POLICIES RELATED TOOCCUPATIONAL HEALTHPREPARED BY:SAGUN PAUDELHEALTH ASSISTANT,STUDENT OF BPH-IV SEMESTER,LA GRANDEE INTERNATIONALCOLLEGE, SIMALCHOURPOKHARA17/04/20131CLASS PRESENTED BY:NAVEEN KHADKAHEALTH ASSISTANT,STUDENT OF BPH-IV SEMESTER,LA GRANDEE INTERNATIONALCOLLEGE, SIMALCHOURPOKHARA
Introduction17/04/20132Occupational health deals with all aspects ofhealth and safety in the workplace and has astrong focus on primary prevention of hazards.The health of the workers has severaldeterminants, including risk factors at theworkplace leading tocancers, accidents, musculoskeletaldiseases, respiratory diseases, hearingloss, circulatory diseases, stress relateddisorders and communicable diseases andothers.
17/04/20133An occupational health policy is a plan ofaction primarily concerned with protecting thehealth, safety, and welfare of persons at work.The policies typically are designed to protectworkers from hazardous work environments byensuring clean work areas, the use ofprotective equipment and assuring employeesare properly trained.
17/04/20134The policies may also include provisions toprotect customers and nearby communities.Often, governmental agencies, such as theOccupational Health and Safety Administration(OSHA) in the United States, oversee andenforce the regulations throughout the world.
17/04/20135Occupational health policies normally requireemployers to maintain certain standards intheir workplace. The usual requirementsrevolve around maintaining a generally safeenvironment, protective equipment whennecessary, and training employees in theproper use of handling equipment.
Some facts17/04/20136 two million people die every year from work-related accidents and diseases. An estimated 160 million people suffer fromwork-related diseases. there are an estimated 270 million fatal andnon-fatal work-related accidents per year. In economic terms, the ILO has estimated that4% of the worlds annual GDP is lost as aconsequence of occupational diseases andaccidents.
17/04/20137The ILO Constitution sets forth the principle thatworkers should be protected from sickness,disease and injury arising from theiremployment.The ILO has adopted more than 40 standardsspecifically dealing with occupational safetyand health, as well as over 40 Codes ofPractice. Nearly half of ILO instruments dealdirectly or indirectly with occupational safetyand health issues.
17/04/20138 Prior to the passage of the Occupational Safetyand Health Act in 1970 in the United States,American workers had little protection in theworkplace. Most industrialized countries have developed anoccupational health policy that protects the safetyof their employees. The European UnionOccupational Safety and Health Administration(EU-OSHA) formed in 1996 out of Bilbao, Spain. The Korean safety organization, known asKOSHA, went into effect in 1986.
17/04/20139 New provisions in this law relate to specialbenefits for workers employed in construction,transport, hotels, tea estates and travelestablishments and those engaged in touristbusiness such as trekking, rafting and junglesafari.
NEPAL17/04/201310• The concept of working conditions, occupational safetyand health of the workers is quite a new concept even tothe oldest industry of Nepal, although there were somestudies in relation to different aspects of various industries.• Only a few studies specific to working conditions inindustry, including the jute industry of Nepal, have beenconducted so far.
17/04/201311• After the restoration of a multi-party system inNepal, Government of Nepal has begun to pay moreattention to industrial working conditions andenvironment by enacting and enforcing the new LaborAct,2048 (1992).
17/04/201312 The main labour laws in Nepal coveringworking conditions, safety and health are theLabour Act, 2048(1992) and Labour Rules,2050(1993). The Labour Act contains provisions onconditions of work, workmens compensation,leave and holidays, safety and health,minimum wage fixation and settlement oflabour disputes.
The Labor Act and its subsidiary rules, BonusAct and rules, are the main labor laws in thecountry, which cover working conditions,welfare of workers, safety and health, andindustrial disputes. The Labor Act contains provisions onconditions of work, workmens compensation,leave and holidays, safety and health,minimum wage fixation and settlement of labordisputes. The coverage of the Labor Act is confined toestablishments employing ten or more
Labor act 2048 (1992) Section 5 of Chapter II of the Labor Actrestricts to employ to work any minor or awoman unless otherwise prescribed during thehours between 6.00 pm and 6.00 am. It limits the working hours for adults to nomore than eight hours a day or forty-eighthours a week. It provides for a weekly holiday with pay andcompulsory intervals of rest.
It also provides overtime payment and restricts toallow workers for overtime for more than four hours aday but not exceeding twenty hours a week. Chapter V of this Act contains sections 27–36, which entirely pertain to the health and safety ofworkers in the establishment. They prescribe arrangements for sanitation andcleanliness, modern lavatories, disposal anddestruction of waste, adequate ventilation andlighting, and control of temperature, protection fromdust, fumes and other impurities, avoidance ofovercrowding in any room of theestablishment, provisions for drinking water andextinguishing fire.
The Act also includes the provision for medicalexamination of workers at least once a yearin the establishment involved inprocesses, which are likely to cause healthhazards. It provides a number of accident preventivemeasures, such as protection ofeyes, protection against chemical hazards andfire, guarding against dangerousmachinery, prohibition on lifting a heavyload, and safety measures for pressure plants. A provision has been made for compulsory
3 year interim plan (2064-2067) Government of Nepal allocates about 20million rupees annual budget for occupationalsafety and health project. Occupational Safety and Health Project setsfollowing programs to be implemented as theintegral part of the project:
Training program on occupational safety andhealth for social partners. Capacity enhancement training program forofficers affiliated with occupational safety andhealth. Orientation program for employers. Awareness enhancement programs on industrialaccidents. Educational program on HIV/AIDS and STDs atwork places. Labor education programs. Factory inspection, monitoring and evaluationstrengthening programs
REFERENCES17/04/201319 Google.coM WHO NEPAL LAW COMISSION INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION