Curriculum based on child’s individual needs Chosen by the child based on cues and interest
Children learn through self-initiated play The environment becomes the third teacher
Children should pass through phases Ordered sequence leads to logical thinking
Folks, you’ve got options Early years education for children Full time day care Short term day care Health and family support Parenting Advice Training and employment advice
14,000 children receiving subsidies 22,000 new child care spaces in 3 years Standardized income testing maximizes number of families Financial assistance based on family’s net income $2 million investment for French language schools
3 &4 year olds can receive 15 hours of free ECE Parents can apply for “flexibility working” Employers may provide benefits such as direct payment for child care fees 2008: parents could choose how to organize child maintenance 2010: parents can keep their child maintenance with no affect to their job
Robert Owen opened a child care centre for cotton mill workers Children age 1-6 were taken care of while the older children worked
The Education Act made elementary school mandatory for children 5 to 13 After inspection and the different needs and levels of education, children under 5 were excluded
Margaret and Rachel McMillan opened a child care centre for underprivileged children Her model was taken from socialist belief Play was allowed outdoors with no schedule
Decrease in family size lead to closures of many child care centres after World War II The value of play became more widespread Belle Tutaev organized a playgroup which was held at a local church
Margaret Thatcher, secretary of state, proposed that by 1980 there would be child care places for 50% of 3 year olds and 90% of 4 years olds Non-statutory preschool was neglected and under developed
Government brought in first stage of Nursery Voucher Parents were allowed to use vouchers worth $2,500( US dollars) for 3 semesters of part time education for their 4 year olds In 1997, government ended Nursery Voucher and made child care and early education publicly funded
Teacher is advisor and facilitator Adult must foster children’s inner drive, not impair it An educator must be responsible for effective instruction, training, evaluation and supervised duties
Qualities of and educator include - enjoy working with children - sense of commitment - high level of energy - sense of humour -patient & ability to multi-task
Requirements of educators must have 2 year ECE credentials Level 3 qualification or above
England Program Structure - child centred - emphasize children’s interest - free play - first hand experience - integrated learning
Structured curriculum Environment that helps mental and physical development Schedules filled with appropriate activities
Englands Philosophy http://ecrp.uiuc.edu/v4n2/kwon.html Canada’s Philosophy http://www.ngcplc.ca/pdf/Philosophy.pdf Roles & Training http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teacher1. Kwon, Young-Ihm. "ECRP. Vol 4 No 2. Changing Curriculum for Early Childhood Education in England." ECRP. Early Childhood Research & Practice. Cambridge University, 1 June 2007. Web. 03 Nov. 2011. <http://ecrp.uiuc.edu/v4n2/kwon.html>. 2. Drury, Rose; Miller, Linda; & Campbell, Robin (Eds.). (2000). Looking at early years education and care. London: David Fulton. 3. Early Years Curriculum Group. (1998). First things first: Educating young children. Oldham, England: Madeleine Lindley. 4. "Increasing Access to High Quality Child Care." Ontario.ca Newsroom | Ontario.ca Salle De Presse. Ministry of Children and Youth Services, 09 June 2008. Web. 16 Nov. 2011. <http://news.ontario.ca/mcys/en/2008/07/increasing-access-to-high-quality-child- care.html>. 5. "Childcare." Website of the UK Government : Directgov. Web. 16 Nov. 2011. <http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/Parents/Childcare/index.htm>.
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