6. management of natural resources

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6. management of natural resources

  1. 1. Medical waste Municipal wasteWashing clothes Industrial waste Major Taking bath Leather industries MinorReligious matter Chemical Fertilizer Dead bodies Oil from ship
  2. 2.  This multi-crore project came about in 1985 because the quality of the water in the Ganga was very poor. Coliform is a group of bacteria, found in human intestines, whose presence in water indicates contamination by disease- causing microorganisms.
  3. 3. Reduce: This means that use less.Recycle: This means that yourecycle materials to make requiredthings instead of synthesizing orextracting fresh materials.In the ‘Reuse’ strategy, you simplyuse things again and again.
  4. 4.  Ganga Action Plan Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Mass awareness programme
  5. 5.  Read NCERT Page No. 266-268
  6. 6.  This multi-crore project came about in 1985 because the quality of the water in the Ganga was very poor. Coliform is a group of bacteria, found in human intestines, whose presence in water indicates contamination by disease- causing microorganisms.
  7. 7. Reduce: This means that use less.Recycle: This means that yourecycle materials to make requiredthings instead of synthesizing orextracting fresh materials.In the ‘Reuse’ strategy, you simplyuse things again and again.
  8. 8.  Human population increasing at a tremendous rate due to improvement in health-care, The demand for all resources is increasing at an exponential rate.
  9. 9.  A long-term perspective so that resources will last for the generations to come. Ensure equitable distribution of resources. Safe disposal of these wastes
  10. 10.  The concept of sustainable development encourages forms of growth that meet current basic human needs, while preserving the resources for the needs of future generations.
  11. 11.  It depends upon the willingness of the people to change their perceptions of the socio-economic and environmental conditions around them
  12. 12.  Sustainable natural resource management Roles of stakeholders are important to sustain resources Socio-economic development is linked to environmental conservation
  13. 13.  Questions NCERT Page No. 269 (Q No. 1,2,3,4) 1. What changes can you make in your habits to become more environment friendly? 2. What would be the advantages of exploiting resources with short- term aims? 3. How would these advantages differ from the advantages of using a long term perspective in managing our resources? 4. Why do you think there should be equitable distribution of resources? What forces would be working against an equitable distribution of our resources?
  14. 14.  Number of species found Range of different life forms
  15. 15.  One of the main aims of conservation is to try and preserve the biodiversity we have inherited.
  16. 16. Use firewood, bamboo for making hutsAgriculture, fishing ,hunting, grazing Collect Food, fruit, Honey, medicines
  17. 17. Use forest products as raw materialsGive revenue to the GovernmentNot interested in the sustainability
  18. 18. Control ResourcesSource of revenueTravel and Tourism
  19. 19. Do not stay in forestConserve Biodiversity Conserve nature
  20. 20.  Human intervention has been very much a part of the forest landscape. Deforestation caused by industrial needs or development projects like building roads or dams. The damage caused in these reserves by tourists or the arrangements made for their convenience is also to be considered.
  21. 21.  While the environment is preserved, the benefits of the controlled exploitation go to the local people. We need to use these resources with due caution for our economic and social growth, and to meet our material aspirations.
  22. 22.  We need to consider if the goals of all the above stakeholders with regard to the management of the forests are the same. Forest resources are often made available for industrial use at rates far below the market value while these are denied to the local people. The Chipko Andolan (‘Hug the Trees Movement’) was the result of a grassroot level effort to end the alienation of people from their forests.
  23. 23.  Stakeholders of forest Damages caused by the Stakeholders Sustainable forest management
  24. 24.  Write a short note about “Chipko Movement” (70 Words) Complete Questions NCERT Page No. 273 (Q.No. 1,2 ) 1. Why should we conserve forests and wildlife? 2. Suggest some approaches towards the conservation of forests.
  25. 25. Modern way of irrigation Generate hydroelectricity Water to the drySardar Sarovar statesDam, on Narmada110.64 m
  26. 26. Social problemsEconomic problems Environmental problemsTechnical problems
  27. 27. Develop secondary resources of water Emphasizes scientific soil and water conservationIncreases the production and income ofthe watershed community Production of biomassMitigates droughts and floods
  28. 28. To recharge the ground water. To provide clean waterTo store water for a long time. To make water free from germs.To provide moisture for vegetation.
  29. 29.  Water harvesting techniques are highly locale specific, the benefits are also localised. Giving people control over their local water resources ensures that mismanagement and over- exploitation of these resources is reduced/removed.
  30. 30.  Importance of water dam in life. Criticism of water dam. Aims and Objective of water harvesting. Criticism of water harvesting.
  31. 31. Write a short note about “Save the Narmada Movement ” (70 Words)Complete Questions NCERT Page No. 276 (Q.No. 1,2,3 )1. Find out about the traditional systems of water harvesting/management in your region.2. Compare the above system with the probable systems in hilly/ mountainous areas or plains or plateau regions.3. Find out the source of water in your region/locality. Is water from this source available to all people living in that area?
  32. 32. CO2SO2 NO2 C,S,H, N H2S CO
  33. 33. Poisonous at high concentrationsAccumulate green- house gases Global warming
  34. 34. To Improvemachine efficiencyTo generate extra heat To reduce air pollution
  35. 35.  Restriction on Consumption of coal and petroleum Sustainable uses of resources
  36. 36. Complete exercise NCERT Page No. 278-279 (Q.No. 1 to 7 )

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