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Amjad bhatti.ppt
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Amjad bhatti.ppt

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tourism in pakistan over the years

tourism in pakistan over the years

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  • very comprehensive effort i presenting covering all the aspect however this industry can not b revived by addressing one component at one time rather it should be pushed like a movement so that it may not end up like half hearted efforts as in the past
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  • 1. TOURISM AS ECONOMIC FORCE MULTIPLIER
  • 2. AIM <ul><li>TO HIGHLIGHT THE ECONOMICAL POTENTIAL OF TOURISM INDUSTRY OF PAKISTAN </li></ul>
  • 3. SEQUENCE <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan tourism industry and its activities </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics of tourists coming to Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Factors affecting tourism industry </li></ul><ul><li>Prospects and strategy of tourism industry for Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Questions & ans </li></ul>
  • 4. HISTORY OF PAKISTAN TOURISM <ul><li>Member of UNWTO in September 1949 </li></ul><ul><li>Initially Pakistan Railways was responsible for tourism matter </li></ul><ul><li>In 1956 , transferred to Communications and Transport Division </li></ul><ul><li>In June 1960, was named as Bureau of Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>In 1964, was placed under control of CAA and Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>PTDC was set up in In March 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>In September, 2004 it was given status of Ministry of Tourism </li></ul>
  • 5. VISION OF MINISTRY OF TOURISM <ul><ul><li>To promote and develop tourism by providing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accommodation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Entertainment/amusement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public amenities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To exploit great potential of our cultural, scenic & religious tourism to; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create employment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Generate revenues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce poverty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bring equitable distribution of benefits </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 6. MAJOR ACHIEVEMENTS <ul><li>Development of Patriata sky ride project & road side service areas </li></ul><ul><li>Mona Bao train for Indian tourists </li></ul><ul><li>Intercity luxury bus service </li></ul><ul><li>Adventure package tours, city towers etc </li></ul><ul><li>Launched website for online communication </li></ul>
  • 7. TOURISM AS ECONOMICAL FORCE <ul><li>It includes potential tourist spots: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Various Museums of Pakistan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Various national parks of Pakistan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other historical places </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small scale industries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourist spots in Northern areas </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. NATIONAL MUSEUM OF PAKISTAN <ul><li>Established in 1950 in Frere Hall Building at Karachi </li></ul><ul><li>11 galleries in museum including Quranic Gallery </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient collections include; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indus Valley Civilization Artifacts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gandhara arts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Islamic art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paintings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient Coins </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. LAHORE MUSEUM <ul><li>Established in 1894 </li></ul><ul><li>A Mughal style building </li></ul><ul><li>Fine collection of; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specimens of Mughal and Sikh doorways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Musical instruments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient jewellery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Textile, pottery, and armory </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. TAXILA MUSEUM <ul><li>Located on GT. Road to Peshawar </li></ul><ul><li>Famous work of Gandhara art </li></ul><ul><li>Sites are dating back to 600BC to 500BC </li></ul><ul><li>Depicts ancient Taxila </li></ul>
  • 11. PESHAWAR MUSEUM <ul><li>Originally called Victoria Memorial Hall </li></ul><ul><li>Built in1906-07 in the memory of Queen Victoria </li></ul><ul><li>Amalgamated design of British and Mughal art </li></ul><ul><li>Largest antiques collection in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Its preserves are; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>14,101 items of Gandhara art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coins, dresses, manuscripts, weapons, jewellery, painting of Mughal era etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greco-Buddhist art collection is 4247 pieces </li></ul>
  • 12. LOK VERSA MUSEUM AND HERITAGE LIBRARY <ul><li>Located near Shakarparian Hills </li></ul><ul><li>Preserves; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>living folk and traditional culture of Pakistan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jewellery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>wood work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metal work, ivory and bone work </li></ul></ul>
  • 13. HINGOL NATIONAL PARK <ul><li>Covers about 1,650 km² </li></ul><ul><li>Largest of National Parks of Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Lies on the Makran coast in Balochistan </li></ul><ul><li>Firstly declared reserved in 1988 </li></ul>
  • 14. KIRTHAR NATIONAL PARK <ul><li>2nd biggest National Park </li></ul><ul><li>Habitate for; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5,000 wild goats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 150 chinkara </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ibexes are 13,155 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reptiles include; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rock python </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sindh cobra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Royal rat snake etc </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. KHUNJERAB NATIONAL PARK <ul><li>One of highest altitude parks </li></ul><ul><li>Animal species are; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Snow leopard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marco Polo sheep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Himalayan Ibex </li></ul></ul>
  • 16. HAZARGANJI-CHILTAN NATIONAL PARK <ul><li>Lies in the central area of Chilton Hills and HazarGanji Range </li></ul><ul><li>Habitate for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chilton wild goat or Markhor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No of Chilton wild goat is about 800 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carnivores include Red fox </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different species of birds and reptiles </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. AYUBIA NATIONAL PARK <ul><li>Named after President Ayub Khan </li></ul><ul><li>Riding trails, hiking places, picnic spots and motels </li></ul><ul><li>Chairlift is available for tourists </li></ul><ul><li>Harbors; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Golden eagle, vulture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparrow hawk, hill pigeon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asiatic leopard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black bear, hill fox etc </li></ul></ul>
  • 18. DEOSAI NATIONAL PARK <ul><li>Located at 4,114 m AMSL </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of flowers and wide variety of butterflies </li></ul><ul><li>Natural habitat for; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Himalayan brown bear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ibex, red fox, wolf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Snow leopard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Himalayan musk deer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Golden eagle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Griffon vulture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Falcon </li></ul></ul>
  • 19. <ul><li>Located in the foothills of the Himalayas </li></ul><ul><li>Safe habitate for; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asiatic leopard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gray goral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barking deer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Red fox </li></ul></ul>MARGALLA HILLS NATIONAL PARK
  • 20. INDUSTRIAL POTENTIAL CARPETS TEXTILES EMBROIDERY JEWELLERY CERAMICS WOOD WORK METAL WORK SPORTS GOODS SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS
  • 21. TREASURES OF GEMSTONES <ul><li>Northern areas have variety of gemstones </li></ul><ul><li>Some are metamorphic in nature such as emerald, ruby, sapphire </li></ul><ul><li>These include; </li></ul>
  • 22. EMERALD
  • 23. AQUAMARINE
  • 24. PERIDOT
  • 25. RUBY
  • 26. TOURMALINE
  • 27. TOPAZ
  • 28. WOOD CARVING <ul><li>Ranges from smaller items to furniture items </li></ul><ul><li>Important traditional designs are Lotus, Dragon etc </li></ul>
  • 29. JEWELLERY <ul><li>Blend of Mughal jewelry and the modern jewelry </li></ul><ul><li>Transferred from Mughal era to later generations </li></ul>
  • 30. MONUMENTAL PAINTING <ul><li>An art made by applying paints to a surface </li></ul><ul><li>Can be seen on the National Monument in Islamabad </li></ul>
  • 31. CALLIGRAPHY <ul><li>Sadeqain (1930-1986) was self-made, self-taught painter and calligrapher </li></ul><ul><li>Worked on; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Book titles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portraits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sketches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quranic calligraphy </li></ul></ul>
  • 32. TEXTILES   <ul><li>Art transmitted from ancient people of Mohenjodaro, Harappa and Taxila </li></ul><ul><li>Well established in Karachi and Faisalabad </li></ul>
  • 33. GLASS AND GLASS WARE <ul><li>Glimpses of these can be seen on; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient tombs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shrines of Makli </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Badshahi Masjid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shish Mehal </li></ul></ul>
  • 34. SHANDUR MELA (July 7-9) Polo at the top of the World <ul><li>Held at Shandur Pass </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects culture, traditions of this region </li></ul><ul><li>Includes; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Folk music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dancing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse back riding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountaineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hiking and exploring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trout fishing </li></ul></ul>
  • 35. MELA CHIRAGHAN / MELA SHALAMAR <ul><li>Celebrated on urs of Sufi poet /saint Shah Hussain </li></ul><ul><li>Takes place at in Baghbanpura </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic foods - Gol Gappas, Sweetmeats, Qatlamas etc </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of candles are lit up </li></ul><ul><li>Dervishes dance to the tunes of drums </li></ul>
  • 36. WORLD PERFORMING ARTS <ul><li>The biggest international cultural event </li></ul><ul><li>Takes place in Lahore at the Gaddafi Stadium </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects Pakistan's cultural tradition in performing arts </li></ul>
  • 37. <ul><li>Takes place in the mid of February </li></ul><ul><li>Tourists worldwide come to join in and celebrate it </li></ul><ul><li>It decorates Lahore with multicolored kites </li></ul><ul><li>Source of tourist attraction </li></ul>JASHN-E-BAHARAN
  • 38. LOK VIRSA FOLK FESTIVAL <ul><li>Largest cultural activity in Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Artisans & performers around world  participate </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects traditionally rich culture </li></ul>
