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Biocharculture in cotton saibhaskar

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Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy

Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy

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  • Biochar is a part of the solution for cotton crop sustainable cultivation, there is a need to create large scale awareness among the farmers to continue traditional best practices of Biochar application and also adopt appropriate best technologies for improving the fertility of the soils and their sustainability.
  • A method has been evolved for creating Biochar Compost, using biochar + Farm yard Manure + soil microbes. 40 to 50% Biochar + 10 to 20% green leaves + 30 to 40% Farm Yard Manure (vermi-compost can also be used) + TricodermaViridea half KG each for 100 kgsbiochar compost. In the above proportion all the ingradients are mixed and kept in a shaded place, by covering with palm leaves / dry paddy straw. Water was sprinkled and mixed it well every alternate day. The temperature was around 30 deg centigrade within the compost at the end. This Biochar compost is applied to the fields after 12 to 15 days. During application the field was wet, that is after rains or irrigation. 
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    • 1. Session theme: Towards Climate Change Mitigation, Resilience and Carbon Emission Reduction
      BIOCHARCULTURE IN COTTON CROP FOR SUSTAINABLE CULTIVATION AND CARBON SEQUESTRATION
      National Workshop on
      Innovations and Better Management Practices for
      Climate Resilient and Sustainable Cotton Production
      15-16 December, 2010
      Dr. N. SaiBhaskarReddy
      Chief Executive Officer [CEO],
      GEOECOLOGY ENERGY ORGANISATION [GEO] http://e-geo.org
    • 2. SOURCES OF BIOMASS FOR BIOCHAR
    • 3. Major challenges of cotton crop
    • 4. Biocharculture
    • 5. BIOCHARCULTURE
      Dr. N. SaiBhaskar Reddy, GEO
      http://e-geo.org | http://biocharculture.com
    • 6. SOIL
      AGRICUTURE
      ANIMALS
      ENERGY
      HABITAT
      SANITATION
      HEALTH
      WATER
      RITUAL / SPIRITUAL / RELIGIOUS / PRACTICES
      BIOCHARCULTURE
      BIOCHAR URINALS
      WATER PURIFICATION – COLOR, ODOR, REMOVAL OF HARMFUL ELEMENTS, ETC.
      PADDY METHANE EMISSIONS REDUCTION
      BIOCHAR BRICKS
      FIRE / ALTAR / YAGNAS / AGNIHOTRA
      APPLICATION IN ANIMAL PLACES TO TAP URINE, SANITATION AND EMISSIONS REDUCTION
      SOURCE FROM EFFICIENT TLUD COOK STOVES
      CLEANING TEETH
      BIOCHAR
      BIOCHAR TOILETS
      PESTICIDE & COMPLEX CHEMICALS AFFECTS MITIGATION
      BIOCHAR IN AQUARIUMS
      FIRE DURING FESTIVALS
      RUMINANT ANIMALS METHANE EMISSIONS REDUCTION AS FEED ADDITIVE
      AS BY PRODUCT FROM GASIFIER STOVES, BOILERS ETC
      BIOCHAR TABLETS
      BIOCHAR IN CATTLE SHEDS
      EMMISIONS REDUCTION FROM FARM YARD MANURES AND COMPOSTS
      BIOCHAR IN POULTRY FARMS
      CREMATIONS
      BIOCHAR COMPOST
      CLEANING PLATES / UTENSILS
      SOAKING IN WITH ANIMALS URINE AND EXCRETA - VALUE ADDITION
      CHARCOAL PRODUCTION FROM BIOMASS / WASTE MANAGEMENT
      BIOCHAR IN FOOD AS PART OF FOOD PREPARATIONS
      CROP RESIDUE MANAGEMENT
      BIOCHAR IN FRIDGES, MATTRESSES, ETC.
      NATURAL / ARTIFICIAL FIRES IN FORESTS / FIELDS, ETC.
      BATHING
    • 7. Biocharculture Adaptation benefits
    • 8. GSBC Project*
      *- Good Stoves and Biochar communities project is supported by GoodPlanet.org, France, being implemetned by Geoecology Energy Organisation [GEO] in parts of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • 9. MONO AND MIXED CROPPING
      C + Castor
      C + Redgram
      Cotton (C)
    • 10. Biochar + Pottery shards
    • 11. BIOCHAR COMPOST
    • 12. BIOCHAR PREPARATIONS & APPLICATION
    • 13. BIOCHAR MULCHING
    • 14. Cotton Stalks for Biochar
    • 15. EFFICIENT BIOCHAR RETORTS
      http://terrapreta.bioenergylists.org/content/magh-biochar-retort-1http://maghbiocharretort.blogspot.com/http://www.slideshare.net/saibhaskar/biochar-production-and-uses-dr-reddy-5242206http://www.slideshare.net/saibhaskar/magh-biochar-retort-2
      GSBC Project
    • 16. MAGH SERIES BIOCHAR PRODUCING STOVES
      GOOD STOVES
      http://goodstove.com
    • 17. Application of Biochar
    • 18. APPLICATION IN THE FIELDS
    • 19. Biochar Benefits
      Biochar is a process media rather 'result' media.
    • 20. Results
      The Biochar applied by the farmers as Biochar compost yielded good results.
      1 kg charcoal for 1 sq meter area, along with compost of equal quantity. For 1 hectare or 10000 sq meters of area, the charcoal required is 10000 kgs or 10 tonnes.
      Charcoal at the rate of Rs. 3 to Rs. 5 per KG either produced by themselves or purchased would cost them from Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 50,000 per hectare apart from the cost for compost.
      Therefore it is not feasible for farmers to apply the Biochar immediately in their respective fields in such huge quantities.
      As the affect of charcoal lasts more than 1000 years, the farmers could apply the charcoal every year, some quantity, they could reach the desired quantity say in next 10 years.
      The soil would also be able to adopt to these amendments along with soils microbes colonization slowly.
      The experience of the farmers regarding the charcoal application in the fields is more important, so in the future all the biomass generated in the fields would be utilized for generating Biochar and left in the field.
      GSBC Project could create large scale awareness among farmers regarding Biochar application and preparation of the Biochar compost.
      During open burning of the cotton stalks the biomass is getting converted into ash. The farmers were trained on converting the cotton stalks into Biochar through simple methods and technologies.
    • 21. BIOCHAR RESULTS
      GSBC PROJECT, 2009 (DORUGHT PREVAILED DURING THE GROWING SEASON)
    • 22. TERRA PRETA VS BIOCHAR
    • 23. BIOCHAR FRAMEWORK
      POLICY
      TECHNOLOGY
      RESEARCH
      LOCAL PRACTICES
      CHARCOAL PLUS AMENDMENTS TO SOIL
      BIOCHAR
    • 24. GSBC PROJECT
      INTEGRATED APPROACH
    • 25. BIOCHAR FIELDS – GSBC PROJECT
      3 farmers in 2006 under the V & A Project, Kothur village, Mahabubnagar District, AP, India
    • 26. GOOD STOVES AND BIOCHAR COMMUNITIES PROJECT
      GSBC PROJECT, being implemented in parts of Andhra Pradesh State is an integrated project.
      This project started in May 2009, Geoecology Energy Organisation is responsible for planning, implementation and monitoring of the project. The “Alternative Carbone Project” portfolio of Action Carbone has promoted this project to be implemented in the rural areas of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India.
      http://www.biocharindia.com | http://www.e-geo.org
      http://www.goodstove.com
      Group: http://groups.google.com/group/biocharindia
    • 27. BIOCHAR INDIA | BIOCHARCULTURE
      OKRA
    • 28. THANK YOU…
      http://biocharindia.com