MILESTONES OF OPERATING SYSTEMS                IN    30 YEARS OF PROGRAMMING        Poyraz SAĞTEKİN       Computer Enginee...
OUTLINE• 1980’s• 1990’s• 2000’s• Reference List
1980’S• DOS Family• SUN OS• GNU• LISA OS• Windows
DOS OPERATING SYSTEM• Disk Operating System• Single task• Command line• Limited ability(Text Editor, File Name Change, etc...
SUN OS• Unix based• Sun Microsystems   • Servers   • Workstations• Graphics User Interface (GUI)• Named Solaris after 1992
GNU• Developed by Massachusetts Institute of  Technology (MIT)  • Richard Stallman• Unix based• More reliable• Open-Source
LISA OS• Apple Inc. for Lisa Computers (1983)• Multitask• Graphical User Interface (GUI)• Virtual memory• Hierarchal File ...
WINDOWS• Windows 1.0 (November, 1985)  • Limited graphics support  • Colored interface  • Tiled windows• Windows 2.0 (Dece...
1990’S• Windows Family• Linux• MAC OS
WINDOWS• Windows 3.x (1990)  • More independent  • Advanced graphics  • Special fonts  • Network  • Increased RAM support
WINDOWS• Windows 95  • Start button  • User oriented  • Long filenames  • 32Bit
WINDOWS• Windows 98  • Internet supported applications    (Outlook, Frontpage, Microsoft Chat, Web Publishing    Wizard)  ...
LINUX• Linus Torvalds (1991)• Unix based• Free and Open Source• Multi processor support
MAC OS• System 7.x  • No command line  • Virtual memory support  • Extension manager  • Numerous included programs  • Spee...
MAC OS• MAC OS 9 • ‘‘Best Internet Operating System Ever’’   (Jobs, S., 1999) • Remote Access • Personal File Sharing • 12...
2000’S• Microsoft   • Windows XP   • Windows Vista   • Windows 7• Apple   • OS X   • iOS• Linux
MICROSOFT• Windows XP  • Consumer Oriented  • Product Activation  • Custom themes  • User switching  • 64-bit support
MICROSOFT• Windows Vista & Windows 7  • Windows Aero Theme  • Easy language changing  • Instant search  • Sidebar  • Over ...
APPLE• OS X  • 9 releases  • Visual improvements  • No more Happy MAC  • Additional softwares  • Improved performance (Sno...
APPLE• iOS  • iPhone  • Computer-like cellphones  • Multimedia  • Consumer oriented
LINUX• Used by  PCs, supercomputers, workstations etc.• Most secure operating system• Over 600 distributions with 5 main  ...
LINUX• Android  • Led by Google Inc.  • Face recognition  • Secure (sandbox)  • Customizable
REFERENCE LIST• Wallace, J., Erickson, J. (1992). Hard Drive, John Wiley & Sons• Duncan, R. (1988). The MS-DOS Encyclopedi...
REFERENCE LIST• (Free Software Foundation, n.d.) What is GNU?. The GNU Operating  System.  Retrieved from: http://www.gnu....
REFERENCE LIST• "New Graphical Interface: Enhance Your Programs with New Windows XP  Shell Features". MSDN• "Kernel Enhanc...
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Milestones of operating systems

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Milestones of operating systems

