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Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
Presentation On Aarti International Ltd
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Presentation On Aarti International Ltd

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  • 1. Summer Training Project on Organic Cotton: An Opportunity for Ludhiana textile industry to trade in Global textile market   Undertaken at AARTI INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Presented by: Nitin Goel MBA-IB (2B) Roll No. 94972238291
  • 2. Indian Textile Industry
    • Second largest in the world
    • Second largest employment generator- 38 million
    • Segments:
        • Readymade garments
        • Cotton textiles
        • Man made textiles
        • Silk textiles
        • Woolen textiles
        • Handicrafts
        • Jute
    • Main markets: USA, UAE, UK, Germany, France, Russia , Canada
  • 3. Major players
    • Arvind Mills
    • Raymonds
    • Vardhaman Spinning
    • Welspun India
    • Alok Industries Ltd
    • Madura Garments
  • 4. Future Outlook
    • Will grow at an annualized rate of 16% between 2007 and 2012
    • Expected to reach a level of $115 billion by 2012
    • Share in world textile trade to increase from current 3% to 7%
    • Exports projected to increase from $19.24 billion in 2006-2007 to $55 billion in 2012
    • 17.37 million new jobs will be created in next five years - 12.02 direct and 5.35 indirect
  • 5. Introduction to Aarti Group
  • 6. Group Profile
    • Registered office/Corporate office : G.T. Road, Millar Ganj, Ludhiana
    • Year of Incorporation : 1977
    • The Aarti Group comprises of:
    • Aarti Steels Limited
    • Aarti International Limited
    • Aarti Theatre
    • Deepak hospital
  • 7. Brief History
    • Incorporated in 1977 in the name of Aarti Steels Limited at Ludhiana
    • Steel Plant with a capacity of 1.25lacs tones per annum
    • Steel Plant in Orissa (India) with the capacity of 0.5 million tons per annum
    • Diversified into yarn manufacturing in 1996 with the installe d capacity of 27000 spindles
    • Deepak Memorial Hospital located in Ludhiana is a multi specialty Hospital with 24*7 medical emergency facilities
    • Cinema which has been a constant source of joy to the residents
  • 8. Mission & Vision
    • Mission
    • “ Providing efficient & reliable services to the customer by adding genuine value to the product”
    • Vision
    • “ To be globally recognized as a supplier of choice in this highly competitive global economy”
  • 9. Business Portfolio
    • SHARE OF EACH BUSINESS IN GROUP TURNOVER
  • 10. Product Range
    •  
    • Yarn
    • Single yarn in count range of Ne 16s/1 to Ne 80s/1
        • 100% Cotton- Combed
        • Compact Yarn
        • Hosiery Yarn
    • Double yarn in count range of Ne 16s/2 to Ne 80s/2
        • 100% Cotton- Combed
        • Compact Yarn
        • Hosiery Yarn
  • 11.
    • Steel
    • Carbon
    • Spring Steel
    • Low Alloy Steels
    • Wire Rods
    • Wires drawn and galvanized
    • Coal Washer
    • Sponge Iron
  • 12. Introduction to Aarti International Ltd.
  • 13. Aarti Yarn Range
    •  
    • Single yarn in count range of Ne 16s/1 to Ne 80s/1
    •  
    • 100% Cotton- Combed Yarn
    •  
    • 100% Cotton-Compact Yarn
    •  
    • 100% Cotton-Hosiery Yarn
    • Double yarn in count range of Ne 16s/2 to Ne 80s/2
    • 100% Cotton- Combed Yarn
    •  
    • 100% Cotton-Compact Yarn
    •  
    • 100% Cotton-Hosiery Yarn
  • 14. Philosophies 
    •  
    • Focus on Value Added Yarn
    • Improvement in Capacity Utilization
    • Focus on high value customers
    • Focus on improving yields
  • 15.
    • Quality policy
    • Committed to meet the customer expectations by continuous efforts to improve process & technology
    • Quality objectives
    • To provide better human resources
    • To achieve maximum utilization of resources
  • 16. Departments
    • Production Department
    • Research & Development Department
    • Maintenance & Engineering Department
    • Human Resource Department
    • Stores & Purchase Department
    • Excise & Dispatch Department
    • Marketing Department
    • Finance Department
  • 17. Markets
    • Major export destinations are as follows:
    • Hong Kong
    • China
    • South Korea
    • Taiwan
    • Bangladesh
    • European Union
  • 18.
