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Nrega – Drought mitigation  measures
 

Nrega – Drought mitigation measures

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NREGA, Drought Mitigation Measures lecture given at Dr. MCR-HRD IAP for the officer of govt. agriculture, forest, fisheries, women and child welfare, etc.

NREGA, Drought Mitigation Measures lecture given at Dr. MCR-HRD IAP for the officer of govt. agriculture, forest, fisheries, women and child welfare, etc.

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    Nrega – Drought mitigation  measures Nrega – Drought mitigation measures Presentation Transcript

    • MGNREGA – Drought Mitigation Measures
      Basic Course on Disaster Management
      Dr. N. SaiBhaskar Reddy, CEO, GEO http://e-geo.org
      Center for Disaster Preparedness (CDP)
      Dr. MCR HRD Institute of AP
      12THJuly 2011
    • Climate Change will put additional stress in rural areas
    • In the life of a farmer climate Variability and Extreme events are more important than climate change
    • Climate Change / Variability in Semi-arid regions
    • Climate Change / Variability in Semi-arid regions
    • Major challenges of Agriculture
    • The primary objective of the act is poverty alleviation, a further objective is stated “...as creation of durable assets and strengthening the livelihoods base of the rural poor...”
      NREGA links two of the most critical problems of our times: namely, extreme poverty and climate change.
      The linkage is forged through environmental services which are provided by rural households when they engage in works under NREGA.
    • The livelihoods of the rural poor are directly dependent on environmental resources — land, water, forests — and are vulnerable to weather and climate variability — as water stress increases, groundwater levels recede, soil fertility declines and forest habitats disappear.
    • Climate change will only exacerbate the vulnerabilities of the rural poor. As climate-sensitive, natural ecosystems deteriorate, subsistence will slip further out of reach. India’s rural poor, who have least contributed to it, will pay some of the problem’s heaviest tolls.
    • NREGA Objectives
      Primary
      Supplementing employment opportunities
      (Additional not substituted)
      Auxiliary
      Eco-restoration & regeneration of natural resource base for sustainable rural livelihood
      Process Outcomes
      Strengthening grass root processes of democracy Infusing transparency & accountability in rural governance
    • Vulnerability of poor in rural areas
      Livelihoods of rural poor based on natural resources - Land, Water, Biodiversity, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, Forest Produce
      Two-thirds of households derive income directly from natural sources
      Natural resources are threatened by stresses Biotic & Abiotic
      Climate Change -- an additional stress
      Poor are most vulnerable to Climate Change
      Poor are first and worst affected – least contributed to it
      Agriculture & natural resource based livelihoods at immediate risk
      Rural poor do not have resources to cope
    • Nature of Works
    • CARBON SEQUESTRATION – BIOCHAR OPTIONS
      Or
      In slide share
      http://www.slideshare.net/saibhaskar/agriculture-crisis-and-biochar-saibhaskar2
    • SL framework: Determinants of adaptive capacity
    • Defined and prioritised under the act, works can significantly change the environment through rejuvenation of the natural resource base. Water conservation, land development and afforestation through NREGA can provide local services such as ground-water recharge, enhanced soil fertility and increased biomass. These, in turn, can generate global benefits such as adaptation to and mitigation of climate change and biodiversity conservation.
    • Of the 2.7 million works being undertaken in over 600 districts, nearly 80 per cent are water, land and forestry-related. These not only provide local environmental services, they have the potential to yield co-benefits of adaptation and mitigation to global climate change; the former through rejuvenation of the livelihood base and thereby strengthening resilience of rural communities, the latter through enhanced carbon sequestration in agricultural soils, pasturelands and woody perennials.
    • NREGA works with programmes of agriculture and allied sectors are leading to enhanced yields. With the scope of works under NREGA expanded to include lands of small and marginal farmers, it is possible to significantly enhance the irrigation potential in rainfed areas and drought-proof small-holder agriculture, leading to sustainable, higher yields.
    • Conservation technologies — stress-tolerant, climate-resilient varieties of seeds, drip irrigation, zero-tillage, raised-bed planting, laser-levelling, Systems of Rice Intensification (SRI), can build adaptive capacities to cope with increasing water stress, providing “more crop per drop”.
    • Similarly, strengthening land development practices such as land levelling, conservation bench terracing, contour and graded bunding, and pasture development prevent soil erosion and loss of organic matter. Reclamation of wastelands and degraded lands together with afforestation, horticulture plantation and agro-forestry have the potential to sequester carbon both above and below ground, thereby contributing to carbon mitigation.
    • Thank You….
      Ref: http://...
      Mainly presentations of Dr. Rita Sharma