standards  Strict “cross-matching” of blood samples to ensure safe transfusion to patient
  8. 8. information • It is quick and safe. • It doesn’t hurt. • It saves 3 to 4 lives. • Blood is taken ONLY from Voluntary Donors • Using sterile, disposable blood bags & instruments • Donated Blood is tested and separated into components benefiting 3-4 patients • It is safe to donate every 3 months
  9. 9. Procedure for Voluntary Blood Donation Pre-Donation: 1. Donor Screening 2. Donor Eligibility criteria 3. Deferral Criteria (Donor Consent Form) 4. Medical examination Blood Donation: 5. Blood donation procedure Post donation 6. Rest, advice & refreshment 7. Donor Certificate, Donor ID card
  10. 10.  Safe Donor selection involves – 1. Identification of low risk populations 2. Donor education and recruitment 3. Encouraging self deferral based on “Deferral Criteria” 4. Medical Examination before donation  Voluntary Non-remunerated Repeat Donor (VNRD) is safest Donor Screening
  11. 11. Donor Eligibility Criteria  Who can donate? • Age: 18 - 60 years • Weight : > 45 kgs • Hemoglobin level: >12 gms/dl for men and 12.5 gms/dl for women • In good health Wt > 45 Kg
  12. 12. Who CANNOT donate? Life long 1 year 6 Months х Abnormal bleeding disorder х Heart, Kidney, Liver Disorder х Thyroid disorder х Epilepsy, Mental disorders х Tuberculosis, Leprosy, х Asthma х Cancer o Surgery o Typhoid o Dog bite o Unexplained weight loss o Continuous low grade fever o Tattooing or body piercing o Dental extraction o Root canal treatment o Malaria o Vaccination
  13. 13. … (Donor Consent Form) Postpone donation for 6 months if you have risk factors for HIV/AIDS , such as..  Having sex with more than one partner without using condom for vaginal, anal or oral sex  Intravenous drug abuse  Having sex with a person who could have the above risk factors
  14. 14. Female donors cannot donate blood……  During pregnancy  After delivery for one year  When lactating  During menstrual period and for 7 days therafter Male donors cannot donate blood……  If cosumed Alcohol in the previous 24 hours … (Donor Consent Form)
  15. 15. Medical Examination at camp  Blood test for:  Blood grouping  Hemoglobin  Blood pressure  Pulse  General physical examination
  16. 16. Blood Donation Procedure Remember! The Donor Must ….  have had good rest / sleep  have had light meal  be mentally prepared
  17. 17. Blood Donation Procedure Volume of blood collection Donor Weight Blood collected Amount Used for 45 kgs - 55 kgs 350ml Single bag Whole Blood > 55 kgs 450 ml Double / Triple bag Blood Components
  18. 18. Post Donation Advice  Drink lots of fluids for next 24 hours  Avoid smoking for one hour & alcohol till after a meal  Don’t use elevator to go up immediately after donation as it will make blood rush to your feet & make you dizzy!  Avoid highly strenuous exercises & games for a day  If you feel dizzy, lie down & put your feet up. You will be alright in 10-20 mins.  Remove band-aid after 4 hours. If it bleeds, apply pressure & reapply band-aid. If bruised and painful, apply cold-pack 4 to 5 times for 5 mins each. The bruise is due to blood seeping into the surrounding tissue. It will take a few days to get reabsorbed.  If you have any questions, meet camp doctor or contact us at Life Seva
  19. 19. Testing at Blood Bank for Transfusion Transmissible Infections (TTIs) Blood collected at the BDC is screened using highest quality screening tests for 6 TTIs  HIV 1  HIV 2  Hepatitis B  Hepatitis C  VDRL (syphilis)  Malaria
  20. 20. Counselling for “Reactive” donors If a blood sample tests positive for any TTI, then….  Tests are repeated in duplicate  Complete confidentiality is maintained about the test results  only the donor is informed, counseled & encouraged for further testing  Referrals to health experts are provided along with follow-ups
  21. 21. Blood Products / Components & their uses Blood collected is screened for TTIs (infections) & IF SAFE, is separated into components & stored for issue to patients.  Whole blood  For Exchange Transfusion in Babies  Accident Victims  Complicated Delivery cases  Some specific surgeries  Blood Components  Red Cells (for anemia)  Fresh Frozen Plasma (for clotting disorders, burns)  Platelets/Platelet rich plasma (for cancer, dengue)  Cryoprecipitate (for clotting disorders)  Cryo Poor Plasma (for burns)
  22. 22. What can YOU do?  Make Blood Donation a HABIT  Donate regularly – every 3 months to commemorate special days like birthdays, anniversaries ….  Motivate others to donate  Refer your friends and relatives
  23. 23. Benefits to Donor of blood donation Health benefits: Regular donation (2-3 times a year….)  Lowers cholesterol  Lowers lipid levels  Decreases incidence of heart attacks, strokes Donor is also eligible to receive one FREE unit of blood if needed for  Self  Spouse/ Child/ Parents, and  Even friends
  24. 24. Thank You…  If you need blood, Contact  contact@lifeseva.org  For further information visit:  http://lifeseva.org

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