Alternative energy and geo initiatives

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Alternative energy and geo initiatives

  1. 1. Alternative Energy and GEO Initiatives<br />“Workshop on Climate Change to Civil Society Organisations in Andhra Pradesh.”<br /> November 18-19, 2010.<br />POVERTY LEARNING FOUNDATION [plf] <br />Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy<br />CEO, GEO, http://e-geo.org<br />
  2. 2. Alternative energy<br />Alternative energy is an umbrella term that refers to any source of usable energy intended to replace fuel sources without the undesired consequences of the replaced fuels.<br />In a general sense in contemporary society, alternative energy is that which is produced without the undesirable consequences of the burning of fossil fuels, such as high carbon dioxideemissions, which is considered to be the major contributing factor of global warming according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. <br />GEO<br />2<br />
  3. 3. SUSTAINABLE UTILIZATION OF ENERGY<br />Present pattern of energy utilization and reasons thereof.<br />Discriminate and efficient usage for prolonging the availability of fuels<br />Restoring and maintaining ecology<br />Current non conventional energy scenario and entropy considerations<br />Alternate sources of energy<br />Bio-energy<br />Alternate technology<br />Role of CSOs<br />GEO<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Energy use v/s Population growth<br />GEO<br />4<br />
  5. 5. WORLD ENERGY<br />GEO<br />5<br />
  6. 6. GEO<br />6<br />
  7. 7. India rural and urban compare<br />GEO<br />7<br />
  8. 8. STATISTICS – BIOMASS USE IN RURAL AREAS<br />The rural population in India relies heavily on traditional biomass-based fuels (fuelwood, crop residues, and animal dung)<br />Approximately 96% of rural households are estimated to be using biofuels (NSSO 1997). <br />These fuels dominate the domestic sector and are primarily used for cooking. Fuelwood is the primary energy source for cooking used by rural households (78%) (TERI 1999a).<br />GEO<br />8<br />
  9. 9. National consumption - annual<br />Source: TERI 1992<br />GEO<br />9<br />
  10. 10. per capita consumption - annual<br />Source: NSSO 1997<br />GEO<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Biomass – renewable and alternative energy<br />Biomass, the most renewable and available alternative energy, burns the same amount of carbon it would emit if it degraded naturally.<br />GEO<br />11<br />
  12. 12. GEO INITIATIVES<br />GEO<br />12<br />
  13. 13. SOURCES OF BIOMASS FOR BIOCHAR<br />GEO<br />13<br />
  14. 14. PROSOPIS JULIFLORA AS MAIN SOURCE<br />GEO<br />14<br />
  15. 15. PROSOPIS JULIFLORA - CAUSE AND USE<br />SEMI-ARID ENVRIONMENT<br />Decrease in rainfall<br />High temperatures<br />Climate change / variability<br />Increase in intensity of cultivation<br />-Energy Needs<br />-Charcoal Making<br />- Wood for agricultural implements / funiture<br />-Pods / leaves as livestock feed<br />Groundwater use<br />Contribution of salts<br />-Use of complex fertilizers<br />-Surfacing of natural salts from deep inside the ground through groundwater<br />+<br />ALKALINE SOILS<br />Fallow lands<br />Poor germination, <br />Non-availability of soil minerals<br />Decrease in yield<br />Suitable for growth of ProsopisJuliflora<br />GEO<br />15<br />
  16. 16. CHARCOAL PRODUCTION – TRADITIONAL<br />GEO<br />16<br />
  17. 17. EFFICIENT BIOCHAR RETORTS<br />GSBC Project<br />GEO<br />17<br />
  18. 18. MAGH SERIES BIOCHAR PRODUCING STOVES<br />GOOD STOVES<br />http://goodstove.com<br />GEO<br />18<br />
  19. 19. MAGH SERIES BIOCHAR PRODUCING STOVES<br />GEO<br />19<br />
  20. 20. MAGH 3G GOOD STOVE<br />GEO<br />20<br />
  21. 21. MAGH CM GOOD STOVE<br />GEO<br />21<br />
  22. 22. BIOCHAR PRODUCERS COOPERATIVE – FOR SUSTAINABILITY<br />GEO<br />22<br />
  23. 23. BIOCHAR SOURCES<br />GEO<br />23<br />
  24. 24. TRADITIONAL USE OF BIOCHAR<br />GEO<br />24<br />
  25. 25. ENHANCING SOIL MICROBES AND APPLICATION<br />GEO<br />25<br />
  26. 26. BIOCHAR URINALS<br />TAPPING NITROGEN FROM URINE OF ANIMALS AND PEOPLE USING BIOCHAR<br />GEO<br />26<br />
  27. 27. BIOCHAR COMPOST<br />GEO<br />27<br />
  28. 28. BIOCHAR MULCHING<br />GEO<br />28<br />
  29. 29. BIOCHAR PREPARATIONS & APPLICATION<br />GEO<br />29<br />
  30. 30. BIOCHAR APPLICATION RESULTS<br />GEO<br />30<br />
  31. 31. 150 TO 200 % INCREASE IN CROP PRODUCTION<br />GEO<br />31<br />
  32. 32. CONTROL<br />4 KGS BIOCHAR COMPOST<br />8 KGS BIOCHAR COMPOST<br />RESEARCH PLOT<br />GEO<br />32<br />
  33. 33. BIOCHAR RESULTS<br />GSBC PROJECT, 2009 (DORUGHT PREVAILED DURING <br />THE GROWING SEASON)<br />GEO<br />33<br />
  34. 34. OTHER BIOCHAR APPLICATIONS<br />BIOCHAR BRICKS, GREEN BUILDINGS<br />WATER LESS CLEANING<br />GEO<br />34<br />
  35. 35. TERRA PRETA VS BIOCHAR<br />GEO<br />35<br />
  36. 36. BIOCHAR FRAMEWORK<br />POLICY<br />TECHNOLOGY<br />RESEARCH<br />LOCAL PRACTICES<br />CHARCOAL PLUS AMENDMENTS TO SOIL<br />BIOCHAR<br />GEO<br />36<br />
  37. 37. GSBC PROJECT <br />INTEGRATED APPROACH<br />GEO<br />37<br />
  38. 38. GOOD STOVES AND BIOCHAR COMMUNITIES PROJECT<br />GSBC PROJECT, being implemented in parts of Andhra Pradesh State is an integrated project.<br />This project started in May 2009, Geoecology Energy Organisation is responsible for planning, implementation and monitoring of the project. The “Alternative Carbone Project” portfolio of Action Carbone has promoted this project to be implemented in the rural areas of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India.<br />http://goodplanet.org<br />http://www.biocharindia.com | http://www.e-geo.org<br />http://www.goodstove.com<br />Group: http://groups.google.com/group/biocharindia<br />GEO<br />38<br />
  39. 39. BIOCHAR FIELDS – GSBC PROJECT<br />GEO<br />39<br />
  40. 40. GEO<br />40<br />
  41. 41. THANK YOU…<br />http://goodstove.com<br />http://biocharindia.com<br />GEO<br />41<br />

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