INTRODUCTION TO THE TOPIC What is stress? Factors causing stress Factors consist of Causes of stress Stress in business Causes of stress in corporate life Method to reduce stress Answer to stress
WHAT IS STRESS? ACC TO S.P ROBBINS”STRESS IS A DYNAMIC CONDITION IN WHICH AN INDIVIDUAL IS CONFRONTED WITH AN OPPORTUNITY CONSTRAINS DEMAND RELATED TO WHAT HE/SHE DESIRES FOR WHICH OUTCOMES PERCIEVED TO BE BOTH UNCERTAIN AND IMPORTANT
Factor causing stress
Personal factor: includes physical and psychological problems.
Situational factor: includes conflicts, accident, competition or sudden impact.
Environmental factor: includes natural calamities.
FACTORS CONSISTS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL REACTION Anxiety, depression, decrease in satisfaction, frustration, tension, impatience, unpleasant feeling and inability to relax etc. PHYSICAL REACTION Undue fatigue, headache, uneasiness, hypertension or high blood pressure, heart problem, asthma etc BEHAVIORAL REACTION In cooperative, quarrelsome, aggressive, inefficient and low quality of performance lack of concentration and irregular etc.
Causes of stress
Instability and insecurity
Over burden of work.
Unhealthy personal relationship with co-worker or supplies
Misbehavior from management or colleagues
Unhealthy working condition and unhealthy environment
Excessive working hours
Desire for status or self esteem.
Stress in business ? Positive stress Positive stress can be said to be a motivator since, its absence, the individual lacks that ‘edge’ necessary for peak performance Negative stress It is negative when stress is associated with performance .the pressure of hitting a six to win the match on a last ball always make fumble with batsman
Causes of stress in corporate life Performing almost all types of jobs inevitably cause stress intensity may vary from job to job. As such, job performance depends upon effective management of stress in addition to the other factor which in turn depends identification of stress sources
Individual stress Some stressors at the level of an individual may arise in the context of organization life or personal life Career development Lack of job security and status incongruity is the reason behind this
Contd.. Life changes Frequently career changes may lead to stress family social problems are some examples of stress caused by life changes Role perception A person has to perform all the different role for an example man has to be a father, husband, boss, friend.
Group level stress Group level stressors are caused by group dynamics and managerial behaviors. Managers create stress for employees by Exhibiting inconsistent behaviors Failing to provide support Showing lack of concern Providing inadequate direction creating a high productivity environment Sexual harassment
Organizational stress management strategies Supportive organizational climate It depends upon managerial leadership rather then a use of power and money to control organizational behavior . The focus is primarily on participation and involvement of employees in decsion making process which helps them to reduce there stress. job enrichment Including job factors such as responsibility recognition, opportunity for achievement and advancement leads to motivation and increases the capability at work by reducing the stress.
Contd… Organizational role clarity By minimizing the role ambiguity, role conflict and role overload with the help of role analyses techniques reduces stress Career planning and counseling Aligning the personal goals with the organizational goal s increases the interest, communication, skills and knowledge through career planning and counseling which may lead to reduction in stress
Contd.. Stress control work shops and employee assistance programs The organization arranges work shop to learn the dynamic of stress and methods of overcoming its ill effects. Assistance is also provided like persona finance dealing in personal problems and health problems which allow the employee to cope up with the stress
METHOD TO REDUCE STRESS
By developing certain hobbies like games and sport, painting, reading, physical exercise and workouts.
Involving you in group activities.
Mediation, spirituality or yoga.
Becoming good and patient listener than big talks.
Positive thinking /optimistic approach.
By doing job of satisfaction
Choosing suitable company
Avoiding overburden of work and unfavorable condition
Making cordial relation with surrounding people
Avoiding lies, game tricks, and uncertainties.
Avoiding unethical practice.
ANSWER TO STRESS “S” STAND FOR STRENGHT: Physical, emotional, intellectual, proper diet, exercise, and pranayama techniques and helps reduce stress at physical help. Through sat sang and appropriate learning gaining therein, the mind can be strengthened. Love, compassion and friendship are valuable strength. Ravindra nath Tagore, in a poem, prays to the lord not to remove all obstacles, but instead, he asks for strength to bear them. “T” STANDS FOR TRAFFIC CONTROL: we need to regulate and control our thoughts. Eat while eating, work while working, and leave the home at home and office in the office. Worrying only reduces efficiency and then even simple tasks cannot be completed correctly and in time.
CONTD…. “R” STANDS FOR RE-DESIGN: We tend to view life and ourselves through our own philosophy. A Readjustment or reorientation in this philosophy increases our capacity to bear heavy loads. “E” STANDS FOR ERASE: The Ego, anger, fear and jealousy are negative emotions that reduce efficiency, leading to mental weakness, causing stress. “S” STANDS FOR SHARING: share your wealth, knowledge, workload or anything else you have. “S” STANDS FOR SURRENDER TO LORD: The last and important one. Free your mind from the weight of worries and become an instrument, adopting an attitude of service. This attitude will ensure efficiency, success, and freedom from stress.