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Biocharculture in cotton saibhaskar
 

Biocharculture in cotton saibhaskar

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Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy

Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy

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  • Biochar is a part of the solution for cotton crop sustainable cultivation, there is a need to create large scale awareness among the farmers to continue traditional best practices of Biochar application and also adopt appropriate best technologies for improving the fertility of the soils and their sustainability.
  • A method has been evolved for creating Biochar Compost, using biochar + Farm yard Manure + soil microbes. 40 to 50% Biochar + 10 to 20% green leaves + 30 to 40% Farm Yard Manure (vermi-compost can also be used) + TricodermaViridea half KG each for 100 kgsbiochar compost. In the above proportion all the ingradients are mixed and kept in a shaded place, by covering with palm leaves / dry paddy straw. Water was sprinkled and mixed it well every alternate day. The temperature was around 30 deg centigrade within the compost at the end. This Biochar compost is applied to the fields after 12 to 15 days. During application the field was wet, that is after rains or irrigation. 

Biocharculture in cotton saibhaskar Biocharculture in cotton saibhaskar Presentation Transcript

  • Session theme: Towards Climate Change Mitigation, Resilience and Carbon Emission Reduction
    BIOCHARCULTURE IN COTTON CROP FOR SUSTAINABLE CULTIVATION AND CARBON SEQUESTRATION
    National Workshop on
    Innovations and Better Management Practices for
    Climate Resilient and Sustainable Cotton Production
    15-16 December, 2010
    Dr. N. SaiBhaskarReddy
    Chief Executive Officer [CEO],
    GEOECOLOGY ENERGY ORGANISATION [GEO] http://e-geo.org
  • SOURCES OF BIOMASS FOR BIOCHAR
  • Major challenges of cotton crop
  • Biocharculture
  • BIOCHARCULTURE
    Dr. N. SaiBhaskar Reddy, GEO
    http://e-geo.org | http://biocharculture.com
  • SOIL
    AGRICUTURE
    ANIMALS
    ENERGY
    HABITAT
    SANITATION
    HEALTH
    WATER
    RITUAL / SPIRITUAL / RELIGIOUS / PRACTICES
    BIOCHARCULTURE
    BIOCHAR URINALS
    WATER PURIFICATION – COLOR, ODOR, REMOVAL OF HARMFUL ELEMENTS, ETC.
    PADDY METHANE EMISSIONS REDUCTION
    BIOCHAR BRICKS
    FIRE / ALTAR / YAGNAS / AGNIHOTRA
    APPLICATION IN ANIMAL PLACES TO TAP URINE, SANITATION AND EMISSIONS REDUCTION
    SOURCE FROM EFFICIENT TLUD COOK STOVES
    CLEANING TEETH
    BIOCHAR
    BIOCHAR TOILETS
    PESTICIDE & COMPLEX CHEMICALS AFFECTS MITIGATION
    BIOCHAR IN AQUARIUMS
    FIRE DURING FESTIVALS
    RUMINANT ANIMALS METHANE EMISSIONS REDUCTION AS FEED ADDITIVE
    AS BY PRODUCT FROM GASIFIER STOVES, BOILERS ETC
    BIOCHAR TABLETS
    BIOCHAR IN CATTLE SHEDS
    EMMISIONS REDUCTION FROM FARM YARD MANURES AND COMPOSTS
    BIOCHAR IN POULTRY FARMS
    CREMATIONS
    BIOCHAR COMPOST
    CLEANING PLATES / UTENSILS
    SOAKING IN WITH ANIMALS URINE AND EXCRETA - VALUE ADDITION
    CHARCOAL PRODUCTION FROM BIOMASS / WASTE MANAGEMENT
    BIOCHAR IN FOOD AS PART OF FOOD PREPARATIONS
    CROP RESIDUE MANAGEMENT
    BIOCHAR IN FRIDGES, MATTRESSES, ETC.
    NATURAL / ARTIFICIAL FIRES IN FORESTS / FIELDS, ETC.
    BATHING
  • Biocharculture Adaptation benefits
  • GSBC Project*
    *- Good Stoves and Biochar communities project is supported by GoodPlanet.org, France, being implemetned by Geoecology Energy Organisation [GEO] in parts of Andhra Pradesh, India
  • MONO AND MIXED CROPPING
    C + Castor
    C + Redgram
    Cotton (C)
  • Biochar + Pottery shards
  • BIOCHAR COMPOST
  • BIOCHAR PREPARATIONS & APPLICATION
  • BIOCHAR MULCHING
  • Cotton Stalks for Biochar
  • EFFICIENT BIOCHAR RETORTS
    http://terrapreta.bioenergylists.org/content/magh-biochar-retort-1http://maghbiocharretort.blogspot.com/http://www.slideshare.net/saibhaskar/biochar-production-and-uses-dr-reddy-5242206http://www.slideshare.net/saibhaskar/magh-biochar-retort-2
    GSBC Project
  • MAGH SERIES BIOCHAR PRODUCING STOVES
    GOOD STOVES
    http://goodstove.com
  • Application of Biochar
  • APPLICATION IN THE FIELDS
  • Biochar Benefits
    Biochar is a process media rather 'result' media.
  • Results
    The Biochar applied by the farmers as Biochar compost yielded good results.
    1 kg charcoal for 1 sq meter area, along with compost of equal quantity. For 1 hectare or 10000 sq meters of area, the charcoal required is 10000 kgs or 10 tonnes.
    Charcoal at the rate of Rs. 3 to Rs. 5 per KG either produced by themselves or purchased would cost them from Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 50,000 per hectare apart from the cost for compost.
    Therefore it is not feasible for farmers to apply the Biochar immediately in their respective fields in such huge quantities.
    As the affect of charcoal lasts more than 1000 years, the farmers could apply the charcoal every year, some quantity, they could reach the desired quantity say in next 10 years.
    The soil would also be able to adopt to these amendments along with soils microbes colonization slowly.
    The experience of the farmers regarding the charcoal application in the fields is more important, so in the future all the biomass generated in the fields would be utilized for generating Biochar and left in the field.
    GSBC Project could create large scale awareness among farmers regarding Biochar application and preparation of the Biochar compost.
    During open burning of the cotton stalks the biomass is getting converted into ash. The farmers were trained on converting the cotton stalks into Biochar through simple methods and technologies.
  • BIOCHAR RESULTS
    GSBC PROJECT, 2009 (DORUGHT PREVAILED DURING THE GROWING SEASON)
  • TERRA PRETA VS BIOCHAR
  • BIOCHAR FRAMEWORK
    POLICY
    TECHNOLOGY
    RESEARCH
    LOCAL PRACTICES
    CHARCOAL PLUS AMENDMENTS TO SOIL
    BIOCHAR
  • GSBC PROJECT
    INTEGRATED APPROACH
  • BIOCHAR FIELDS – GSBC PROJECT
    3 farmers in 2006 under the V & A Project, Kothur village, Mahabubnagar District, AP, India
  • GOOD STOVES AND BIOCHAR COMMUNITIES PROJECT
    GSBC PROJECT, being implemented in parts of Andhra Pradesh State is an integrated project.
    This project started in May 2009, Geoecology Energy Organisation is responsible for planning, implementation and monitoring of the project. The “Alternative Carbone Project” portfolio of Action Carbone has promoted this project to be implemented in the rural areas of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India.
    http://www.biocharindia.com | http://www.e-geo.org
    http://www.goodstove.com
    Group: http://groups.google.com/group/biocharindia
  • BIOCHAR INDIA | BIOCHARCULTURE
    OKRA
  • THANK YOU…
    http://biocharindia.com