ASSIGNMENT Pick a psychology-related topic of interest to you, possibly one you came across while taking Introductory Psychology, another psychology course, or while doing the "topics of interest" exercise during our 1st class. Using the tools you learned during the library inservice, create a search statement and search available databases to find relevant citations. List the reference information for at least 5 citations related to the topic of interest.
FINDING PSYCHOLOGY INFORMATION ON THE INTERNET Who can create psychology content on the web? Why does this matter?
HIDDEN VS. OPEN WEB Open web Web content that can be found by search engine spiders Will be found in an internet search Hidden web Web content that cannot be found by search engine spiders Will not be found during an internet search
What is contained in the hidden web Any content in password protected sites, pay per view material, etc Estimates are that 99% of web content is on the hidden web! Most scholarly materials are actually in the hidden web
SCHOLARLY SOURCES Scholarly journal articles written by psychologists, psychology researchers, etc. Often peer reviewed Usually only available on the hidden internet
EXAMPE OF A SCHOLARLY PSYCHOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE http://ezproxy.sc.maricopa.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pbh&AN=36079193&site=ehost-live&scope=site
HOW TO FIND JOURNAL ARTICLES Use library databases related to psychology: PsychArticles Psychology & Behavioral Sciences Collection Social Sciences Full Text
HOW TO DO KEYWORD SEARCHES When using any type of search engine, do not type whole sentences, questions, etc. into search boxes. INSTEAD: DETERMINE WHAT YOUR ESSENTIAL CONCEPTS ARE
DETERMINING ESSENTIAL CONCEPTS Essential concepts Usually verbs or nouns They describe your topic Example : How can social networking sites help people find jobs? ESEENTIAL CONCEPTS: ???????????????
A command you give to the database
It is put between the essential concepts in the search
Ex: social networking AND jobs
It tells the database to only find articles which include each of these terms
EXERCISE 1 You must find 6 articles about finding jobs using social networking sites. You look for articles by typing “social networking and jobs“ into the database. Unbeknown to you, there are dozens of articles in the database on this topic just in the last 6 months. How many of them would you retrieve by the search you did? Look through the articles and create two piles. (1) those that would be retrieved (2) those that would not.
EXERCISE 1 How many articles would you retrieve? Which ones? Which ones would not be retrieved?
What’s the Point? What is the point of doing this exercise?
BOTTOM LINE There are many words in the English language to describe the same/similar concept We limited ourselves too much by not incorporating synonyms into the search
BRAINSTORMING SYNONYMS Synonyms/related terms for social networking: Synonyms/related terms for job:
OR Another command you give to the database It is put between synonyms EX: job or employment It tells the database to look for articles in which either of the words appear
PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER Formula for search statement: (all synonyms for key concept 1 with OR in between each) AND (all synonyms for key concept 2 with OR in between each)
OUR SEARCH STATEMENT
EXERCISE 2 Look at the article abstracts and determine how many we would retrieve now with our new search statement. How many?
STILL ONE MORE PROBLEM… Have you ever done a search using what you thought were the best keywords and still had a problem? What was the problem?
EXERCISE 3 Read over the article abstracts and create two piles: (1) articles that are relevant to our topic (2) articles that are not relevant to our topic
EXERCISE 3 Which articles were relevant to our topic? Why did the irrelevant articles come up? What can be done about this? Restrict search terms to article title only Use subject headings
SUMMARY Determine your essential concepts Brainstorm synonyms for each essential concept Create a search statement using AND and OR Conduct the search! If too many irrelevant hits, restrict to titles or use subject headings
NEXT STEPS Tour of databases: PsychArticles Psychology & Behavioral Sciences Collection Social Sciences Full Text Work on your own to find 5 article citations for the assignment
APA STYLE American Psychological Association style A way to format papers, including how citations are handled See handout