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Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
Intermodal system mbu
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Intermodal system mbu

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  • 1. Intermodal System Materi Pelajaran Manajemen Bandar Udara Oleh : Safrudin Kurniawan, S.Kom, M.Sc.
  • 2. Tujuan Instruksional Khusus : Peserta Diklat Manajemen Bandar Udara dapat merencanakan dan mengembangkan sistem transportasi antarmoda/multimoda di Bandara masing – masing sehingga tercipta keterpaduan pelayanan dan keterpaduan prasarana transportasi yang efektif dan efisien.
  • 3. Outline Definition of Transport Mode of Transportasi Modal Choise Public Transport Vs Private Transport Future Transport Unimodal, Intramodal, Intermodal and Multimodal Sistranas Cetak Biru Transportasi Antarmoda/Multimoda Nasional Studi Kasus Kesimpulan
  • 4. The Sisyphus Analogy in Transportation
  • 5. What is transportation ? • Transport or transportation is the movement of people, animals and goods from one location to another.
  • 6. Different Representations of Distance A B A B Transshipment Pickup Delivery Transshipment Pickup Delivery Order Inventory Management Unpacking Order Processing Packing Scheduling Sorting Warehousing Euclidean Distance Transport Distance A B Logistical Distance
  • 7. Key Dimensions of Transportation Dimension Historical Changes brought by transport technologies. Rise of civilizations (e.g. Egypt, Rome and China). Development of modern nation states. Globalization. Economic Transport and economic development (indirectly and directly). Factor in the production and added-value of goods and services. Facilitates economies of scale. Influences land (real estate) value. Contributes to the specialization of regions. Social Access to healthcare, welfare, and cultural events. Shape social interactions. Political Nation building and national unity. National defense (Roman empire, American road network). Rules and regulations. Mobility often subsidized (e.g. public transit or highways). Environmental Important environmental impacts. Pollution, exploitation of natural resources.
  • 8. Core Components of Transportation Modes • Conveyances (vehicles) used to move passengers or freight. • Mobile elements of transportation. Infrastructures • Physical support of transport modes, such as routes and terminals. • Fixed elements of transportation. Networks • System of linked locations (nodes). • Functional and spatial organization of transportation. Flows • Movements of people, freight and information over their network. • Flows have origins, intermediary locations and destinations.
  • 9. Mode of Transportation Road Transportation • Private transport • For-hire transport • Public Transport Rail Transportaion Pipeline Air Transportation Maritime Transportation •Light-Heavy cargo handling •Passenger services •Recreational boating •Ferry services •Rural-urban transport services
  • 10. Factors affecting mode choice • Social • Economy User Characteristic • Purpose • Distance • Time, duration Travel Characteristics • Mode of transport availability Transport System Condition
  • 11. Distance, Modal Choice and Transport Costs Distance Transportcostsperunit Road Rail Maritime D1 D2 C1 C2 C3
  • 12. Main Passenger Modal Options Copyright © 1998-2014, Dr. Jean-PaulRodrigue, Dept. of GlobalStudies & Geography, HofstraUniversity. For personalor classroom useONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domainand cannotbe published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printedor electronic) and on any mediawithout consent. This includes conference presentations. PermissionMUST be requested prior to use. Air Scheduled Charter Car Taxi Van/Bus Road Intercity HSR Subway Commuter LRT Monorail Rail Maritime Ferry Cruise Transit Bicycle Walking Motorcycle RoRo High Speed
  • 13. Main Freight Modal Options Copyright © 1998-2014, Dr. Jean-PaulRodrigue, Dept. of GlobalStudies & Geography, HofstraUniversity. For personalor classroom useONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domainand cannotbe published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printedor electronic) and on any mediawithout consent. This includes conference presentations. PermissionMUST be requested prior to use. Air Package Heavy Package Less than Truckload (LTL) Truck Dry Van Tank Flatbed Curtainside Reefer Hopper Open Top Unit Train Carload Boxcar Tank Car Flat Car Reefer Hopper Gondola Rail Maritime Break-bulk Liquid Bulk RoRo Dry Bulk ISO Container Reefer Flatrack Pipeline Pipeline Oil Gas Water Tank Inland / Coastal Tow River/sea Tank barge Deck barge Hopper barge Container Container Chassis Intermodal Freighter Bellyhold Truckload (TL) TOFC Domestic
  • 14. Transportation and the Mobility of Passengers and FreightShareoftotalpassengersortons-km Distance Commuting Shopping Recreation Business Tourism Migration Waste disposal Local distribution Trade Energy & Raw Materials Commodity / Supply Chains
  • 15. Operational Differences between Passengers and Freight Transportation Board, get off and transfer without assistance. Process information and act on it without assistance. Make choices between transport modes without assistance but often irrationally. Require travel accommodations related to comfort and safety. Must be loaded, unloaded and transferred. Information must be processed through logistics managers. Logistics managers meet choices between transport modes rationally. Require limited travel accommodations.
  • 16. Performance Comparison for Selected Freight Modes Barge Hopper car 100 car train unit Semi-trailer truck 1500 Tons / 50-100 TEU 52,500 Bushels 453,600 Gallons 100 Tons / 4 to 5.3 TEU 3,500 Bushels 30,240 Gallons 10,000 Tons / 400 to 530 TEU 350,000 Bushels 3,024,000 Gallons 26 Tons / 2.65 TEU 910 Bushels 7,865 Gallons 9,000 for a tanker truck 57.7 (865 for 15 barges in tow) 18 to 40 (intermodal) 2.0 (intermodal) to 3.8 385 1 Panamax containership 5,000 TEU 2,116 VLCC 300,000 tons 2 million barrels of oil 747-400F 100-125 tons (Depending on freight density and range) 9,330 5 Capacity Truck EquivalencyVehicle Doublestack rail car 100 car intermodal train
  • 17. Congestion How long you go to Airport by Car ? And how long you go to another City by Plane ?
  • 18. Fuel Consumption Comparison Modes Fuel Consumtion (Kcal/pnp-km) Private car 580 Airplane 394 Ferry 295 Bus 247 Train 100
  • 19. Carbon Emision Modes of transportation CO2 (Gram/pnp-km) Private Car 45 Airplane 30 Ferry 24 Bus 19 LRT 9 Train 5 Subway/MRT 3
  • 20. Comparison of the Relative Efficiencies of Rail and Trucking in the United States Mode Fuel Consumption Infrastructure Capacity Costs Safety Railroad 455 ton-miles per gallon 216 million tons per mainline per year 2.7 cents per ton- mile 0.61 fatalities per billion ton-miles; 12.4 incidents per billion ton-miles Trucking 105 ton-miles per gallon 37.8 million tons per lane per year 5.0 cents per ton- mile 1.45 fatalities per billion ton-miles; 36.4 incidents per billion ton-miles
  • 21. Compare : Bus, Bicycle, Car Copyright © 1998-2014, Dr. Jean-PaulRodrigue, Dept. of GlobalStudies & Geography, HofstraUniversity. For personalor classroom useONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domainand cannotbe published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printedor electronic) and on any mediawithout consent. This includes conference presentations. PermissionMUST be requested prior to use.
  • 22. Cars Vs LRT
  • 23. Future Transportation • Reduce using private car will revitalize other modes. • Many modes >> many options >> prograss indicator. • Many modes will encourage competition, Synergy: need a CONCEPT • Consumer orientation NOT producer orentation. • Environmentally friendly and energy saving.
  • 24. Definition Unimodal Transportation • Carriage of goods by only one mode of transport (road, rail, sea-inland waterways, air, pipeline). Intramodal Transportation • The movements of passengers or freight within the same mode of transport. Intermodal Transportation • The movements of passengers or freight from one mode of transport to another, commonly taking place at a terminal specifically designed for such a purpose. Multimodal Transportation • The transportation of goods under a single contract, but performed with at least two different means of transport; the carrier is liable (in a legal sense) for the entire carriage, even though it is performed by several different modes of transport (by rail, sea and road, for example).
  • 25. Intermodal Transportation as an Integrative Force A C D F E B A C D F E B Rail Road Transshipment Transshipment Intermodal Integrated NetworkUnimodal Point-to-Point Network
  • 26. Intermodal Transport Chain Composition Transfer Interchange DecompositionLocal / Regional Distribution National / International Distribution Transport Terminal ‘First mile’ ‘Last mile’
  • 27. Intermodal Sytem Element Copyright © 1998-2014, Dr. Jean-PaulRodrigue, Dept. of GlobalStudies & Geography, HofstraUniversity. For personalor classroom useONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domainand cannotbe published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printedor electronic) and on any mediawithout consent. This includes conference presentations. PermissionMUST be requested prior to use.
