Reeds environment management

282 views
196 views

Published on

Lecture on environment management

Published in: Environment
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
282
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Reeds environment management

  1. 1. Environmental Management Framework (EMF) for Small Scale Rural Development Projects CEE’s experience in supporting poverty alleviation initiatives in Andhra Pradesh
  2. 2. About CEE:  National institute established in 1984: centre of excellence in environment education, supported by MoEF  Head Office: Ahmedabad  Southern Regional Office: Bangalore  AP State Office: Hyderabad  established in 2000
  3. 3. CEE’s role as Environment Agency  CEE functions as Environment Agency for the state Govt. Poverty alleviation programme funded by World Bank  Integrating Environmental management into small scale rural development projects – Environment Management Framework (EMF)
  4. 4. EMF - Objectives  To ensure that neither the livelihoods of the poor nor the environment are compromised  Explore possibilities of making the efforts to improve livelihoods as well as conservation of the environment complimentary so that there are sustained benefits from the development activities initiated
  5. 5. EMF Strategy  Mitigating any negative environmental impacts that may emerge from the sub- projects  Ensuring the long-term sustainability of benefits from sub-projects by securing the natural resource base on which they are dependent  Facilitating Proactive Subprojects
  6. 6. Components of EMF  Environmental assessment  Proactive subprojects
  7. 7. Environmental Assessment  Part of every project appraisal  Detail or level of assessment depends on project type  Suggests ways in which positive impacts and be enhanced and negative impacts controlled
  8. 8. EA Process Specifically, EA includes:  Screening to identify the level of environmental assessment required  Assessment, specific to the nature and scale of the sub-project
  9. 9. Screening  Can the sub-project be taken up?  Dos and Don'ts based on  Laws, Regulations of GOI and GOAP  Safeguard Policies of the World Bank  If yes, what is the level of EA required?
  10. 10. Level of assessment Level Details Level 0 Doesn’t depend on or use any natural resource directly, doesn’t adversely impact any natural resource, detailed assessment not required Level 1 Marginal or short-term impact or positive impact on the environment Level 2 Significant or irreversible or long-term negative impact Level 3 Severe adverse environmental impact, which cannot be mitigated within a feasible timeframe and budget
  11. 11. Proactive subprojects  Use of alternate resources (bio gas plants, solar devices)  Efficient use of existing resources (fuel efficient cook stoves, micro irrigation systems,)  Create or enhance natural resources to support livelihoods (energy plantations, water harvesting)  Create or enhance systems for sustainable management of natural resources (pasture land management, IPM practices)
  12. 12. Implementation  Designing and facilitating the implementation of EMF (development of system and tools for assessment)  Capacity building (main and refresher trainings)  Material development (tool box, hand books, flash cards, posters)  Monitoring (six monthly supervision visits)
  13. 13. EA tool Parts of a tool  Use of natural resources  Impact on natural resources (use of resource and waste release)  Mitigation measures  Details of mitigation measures
  14. 14. Common environmental issues  Livestock: fodder scarcity, improper shelter, improper composting
  15. 15. Common environmental issues  Agriculture: Heavy use of chemicals, lack of technical support
  16. 16. Common environmental issues  NTFP: Unsustainable methods of harvesting, improper storage
  17. 17. Common environmental issues  Brick making and Pottery: Heavy consumption of fuel wood, extraction of soil from agricultural lands
  18. 18. Examples of application of EA Subproject proposed: Sheep rearing Suggestions after EA: Rotational grazing Stall feeding Subproject proposed: Cotton cultivation in 5 acres Suggestions after EA: Cotton+ Jowar : 2 acres Redgram + Soybean: 1 acre Cotton: 2 acres
  19. 19. Out comes  Agriculture: Use of organic manures, change in cropping systems, micro irrigation methods, mulching, etc.  Livestock: Fodder cultivation, composting the manure, fodder enrichment, rotational grazing, supplementary feed, immunization, shed construction, etc.  NTFP: Sustainable extraction, permission from forest department, etc.
  20. 20. Implementation of mitigation measures
  21. 21. Implementation of mitigation measures
  22. 22. Best Practices
  23. 23. Dairy
  24. 24. Shankaravarappadu Village Prakasam
  25. 25. Kurnool
  26. 26. Silage making Santha seetha rampuram Srikakulam
  27. 27. Shed management
  28. 28. Srikakulam
  29. 29. Sheep rearing
  30. 30. Well managed pen Adilabad
  31. 31. Penning in orchards Shifting sheds Srikakulam
  32. 32. Ananthapur Leaf material used as bed
  33. 33. Stall feeding for Sheep Chitoor
  34. 34. Dry fodder storage Ananthapur
  35. 35. Agriculture
  36. 36. Seeds/saplings
  37. 37. Srikakulam  Mango saplings developed by grafting
  38. 38. Pest management
  39. 39. Trap crops (castor and marigold): Chittoor
  40. 40. Mahaboobnagar Pheromone traps
  41. 41. Nutrient Management
  42. 42. Farm yard manure Srikakulam
  43. 43. Tank Silt application
  44. 44. Use of Vermicompost
  45. 45. Intercropping
  46. 46. Chittoor
  47. 47. Mahaboobnagar
  48. 48. Soil and water conservation
  49. 49. Drip irrigation Ananthapur
  50. 50. Rengareddy
  51. 51. Adilabad
  52. 52. Farm ponds
  53. 53. Furrow Irrigation Ananthapur
  54. 54. Mulching with pongamia Ananthapur
  55. 55. Medicinal and aromatic plants
  56. 56. Lemon grass cultivation Adilabad
  57. 57. Medicinal mentha cultivation
  58. 58. Bio Diesel Plantations
  59. 59. Pongamia plantation
  60. 60. Bio diesel generator
  61. 61. The new approach…..  Capacity building the community to integrate environmental management into their livelihoods
  62. 62. Thank you

×