CHARLIE CHAPLIN James Agee wrote of Chaplin, “the finest pantomime, the deepest emotion, and the richest and most poignant poetry were in [his] work. Andrew Sarris called Chaplin “the single most important artist produced by the cinema, certainly its most extraordinary performer, and probably still its most universal icon.”
CHAPLIN’S MOTHER Charliealways cited his own mother as a great inspiration. Hannah was a singer and character comedienne in the British music halls. Hannah Chaplin
HANNAH CHAPLIN Sadly her career was blighted on and off by ill health, and it was when her voice failed during one particular performance that the young Charlie Chaplin got his first taste of performing - he went on as an impromptu replacement.
HANNAH CHAPLIN Her health continued to decline and she found herself making a poor living as a seamstress and was eventually put into a mental hospital. Her other children were Sydney Chaplin, and Wheeler Dryden - both by different fathers.
HANNAH CHAPLIN Charlieand Syd brought her over to live with them in the U.S for the last seven years of her life. 1865-1928
CHARLIE’S FATHER The senior Charles Chaplin married Hannah in 1885 and took to the stage professionally a year later. Hewas well known as a comic singer. Charles Chaplin
CHARLES CHAPLIN, SR. Hismarriage to Hannah did not last long, and soon he was living with his mistress. Charliehad little contact with his father, except for a short period when Hannah was in a mental hospital.
CHARLES CHAPLIN, SR. Alcoholism was a common problem amongst many music hall stars of the period, and it was this that eventually killed Chaplins father at such a young age. 1863-1901
CHAPLIN’S CHILDHOOD Charles Spencer Chaplin was born on April 16th, 1889, in Walworth, London Hischildhood, included extreme poverty, workhouses, and seeing his mothers mental decline put her into an institution. Chaplin Before Success
CHAPLIN’S CAREER He joined the Eight Lancashire Lads, and this eventually led to Sherlock Holmes and Caseys Court Circus. Eventually Charlie joined his brother in the Fred Karno Company.Chaplin in Karno Show
CHAPLIN’S CAREER Karno was almost a college of comedy for them, and the period had a huge impact on Charlie especially. In 1910 Charlie toured the U.S with the Karno group and returned for another tour in 1912. Chaplin 1913
CHAPLIN’S CAREER It was on this tour that he was discovered by Mack Sennett and his Keystone Film Company. His first film, in 1914, was aptly titled Making A Living.Chaplin and Sennett in 1948
CHAPLIN’S CAREER His success was such that he was able to move from one company to another, each time on to a better deal.
CHAPLIN’S CAREER In 1915 , after thirty-five films, he moved to Essanay. It was here he really found his feet, not to mention his longest serving leading lady, Edna Purviance. The Champion, The Tramp and The Bank. Edna Purviance
CHAPLIN’S CAREER In 1916 he moved to Mutual, with even greater control and financial rewards. At Mutual he made the definitive Chaplin short comedies, The Rink, Easy Street, The Cure and The Immigrant.
CHAPLIN’S CAREER First National was next, and it was here he constructed his full length masterpiece, The Kid. Shorter comedies of note at this time included Sunnyside and The Idle Class.
THE BIG FOUR Along with his great friend, Douglas Fairbanks, as well as Mary Pickford and D.W Griffith, Chaplin formed United Artists in 1919. "So, the lunatics have taken over the asylum!"
CHAPLIN’S CAREER He made his first film for them in 1923, the Edna Purviance vehicle, A Woman of Paris, perhaps the least known of his films, but it was followed by the Chaplin classics - The Gold Rush, The Circus, City Lights and Modern Times.
WIFES Mildred Harris Lita Grey Joan Barry ona ONeill
CHARLIE’S LAST WIFE When Charlie married Oona in June 1943, he at last found true happiness, and it seems they had both found their soul mates, despite the fact that Oona was only 18, and Charlie was 53.
FILMMAKING TECHNIQUES Chaplin never spoke more than cursorily about his filmmaking methods, claiming such a thing would be tantamount to a magician spoiling his own illusion. In fact, until he began making spoken dialogue films with The Great Dictator in 1940, Chaplin never shot from a completed script. The method he developed, once his Essanay contract gave him the freedom to write for and direct himself, was to start from a vague.
FILMMAKING TECHNIQUES As ideas were accepted and discarded, a narrative structure would emerge, frequently requiring Chaplin to reshoot an already- completed scene that might have otherwise contradicted the story. Chaplins unique filmmaking techniques became known only after his death, when his rare surviving outtakes and cut sequences were carefully examined in the 1983 British documentary Unknown Chaplin.