    • Major domestic market destinations are as follows:
    • Gujarat
    • Mumbai
    • Uttar Pradesh
    • Delhi
    • Haryana
    • Punjab
  • 19. Accolades & awards
    • USTERIZED quality certificate from USTER, Switzerland.
    • Supima Licence
    • Cotton USA Licence from Cotton Council International.
    • Spirituality at Workplace Award
  • 20.  
  • 21. Strengths
    • Good brand equity
    • Good technological base
    • High Production Capacity
  • 22. Weaknesses
    • Comparatively high prices
    • Lesser degree of promotional activity
    • High labor turnover
  • 23. Opportunities
    • Favorable demand conditions-large, growing domestic & international market
    • India - Ban on Cotton exports
    • The government allows 100 per cent FDI in the textiles sector under the automatic route
  • 24. Threats
    • Cotton prices soar
    • Growing competition from yarn producing units in the unorganized sector
    • Competition from other established groups like Nahar, Vardhman, Anshupati Textiles, Malwa etc.
  • 25. Ratio Analysis of Aarti International Ltd.
  • 26. Liquidity Ratios
  • 27. Current ratio ( Fig. In Crores ) Year 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Current assets 167 193 186 Current liabilities 85 93 87 Current ratio 1.96:1 2.07:1 2.14:1
  • 28. Quick Ratio ( Fig. In Crores ) Year 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Quick assets 71 62 76 Current liabilities 85 93 87 Quick ratio 0.84:1 0.67:1 0.87:1
  • 29. Activity Ratios
  • 30. Inventory turnover ratio ( Fig. In Crores ) Year 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Cost of goods sold 284 218 278 Average inventory 98.5 115 121 Inventory turnover ratio ( in times) 2.88 1.89 2.3 Inventory holding period ( in days) 126.7 192.3 158.7
  • 31. Debtor turnover ratio ( Fig. In Crores ) Year 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Net credit sales 275 276 345 Average debtors 64 61 64 Debtors turnover ratio 4.24 4.49 5.43 Debtor conversion period 86.1 81.3 67.2
  • 32. Creditor turnover ratio ( Fig. In Crores ) Year 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Net credit purchases 248.5 190.7 187.9 Average creditors 10.57 11.43 11 Creditor turnover ratio ( in times ) 23.51 16.68 17.08 Average payment period ( in days ) 15.52 21.88 21.37
  • 33. Capital structure ratios
  • 34. Debt –equity ratio ( Fig. In Crores ) Year 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Debt 256 368 362 Equity 163 170 162 Debt equity ratio 1.57:1 2.16:1 2.23:1
  • 35. Proprietary ratio ( Fig. In Crores ) Year 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Shareholder fund 162 170 162 Equity 444 238 536 Proprietary ratio 37% 71% 30%
  • 36. Solvency ratio Year 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Proprietary 37% 71% 30% Solvency ratio 63% 29% 70%
  • 37. Profitability ratios
  • 38.   Gross profit ratio ( Fig. In Crores ) Year 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Gross profit 73 58 68 Net sales 275 276 345 Gross profit ratio 26.6% 20.9% 19.6%
  • 39. Net profit ratio ( Fig. In Crores ) Year 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Net profit 14.35 12.4 10.97 Net sales 275 276 345 Net profit ratio 5.2% 4.49% 3.96%
  • 40. Operating profit ratio ( Fig. In Crores ) Year 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Operating profit 56 41 35 Net sales 275 276 345 Operating ratio 20.34% 15% 9.08%
  • 41. Return on shareholders’ equity ( Fig. In Crores ) Year 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Net profit after taxes 14.35 12.4 10.97 Shareholders’ fund 275 170 170 Return on shareholders’ equity 5.22% 7.3% 6.45%