  • 39. THE SILK ROAD FESTIVAL <ul><li>Main trading route between south Asia and central Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Attracts other silk route countries like; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>China, kyrgyzstan, uzbekistan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tajikistan, kazakhstan </li></ul></ul>
  • 40. MOHENJO-DARO <ul><li>Means the &quot;mound of the dead” </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol of civilized and modern society </li></ul><ul><li>Remarkable construction of; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly developed drainage system </li></ul></ul>
  • 41. HARAPPA <ul><li>Harappa dates back to 3rd to 2nd millennium B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Harappa houses are interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Well-maintained museum </li></ul><ul><li>Finest collection of artifacts found in the area </li></ul>
  • 42. MOUNTAINEERING IN PAKISTAN <ul><li>05 peaks of over 800m including; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World’s second highest peak K-2 (8611m) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>29 peaks of over 7500m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>121 peaks of over 7000m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hundreds of peaks still lying unclimbed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Permits are issued for open and restricted areas </li></ul>
  • 43. TREKKING IN PAKISTAN <ul><li>Pakistan is paradise for trekking (May-Oct) </li></ul><ul><li>Generates great revenues </li></ul><ul><li>Most of trekking routes lie in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hindukush </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Korakorum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Himalayas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It has three zones; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open, restricted and closed </li></ul></ul>
  • 44. SKARDU <ul><li>A landscape of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Towering mountains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waterfalls and Quiet lakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Located on banks of river Indus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Known as mountaineers' paradise </li></ul><ul><li>The five main valleys are; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skardu, Shigar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Khaplu, Rondu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kharmang </li></ul></ul>
  • 45. <ul><li>Galliat region is famous for ; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural beauty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cool temperatures in summer season </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equally popular around the year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bhurban, Patriata and Ayubia are other attractions </li></ul></ul>MURREE
  • 46. KAGHAN VALLEY <ul><li>The best place to enjoy cool weather in summer </li></ul><ul><li>Worth seeing places are; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lake Saif-ul-Muluk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plateaus of Shogran & Lalazar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Naran , Kaghan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mansehra and Balakot </li></ul></ul>
  • 47. VISITORS TO PAKISTAN ANNUAL ARRIVAL DATA
  • 48. ANNUAL ARRIVAL SHARES OF VARIOUS REGIONS Source: Ministry of Tourism-2006 27 250 13 2 55 101 141
  • 49. ANNUAL ARRIVAL SHARES OF VARIOUS REGIONS IN %AGE Source: Ministry of Tourism-2006 5 % 42 % 2 % 1% 9 % 17 % 24 %
  • 50. ANNUAL ARRIVAL SHARES OF VARIOUS COUNTRIES IN %AGE Source: Ministry of Tourism-2006 7 % 43 % 4 % 0% 8 % 9 % 24 %
  • 51. PLACES OF INTEREST TO FOREIGN TOURISTS
  • 52. WHAT ATTRACTED TOURISTS
  • 53. FACTORS AFFECTING TOURISM <ul><li>Presence of tourist spots </li></ul><ul><li>Levels of security for tourists </li></ul><ul><li>Government policies for tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Development of transport and communication </li></ul><ul><li>Non-availability of funds </li></ul><ul><li>Management of tourist attractions </li></ul><ul><li>lack of infrastructure facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing at local and international level </li></ul><ul><li>No concept of rail tourism in Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Rising inflation </li></ul><ul><li>Hunza lake incident </li></ul>
  • 54. LEVEL OF SECURITY FOR TOURISTS <ul><li>Terrorism has hampered tourism industry of Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>04 lacs foreign visitors came in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>No of tourists dropped by 6% in 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan’s ranking was 103/124 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Even regular tourists are hesitant and feeling insecure </li></ul>
  • 55. GOVERNMENT POLICIES <ul><li>Essential factor of tourism industry </li></ul><ul><li>Gives direction to industry </li></ul><ul><li>Triggers a sound economic activity </li></ul><ul><li>Pak needs an implementable policy </li></ul>
  • 56. DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION <ul><li>Air/ground transport facility for northern areas is available in summer season </li></ul><ul><li>No transport and communication in winter season </li></ul><ul><li>Ranked 40th for its airline services </li></ul><ul><li>39th for ground transport infrastructure </li></ul>
  • 57. NON-AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS <ul><li>Used for Developmental projects </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by Govt </li></ul><ul><li>Currently Govt has not allocated sufficient funds </li></ul>
  • 58. NO PROMOTION OF GAMES <ul><li>Pakistan has huge potential for sports tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Currently Govt has no sound policy for sports tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Although few trials have been made for hot air ballooning in Shandur and Skardu valleys </li></ul>
  • 59. MANAGEMENT OF TOURISTS <ul><li>Currently TICs established to assist the tourists in terms of; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourist registration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourist guidance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rent a transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Booking of hotels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scheduling events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formation of groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Package details </li></ul></ul>
