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Presentation by Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy

Presentation by Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy

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  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project Some of the larger components of the activities would include:
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project Here I would like to emphasize on the fact that research activities will be confined to what exactly is needed for understanding and implementing the program at the respective regions. For eg: while studying the Vulnerability profile it becomes a necessity to look into the soci-economic status of the local communities Situation analysis would include capacity assessment, hazard assessment, use of technology and things like that
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project Capacity Building would be addressed in the context of (I) institutions and (2) community
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project
  • 06/27/11 BASIC Project

V&a programme india_SDCc_final V&a programme india_SDCc_final Presentation Transcript

  • ENHANCING ADAPTIVE CAPACITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN SEMI-ARID REGIONS OF INDIA An International Workshop on Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change: From Practice to Policy 12 th May ‘06 BASIC Project, India Workshop May 11-12, 2006 New Delhi, India Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy, GEO http://e-geo.org
  • V&A PROGRAMME Project “ VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT AND ENHANSING ADAPTIVE CAPACITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN SEMI-ARID AREAS OF INDIA” 12 th May ‘06 BASIC Project, India Workshop Supported by : Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Global Environment Facility (GEF) Duration: 4 years (2005 to 2009) Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan States Institutional set-up
    • National consortium  lead
      • Lead partner is MSSRF
      • Co-partners are AFPRO and MANAGE
    • International consortium  support services
      • INFRAS and INTERCOOPERATION Switzerland
  • Semi-arid regions ?
    • These climates are characterized by the fact that precipitation is less than potential evapotranspiration.
    • Characterized by relatively low annual rainfall of 25 to 60 centimeters and having scrubby vegetation with short, coarse grasses; not completely arid.
    12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Why semi-arid area was chosen ?
    • Climate extremes are an expected characteristic of semi-arid lands.
    • The people living in the semi-arid areas are particularly vulnerable to droughts , which trigger frequent subsistence crises - -sharply increasing crop failures, dislocation, famine, poverty, increases stratification and the social inequities .
    12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Peoples Voices 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop Increase in migration in our village is due to lack of rains , the agricultural labor are migrating to urban areas . - Mr. Balaram Reddy, Karimnagar P eople are shifting out of agriculture and taking up other means of livelihood activities due to lack of water . In this context food security has become another important issue - Mr. Sheshagiri Rao, Bharat Krishak Samaj Mahabubnagar
  • Enhancing Adaptive capacity
    • 1. The general ability of institutions, systems, and individuals to adjust to potential damage , to take advantage of opportunities, or to cope with the consequences.
    • 2. Most populations know from local history the frequency and likely consequences of extreme climatic events. And most populations in highly variable or extreme climatic zones shape their livelihood systems to buffer against potential catastrophes.
    12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop UNFCCC Mitigation (Kyoto Protocol) Adaptation Internal measures Flexible mechanisms Joint Implementation International Emissions Trading Clean Development Mechanism Step I: Assessment of impacts and vulnerability Step III: Adaptation measures Step II: Capacity building
  • The process of adaptation 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop Preparation (incl. training/training needs evaluation) Vulnerability assessment Implementation of adaptation measures At the appropriated level
  • Objectives of Policy and Advocacy
    • To foster dialogue and improve communication between all kind of interfaces in order to better address climate changes.
    • Agree with partners on a common conceptual framework regarding the way forward.
    • To ensure bottom-up linkages through policy dialogue at national and international level .
    12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
    • Nationally support process that would influence the systems within the government, through dialogue on a meaningful platform
    • Internationally support process which would lead to simplification of protocols and mechanisms in favor of the poor
    • Support to partners for documenting best practices /cases to influence policies
    12 th May ‘06 BASIC Project, India Workshop
  • 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
    • Other national and international partners for selected activities
    • SDC - Steering and trust management
    • National Level
    • Steering Committee
      • GOI (Agriculture and MoEF), NGOs, Research Institutions, SDC, other donors, etc.
    • State Level
      • Advisory Committees (for Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan States)
      • GoAP, NGOs, Research Institutions, District Collector, etc.
    • National Forum on Advocacy
    • Vulnerability Atlas by MSSRF
    • A Website for sharing the learning’s
    Policy and Advocacy - Process 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • V & A Programme - Goal
