England childcare


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England childcare

  1. 1.  Curriculum based on child’s individual needs Chosen by the child based on cues and interest
  2. 2.  Children learn through self-initiated play The environment becomes the third teacher
  3. 3.  Children should pass through phases Ordered sequence leads to logical thinking
  4. 4. Folks, you’ve got options Early years education for children Full time day care Short term day care Health and family support Parenting Advice Training and employment advice
  5. 5.  14,000 children receiving subsidies 22,000 new child care spaces in 3 years Standardized income testing maximizes number of families Financial assistance based on family’s net income $2 million investment for French language schools
  6. 6. 3 &4 year olds can receive 15 hours of free ECE Parents can apply for “flexibility working” Employers may provide benefits such as direct payment for child care fees 2008: parents could choose how to organize child maintenance 2010: parents can keep their child maintenance with no affect to their job
  7. 7.  Robert Owen opened a child care centre for cotton mill workers Children age 1-6 were taken care of while the older children worked
  8. 8.  The Education Act made elementary school mandatory for children 5 to 13 After inspection and the different needs and levels of education, children under 5 were excluded
  9. 9.  Margaret and Rachel McMillan opened a child care centre for underprivileged children Her model was taken from socialist belief Play was allowed outdoors with no schedule
  10. 10.  Decrease in family size lead to closures of many child care centres after World War II The value of play became more widespread Belle Tutaev organized a playgroup which was held at a local church
  11. 11.  Margaret Thatcher, secretary of state, proposed that by 1980 there would be child care places for 50% of 3 year olds and 90% of 4 years olds Non-statutory preschool was neglected and under developed
  12. 12.  Government brought in first stage of Nursery Voucher Parents were allowed to use vouchers worth $2,500( US dollars) for 3 semesters of part time education for their 4 year olds In 1997, government ended Nursery Voucher and made child care and early education publicly funded
  13. 13.  Teacher is advisor and facilitator Adult must foster children’s inner drive, not impair it An educator must be responsible for effective instruction, training, evaluation and supervised duties
  14. 14.  Qualities of and educator include - enjoy working with children - sense of commitment - high level of energy - sense of humour -patient & ability to multi-task
  15. 15.  Requirements of educators must have 2 year ECE credentials Level 3 qualification or above
  16. 16.  England Program Structure - child centred - emphasize children’s interest - free play - first hand experience - integrated learning
  17. 17.  Structured curriculum Environment that helps mental and physical development Schedules filled with appropriate activities
  18. 18.  Englands Philosophy http://ecrp.uiuc.edu/v4n2/kwon.html Canada’s Philosophy http://www.ngcplc.ca/pdf/Philosophy.pdf Roles & Training http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teacher1. Kwon, Young-Ihm. "ECRP. Vol 4 No 2. Changing Curriculum for Early Childhood Education in England." ECRP. Early Childhood Research & Practice. Cambridge University, 1 June 2007. Web. 03 Nov. 2011. <http://ecrp.uiuc.edu/v4n2/kwon.html>. 2. Drury, Rose; Miller, Linda; & Campbell, Robin (Eds.). (2000). Looking at early years education and care. London: David Fulton. 3. Early Years Curriculum Group. (1998). First things first: Educating young children. Oldham, England: Madeleine Lindley. 4. "Increasing Access to High Quality Child Care." Ontario.ca Newsroom | Ontario.ca Salle De Presse. Ministry of Children and Youth Services, 09 June 2008. Web. 16 Nov. 2011. <http://news.ontario.ca/mcys/en/2008/07/increasing-access-to-high-quality-child- care.html>. 5. "Childcare." Website of the UK Government : Directgov. Web. 16 Nov. 2011. <http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/Parents/Childcare/index.htm>.