  • 28. Intermodal Transportation Combination • Roadway – Railway • Roadway – Waterway (sea, river) • Roadway – Air Transportation • Roadway – Railway – Air Transportation • Railway – Waterway • Railway – Air Transportation
  • 29. Consideration in Transfer Point Design of facilities and equipment Schedule coordination Unified Ticketing Real time reliable travel information
  • 30. Sistem Transportasi Nasional • Effective • Effisien Sistranas • Jaringan Pelayanan • Jaringan Prasarana • Service Provider Transportasi Antarmoda Multinoda • Single Operator • Single document • Single Tariff • Single Ticket Single seamles service
  • 31. Komponen angkutan umum antarmoda/multimoda • Moda penghubung (connecting modes) • Moda utama (main modes) • Jaringan antarmoda (intermodal network) • Transfer Point • Intermodal Transfer Point • Peraturan Stasiun Kertapati telah terkoneksi dengan Bus Air dan Trans Musi
  • 32. Example of Intermodal Connection for an Airline Passanger
  • 33. Cetak Biru Transportasi Antarmoda/Multimoda Nasional Permasalahan : • Kualitas badan usaha angkutan multimoda nasional masih belum sebaik dinegara lain, hal ini disebabkan pernbinaan dan mutu SDM yang belum baik. • Kurang lancarnya arus barang yang mengakibatkan ekonomi biaya tinggi khususnya pada simpul transportasi seperti di pelabuhan dan bandar udara tertentu. • Mobilitas orang khususnya pada sirnpul perkotaan metropolitan masih rendah disebabkan antara lain masih kurangnya manajemen antar dan intra moda. • Masih rendahnya arus barang dan mobilitas orang di sebagian wilayah Indonesia, khususnya pada daerah tertinggal yang disebabkan kurangnya jaringan transportasi antar moda
  • 34. Cetak Biru Transportasi Antarmoda/Multimoda Nasional • Visi transportasi antarrnoda/rnultirnoda tahun 2030 adalah -Arus Barang dan Mobilitas Orang Efektif dan Efisien.Visi • Mewujudkan kelancaran arus barang. • Mewujudkan kelancaran rnobilitas orang.Misi • Menekan Iarnanya waktu pelayanan pada simpuI moda transportasi. • Menurunkan biaya pelayanan transportasi pada sirnpul moda transportasi. • Meningkatkan kelancaran arus barang dan rnobilitas orang pada kota metropolitan. • Meningkatkan aksesibilitas rnasyarakat dari dan ke daerah tertinggal. Tujuan
  • 35. Strategi Pengembangan Antarmoda/Multimoda di Bandara Meningkatkan kinerja pelayanan kargo pada 14 bandar udara yang menangani sebagian besar (96%) arus kargo, dengan cara : • Optimasi dengan kegiatan berupa peningkatan manajemen pergudangan. • Pengembangan dan pembangunan fasilitas terminal untuk kargo • Peningkatan aksesibilitas ke bandara kargo
  • 36. Pengembangan dan pembangunan fasilitas terminal untuk kargo : • Pengembangan city check in dan port of origin bagi kargo ekspor dan port destination bagi kargo impor. • Perencanaan, perancangan dan pembangunan terminal kargo baru. • Perencanaan, perancangan dan pembangunan cargo consolidation dan cargo distribution. • Pengadaan alat bongkar muat containerized cargo. • lnstalasi peralatan cargo weighting terintegrasi dengan x-ray kargo, history image dan record weighting. • Instalasi system handling kargo bandara dengan Unit Load Devices (ULD). • Pengadaan dan pengoperasian trucking system. • Perencanaan, perancangan dan pembangunan dry port sebagai fasilitas inland customs and quarantee clearance dan penyelesaian administrasi ekspor/impor one stop. • Instalasi/pengadaan sistem roler dan freighter. • Pengembangan dan instalasi sistem Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). • Pengadaan dan instalasi cold storage.
  • 37. Peningkatan aksesibilitas ke bandara kargo : Perencanaan, perancangan dan pembangunan jalur kereta api menuju bandara. Penataan/peningkatan aksesibilitas dari dan ke cargo area. Perencanaan, perancangan dan pembangunan jalan tol dari dan ke bandar udara. Perencanaan, perancangan dan pembangunan jalan layang akses ke bandar udara.
  • 38. Studi Kasus : Antarmoda/Multimoda Bandara Adi Sutjipto Yogyakarta Bandara Adi Sutjipto Trans Jogja KA Pramex Damri Batik Solo Trans Bandara Adi Sumarmo
  • 39. Studi Kasus : Antarmoda/Multimoda Kota Palembang Bandara SMB II Bus Air Trans Musi Stasiun Kertapati Feeder
  • 40. Studi Kasus Antarmoda/Multimoda Bandara di Jerman (1992) Airport Type of Service Link Berlin Local and Main Line service Bremen Local Tram Dusseldorf Local and Lufthansa Service Frankfurt Local and Main Line and Lufthansa service Munich Local Service Intermodality is a central success factor at Frankfurt Airport:
  • 41. Antar Moda di Frankfurt Airport Long-distance train station: - 174 high-speed long-distance trains per day (2013) - 5.600.000 passengers per year (2013) Regional train station: - 223 commuter and regional trains per day (2013) - 294,000 passengers per month (2013) - travel time to downtown Frankfurt: 15 minutes Road: -direct access to the intersection of Germany's most important autobahns, the A5 (north/south) and the A3 (east/west) Parking: - 28,500 car parking facilities Bus terminal: - 240 bus stops per day in local and regional public transportation
  • 42. Antar Moda di Frankfurt Airport
  • 43. KESIMPULAN Agar transportasi antarmoda sukses harus mendapat dukungan dari semua stake holder. Untuk mencapai hal tersebut sistem harus dilihat sebagai bagian dari Sistem Transportasi Nasional demi mewujudkan transportasi yang efektif dan efisien. Transportasi antarmoda di bandara akan sukses jika didukung juga oleh jaringan transportasi massal di wilayah tersebut. Jika transportasi antarmoda dianggap sebagai saingan bukan sebagai pelengkap maka tidak akan bisa berkembang. Kersama yang lebih besar antara transportasi udara dengan transportasi antarmoda dapat memberikan pilihan untuk mengatasi kemacetan baik di darat maupun diudara.
  • 44. Kepentingan Umum Harus(nya) diatas Kepentingan Pribadi
  • 45. THANK YOU | TERIMA KASIH

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