Peoples Voices Climate Change


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Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy made in 2005

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Peoples Voices Climate Change

  1. 1. PEOPLES’ VOICES Presentation by : Dr. Sai Bhaskar Reddy N Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change in Semi Arid Area One Day Consultations workshop on Climate Change July 28th 2004 MSSRF - SDC
  2. 2. PARTICIPANTS <ul><li>The participants include farmers, representatives of farmers’ cooperatives, NGOs and also from National / International development agencies. </li></ul>
  4. 4. AGRICULTURE <ul><li>Subsidy should be given for short duration crops and the seeds of the species that need less water & also practice of crop rotation should be encouraged </li></ul><ul><li>- Mr. Aga Reddy, Karimnagar </li></ul>
  5. 5. AGRICULTURE ADAPTABILITY POLICY <ul><li>T he government should regulate the cultivation of paddy based on the water resources availability in an area and conserve the ground water . This might be the only way in improving ground water levels, particularly in drought prone areas . </li></ul><ul><li>- Mr. Narayana reddy, Nalgonda </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>D ue to deforestation , the drought problem has got aggravated and that has led to mass exodus of people from rural to urban centers . </li></ul><ul><li>P eople are shifting out of agriculture and taking up other means of livelihood activities due to lack of water. In this context food security has become another important issue </li></ul><ul><li>- Mr. Sheshagiri Rao, Bharat Krishak Samaj Mahabubnagar </li></ul>DEFORESTATION
  7. 7. MITIGATION <ul><li>Integrated approach should be taken up to tackle the climate change In the country people are suffering from both drought and floods . </li></ul><ul><li>- Mr. Ramulu, Mahaboob Nagar </li></ul>
  8. 8. MIGRATION <ul><li>Increase in migration in our village due to lack of rains, the agricultural labor are migrating to urban areas now unlike earlier where they use to have enough livelihood opportunities in agriculture activity. </li></ul><ul><li>- Mr. Balaram Reddy, Karimnagar </li></ul>
  9. 9. IMMIGRANTS <ul><li>D ue to successive drought and lack of any livelihood in the villages, people are forced to migrate to the urban centers and a new breed of urban poor are evolving . </li></ul><ul><li>- Mr. Narayana reddy, Nalgonda </li></ul>
  10. 10. SUMMARY – PRIMARY STAKEHOLDERS <ul><li>Importance of bringing together all the stake holders to tackle climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Educating and training the farmers and other stakeholders on scientific practices. Need to bring change in the mindset of people </li></ul><ul><li>Shifting from awareness to understanding and leading into action . Government intervention in regulating the usage of ground water in order to conserve it. </li></ul>
  12. 12. RAINFALL <ul><li>A ccording to the reports, there is no change in the total rain fall in the country. However, there is a shift in the areas of the rain fall . As such, the areas under the rain fall zone are slowly going into the rain shadow zone. The reasons for this shift in rain fall have to be analyzed . </li></ul><ul><li>- Ms Jasveen Jairath, SACI Waters Hyderabad </li></ul>
  13. 13. RAIN WATER HARVESTING <ul><li>T he use of rain water harvesting measures has helped them to tide rough patches. Need to bring change in behavior and practices As part of adaptation. </li></ul><ul><li>- Mr. Satya Bhoopal, REEDS, Mahabubnagar </li></ul>
  14. 14. FOREST & GROUND WATER <ul><li>Protection of forests helped in ensuring ground water protection . </li></ul><ul><li>The network in Ananthapur promoted digging bore wells jointly by 3 or 4 farmers has helped in ground water conservation . </li></ul><ul><li>In their region they dug only 11 bore wells for 90 families . There is need for strict regulations for forests and ground water Management. </li></ul><ul><li>- Mr. Balaram, APPS, Anantapur district </li></ul>
