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PSY 290 Library Instruction
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  • 1. PSY 290
    Danielle Carlock
    d.carlock@sccmail.maricopa.edu
    (480) 425-6765
  • 2. ASSIGNMENT
    Pick a psychology-related topic of interest to you, possibly one you came across while taking Introductory Psychology, another psychology course, or while doing the "topics of interest" exercise during our 1st class. Using the tools you learned during the library inservice, create a search statement and search available databases to find relevant citations. List the reference information for at least 5 citations related to the topic of interest.
  • 3. FINDING PSYCHOLOGY INFORMATION ON THE INTERNET
    Who can create psychology content on the web?
    Why does this matter?
  • 4. EVALUATING WEBSITES
  • 5. HIDDEN VS. OPEN WEB
    Open web
    Web content that can be found by search engine spiders
    Will be found in an internet search
    Hidden web
    Web content that cannot be found by search engine spiders
    Will not be found during an internet search
  • 6. What is contained in the hidden web
    Any content in password protected sites, pay per view material, etc
    Estimates are that 99% of web content is on the hidden web!
    Most scholarly materials are actually in the hidden web
  • 7. SCHOLARLY SOURCES
    Scholarly journal articles written by psychologists, psychology researchers, etc.
    Often peer reviewed
    Usually only available on the hidden internet
  • 8. EXAMPE OF A SCHOLARLY PSYCHOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE
    http://ezproxy.sc.maricopa.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pbh&AN=36079193&site=ehost-live&scope=site
  • 9.
  • 10. HOW TO FIND JOURNAL ARTICLES
    Use library databases related to psychology:
    PsychArticles
    Psychology & Behavioral Sciences Collection
    Social Sciences Full Text
  • 11. HOW TO DO KEYWORD SEARCHES
    When using any type of search engine, do not type whole sentences, questions, etc. into search boxes.
    INSTEAD:
    DETERMINE WHAT YOUR ESSENTIAL CONCEPTS ARE
  • 12. DETERMINING ESSENTIAL CONCEPTS
    Essential concepts
    Usually verbs or nouns
    They describe your topic
    Example : How can social networking sites help people find jobs?
    ESEENTIAL CONCEPTS: ???????????????
  • 13. AND
    • A command you give to the database
    • 14. It is put between the essential concepts in the search
    • 15. Ex: social networking AND jobs
    • 16. It tells the database to only find articles which include each of these terms
  • EXERCISE 1
    You must find 6 articles about finding jobs using social networking sites.
    You look for articles by typing “social networking and jobs“ into the database.
    Unbeknown to you, there are dozens of articles in the database on this topic just in the last 6 months.
    How many of them would you retrieve by the search you did?
    Look through the articles and create two piles. (1) those that would be retrieved (2) those that would not.
  • 17. EXERCISE 1
    How many articles would you retrieve?
    Which ones?
    Which ones would not be retrieved?
  • 18. What’s the Point?
    What is the point of doing this exercise?
  • 19. BOTTOM LINE
    There are many words in the English language to describe the same/similar concept
    We limited ourselves too much by not incorporating synonyms into the search
  • 20. BRAINSTORMING SYNONYMS
    Synonyms/related terms for social networking:
    Synonyms/related terms for job:
  • 21. OR
    Another command you give to the database
    It is put between synonyms
    EX: job or employment
    It tells the database to look for articles in which either of the words appear
  • 22. PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
    Formula for search statement:
    (all synonyms for key concept 1 with OR in between each) AND (all synonyms for key concept 2 with OR in between each)
  • 23. OUR SEARCH STATEMENT
  • 24. EXERCISE 2
    Look at the article abstracts and determine how many we would retrieve now with our new search statement.
    How many?
  • 25. STILL ONE MORE PROBLEM…
    Have you ever done a search using what you thought were the best keywords and still had a problem?
    What was the problem?
  • 26. EXERCISE 3
    Read over the article abstracts and create two piles:
    (1) articles that are relevant to our topic
    (2) articles that are not relevant to our topic
  • 27. EXERCISE 3
    Which articles were relevant to our topic?
    Why did the irrelevant articles come up?
    What can be done about this?
    Restrict search terms to article title only
    Use subject headings
  • 28. SUMMARY
    Determine your essential concepts
    Brainstorm synonyms for each essential concept
    Create a search statement using AND and OR
    Conduct the search!
    If too many irrelevant hits, restrict to titles or use subject headings
  • 29. NEXT STEPS
    Tour of databases:
    PsychArticles
    Psychology & Behavioral Sciences Collection
    Social Sciences Full Text
    Work on your own to find 5 article citations for the assignment
  • 30. APA STYLE
    American Psychological Association style
    A way to format papers, including how citations are handled
    See handout