Shakespearean Times

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Shakespearean Times

  1. 1. SHAKESPEAREAN TIMES Saturnino Figueroa Guerola Cynthia Soler Morera
  2. 2. SHAKESPEARE´S BIOGRAPHY <ul><li>English poet and playwright </li></ul><ul><li>Greatest pre-eminent dramatist. </li></ul><ul><li>Born:  Stratford-upon-Avon, 23 April 1564 </li></ul><ul><li>Died:  Stratford-upon-Avon, 23 April 1616. </li></ul><ul><li>First published play: Henry VI,( 1594). </li></ul><ul><li>Total number of plays:  37 </li></ul>
  3. 3. SHAKESPEARE’S GEOGRAPHY <ul><li>Stratford town is situated approximately one hundred miles northwest of London . </li></ul><ul><li>It was a small market town. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. Strattford town <ul><li>The population was between 1,500 and 2,000 habitants. There were many craftsmen such as blacksmiths, carpenters, shoemakers, brewers and bakers. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>John Shakespeare (a glover) married Mary Arden, the daughter of a farmer from Wilmcote. Their son William Shakespeare was born in a house in the Henley Street. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Shakespeare attended the grammar school in Stratford where he learned Latin and Greek.
  7. 7. 2. LONDON <ul><li>The population of Elizabethan England was less than five million. London was the biggest city in Europe with between 130,000 and 150,000 inhabitants, the city was the heart of England. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>A rising merchant middle class had a productive life, and the economy boomed. </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural labourers crowded into London in search of better wages and prospects. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>It was a colourful metropolis and contained the best and worst of city life. </li></ul><ul><li>It was lively but dangerous. And the city also acted as a reclaim for beggars. </li></ul><ul><li>In this time the Church owned about 1/4 of the territory of London. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Shakespeare lived in four different houses until 1613 when he could buy his own property near the Blackfiars theatre (Ireland Yard) </li></ul><ul><li>London was an ideal place for theatre because of the literary expansion that this genre suffered. </li></ul>
  11. 12. 3. SOCIETY <ul><li>In Shakespeare's time, the English had a strong sense of social class -- of belonging to a particular group because of occupation, wealth, and ancestry. </li></ul><ul><li>Being a member of one of these social classes made a real difference to almost everything in the life of a person. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Social classes: <ul><li>The Nobility: </li></ul><ul><li>At the head of each noble family is a duke, a baron, or an earl. A person became a member of the nobility by birth, or by a grant from the queen or king. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>The Gentry: </li></ul><ul><li>They were knights, squires, gentlemen and were the most important social class in Shakespeare's England. Wealth was the key to becoming part of the gentry. </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>The Yeomanry: </li></ul><ul><li>They were people who saved enough to be comfortable but who could be plunged into poverty. They are farmers, tradesmen. </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Craft Guilds: </li></ul><ul><li>They were a group of artisans engaged in the same occupation (like bakers or shoemakers) and they would associate for protection and mutual aid. </li></ul><ul><li>Their purpose was to maintain a monopoly of a particular craft especially against outsiders. </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>The poor: </li></ul><ul><li>It was the period of time with most poverty, but there were also the sick, the disabled, the old, the feeble, and soldiers unable to work. </li></ul><ul><li>To control the poverty the Elizabethan Poor Laws were created. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Shakespeare’s class: <ul><li>Shakespeare belonged to a middle-class family (his father belonged to a guild), and in his last years of life he had a lot of money. </li></ul><ul><li>The price of his plays was very cheap (one penny) which allowed the audience filled up the theatre. </li></ul>
  18. 19. 4. ARCHITECTURE <ul><li>During this period many large manor houses were erected by the court nobility. The plans and façades tended toward symmetry. </li></ul><ul><li>The great hall of medieval manors was retained, and features were added to increase the occupants' comfort. Some examples are Wollaton Hall and the Longleat House. </li></ul>
  19. 22. The globe: <ul><li>It was constructed in 1599. It stood next to the Rose, on the south side of the Thames, and was the most attractive theatre yet built. </li></ul><ul><li>The Globe was the primary home of Shakespeare's acting company beginning in late 1599. </li></ul>
  20. 23. <ul><li>The Outside of the Globe </li></ul><ul><li>It is as an hexagonal structure with an inner court about 55 feet across. It was three flours and had no roof. The open courtyard and the galleries could hold more than 1,500 people. </li></ul>
  21. 25. 5. LANGUAGE: <ul><li>Shakespeare played a major role for the English language. Shakespeare had a vocabulary of approximately 17.000 words, four times larger than the vocabulary of the average educated person of the time. </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>He is famously responsible for contributing over 3.000 words to the English language because he was the first author to write them down. </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare had helped to establish a new grammar and a much wider vocabulary for the early form of modern English. </li></ul>
  23. 27. <ul><li>Shakespeare perfectly combined the classic and new traditions in literature. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a big quantity of words proceeding from the old tradition of the English, but he also introduced latinate words (or inkhorn terms). </li></ul><ul><li>In his works Latin and Greek terms formed approximately one fifth of all words. </li></ul>
  24. 28. <ul><li>Except for the writers of the Bible, Shakespeare is the most frequently quoted writer in English. </li></ul><ul><li>Some words and expressions he invented: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>'assassination' </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>'dead as a doornail' </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>'neither rhyme nor reason' </li></ul></ul>
  25. 29. 6. Conclusion: <ul><li>He started a linguistic revolution mixing cultures and patterns that gave the idea of a complete language when the English was in a process of creation. </li></ul><ul><li>The new English culture was accompanied by a new literature. He was the leader of this movement. </li></ul>
  26. 30. 7. BIBLIOGRAPHY: <ul><li>© http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/ </li></ul><ul><li>© http://www.bardweb.net/man.html </li></ul><ul><li>© http://www.opensourceshakespeare.org/views/plays/plays_numlines.php </li></ul><ul><li>© http://www.localhistories.org/stratford.html </li></ul><ul><li>© http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/tudors/poverty_01.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>© http://wwnorton.com/college/english/nael/16century/topic_4/stow.htm </li></ul><ul><li>© http://www.brandonsd.mb.ca/crocus09/library/social_classes_in_shakespeare.htm </li></ul><ul><li>© http://www.localhistories.org/timeline.html </li></ul><ul><li>© http://absoluteshakespeare.com/plays/plays.htm </li></ul><ul><li>© http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Elizabethan+architecture </li></ul><ul><li>© http://www.rsc.org.uk/education/resources/shakespeares-language.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>© http://www.garretwilson.com/essays/languages/en/englishgreek.html </li></ul>
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