• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
A2 od ppt
 

A2 od ppt

on

  • 752 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
752
Views on SlideShare
750
Embed Views
2

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
20
Comments
0

1 Embed 2

http://schoolsonline.britishcouncil.org 2

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    A2 od ppt A2 od ppt Presentation Transcript

    • WALK FOR OBESITY 1
    • CONSEQUENCES and PREVENTION of OBESITY
    • What is obesity? Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy or increased health problems. Now-a-days, it is mostly seen in adolescents who are really addicted to eating .
    • WHAT CAUSES A PERSON TO BECOME OBESE Obesity occurs when, over a long period of time, the amount of food we put into our bodies each day is not used. That energy has to go somewhere, so our bodies store it as fat.
    • CAUSES of OBESITY  Poor dietary habits  Reduced physical activity  Excess availability of food  Psychological factors  Hormonal imbalance  High body wt. and childhood growth pattern 6
    • Other causes.. •Diet •Sedentary health •Genetics •Other illness
    • diet The United States had the highest availability with 3,654 calories per person in 1996. This increased further in 2003 to 3,754. During the late 1990s Europeans had 3,394 calories per person, in the developing areas of Asia there were 2,648 calories per person, and in sub- Saharan Africa people had 2,176 calories per person. Total calorie consumption has been found to be related to obesity.
    • Sedentary health • A sedentary lifestyle plays a significant role in obesity. Worldwide there has been a large shift towards less physically demanding work, and currently at least 30% of the world's population gets insufficient exercise. • In children, there appear to be declines in levels of physical activity due to less walking and physical education .
    • genetics • Like many other medical conditions, obesity is the result of an interplay between genetic and environmental factors. Polymorphisms in various genes controlling metabolism predispose to obesity when sufficient food energy present. As of 2006, more than 41 of these sites on the human genome have been linked to the development of obesity when a favourable environment is present People with two copies of the FTO gene (fat mass and obesity associated gene) have been found on average to weigh 3–4 kg more and have a 1.67-fold greater risk of obesity compared with those without the risk allele. The percentage of obesity that can be attributed to genetics varies, depending on the population examined, from 6% to 85%.
    • Other illness • Certain physical and mental illnesses and the pharmaceutical substances used to treat them can increase risk of obesity. Medical illnesses that increase obesity risk include in the DSM- IVR as a psychiatric illness. The risk of overweight and obesity is higher in patients with several rare genetic syndromes (listed above) as well as some congenital or acquired conditions: hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, growth hormone deficiency, and the eating disorders: binge eating disorder and night eating syndrome.
    • COMAPARING DATA ON OBESITY U.S.A U.K FRANCE INDIA
    • OBESITY IN INDIA
    • untary country Consequences prevention India OBESITY has reached epidemic proportions in INDIA in the 21st century, with morbid obesity affecting 5% of the country's population. There is an urgent need to create public awareness about the mechanisms of identification, prevention and treatment of severe obesity than ever before. Unhealthy, processed food has become much more accessible following India's continued integration in global food markets. Obesity Foundation India plans to emulate the core principles of anti smoking campaign to achieve its goal of prevention of severe obesity
    • UK Obesity in the United Kingdom is a growing health concern with health officials stating that it is one of the leading causes of preventable deaths in the United Kingdom Food-based standards to be mandatory in all UK hospitals A ban on new fast food outlets being located close to schools and colleges A duty on all sugary soft drinks, increasing the price by at least 20%, to be piloted In February 2012 experts predicted that by the year 2020 one third of the United Kingdom could be obese. According to Forbes, United Kingdom ranks 28 on a 2009 list of fattest countries. Traffic light food labeling to include calorie information for children and adolescents – with * visible calorie indicators for restaurants, especially fast food outlets
    • FRANCE The widespread presences of unhealthy snacks, sedentary lives and the loss of "common food culture". In September 2005, France passed a law banning soda-and- snack-selling vending machines from public schools and misleading television and print food advertising.  Researchers in France have said that poor children were up to three times more likely to be obese compared with wealthier children. France also put in place 1.5% tax on the advertising budgets of food companies that did not encourage healthy eating.
    • U.S.A. Fast food is filled with unhealthy fats that are slow to digest and full of carbohydrates that your body has no use for during a meal. strategies to promote the availability of affordable healthy food and beverages strategies to support healthy food and beverage choices People often make poor choices in their life, which leads them to become obese. Depression can also lead people to becoming obese. strategies to encourage physical activity or limit sedentary activity among children and youth,  5) strategies to create safe communities that support physical activity
    • O B E S I T Y
    • Health problems during obesity among India, US, UK , France HEALTH PROBLEM IN INDIA HEALTH PROBLEM IN US HEALTH PROBLEM IN UK HEALTH PROBLEMS IN FRANCE  Diabetes  B.P Cholesterol  Stroke  GERD  Sleep apnea  Cancer  Heart diseases  Cancer  Stroke respiratory diseases  Injuries  Alzheimer’s diseases Diabetes Heart diseases B.P  Arthritis indigestion  Gallstone  Cancer  Heart diseases Asthma Sleep apnea Social discrimination
    • Statistics among India, US, UK , France COUNTRIES MALES % FEMALES % INDIA 12.1 % 16 % US 81.3 % 71.2 % UK 22 % 24 % FRANCE 60 % 43 %
    • Prevention of Obesity
    • Prevention….  Stay active. The most common way to prevent obesity is to live an active lifestyle.  Eat healthy. The FDA recommends that the average person consume 2,000 calories per day .  Watch your weight. You should weigh yourself once a week to monitor your health.  Keep junk food out of your house.  Only eat when you are hungry . Only eating when your body signals allow you to eat can be a great way to prevent obesity.
    • 1. Exercise regularly • Physical activity is a component of energy balance that is particularly important in the pathogenesis of obesity and in its treatment. • According to the American College of Sports Medicine, you need to get 150 to 250 minutes of moderate- intensity activity a week to prevent weight gain. Moderately intense physical activities include fast walking and swimming.
    • 2. Know and avoid the food traps that cause you to eat • Identify situations that trigger out-of- control eating. • Try keeping a journal and write down what you eat, how much you eat, when you eat, how you're feeling and how hungry you are. After a while, you should see patterns emerge. You can plan ahead and develop strategies for handling these types of situations and stay in control of your eating behaviours.
    • 3. Monitor your weight regularly • People who weigh themselves at least once a week are more successful in keeping off excess pounds. • Monitoring your weight can tell you whether your efforts are working and can help you detect small weight gains before they become big problems.
    • 4. Be Consistent • Sticking to your healthy-weight plan during the week, on the weekends, and amidst vacation and holidays as much as possible increases your chances of long-term success. • Regardless of how you do it, make sure you do everything you can to steer clear of obesity. Obesity risks range from heart attacks to diabetes.
    • MY ENERGY BALANCE energy in = energy out 29
    • ALERT CALL FOR A YOUNG GENERATION
    • WITH EACH HAND JOINING TOGTHER WE CAN COMPLETELY ERADICATE OBESITY AND MANY MORE DISEASES!!
    • EAT YOUR WAY TO GOOD HEALTH AND LIVE A LONGER, STRONGER, HEALTHY LIFE 33
    • THANK YOU…. 34