Alternative energy and geo initiatives
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Alternative energy and geo initiatives Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Alternative Energy and GEO Initiatives
    “Workshop on Climate Change to Civil Society Organisations in Andhra Pradesh.”
    November 18-19, 2010.
    POVERTY LEARNING FOUNDATION [plf]
    Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy
    CEO, GEO, http://e-geo.org
  • 2. Alternative energy
    Alternative energy is an umbrella term that refers to any source of usable energy intended to replace fuel sources without the undesired consequences of the replaced fuels.
    In a general sense in contemporary society, alternative energy is that which is produced without the undesirable consequences of the burning of fossil fuels, such as high carbon dioxideemissions, which is considered to be the major contributing factor of global warming according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
    GEO
    2
  • 3. SUSTAINABLE UTILIZATION OF ENERGY
    Present pattern of energy utilization and reasons thereof.
    Discriminate and efficient usage for prolonging the availability of fuels
    Restoring and maintaining ecology
    Current non conventional energy scenario and entropy considerations
    Alternate sources of energy
    Bio-energy
    Alternate technology
    Role of CSOs
    GEO
    3
  • 4. Energy use v/s Population growth
    GEO
    4
  • 5. WORLD ENERGY
    GEO
    5
  • 6. GEO
    6
  • 7. India rural and urban compare
    GEO
    7
  • 8. STATISTICS – BIOMASS USE IN RURAL AREAS
    The rural population in India relies heavily on traditional biomass-based fuels (fuelwood, crop residues, and animal dung)
    Approximately 96% of rural households are estimated to be using biofuels (NSSO 1997).
    These fuels dominate the domestic sector and are primarily used for cooking. Fuelwood is the primary energy source for cooking used by rural households (78%) (TERI 1999a).
    GEO
    8
  • 9. National consumption - annual
    Source: TERI 1992
    GEO
    9
  • 10. per capita consumption - annual
    Source: NSSO 1997
    GEO
    10
  • 11. Biomass – renewable and alternative energy
    Biomass, the most renewable and available alternative energy, burns the same amount of carbon it would emit if it degraded naturally.
    GEO
    11
  • 12. GEO INITIATIVES
    GEO
    12
  • 13. SOURCES OF BIOMASS FOR BIOCHAR
    GEO
    13
  • 14. PROSOPIS JULIFLORA AS MAIN SOURCE
    GEO
    14
  • 15. PROSOPIS JULIFLORA - CAUSE AND USE
    SEMI-ARID ENVRIONMENT
    Decrease in rainfall
    High temperatures
    Climate change / variability
    Increase in intensity of cultivation
    -Energy Needs
    -Charcoal Making
    - Wood for agricultural implements / funiture
    -Pods / leaves as livestock feed
    Groundwater use
    Contribution of salts
    -Use of complex fertilizers
    -Surfacing of natural salts from deep inside the ground through groundwater
    +
    ALKALINE SOILS
    Fallow lands
    Poor germination,
    Non-availability of soil minerals
    Decrease in yield
    Suitable for growth of ProsopisJuliflora
    GEO
    15
  • 16. CHARCOAL PRODUCTION – TRADITIONAL
    GEO
    16
  • 17. EFFICIENT BIOCHAR RETORTS
    GSBC Project
    GEO
    17
  • 18. MAGH SERIES BIOCHAR PRODUCING STOVES
    GOOD STOVES
    http://goodstove.com
    GEO
    18
  • 19. MAGH SERIES BIOCHAR PRODUCING STOVES
    GEO
    19
  • 20. MAGH 3G GOOD STOVE
    GEO
    20
  • 21. MAGH CM GOOD STOVE
    GEO
    21
  • 22. BIOCHAR PRODUCERS COOPERATIVE – FOR SUSTAINABILITY
    GEO
    22
  • 23. BIOCHAR SOURCES
    GEO
    23
  • 24. TRADITIONAL USE OF BIOCHAR
    GEO
    24
  • 25. ENHANCING SOIL MICROBES AND APPLICATION
    GEO
    25
  • 26. BIOCHAR URINALS
    TAPPING NITROGEN FROM URINE OF ANIMALS AND PEOPLE USING BIOCHAR
    GEO
    26
  • 27. BIOCHAR COMPOST
    GEO
    27
  • 28. BIOCHAR MULCHING
    GEO
    28
  • 29. BIOCHAR PREPARATIONS & APPLICATION
    GEO
    29
  • 30. BIOCHAR APPLICATION RESULTS
    GEO
    30
  • 31. 150 TO 200 % INCREASE IN CROP PRODUCTION
    GEO
    31
  • 32. CONTROL
    4 KGS BIOCHAR COMPOST
    8 KGS BIOCHAR COMPOST
    RESEARCH PLOT
    GEO
    32
  • 33. BIOCHAR RESULTS
    GSBC PROJECT, 2009 (DORUGHT PREVAILED DURING
    THE GROWING SEASON)
    GEO
    33
  • 34. OTHER BIOCHAR APPLICATIONS
    BIOCHAR BRICKS, GREEN BUILDINGS
    WATER LESS CLEANING
    GEO
    34
  • 35. TERRA PRETA VS BIOCHAR
    GEO
    35
  • 36. BIOCHAR FRAMEWORK
    POLICY
    TECHNOLOGY
    RESEARCH
    LOCAL PRACTICES
    CHARCOAL PLUS AMENDMENTS TO SOIL
    BIOCHAR
    GEO
    36
  • 37. GSBC PROJECT
    INTEGRATED APPROACH
    GEO
    37
  • 38. GOOD STOVES AND BIOCHAR COMMUNITIES PROJECT
    GSBC PROJECT, being implemented in parts of Andhra Pradesh State is an integrated project.
    This project started in May 2009, Geoecology Energy Organisation is responsible for planning, implementation and monitoring of the project. The “Alternative Carbone Project” portfolio of Action Carbone has promoted this project to be implemented in the rural areas of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India.
    http://goodplanet.org
    http://www.biocharindia.com | http://www.e-geo.org
    http://www.goodstove.com
    Group: http://groups.google.com/group/biocharindia
    GEO
    38
  • 39. BIOCHAR FIELDS – GSBC PROJECT
    GEO
    39
  • 40. GEO
    40
  • 41. THANK YOU…
    http://goodstove.com
    http://biocharindia.com
    GEO
    41