Information Literacy


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Information Literacy

  1. 1. INFORMATION LITERACY “A set of abilities requiring individuals to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information” American Library Association Presidential Committee on Information Literacy, Final Report (1989)
  2. 2. INFORMATION LITERACY & OUR STUDENTS • According to ETS (2006) only 13% of high school seniors and college students could be considered information literate. • 73% use the internet more than library resources for research (Head, 2008) • 55% of 18-29 year olds conduct an internet search daily (Pew, 2008)
  3. 3. INFORMATION LITERACY & OUR STUDENTS • Technological literacy does not equal information literacy • Students spend little time evaluating information • Students have unsophisticated mental maps of what the internet is • Students rate themselves as high in IL skills but score poorly on IL assessments From UCL (2008)
  4. 4. INFORMATION SEEKING EXPERIENCES OF STUDENTS • Too much irrelevant information • Trying to find a perfect source • Not able to find books on library shelf • Able to find citation online, but not full text • Valued libraries and librarians, but library orientations of little value • Start w/ wikipedia From Project Information Literacy (2009)
  5. 5. How/Why is IL important in the “real world”? • Record your response • Discuss in pairs • Report back/whole group discussion
  6. 6. ACRL INFORMATION LITERACY STANDARDS FOR HIGHER EDUCATION • ACRL-Association of College and Research Libraries • Includes 5 standards, w/ performance indicators and outcomes for each • IL Standards endorsed by and added to the standards of many accrediting bodies, including: – NCACS (North Central Association of Colleges and Schools) – MSACS (Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools) – NWCCU (Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities)
  7. 7. STANDARD 1 ….determines the nature & extent of the information needed. • Example Outcomes: – Develops a thesis statement & formulates questions based on the information need. – Identifies the value & differences of potential resources in a variety of formats (e.g., multimedia, database, website, data set, audio/visual, book).
  8. 8. STANDARD 2 … accesses needed information effectively & efficiently. • Example outcomes: – Develops a research plan appropriate to the investigative method. – Constructs a search strategy using appropriate commands for the information retrieval system selected
  9. 9. STANDARD 3 …evaluates information & its sources critically & incorporates selected information into his/her knowledge base & value system. • Example outcomes: – Analyzes the structure and logic of supporting arguments or methods. – Examines & compares information from various sources in order to evaluate reliability, validity, accuracy, authority, timeliness, and point of view or bias
  10. 10. STANDARD 4 ….uses information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose. • Example Outcomes: – Organizes the content in a manner that supports the purposes & format of the product or performance (e.g. outlines, drafts, storyboards) – Uses a range of information technology applications in creating the product or performance
  11. 11. STANDARD 5 ….understands the economic, legal, & social issues surrounding the use of information & accesses & uses information ethically & legally. • Example Outcomes – Demonstrates an understanding of what constitutes plagiarism & does not represent work attributable to others as his/her own. – Identifies & discusses issues related to privacy & security in both the print and electronic environments.
  12. 12. MINUTE PAPER/MUDDIEST POINT What is the most important thing you just learned? What is still confusing you?
  13. 13. What does IL look like in my field/discipline/class? • Record your response • Discuss in pairs • Report back to group/whole discussion