  • 60. LACK OF INFRASTRUCTURE <ul><li>Current infrastructure does not meet with international standards </li></ul><ul><li>Due to poor tourism infrastructure rankings of Pakistan are; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>110/124 w.r.t accommodation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>110/124 w.r.t ATM </li></ul></ul>
  • 61. MARKETING AT LOCAL AND INTERNATIONAL LEVEL <ul><li>They are redirection of revenues </li></ul><ul><li>Needs less than 1% of Pakistan’s tourism revenue </li></ul><ul><li>It will multiply in future </li></ul>
  • 62. RISING INFLATION <ul><ul><li>Positive aspects are; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Generates more revenues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthens the economy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negatives are; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Negative impact on intending tourists </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces tourism </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 63. FUTURE CHALLENGES OF PTDC <ul><li>Eradication of terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of local/international tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Drafting tourism policy by Govt </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of sports tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Website for Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Re-vamping of Tourist Information </li></ul>
  • 64. ERADICATION OF TERRORISM <ul><li>Taken many steps like; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operation Rah-e-Nijaat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operation Rah-e-Raast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Struggle is continued.. </li></ul></ul>
  • 65. PROMOTION OF LOCAL/INTERNATIONAL TOURISM <ul><li>Various tourism campaigns have been launched </li></ul><ul><li>President has announced; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rent free accommodation in swat valley for local & international tourists </li></ul></ul>
  • 66. PROVISION OF TRANSPORT FACILITIES <ul><li>PIA and Pakistan railways offers following concessions; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30% discount on international flights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50% on domestic flights is for students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan Railways allow 25% concession to foreign tourists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan Railways allow 50% concession to Foreigner students </li></ul></ul>
  • 67. CONCEPT OF MEDICAL TOURISM IN PAKISTAN <ul><li>Medical tourism is Key element of Pakistan's tourism policy 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>It is under discussion at parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Positives are; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To promote and develop medical health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Costs half of that of India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generates revenues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Punjab Govt is working on; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kidney transplant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hair transplant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart surgery </li></ul></ul>
  • 68. LAUNCHING OF WEBSITE WWW.TOURISM.GOV.PK / <ul><li>Plate form to disseminate information to; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic and foreign Tourists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourism Professionals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National and international Organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  Website has been completed </li></ul>
  • 69. RE-VAMPING OF TOURIST INFORMATION <ul><li>Govt. is re-vamping tourist information </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To facilitate tourists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provision of updated/ Better information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidance to foreign and domestic tourists </li></ul></ul>
  • 70. PROJECTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>Purchased 16-Kanals for service area at khajut </li></ul><ul><li>Installation of chairlift/cable car system at fort Monroe </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of hotel/tourist facilities at Bahawalpur </li></ul><ul><li>Mangla view resort (pvt) ltd </li></ul><ul><li>Hashwani hotel ltd islamabad </li></ul><ul><li>Grand sari hotel, lahore </li></ul><ul><li>Serena hotel islamabad </li></ul><ul><li>Islamabad club </li></ul><ul><li>Royal raim golf ; country club lahore </li></ul><ul><li>Rehman residency hotel, lahore </li></ul><ul><li>Holiday inn, islamabad </li></ul><ul><li>Grand leisure, karachi </li></ul><ul><li>Lahore regency </li></ul>
  • 71. <ul><li>Regency Inn Hotel Islamabad </li></ul><ul><li>Sozo Adventure Park, Murree </li></ul><ul><li>Millennium Entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Avari Hotels Karachi </li></ul><ul><li>Pearl Continental Hotels </li></ul><ul><li>Pizza Hut Restaurant Karachi </li></ul><ul><li>Hawk Gliding Club Lahore </li></ul><ul><li>Wayzgoose Park Chakwal </li></ul><ul><li>Jacaranda Family Club, Islamabad. </li></ul><ul><li>Aashiana Hotel Lahore </li></ul><ul><li>Lahore Sports Meadows, Lahore </li></ul><ul><li>Gloria Jean's Coffees Lahore </li></ul>PROJECTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION
  • 72. RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><ul><li>To frame sound policy for sport, religious, beach, cultural tourism, rail tourism, medical tourism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To give it status of industry in real sense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To create awareness among people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manpower may be trained for it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education system (at degree level) may devised like other countries like India, Egypt etc </li></ul></ul>
  • 73. CONCLUSION BEGGARS- DEVELOPE POTENTIAL
  • 74.  
  • 75. ?

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