  • 42. Trend analysis
  • 43. Trend of Turnover Years Sales (Rs. In Crores) Trend ( In %) 2004-05 143.68 100 2005-06 154.28 107.38 2006-07 274.92 191.34 2007-08 276.09 192.16 2008-09 345.43 240.42
  • 44. Trend of Net Profit / Loss Years Net Profit (Rs. In Crores) Trend ( In %) 2004-05 17.49 100 2005-06 18.61 106.4 2006-07 14.35 82.05 2007-08 12.41 70.95 2008-09 10.97 62.72
  • 45. Trend of EPS Years EPS (Rs.) Trend (In %) 2004-05 25.98 100 2005-06 25.29 97.34 2006-07 16.61 63.93 2007-08 14.03 54 2008-09 11.47 (31.25)
  • 46. Introduction to the Project
  • 47. Organic cotton
    • Originates from organic agriculture
    • Certified ‘organic’ by certification bodies
    • Aims for an optimum and sustainable use of local natural resources
    • No application of external inputs like pesticides, chemical fertilizers, herbicides and chemically treated or genetically modified (GM) seed
    • External ‘organic’ inputs may be used
    • More labour intensive
    • Yields are lower
  • 48. Standards
    • Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS)
        • To be labelled “organic” requires fiber to be at least 95% organic. (The remaining 5% can be conventional fiber, but not of the same fiber as the organic portion)
    • OE 100 and OE Blended
        • OE 100 only allows a minimum of 95% organic fiber (exclusive of threads or non-textile accessories). The remaining 5% cannot be cotton.
        • OE Blended requires at least 5% organic cotton content for the blended standard allowing the remaining fiber to be any fiber, including conventional cotton.
  • 49. Global Organic Cotton Market
    • Retailers
      • C&A (Belgium)
      • Nike, Inc. (Oregon, USA)
      • Walmart (Arkansas, USA)
      • Williams-Sonoma, Inc. (California, USA and recorded last year as Pottery Barn)
      • H&M (Sweden)
      • Knitwear (New York, USA)
      • Coop Switzerland
      • Green source Organic Clothing Co. (Washington, USA)
      • Levi Strauss & Co. (California, USA)
      • Target (Minnesota, USA)
      • Adidas (Germany)
      • Nordstrom
  • 50.
    • Manufacturers
    • Organic cotton yarns, fabrics, and finished goods producing regions includes:
        • China
        • Southeast Asia
        • Indonesia
        • India
        • Pakistan
        • Bangladesh
        • Turkey
        • Mexico
        • United States
  • 51.  
  • 52. Global retail sales of organic cotton products Source: Organic Exchange 2009 Market Report
  • 53. Future outlook
    • According to OE forecasts:
        • Global organic cotton market will grow 20 to 40 percent in both 2010 and 2011
        • Reaching about $5.1 billion market in 2010 and $6.0 billion market in 2011
  • 54. Title of the Research Organic cotton: An opportunity for Ludhiana textile industry to trade in global textile market
  • 55. Objectives of the research
    • To know the trend of export of organic cotton textile products from Ludhiana & the reasons for such trend.
    • To know the companies’ integration with valid operational certificate for manufacturing & trading organic cotton textile product.
    • To know the factors considered while procuring raw material for organic cotton textile product.
    • To know the factors influencing people to enter into organic cotton textile industry.
  • 56. Research Methodology
  • 57.
    • Research Design
    • The research design of the project is descriptive as it describes data and view points of the organic cotton textile products manufacturers & exporters in Ludhiana.
  • 58.
