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Climate change policy drought

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Presentation made to state level officers at Dr MCR HRD IAP, by Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy

Presentation made to state level officers at Dr MCR HRD IAP, by Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy

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  • Biochar is a part of the solution for cotton crop sustainable cultivation, there is a need to create large scale awareness among the farmers to continue traditional best practices of Biochar application and also adopt appropriate best technologies for improving the fertility of the soils and their sustainability.
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    • 1. Drought Risk Mitigation and Management
      09 Aug’11
      Climate Change and Drought Scientific and Policy Issues
      Dr. N. SaiBhaskarReddy
      Chief Executive Officer [CEO],
      GEOECOLOGY ENERGY ORGANISATION [GEO]
      http://e-geo.org
      _______________________________
      Center for Disaster Preparedness (CDP)
      Dr. MCR HRD Institute of AP
    • 2. Climate Changes in India
      Increase in surface temperature by 0.4 degree C over the past century.
      Warming trend along the west coast, in central India, the interior peninsula, and northeastern India.
      Cooling trend in northwest India and parts of South India.
      Regional monsoon variations: increased monsoon seasonal rainfall along the west coast, northern Andhra Pradesh and North-western India, decreased monsoon seasonal rainfall over eastern Madhya Pradesh, North-eastern India, and parts of Gujrat and Kerala.
    • 3. Climate Changes in India
      Observed trends of multi-decadal periods of more frequent droughts, followed by less severe droughts.
      Studies have shown a rising trend in the frequency of heavy rain events and decrease in frequency of moderate events over central India from 1951 to 2000.
      Records of coastal tide gauges in the north Indian ocean for the last 40 years has revealed an estimated sea level rise between 1.06-1.75 mm per year.
      The available monitoring data on Himalayan glaciers indicates recession of some glaciers.
      3
    • 4. Per-capita Carbon –dioxide emission (Metric Tons)
    • 5. Impacts of Climate Changes
      Water resources
      Agriculture and food production
      Health
      Forests
      Coastal areas
      Vulnerability to extreme events
      Bioenergy
      Livelihoods
      Environment
      Economy
      Ecology
      5
    • 6. National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC)
      Protecting the poor and vulnerable sections of society through sustainable development sensitive to climate change
      Achieving national growth objectives through a qualitative change in direction, ecological sustainability, mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions.
      Efficient and cost effective strategies for end use Demand side Management.
      Technologies for adaptation and mitigation of greenhouse gases emissions.
      Promote sustainable development - Regulatory and voluntary mechanisms
      6
    • 7. Core of NAPCC - National Missions
      National Solar Mission:TheNAPCC aims to promote the development and use of solar energy for power generation and other uses with the ultimate objective of making solar competitive with fossil-based energy options.
      National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency: Current initiatives are expected to yield savings of 10,000 MW by 2012.
      National Mission on Sustainable Habitat: To promote energy efficiency as a core component of urban planning.
      National Water Mission: With water scarcity projected to worsen as a result of climate change, the plan sets a goal of a 20% improvement in water use efficiency through pricing and other measures.
      These National Missions are being institutionalized by the respective Ministries/ Departments.
    • 8. Core of NAPCC - National Missions
      National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem: The plan aims to conserve biodiversity, forest cover, and other ecological values in the Himalayan region, where glaciers that are a major source of India’s water supply are projected to recede as a result of global warming.
      National Mission for a “Green India”: Goals include the afforestation of 6 million hectares of degraded forest lands and expanding forest cover from 23% to 33% of India’s territory.
      National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture: The plan aims to support climate adaptation in agriculture through the development of climate-resilient crops, expansion of weather insurance mechanisms, and agricultural practices.
      National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change: To gain a better understanding of climate science, impacts and challenges, the plan envisions a new Climate Science Research Fund, improved climate modeling, and increased international collaboration. It also encourage private sector initiatives to develop adaptation and mitigation technologies through venture capital funds.
    • 9. Source: New Indian Express
    • 10. Climate Change will put additional stress in rural areas
    • 11. Rural Livlihoods - Resources
      The livelihoods of the rural poor are directly dependent on environmental resources.
      Are vulnerable to weather and climate variability
    • 12. Rural Poor Paying the most
      Climate change will only exacerbate the vulnerabilities of the rural poor. As climate-sensitive, natural ecosystems deteriorate, subsistence will slip further out of reach.
    • 13. India’s rural poor, who have least contributed to Climate Change, will pay some of the problem’s heaviest tolls.
    • 14. In the life of a farmer climate Variability and Extreme events are more important than climate change
    • 15. Climate Change / Variability in Semi-arid regions
    • 16. Climate Change / Variability in Semi-arid regions
      In Andhra Pradesh 2009 witness to
      • 50 years old drought
      • 17. 100 years old flood
    • AFPRO
      17
      “VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT AND ENHANSING ADAPTIVE CAPACITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN SEMI-ARID AREAS OF INDIA”
      Policies/Structures
      Vulnerability
      Adaptability
      Rural Poverty
      Livelihoods Diversification
      Community Empowerment
      Energy
      Agriculture Production
      Water Resources
      Bio Diversity
      SCENARIO 1
      FACTORS INFLUENCING VULNERABILITY
      Climate Change
      Human / Social
      Natural / Environmental / Physical
      Economic / Political
      Appropriate Skills
      Water Management
    • 18. GSBC PROJECT
      INTEGRATED APPROACH
    • 19. Major challenges of Agriculture
    • 20. Mahabubnagar District Rainfall Pattern
    • 21.
    • 22. Field level interventions
      ACTIVITY
      CAPACITY
      DEVELOPMENT
      RESEARCH
      FACILITATION
    • 23. BIOCHARCULTURE
      Dr. N. SaiBhaskar Reddy, GEO
      http://e-geo.org | http://biocharculture.com
    • 24. BIOCHARCULTURE
      SOIL
      AGRICUTURE
      ANIMALS
      ENERGY
      HABITAT
      SANITATION
      HEALTH
      WATER
      RITUAL / SPIRITUAL / RELIGIOUS / PRACTICES
      BIOCHAR URINALS
      WATER PURIFICATION – COLOR, ODOR, REMOVAL OF HARMFUL ELEMENTS, ETC.
      PADDY METHANE EMISSIONS REDUCTION
      BIOCHAR BRICKS
      FIRE / ALTAR / YAGNAS / AGNIHOTRA
      APPLICATION IN ANIMAL PLACES TO TAP URINE, SANITATION AND EMISSIONS REDUCTION
      SOURCE FROM EFFICIENT TLUD COOK STOVES
      CLEANING TEETH
      BIOCHAR
      BIOCHAR TOILETS
      PESTICIDE & COMPLEX CHEMICALS AFFECTS MITIGATION
      BIOCHAR IN AQUARIUMS
      FIRE DURING FESTIVALS
      RUMINANT ANIMALS METHANE EMISSIONS REDUCTION AS FEED ADDITIVE
      AS BY PRODUCT FROM GASIFIER STOVES, BOILERS ETC
      BIOCHAR TABLETS
      BIOCHAR IN CATTLE SHEDS
      EMMISIONS REDUCTION FROM FARM YARD MANURES AND COMPOSTS
      BIOCHAR IN POULTRY FARMS
      CREMATIONS
      BIOCHAR COMPOST
      CLEANING PLATES / UTENSILS
      SOAKING IN WITH ANIMALS URINE AND EXCRETA - VALUE ADDITION
      CHARCOAL PRODUCTION FROM BIOMASS / WASTE MANAGEMENT
      BIOCHAR IN FOOD AS PART OF FOOD PREPARATIONS
      CROP RESIDUE MANAGEMENT
      BIOCHAR IN FRIDGES, MATTRESSES, ETC.
      NATURAL / ARTIFICIAL FIRES IN FORESTS / FIELDS, ETC.
      BATHING
    • 25. Biocharculture
    • 26. Biocharculture Adaptation benefits
    • 27. CONTROL AND BIOCHAR - OKRA
      Farmers focus
      80% ON CROP
      20% ON SOIL
    • 28. BIOCHAR COMPOST
    • 29. APPLICATION IN THE FIELDS
    • 30. OKRA - CONTROL AND BIOCHAR PLOTS
      CONTROL BIOCHAR COMPOST
      4 KGS 8 KGS 12 KGS
    • 31. BIOCHAR
      CONTROL
      1.5 FEET
      6 FEET
    • 32. Strategies to be followed in designing adaptations
    • 33.
    • 34.
    • 35. BIOCHAR RESULTS
      GSBC PROJECT, 2009 (DORUGHT PREVAILED DURING THE GROWING SEASON)
    • 36. Methane Emissions from paddy fields
    • 37. Biochar – livestock urine
    • 38. BIOCHAR URINALS
      TAPPING NITROGEN FROM URINE OF ANIMALS AND PEOPLE USING BIOCHAR
    • 39. OTHER BIOCHAR APPLICATIONS
      BIOCHAR BRICKS, GREEN BUILDINGS
    • 40. Brick pieces
      Slag
      Quartz
      Bone
      Pottaryshards
      Soil
      Biochar /Charcoal
    • 41.
    • 42.
    • 43. MAGH SERIES BIOCHAR PRODUCING STOVES
      GOOD STOVES
      http://goodstove.com
    • 44. MAGH SERIES BIOCHAR PRODUCING STOVES
    • 45. NO SMOKING
    • 46. WATER – LESS
      PLANTS
    • 47. BIOCHAR INDIA | BIOCHARCULTURE | GOOD STOVE | GEO
    • 48. Thank you..

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