Distinguish a research article from other types of articles
Describe & understand the importance of peer review
CINAHL Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Contains articles in nursing and fields such as audiology, physical therapy, respiratory therapy, etc 750 journals 1 million citations back to 1937
Medline World’s premier medical/health science database Articles from all health fields: medicine, nursing, dentistry, exercise science, veterinary medicine, allied health, etc. 4800 journals Over 19 million citations back to 1940
PRIMARY RESEARCH ARTICLES Reports on the results of a single study or experiment The author(s) of the article is/are the person(s) who conducted the study or experiment.
TYPICAL FORMAT OF A RESEARCH ARTICLE Abstract Introduction Methods Results Discussion Works cited Example: Effectiveness of a Falls-and-Fracture Nurse Coordinator to Reduce Falls: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of At-Risk Older Adults
PEER REVIEW A process done by many scholarly journals Expert reviewers (peers) evaluate the article’s methodology, merit, and overall unique contribution to research in a specific discipline PRIOR to publication In the health sciences, peer review is almost universal when it comes to primary research published in the journal literature Why is this important?
There are other types of content in peer reviewed journals Peer reviewed journals publish original research as well as other materials such as: News articles Editorials Review articles Case studies EX: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing Not all of these materials are peer reviewed
Review Articles Author(s) describe or summarize the research of others Attempt to identify trends or draw broader conclusions May use same or similar format to a research article. Meta-analyses and systematic reviews vs literature reviews Example: Prevention of falls and fall-related fractures in community-dwelling older adults: a meta-analysis of estimates of effectiveness based on recent guidelines.
Case Studies A detailed report on one patient/case Draws conclusions only on that one patient in that context-i.e. not generalizable Descriptive Goal is to offer new directions for research; ask new questions Multidisciplinary approach to "accidental" falls in the elderly: a case report.
NOTE: ALL OF THESE ARTICLE TYPES CAN APPEAR IN A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL