Sensors for Agriculture & Water

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Sensors for Agriculture & Water

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Sensors for Agriculture & Water

  1. 1. Sensors for Water & Agriculture Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy Coordinator, ClimaAdapt, WALAMTARI, Hyderabad 17thMarch2015
  2. 2. Project Area Krishna Basin Cauvery Basin NSPL, DC 4, Nalgonda district NSPR, DC 21, Guntur district
  3. 3. Significant achievements State Level Supervisory Committee meetings held Climate Cell established at WALAMTARI Canal Network Flow Monitoring System (CNFMS) established at WALAMTARI Established sensors lab at WALAMTARI Established sensors park at WALAMTARI Developed sensors for monitoring water at on-farm, canal and reservoir level Increased participation of women in capacity building activities Side event , Exhibition and participation at 22nd ICID Congress, Gwangju, South Korea, Sept 2014 Organised A.P. Water Week, 2014 National workshop on Climate Change Water and Improving water use efficiency. November 2014
  4. 4. https://mapsengine.google.com/map/edit?mid=zI7hUzMhDjcg.kdU2UD4gJib4 https://mapsengine.google.com/map/edit?mid=zI7hUzMhDjcg.kgzGOUhfkkr8 DC4, MIRYALAGUDA CIRCLE DC21, LINGAMGUNTLA CIRCLE Project areas within the province DC- Distributary Committee CNFMS Pilot AREAS
  5. 5. • Monitoring • Control centre • Sensors lab • Software development • Operation and maintenance - Sensors, instruments, transducers, communication systems, power, etc. • Decision support systems – Information visualization, Graphics, Artificial Intelligence, analysis, reports, etc. WATER MANAGEMENT CENTRE WATER MANAGEMENT
  6. 6. Water Use Efficiency MONITORING WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS MONITORING MANAGEMENT DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS
  7. 7. Climate Cell WALAMTARI, AP Projects ClimaAdapt Project Canal Network flow monitoring system Sensors Development Research and studiesForum Climate Water Forum – discussion groups, website Networking Meetings / conferences / seminars / workshops Capacity building Training, awareness, sensitization, etc. Dissemination - Online / Print – Books , booklets, magazines , posters, Publications STAKEHOLDERS •IRRIGATION DEPARTMENT •LINE DEPARTMENTS •CIVIL SOCIETY •PUBLIC SECTOR •PRIVATE SECTOR PRIMARY STAKEHOLDERS -FARMERS’ ASSOCIATIONS -SHG WOMEN -YOUTH & CHILDREN POLICY / ADVOCACY I & CAD Bioforsk and project partners
  8. 8. Software and Sensors Dev. Team RESEARCH IMPLEMENTATIONCAPACITY BUILDING - Superintending Engineer and team - Farmers Associations and other institutions - Farmers - WALAMTARI - Field Training Centres - Water Manager - PhD Scholars - Internships Canal Network Flow Monitoring System [CNFMS] Design - Project Leader -Software Engineer Implement - AEE -AEE -AEE ClimaAdapt I&CAD BIOFORSK & PARTNERS WALAMTARI CNFMS WATER MANAGEMENT Sensors and Instruments Lab Sensors Development
  9. 9. Technical Architecture CNFMS
  10. 10. Water level measurement in open canal using three ultrasonic sensors
  11. 11. DC-4 – INSTALLED SENSORS FOR MONITORING WATER LEVEL, TEMPERATURE AND RELATIVE HUMIDITY
  12. 12. Sensors installed for water level at Nagarjuna Sagar Reservoir
  13. 13. Pilot Field area With sensors
  14. 14. Solar Power Arduino, SIM 900, Battery, Temp and Relative Humidity sensor Bowman Water Tube with ultrasonic sensor RBC Flume with ultrasonic sensor
  15. 15. Water Level in Field water tube (Bowman) using ultrasonic sensor
  16. 16. Water Level and discharge measuring using ultrasonic sensor in RBC Flume Ultrasonic sensor
  17. 17. Glow Level – Color LEDs for different water levels as signals Water
  18. 18. Glow Level – Color LEDs for different water levels as signals Water
  19. 19. Glow Level for Tube wells – Colour LEDs for different levels of water in the tube wells
  20. 20. Glow Level for Tube wells – Colour LEDs for different levels of water in the tube wells
  21. 21. Glow Level systems applied in a field
  22. 22. Glow Level along the canals / streams / rivers
  23. 23. Soil Moisture measurement in the soil at various depths using ER sensors and Arduino
  24. 24. DATA VISUALISATION 27
  25. 25. 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 DATE (FROM Jan 2015 onwards) RBC Flume water flows (inlet), Research Field, Kondrapole
  26. 26. 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 Bowman water tube reading at outlet - Research Field, Kondrapole
  27. 27. http://www.wunderground.com/personal-weather-station/dashboard?ID=ITELANGA3#history AUTOMATIC WEATHER STATION
  28. 28. Ultrasonic sensors for water level Temperature and relative humidity sensor Soil Moisture sensor
  29. 29. GSM BOARD FOR SENDING SMS Arduino Uno Microcontroller
  30. 30. CLICK sensor for soil moisture with GSMTWEET sensor for water level with GSM
  31. 31. TWEET AND CLICK TWEET sensor for water level with GSM CLICK sensor for soil moisture with GSM
  32. 32. Smart Technology Systems # Component Application Identified options 1 Hardware / Instruments Information collection sensors / instruments Water level Ultrasonic sensor, For water flows and quantity Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler, Sensors for soil moisture, Temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation Cameras for collecting photos and videos 3D Mapping Information processing and receivers Computers, Servers, Laptops, Tablets, Smart Phones Sensors development and maintenance Sensors and instrumentation lab Decision support system Control centre Communication or information transfer systems Satellite communication, Radio Frequency, telephone, cell phone Wifi, blue tooth, GSM and data logger Control Center Automation, Semi-automation and manual systems
  33. 33. # Component Application Identified options 2 SOFTWARE CNFMS – Java, SCADA, PID etc., softwares GIS / Remote sensing, Big data, Information visualization
  34. 34. Digital Pulsed Doppler or Acoustic Doppler current profiler contact type • Pulsed wave (PW) Doppler systems use a transducer that alternates transmission and reception of ultrasound. • One main advantage of pulsed Doppler is its ability to provide Doppler shift data selectively from a small segment along the ultrasound beam, referred to as the “sample volume”. • The location of the sample volume is operator controlled. 42
  35. 35. River Surveyor
  36. 36. Smart phones and tablets
  37. 37. Drones Imaging and 3D
  38. 38. Meteorological predictions and information Weather forecast information to mobiles Pest and disease surveillance for major crops Weather based crop insurance products Computer- models ObservationsWeather information VIPS
  39. 39. http://washtech.wordpress.com/2010/11/03/monitoring-water-for-people-launches-android-app/ Real time Maps
  40. 40. Real-time data The application allows water users to instantly access information from handheld devices on stream for surface water, tanks, major reservoir levels, canal water flows/levels. Water levels and flows Storage elevations, volumes and discharges Ground water levels. Determine water availability, water allocations and water releases evaluate the performance of water sharing plans predict flood levels to protect people and property manage surface and groundwater resources
  41. 41. Ref: http://.......

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