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NUR 151 Research Wednesday class

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  • 1. NUR 151 EBP and Library Research
  • 2. LEARNING OBJECTIVES
    • Describe the content in CINAHL & Medline
    • 3. Conduct a keyword search in CINAHL & Medline
    • 4. Distinguish a research article from other types of articles
    • 5. Describe & understand the importance of peer review
  • CINAHL
    Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health
    Contains articles in nursing and fields such as audiology, physical therapy, respiratory therapy, etc
    750 journals
    1 million citations back to 1937
  • 6. Medline
    World’s premier medical/health science database
    Articles from all health fields: medicine, nursing, dentistry, exercise science, veterinary medicine, allied health, etc.
    4800 journals
    Over 19 million citations back to 1940
  • 7. CINAHL and Medline
  • 8. CINAHL VS MEDLINE
  • 9. PRIMARY RESEARCH ARTICLES
    Reports on the results of a single study or experiment
    The author(s) of the article is/are the person(s) who conducted the study or experiment.
  • 10. TYPICAL FORMAT OF A RESEARCH ARTICLE
    Abstract
    Introduction
    Methods
    Results
    Discussion
    Works cited
    Example: Effectiveness of a Falls-and-Fracture Nurse Coordinator to Reduce Falls: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of At-Risk Older Adults
  • 11. PEER REVIEW
    A process done by many scholarly journals
    Expert reviewers (peers) evaluate the article’s methodology, merit, and overall unique contribution to research in a specific discipline PRIOR to publication
    In the health sciences, peer review is almost universal when it comes to primary research
    published in the journal literature
    Why is this important?
  • 12. There are other types of content in peer reviewed journals
    Peer reviewed journals publish original research as well as other materials such as:
    News articles
    Editorials
    Review articles
    Case studies
    EX: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing
    Not all of these materials are peer reviewed
  • 13. TYPES OF CONTENT IN PEER REVIEWED JOURNALS
  • 14. Review Articles
    Author(s) describe or summarize the research of others
    Attempt to identify trends or draw broader conclusions
    May use same or similar format to a research article.
    Meta-analyses and systematic reviews vs literature reviews
    Example: Prevention of falls and fall-related fractures in community-dwelling older adults: a meta-analysis of estimates of effectiveness based on recent guidelines.
  • 15. Case Studies
    A detailed report on one patient/case
    Draws conclusions only on that one patient in that context-i.e. not generalizable
    Descriptive
    Goal is to offer new directions for research; ask new questions
    Multidisciplinary approach to "accidental" falls in the elderly: a case report.
  • 16. NOTE: ALL OF THESE ARTICLE TYPES CAN APPEAR IN A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL

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