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  • 1. SHAKESPEAREAN TIMES Saturnino Figueroa Guerola Cynthia Soler Morera
  • 2. SHAKESPEARE´S BIOGRAPHY
    • English poet and playwright
    • Greatest pre-eminent dramatist.
    • Born:  Stratford-upon-Avon, 23 April 1564
    • Died:  Stratford-upon-Avon, 23 April 1616.
    • First published play: Henry VI,( 1594).
    • Total number of plays:  37
  • 3. SHAKESPEARE’S GEOGRAPHY
    • Stratford town is situated approximately one hundred miles northwest of London .
    • It was a small market town.
  • 4. 1. Strattford town
    • The population was between 1,500 and 2,000 habitants. There were many craftsmen such as blacksmiths, carpenters, shoemakers, brewers and bakers.
  • 5.
    • John Shakespeare (a glover) married Mary Arden, the daughter of a farmer from Wilmcote. Their son William Shakespeare was born in a house in the Henley Street.
  • 6. Shakespeare attended the grammar school in Stratford where he learned Latin and Greek.
  • 7. 2. LONDON
    • The population of Elizabethan England was less than five million. London was the biggest city in Europe with between 130,000 and 150,000 inhabitants, the city was the heart of England.
  • 8.
    • A rising merchant middle class had a productive life, and the economy boomed.
    • Agricultural labourers crowded into London in search of better wages and prospects.
  • 9.  
  • 10.
    • It was a colourful metropolis and contained the best and worst of city life.
    • It was lively but dangerous. And the city also acted as a reclaim for beggars.
    • In this time the Church owned about 1/4 of the territory of London.
  • 11.
    • Shakespeare lived in four different houses until 1613 when he could buy his own property near the Blackfiars theatre (Ireland Yard)
    • London was an ideal place for theatre because of the literary expansion that this genre suffered.
  • 12. 3. SOCIETY
    • In Shakespeare's time, the English had a strong sense of social class -- of belonging to a particular group because of occupation, wealth, and ancestry.
    • Being a member of one of these social classes made a real difference to almost everything in the life of a person.
  • 13. Social classes:
    • The Nobility:
    • At the head of each noble family is a duke, a baron, or an earl. A person became a member of the nobility by birth, or by a grant from the queen or king.
  • 14.
    • The Gentry:
    • They were knights, squires, gentlemen and were the most important social class in Shakespeare's England. Wealth was the key to becoming part of the gentry.
  • 15.
    • The Yeomanry:
    • They were people who saved enough to be comfortable but who could be plunged into poverty. They are farmers, tradesmen.
  • 16.
    • Craft Guilds:
    • They were a group of artisans engaged in the same occupation (like bakers or shoemakers) and they would associate for protection and mutual aid.
    • Their purpose was to maintain a monopoly of a particular craft especially against outsiders.
  • 17.
    • The poor:
    • It was the period of time with most poverty, but there were also the sick, the disabled, the old, the feeble, and soldiers unable to work.
    • To control the poverty the Elizabethan Poor Laws were created.
  • 18. Shakespeare’s class:
    • Shakespeare belonged to a middle-class family (his father belonged to a guild), and in his last years of life he had a lot of money.
    • The price of his plays was very cheap (one penny) which allowed the audience filled up the theatre.
  • 19. 4. ARCHITECTURE
    • During this period many large manor houses were erected by the court nobility. The plans and façades tended toward symmetry.
    • The great hall of medieval manors was retained, and features were added to increase the occupants' comfort. Some examples are Wollaton Hall and the Longleat House.
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22. The globe:
    • It was constructed in 1599. It stood next to the Rose, on the south side of the Thames, and was the most attractive theatre yet built.
    • The Globe was the primary home of Shakespeare's acting company beginning in late 1599.
  • 23.
    • The Outside of the Globe
    • It is as an hexagonal structure with an inner court about 55 feet across. It was three flours and had no roof. The open courtyard and the galleries could hold more than 1,500 people.
  • 24.  
  • 25. 5. LANGUAGE:
    • Shakespeare played a major role for the English language. Shakespeare had a vocabulary of approximately 17.000 words, four times larger than the vocabulary of the average educated person of the time.
  • 26.
    • He is famously responsible for contributing over 3.000 words to the English language because he was the first author to write them down.
    • Shakespeare had helped to establish a new grammar and a much wider vocabulary for the early form of modern English.
  • 27.
    • Shakespeare perfectly combined the classic and new traditions in literature.
    • There is a big quantity of words proceeding from the old tradition of the English, but he also introduced latinate words (or inkhorn terms).
    • In his works Latin and Greek terms formed approximately one fifth of all words.
  • 28.
    • Except for the writers of the Bible, Shakespeare is the most frequently quoted writer in English.
    • Some words and expressions he invented:
      • 'assassination'
      • 'dead as a doornail'
      • 'neither rhyme nor reason'
  • 29. 6. Conclusion:
    • He started a linguistic revolution mixing cultures and patterns that gave the idea of a complete language when the English was in a process of creation.
    • The new English culture was accompanied by a new literature. He was the leader of this movement.
  • 30. 7. BIBLIOGRAPHY:
    • © http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/
    • © http://www.bardweb.net/man.html
    • © http://www.opensourceshakespeare.org/views/plays/plays_numlines.php
    • © http://www.localhistories.org/stratford.html
    • © http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/tudors/poverty_01.shtml
    • © http://wwnorton.com/college/english/nael/16century/topic_4/stow.htm
    • © http://www.brandonsd.mb.ca/crocus09/library/social_classes_in_shakespeare.htm
    • © http://www.localhistories.org/timeline.html
    • © http://absoluteshakespeare.com/plays/plays.htm
    • © http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Elizabethan+architecture
    • © http://www.rsc.org.uk/education/resources/shakespeares-language.aspx
    • © http://www.garretwilson.com/essays/languages/en/englishgreek.html