    • Universe
    • All the manufacturers & exporters of organic cotton textile products
    • Population
    • All the manufacturers & exporters of organic cotton textile products in Ludhiana
    • Sampling Unit
    • Any single individual or firm who manufactures & exports organic cotton textile products
    • Sampling Technique
    • Convenience sampling technique and Snowball technique
    • Sample size
    • 40
  • 59. Limitations of the study
    • Elements of biasness might have crept in
    • Only 40 respondents have been contacted due to time constraint
    • Generally the respondents were busy in their work and were not interested in responding
    • Respondents were reluctant to disclose complete and correct information about themselves and their organizations
  • 60. Data Analysis and Interpretation
  • 61. Table 5.1-No of organic cotton textile products manufacturers & exporters in Ludhiana (N=40) Products Yarn Fabric Garment Knitted Woven Knitted Woven Knitted Woven No of responses 12 6 16 4 19 4 No of respondents 40 40 40 40 40 40 Percentage 30% 15% 40% 10% 47.5% 10%
  • 62. Fig. 5.2- Annual turnover of the manufacturers & exporters in the year 2009-10 (N=40)
  • 63. Fig 5.3- Proportion of export of organic cotton products out of total sales (N=40)
  • 64. Fig 5.4-Export trend of organic cotton textile products since manufacturers have started making (N=40)
  • 65. Fig 5.5-Factors resulting in an increasing demand of organic cotton textile products (N=40)
  • 66. Fig 5.6-Factors resulting in decreasing & constant demand of organic cotton textile products (N=40)
  • 67. Fig 5.7-No. holders of valid operational certificate applicable for the production/ trade of organic cotton textile products (N=40)
  • 68. Fig 5.8-Holders of different types of operational certificate (N=40)
  • 69.
    • Consideration of various parameters while procuring raw material for organic cotton textile products
    Table 5.9(a)-Rating of payment terms factor (N=40) Rating No. of respondents Product Most considered (+2) 23 46 More considered (+1) 8 8 Neutral (0) 8 0 Less considered (-1) 1 -1 Least considered (-2) 0 0 Total 40 53 Mean 1.325
  • 70. Table 5.9(b)-Rating of price factor (N=40) Rating No. of respondents Product Most considered (+2) 26 52 More considered (+1) 13 13 Neutral (0) 1 0 Less considered (-1) 0 0 Least considered (-2) 0 0 Total Mean 40 65 1.625
  • 71. Table 5.9(c)-Rating of quality factor (N=40) Rating No. of respondents Product Most considered (+2) 16 32 More considered (+1) 14 14 Neutral (0) 9 0 Less considered (-1) 1 -1 Least considered (-2) 0 0 Total 40 45 Mean 1.125
  • 72. Table 5.9(d)-Rating of lead time factor (N=40) Rating No. of respondents Product Most considered (+2) 4 8 More considered (+1) 14 14 Neutral (0) 14 0 Less considered (-1) 6 -6 Least considered (-2) 2 -4 Total 40 12 Mean 0.30
  • 73. Table 5.9(e)-Rating of long term relationship factor (N=40) Rating No. of respondents Product Most considered (+2) 12 24 More considered (+1) 12 12 Neutral (0) 8 0 Less considered (-1) 3 -3 Least considered (-2) 5 -10 Total 40 23 Mean 0.575
  • 74. Table 5.9(f)-Rating of reputation of supplier factor (N=40) Rating No. of respondents Product Most considered (+2) 7 14 More considered (+1) 12 12 Neutral (0) 11 0 Less considered (-1) 7 -7 Least considered (-2) 3 -6 Total 40 13 Mean 0.325
  • 75. Fig 5.10-Combined result of various parameters while procuring raw material
  • 76. Factors influencing people to enter in to organic cotton textile products business Table 5.11(a)-Rating of increasing basket size factor (N=40) Rating No. of respondents Product Most influencing (+2) 17 34 More influencing (+1) 11 11 Neutral (0) 5 0 Less influencing (-1) 4 -4 Least influencing (-2) 3 -6 Total 40 35 Mean 0.875
  • 77. Table 5.11(b)-Rating of Highly profitable factor (N=40) Rating No. of respondents Product Most influencing (+2) 4 8 More influencing (+1) 18 18 Neutral (0) 14 0 Less influencing (-1) 2 -2 Least influencing (-2) 1 -2 Total 40 22 Mean 0.55
  • 78. Table 5.11(c)-Rating of Necessary for survival factor (N=40) Rating No. of respondents Product Most influencing (+2) 3 6 More influencing (+1) 16 16 Neutral (0) 14 0 Less influencing (-1) 7 -7 Least influencing (-2) 0 0 Total 40 15 Mean 0.375
  • 79. Table 5.11(d)-Rating of to remain competitive factor (N=40) Rating No. of respondents Product Most influencing (+2) 11 22 More influencing (+1) 18 18 Neutral (0) 6 0 Less influencing (-1) 4 -4 Least influencing (-2) 1 -2 Total 40 34 Mean 0.85
  • 80. Table 5.11(e)-Rating of helps in branding or differentiation factor (N=40) Rating No. of respondents Product Most influencing (+2) 1 2 More influencing (+1) 12 12 Neutral (0) 9 0 Less influencing (-1) 13 -13 Least influencing (-2) 5 -10 Total 40 -9 Mean 0.225
  • 81. Table 5.11(f)-Rating of global demand factor (N=40) Rating No. of respondents Product Most influencing (+2) 19 38 More influencing (+1) 10 10 Neutral (0) 7 0 Less influencing (-1) 3 -3 Least influencing (-2) 1 -2 Total 40 43 Mean 1.075
  • 82. Combined result of factors influencing people to enter into organic cotton textile products business Fig 5.12-Factors influencing people to enter into organic cotton textile products business
  • 83. Table 5.13-Steps that government should take to boost the sales of organic cotton textile products in the global textile market (N=40) Steps Regulate prices Favourable global policies Create awareness of eco-friendly products Encourage farming of organic cotton Incentives to farmers to grow organic cotton Others No of responses 24 7 17 9 6 1 No of respondents 40 40 40 40 40 40 Percentage 60% 17.5% 42.5% 22.5% 15% 2.5%
  • 84. Findings
    • There are 30% knitted & 15% woven organic cotton yarn manufacturers & exporters, 40% knitted & 10% woven fabric manufacturers & exporters & 47.5% knitted & 10% woven garments manufacturers & exporters in Ludhiana out of 40 respondents.
    • Maximum no. of respondents exporting organic cotton textile products are having annual turnover above 40crores.
    • The maximum no of respondents export less percentage of organic cotton textile products of their total sales where as only few respondents are exporting 30% to 40% & above 40% organic cotton textile products of their total sales.
  • 85.
    • An increasing demand of organic cotton textile product in the overseas market has resulted in an increase in the exports of organic cotton textile products.
    • High prices & availability of substitutes are the most important factors which have resulted in constant & decreasing exports of their organic cotton textile products.
    • All the respondents have valid operational certificate for the production & trading of organic cotton textile products.
    • Maximum no of respondents dealing in organic cotton textile products hold both GOTS & OE certificates & there are 35% of total respondents who holds only GOTS certificate & 2.5% of total respondents hold only OE certificate.
  • 86.
    • Price is the most important factor which is most considered at the time of purchase of raw material for organic cotton textile products.
    • Global demand, competition & increasing basket size has more influenced the respondents to enter into organic cotton textile products business.
    • Government should more regulate prices of organic cotton textile products, create awareness of eco-friendly products, encourage farming of organic cotton & make favourable policies so as to boost the sales of organic cotton textile products in the global textile market.
  • 87. Conclusion and Suggestions
  • 88. Conclusion
    • Demand for organic cotton textile products is increasing in the global textile market because it is of better quality & skin friendly.
    • Very less percentage of organic cotton textile products are exported from Ludhiana.
    • High prices & availability of substitutes can lead to decrease in the demand of organic cotton textile products.
    • All the manufacturers & exporters hold valid operational certificate for manufacturing & trading organic cotton textile products.
  • 89.
    • Price, payment terms & quality factors are more considered at the time of procurement of raw material for organic cotton textile products.
    • Increasing global demand, high profit margin & increasing competition are attracting more people to enter into organic cotton textile products business.
    • There is less government support in promoting export of organic cotton textile products from Ludhiana.
  • 90. Suggestions and Recommendations
    • Awareness should be created among the consumer towards environment friendly & skin friendly products.
    • The manufacturers & exporters of organic cotton textile products should be more cautious while purchasing raw material & should consider lead time.
    • The manufacturers & exporters of organic cotton textile products should try to maintain strong relationship with the supplier so that their own supply should not get affected.
  • 91.
    • Government should regulate the prices of organic cotton textile products because products of organic cotton are more costly than its substitutes.
    • Government should provide incentives to the farmers to encourage organic farming.
    • There is more scope of export of organic cotton textile products in U.S. & European markets.
  • 92. THANK YOU

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