  15. 15. FARMERS COMMITING SUICIDES <ul><li>80% of the cultivable land in Anantapur District is dependant on rains . Due to lack of rainfall there is increase in migration . In the year 1998, 424 farmers committed suicides </li></ul><ul><li>- Ms. Bhanuja, REDS , Kadiri </li></ul>
  16. 16. NATURE AS CPR <ul><li>People are themselves responsible for the changes in the climate. As people are considering nature as a common property. </li></ul><ul><li>it is for us to find a solution to solve the climate change problems. </li></ul><ul><li>- Mr. Prem kumar, SWSC, Prakasam </li></ul>
  17. 17. LIVELIHOODS <ul><li>While dealing with the livelihoods and dwindling number of working days in the farm sector and the subsequent effects of decrease in the minimum wages . This is one of the by products of the climatic change. The livelihoods options in the areas they are working are getting reduced drastically . With the farm sector going down due to lack of water, there is heavy rush towards the off farm sector livelihoods which are very limited. - Mr. Vasu, SARD, Ananthapur </li></ul>
  18. 18. TRAFFICKING OF WOMEN <ul><li>Due to successive drought the trafficking of women is on the increase. There is also an increase in the number of local Commercial sex workers too. There is rise in HIV +ve cases too . </li></ul><ul><li>- Ms. Bhanuja, REDS , Kadiri </li></ul>
  19. 19. ABOUT CHANGE & MITIGATION <ul><li>Farmers are not averse to change and are ready to adapt to new technologies in tune with the changing times. </li></ul><ul><li>The mitigation efforts to reduce the agricultural losses sustained through floods and drought should be in place. </li></ul><ul><li>- Mr. Guruva Reddy, Federation of Farmers Association, Hyderabad </li></ul>
  20. 20. POLLUTION <ul><li>Pollution as a reason for the climatic changes. The government policies have a lot of influence on the pollution levels, in particular with the industrial pollution which has a direct bearing on the climatic changes. - Ms Jasveen Jairath, SACI Waters Hyderabad </li></ul>
  21. 21. NGO’S ROLE <ul><li>There is need of the NGO’s to intervene in helping the farming community and also in helping them to adapt scientific measures and crop management techniques . </li></ul><ul><li>- Dr. J Premchand, APPS Anantapur district </li></ul>
  22. 22. SOME ACTION POINTS <ul><li>Needs assessment survey on climate change and its impact in selected villages. </li></ul><ul><li>Should work in limited number of districts for developing a model and piloting that could be scaled up to others. </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritizing the interventions in the selected districts </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation of experiences - traditional and latest </li></ul><ul><li>- G. Pakki Reddy , AP Netherlands Biotechnology project, IPE, Hyderabad </li></ul>
  23. 23. OPEN SESSION POINTS - AGRICULTURE <ul><li>Climatic changes have direct bearing on Agriculture. </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture sector is neglected although it contributes maximum to the economy of the country. Meager funds are allocated to deal with natural disasters linked to climate change . </li></ul>
  24. 24. OPEN SESSION – ACTION POINTS <ul><li>§ MSSRF and partners should segregate the issues as they differ from place to place and should help in bringing out an action plan. </li></ul><ul><li>§ Involvement of various stakeholders for effective planning and implementation was stressed. </li></ul><ul><li>§ All the participants stressed the issue of viewing this with a long-term perspective . </li></ul>
  25. 25. EXERCISE <ul><li>The Participants were given some Exercises to Elicit their Perceptions : </li></ul><ul><li>On the outline map of Andhra Pradesh participants were asked to rank the districts according to most vulnerable for prioritizing. This was made to make people understand the spatial situation. </li></ul>
  26. 26. EXERCISE <ul><li>Participants were asked to state the vulnerable issues with reference to the area of their operation in terms of climatic perspective. · Agriculture · Water · Energy </li></ul><ul><li>To write 3 important adaptations for cooping in their area of operations to reduce the problem. </li></ul>
  27. 27. WE WANT SECURE
  28. 28. thank you . . .