FILMMAKING TECHNIQUES This is one reason why Chaplin took so much longer to complete his films than his rivals did. In addition, Chaplin was an incredibly exacting director, showing his actors exactly how he wanted them to perform and shooting scores of takes until he had the shot he wanted. Animator Chuck Jones, who lived near Charlie Chaplins Lone Star studio as a boy, remembered his father saying he watched Chaplin shoot a scene more than a hundred times until he was satisfied with it
AWARDS AND RECOGNITION Statue of Chaplin in Leicester Square, London. Chaplinwas knighted in 1975 at the age of 85 as a Knight Commander of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II. Among other recognitions, Chaplin was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1970
AWARDS AND RECOGNITIONA statue of Charlie Chaplin was made by John Doubleday, to stand in Leicester Square in London, as he and his family spent long holidays in The Butler Arms Hotel during the 1960s.
ACADEMY AWARDS Chaplin received three Academy Awards in his lifetime: one for Best Original Score, and two Honorary Awards. However, during his active years as a filmmaker, Chaplin expressed disdain for the Academy Awards.
ACADEMY AWARDS The 1st Academy Awards ceremony: When the first Oscars were awarded on 16 May 1929, Chaplins The Circus was set to be heavily recognised, as Chaplin had originally been nominated for Best Production, Best Director in a Comedy Picture, Best Actor and Best Writing (Original Story).
ACADEMY AWARDS The 13th Academy Awards ceremony: In 1941, The Great Dictator was nominated for five awards, including two for Chaplin: Best Writing and Best Actor, but Chaplin lost out on both counts. The 44th Academy Awards ceremony: Chaplins second Oscar was awarded forty-three years after his first, in 1972. Chaplin came out of exile to accept the Honorary Award for "the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century".
ACADEMY AWARDS ...Stepping onto the stage, Chaplin received the longest standing ovation in Academy Award history, lasting a full twelve minutes. The 45th Academy Awards ceremony: In 1973, Chaplins film Limelight was honoured with an Oscar for Best Original Score. Though the film had originally been released in 1952, due to Chaplins political difficulties at the time, the film did not play for one week in Los Angeles, and thus did not meet the criterion for nomination until it was re-released in 1972.
COMPARISON WITH OTHER SILENT COMICS Since the 1960s, Chaplins films have been compared to those of Buster Keaton and Harold Lloyd (the other two great silent film comedians of the time), especially among the loyal fans of each comic. The three had different styles: Chaplin had a strong affinity for sentimentality and pathos (which was popular in the 1920s), Lloyd was renowned for his everyman persona and 1920s optimism, and Keaton adhered to onscreen stoicism with a cynical tone more suited to modern audiences.
COMPARISON WITH OTHERSILENT COMICS Commercially, Chaplin made some of the highest- grossing films in the silent era; The Gold Rush is the fifth with US$4.25 million and The Circus is the seventh with US$3.8 million. However, Chaplins films combined made about US$10.5 million while Lloyds grossed US$15.7 million. Buster Keatons films were not nearly as commercially successful as Chaplins or Lloyds even at the height of his popularity, and only received belated critical acclaim in the late 1950s and 1960s.
SOME FACTS From 1917 to 1918, silent film actor Billy West made more than 20 films as a comedian precisely imitating Chaplins The Tramp. Shree 420 and Awaara main characters are heavily influenced by The Tramp character, makeup and costume In 1985, Chaplin was honoured with his image on a postage stamp of the United- Kingdom, and in 1994 he appeared on United States postage stamp
SOME FACTSA minor planet, 3623 Chaplin, discovered by Soviet astronomer Lyudmila Karachkina in 1981, is named after Chaplin. On15 April 2011, a day before his 122nd birthday anniversary, Google celebrated this with a special Google Doodle video on its global and other country-wide homepages
INTEREST IN PERSONALITIES....Chaplin with Mahatma Gandhi in Canning Town, London,1931.
AFFECTION WITH SCIENTIST....... Chaplin with Albert einstein
CHAPLIN’S FINAL DAYS He spent his final years writing music for his films and enjoying his family life. He died, at 4 a.m on Christmas Day in 1977. Les Quais de Vevey
ThankYou.............. SAGAR KAMBLE, T.Y.B.TECH SGGS INSTITUTE OF ENGG. &TECH. NANDED, MAHARASHTRA, 39 INDIA. email@example.com