    • To secure the livelihoods of rural poor & vulnerable communities by promoting adoption measures that builds & enhance their capacity to better cope with adverse impacts of climate change & by promoting their disaster preparedness
    12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Project Objectives
    • To build community level capacities with regards to best practices and technologies in the agriculture, water & energy sector
    • To optimize the service delivery system & services at selected sites of AP & Raj
    • To promote policy dialogue, & advocacy at different levels
    12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
    • Process oriented , allowing a multi-level, learning-action-reflection cycle
    • Holistic approach (funds, functionaries and functions): systemic livelihoods
    • Interlinking levels : community level with state, national, regional, and international level
    • Focus on ‘ optimising delivery systems' at local community level, i.e. the role of extension services in enhancing the coping capacity of local liveli-hood systems against the adverse impacts of climate change.
    Salient features of the V & A Programme 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Thematic Focus 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop Rural Energy (Biomass) Water (Availability & Quality) Agriculture (Food Security)
  • 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop Field level interventions FACILITATION RESEARCH ACTIVITY CAPACITY BUILDING
    • 2005: Inception phase:
      • Finalise work plan, plan activities, start first activities
    • 2006-2007: Implementation phase
      • Research, action learning, pilot activities at community level,
    • 2008: Outreach & dissemination phase
      • Translate action learning and pilot activity results into policy dialogue.
    Duration/Period : 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Scope of Activities
      • Research
      • Capacity Building
      • Partnership Building
      • Infrastructure Building
      • Demonstration of relevant ideas/technologies
    12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Research 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop Research Vulnerability Profile Knowledge Gaps Appropriate technologies Situational Analysis Document- ation of Best Practices Review of Institutional Functions, Policies
  • Capacity Building
    • Training
        • Institutional Level
        • Community Level
      • Education
        • Awareness
    12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • V & A Programme Andhra Pradesh
    • Mahabubnagar District
    12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • DISTRICT PROFILE
    • Geographical area : 18.45 Lakhs Ha.
    • Population : Male : 17.81 Lakhs
    • : Female : 17.28 Lakhs
    • : Total : 35.09 Lakhs
    • 3. Literacy : 38.67%
    • 4. Forest area : 16%
    • 5. Rainfall (Normal) : 604 m.m.
    • 6. Cattle population : 19.10 Lakh Cow Units
    • 7. All the blocks are declared as Drought Prone Areas
    12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Rainfall Mahaboonagar District 1952-2003 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • CAUSE OF DROUGHT SITUATION
    • Skewed distribution of rainfall – 40% deficit from June-August which is the sowing season
    • Depletion of ground water situation
    • Untimely heavy rains during Sept – Oct affects the crops
    • Lack of Rainfall during November-December adversely affects Rabi sowings
    12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
    • LIVELIHOODS 
    • Low productivity of lands and small land holdings leading to disguised unemployment, increasing the vulnerability.
    • The district is traditionally known for its migrant laborers one of the important causes are:
      • Non-sustainable traditional occupations
      • Wage rates are low and also women are paid less than men.
    • About 1.75 lakhs small farmers and 2.94 marginal farmers are dependent on wage employment.
    • About 3.20 lakhs agricultural laborers who are below poverty line are also dependent on agricultural wage employment.
  • Activities at Village level
    • Situational Analysis Phase – I report of Andhra Pradesh is prepared.
    • Situational Analysis Phase – II
      • Secondary Data
      • Best Practices / Story lines
      • Participatory Situational Analysis
      • Bio-physical Studies
    • Participatory Action Plan
    • Capacity Building
    12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Framework for situation analysis 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Village level Awareness Campaigns 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Participatory Action Planning 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Exposure / Awareness - Farmers
    • Exposure and awareness field visits - Farmers, Women and youth
    • Sustainable Agricultural Practices, agricultural implements, farm animals, kitchen gardens, food processing, non-farm livelihood options, Agro-meteorology information, agri-buisness, agri-clinics, non-farm based livelihoods, etc
    12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Water Management action plan with community participation 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Soil testing by village youth 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Home Gardens 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Good Stoves – Community participation in design and adaptation 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • Good Stove Design 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop www.bioenergylists.org
  • Low-Cost Wood Gas Stoves designed with community participation 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
  • 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop Village Knowledge Centers VHF Information Knowledge (Locale Specific and Demand Driven)
  • Establishment of Automatic Weather Stations in the Project Villages 12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop
    • Thank you . .
    12 th May ‘06 Basic Project, India Workshop