NUR 151 Research Wednesday class

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NUR 151 Research Wednesday class

  1. 1. NUR 151 EBP and Library Research<br />
  2. 2. LEARNING OBJECTIVES<br /><ul><li>Describe the content in CINAHL & Medline
  3. 3. Conduct a keyword search in CINAHL & Medline
  4. 4. Distinguish a research article from other types of articles
  5. 5. Describe & understand the importance of peer review</li></li></ul><li>CINAHL<br />Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health<br />Contains articles in nursing and fields such as audiology, physical therapy, respiratory therapy, etc<br />750 journals<br />1 million citations back to 1937<br />
  6. 6. Medline<br />World’s premier medical/health science database<br />Articles from all health fields: medicine, nursing, dentistry, exercise science, veterinary medicine, allied health, etc.<br />4800 journals<br />Over 19 million citations back to 1940<br />
  7. 7. CINAHL and Medline<br />
  8. 8. CINAHL VS MEDLINE<br />
  9. 9. PRIMARY RESEARCH ARTICLES<br />Reports on the results of a single study or experiment<br />The author(s) of the article is/are the person(s) who conducted the study or experiment. <br />
  10. 10. TYPICAL FORMAT OF A RESEARCH ARTICLE<br />Abstract <br />Introduction<br />Methods<br />Results<br />Discussion<br />Works cited<br /> Example: Effectiveness of a Falls-and-Fracture Nurse Coordinator to Reduce Falls: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of At-Risk Older Adults<br />
  11. 11. PEER REVIEW<br />A process done by many scholarly journals<br />Expert reviewers (peers) evaluate the article’s methodology, merit, and overall unique contribution to research in a specific discipline PRIOR to publication<br />In the health sciences, peer review is almost universal when it comes to primary research <br /> published in the journal literature<br />Why is this important?<br />
  12. 12. There are other types of content in peer reviewed journals<br />Peer reviewed journals publish original research as well as other materials such as:<br />News articles<br />Editorials<br />Review articles<br />Case studies<br />EX: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing<br />Not all of these materials are peer reviewed<br />
  13. 13. TYPES OF CONTENT IN PEER REVIEWED JOURNALS<br />
  14. 14. Review Articles<br />Author(s) describe or summarize the research of others <br />Attempt to identify trends or draw broader conclusions<br />May use same or similar format to a research article.<br />Meta-analyses and systematic reviews vs literature reviews<br />Example: Prevention of falls and fall-related fractures in community-dwelling older adults: a meta-analysis of estimates of effectiveness based on recent guidelines. <br />
  15. 15. Case Studies<br />A detailed report on one patient/case<br />Draws conclusions only on that one patient in that context-i.e. not generalizable<br />Descriptive<br />Goal is to offer new directions for research; ask new questions<br />Multidisciplinary approach to "accidental" falls in the elderly: a case report.<br />
  16. 16. NOTE: ALL OF THESE ARTICLE TYPES CAN APPEAR IN A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL<br />

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