  1. 1. MILESTONES OF OPERATING SYSTEMS IN 30 YEARS OF PROGRAMMING Poyraz SAĞTEKİN Computer Engineering
  2. 2. OUTLINE• 1980’s• 1990’s• 2000’s• Reference List
  3. 3. 1980’S• DOS Family• SUN OS• GNU• LISA OS• Windows
  4. 4. DOS OPERATING SYSTEM• Disk Operating System• Single task• Command line• Limited ability(Text Editor, File Name Change, etc.)• IBM (PC-DOS), Microsoft (MS-DOS), Commodore (CBM DOS), Apple• Background Usage
  5. 5. SUN OS• Unix based• Sun Microsystems • Servers • Workstations• Graphics User Interface (GUI)• Named Solaris after 1992
  6. 6. GNU• Developed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) • Richard Stallman• Unix based• More reliable• Open-Source
  7. 7. LISA OS• Apple Inc. for Lisa Computers (1983)• Multitask• Graphical User Interface (GUI)• Virtual memory• Hierarchal File Structure• Named as MAC OS after1984
  8. 8. WINDOWS• Windows 1.0 (November, 1985) • Limited graphics support • Colored interface • Tiled windows• Windows 2.0 (December, 1987) • Overlapping windows • VGA support (16 colors)
  9. 9. 1990’S• Windows Family• Linux• MAC OS
  10. 10. WINDOWS• Windows 3.x (1990) • More independent • Advanced graphics • Special fonts • Network • Increased RAM support
  11. 11. WINDOWS• Windows 95 • Start button • User oriented • Long filenames • 32Bit
  12. 12. WINDOWS• Windows 98 • Internet supported applications (Outlook, Frontpage, Microsoft Chat, Web Publishing Wizard) • Advanced driver support (Plug and Play)
  13. 13. LINUX• Linus Torvalds (1991)• Unix based• Free and Open Source• Multi processor support
  14. 14. MAC OS• System 7.x • No command line • Virtual memory support • Extension manager • Numerous included programs • Speech manager
  15. 15. MAC OS• MAC OS 9 • ‘‘Best Internet Operating System Ever’’ (Jobs, S., 1999) • Remote Access • Personal File Sharing • 128-bit file encryption • Support for files larger than 2 GB
  16. 16. 2000’S• Microsoft • Windows XP • Windows Vista • Windows 7• Apple • OS X • iOS• Linux
  17. 17. MICROSOFT• Windows XP • Consumer Oriented • Product Activation • Custom themes • User switching • 64-bit support
  18. 18. MICROSOFT• Windows Vista & Windows 7 • Windows Aero Theme • Easy language changing • Instant search • Sidebar • Over 525 million copies (Windows 7)
  19. 19. APPLE• OS X • 9 releases • Visual improvements • No more Happy MAC • Additional softwares • Improved performance (Snow Leopard)
  20. 20. APPLE• iOS • iPhone • Computer-like cellphones • Multimedia • Consumer oriented
  21. 21. LINUX• Used by PCs, supercomputers, workstations etc.• Most secure operating system• Over 600 distributions with 5 main bases (Debian, Gentoo, Pacman, RPM, Slack ware)• Still free
  22. 22. LINUX• Android • Led by Google Inc. • Face recognition • Secure (sandbox) • Customizable
  23. 23. REFERENCE LIST• Wallace, J., Erickson, J. (1992). Hard Drive, John Wiley & Sons• Duncan, R. (1988). The MS-DOS Encyclopedia, Microsoft Press• Tim, Paterson. "An Inside Look at MS-DOS". Seattle Computer Products Retrieved From: http://www.patersontech.com/Dos/Byte/InsideDos.htm• Hunter, D. (1983). "The Roots of DOS". Softalk for the IBM Personal Computer Retrieved From: http://www.patersontech.com/Dos/Softalk/Softalk.html• iCon: Steve Jobs, The Greatest Second Act in the History of Business• Andy Hertzfeld (2005). "Bicycle". Revolution in the Valley. OReilly• Isaacson, Walter (2011). Steve Jobs. Simon & Schuster• (n.a., n.d.) A History of Apples Lisa, 1979–1986 Retrieved From: http://lowendmac.com/orchard/05/apple-lisa-history.html
  24. 24. REFERENCE LIST• (Free Software Foundation, n.d.) What is GNU?. The GNU Operating System. Retrieved from: http://www.gnu.org/• Lessig, L. (2001) The Future of Ideas: The Fate of the Commons in a Connected World, Random House, Inc.• Stallman, R. (1983) ‘‘new UNIX implementation’’ Retrieved From: https://groups.google.com/group/net.unix- wizards/msg/4dadd63a976019d7?pli=1• Salus, P. (1994) A Quarter Century of Unix. Addison-Wesley• Solaris Operating System (Unix)". Operating System Documentation Project• Torvalds, L., Diamond, D. (2001). Just for Fun: The Story of an Accidental Revolutionary. HarperBusiness• Santhanam, A. (2003) Towards Linux 2.6, A look into the workings of the next new kernel, IBM Global Services
  25. 25. REFERENCE LIST• "New Graphical Interface: Enhance Your Programs with New Windows XP Shell Features". MSDN• "Kernel Enhancements for Windows XP". Windows Hardware Developer Center (WHDC). Microsoft Corporation• "Windows XP: Kernel Improvements Create a More Robust, Powerful, and Scalable OS". MSDN Magazine• Cruz, L. (2010). "Multi-core processor and multiprocessor limit for Windows XP". Microsoft.• Anderson, A. (2005). "South Korea fines Microsoft for antitrust abuses". Ars Technica• "Apple Developer: Cocoa Overview". Apple Inc.• "X11 for Mac OS X 1.0". Apple Inc.

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